DIVINE VANI-2

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Continued from Divine Vani Part-1.

61. Dasara Veda Purusha Sapthaha Jnana Yajna Discourses , 26th Sep – 2nd Oct 2006

Veda Purusha Sapthaha Jnana Yajna

Divine Discourses

• Divine Discourse on 1st October 2006

• Divine Discourse on 29th September 2006

• Divine Discourse on 27th September 2006

• Divine Discourse on 28th September 2006

Divine Discourse on 1st October 2006:

CULTIVATE SACRED AND NOBLE THOUGHTS

1st October 2006

Embodiments of Love!

Many ladies are eager to hear Swami’s discourse in Telugu. They have expressed, “The students are highly educated and speak in fluent English about some technical and engineering topics. Swami is also encouraging them. But, we are unable to understand them. We will be happy to hear Swami’s discourse in simple Telugu.”

Sweeter than sugar, tastier than curd, sweeter indeed than honey is the Name of Rama. Constant repetition of this sweet Name gives one the taste of divine nectar itself. Therefore, one should contemplate on the Name of Rama incessantly. (Telugu poem)

Embodiments of Love!

The country of Bharat is ancient and has a glorious history. There is no village in Bharat where there is no temple of Lord Rama. In whichever village you see, you will come across at least a few persons with the name ‘Rama’. Since ancient times, the Rama Nama has been shining brilliantly in the entire length and breadth of the country of Bharat without undergoing any change. The asthikas (theists), nasthikas (atheists) andasthika nasthikas (theistic atheists) are all chanting the name ‘Rama’. For example, a person while getting up from his seat utters the name ‘Rama’. The Rama Nama is so popular in the daily life of people in Bharat. Not only here, even in China, Rama Namahas become popular. In fact, Rama Nama has spread to the entire world.

King Dasaratha did not have children for a long time. He had three wives. He was very hopeful that he would beget a son through any one of his three wives and that he would uplift his clan. But, he was disappointed. He did great penance for getting a male child. Then as well as now, it is only through tapas that one can fulfil one’s wishes. He also performed the Putra Kameshti Yaga, along with his three wives. At the conclusion of theyaga, the Yajna Purusha appeared before him and handed over a vessel containingpayasam (sweet pudding). He told King Dasaratha, “Dear son Dasaratha! Distribute thispayasam to your three wives in equal measure.” Dasaratha did accordingly.

This incident is described differently in some texts. It is mentioned that King Dasaratha did not distribute the payasam equally between his three wives. This is not correct. He arranged to bring three golden cups and filled them with the payasam in equal measure, in the presence of Sage Vasishta. He then handed over the cups one each to his three wives, Kausalya, Sumitra and Kaikeyi. Sage Vasishta blessed them, “May your desire be fulfilled!” The queens were happy and took the cups filled with payasam to their respective prayer rooms.

Sumitra, however had different thoughts about begetting a son. There was a valid reason for her disturbed mind. When the king of Kekaya kingdom gave his daughter Kaikeyi in marriage to King Dasaratha, he laid down a condition that the son born to his daughter only shall rule the Kingdom of Ayodhya. Dasaratha agreed to this condition and married Kaikeyi. Hence, he cannot go back on his word any day. Queen Kaikeyi was therefore very happy that the son to be born to her would be the King of Ayodhya in future. As for Kausalya, she was very happy and sure that her son to be born would definitely be crowned by King Dasaratha, since she was the first among the three wives. Thus, both Kausalya and Kaikeyi were happy.

Sumitra, however was not entertaining any hopes. She took a head bath and went upstairs to dry her hair. As you know, in those days, fans or hair dryers were unknown. She kept her cup of payasam on the parapet wall of the terrace and was drying her hair. Meanwhile, a kite descended over the cup and carried it away. Sumitra was very much afraid and thought to herself, “It does not matter if the cup of payasam is lost. I am afraid that my husband and our guru Vasishta may scold me for my negligence.” She came down immediately. Kausalya and Kaikeyi were waiting there for her. Kaikeyi enquired, “Dear elder sister! Why are you so much disturbed?”

Sumitra related the entire incident. In those days, the wives never fought with one another, as in the present times. They used to move about like sisters with mutual love and affection. Kaikeyi then told Sumitra, “Dear elder sister! You don’t worry. I will give you some quantity of payasam from my share.” So saying, she brought a cup and poured some quantity in that cup. The broad-minded Kausalya too shared some of herpayasam with Sumitra. They then took the three cups of payasam to Sage Vasishta for his blessings. He blessed the cups saying, “May you beget sons with noble qualities, long life, supreme valour and who are capable of ruling the kingdom in a manner that will please the subjects.”

First Kausalya gave birth to a male child. The child was extremely charming and resplendent. Sage Vasishta therefore named him ‘Rama’. He was so beautiful, charming and attractive. He made everyone who came to see him, happy and blissful. Hence, it is said, Ramayathi Ithi Ramah (He who pleases is Rama). The second wife, Sumitra gave birth to two sons, while Kaikeyi too had a son born to her. Sage Vasishta was wondering, “How come? Kausalya and Kaikeyi has one son born to each while Sumitra gave birth to two sons?” He contemplated over the matter and realised with hisyogic vision, what exactly had happened. He realised that the two children born to Sumitra were born out of the two shares of payasam given to her by Kausalya and Kaikeyi.

The four children were named Rama, Lakshmana, Bharata and Satrughna. Lakshmana was an amsa (part) of Rama and Satrughna that of Bharata. Sumitra then thought to herself, “If Rama becomes the king, my son Lakshmana should be his servant. Similarly, if Bharata were to be the king, my other son Satrughna should serve him. I don’t want that my two sons should ever aspire for kingdom. It is enough if they serve Rama and Bharata, respectively.” She did not however reveal her thoughts to anyone.

Both Lakshmana and Satrughna were crying incessantly, right from the time of their birth. They neither took food nor slept. Sumitra could not understand the reason for their restlessness. She tried various methods like mantra, tantra and yantra. But, they did not yield any result. They did not stop crying.

Finally, she approached her guru Sage Vasishta and prayed to him, “Oh! divine guru! I am not able to understand why my sons are crying incessantly. Kindly let me know the reason.” Sage Vasishta closed his eyes for sometime and with his yogic vision tried to understand the reason for their incessant crying. He then explained, “Mother! Lakshmana is the amsa (part) of Rama and Satrughna that of Bharata. Hence, please make Lakshmana lie in the cradle of Rama next to Him. Similarly, in the case of Satrughna, make him lie beside Bharata.” Sumitra, after obtaining the permission of Kausalya and Kaikeyi made the two boys lie in the cradle beside Rama and Bharata, respectively. The very next moment both Lakshmana and Satrughna stopped crying and started to play happily. Thereafter, they drank milk and slept peacefully. Since then Lakshmana followed Rama like a shadow and Satrughna followed Bharata.

After the marriage ceremony of Rama, Lakshmana, Bharata and Satrughna was over, Bharata left for his maternal uncle’s (King of Kekaya’s) house. Satrughna followed him. Here in Ayodhya, Rama was preparing to leave for His fourteen-year exile to the forest, as per the command of His father, King Dasaratha. Sita and Lakshmana followed Him, voluntarily. Thus, when Lakshmana was following Rama and Satrughna was moving in the company of Bharata, people thought that the two pairs were separate. But, the fact was that the mutual love among the four brothers was unparalleled.

During their exile in the forest, while Rama, Lakshmana and Sita were moving about, they came across an ashram (hermitage). On enquiry, they came to know that it belonged to Sage Agastya. Agastya and his disciples extended a warm welcome to them. They conveyed their grateful thanks to them for visiting their ashram. During the course of their conversation, sage Agastya advised, “Rama! You cannot be comfortable in this Ashram. There is a forest called Dandakaranya, nearby. There, you will be comfortable. Mother Sita will also be happy there, without any inconvenience. You will get a variety of fruits in plenty there for eating. The sacred river Godavari is flowing in that forest. Hence, you build an ashram and live there.” As per the advice of Sage Agastya, Sita, Rama and Lakshmana built a small parnashala (cottage) on the banks of the river at Panchavati in the Dandakaranya forest and started living there happily.

All species of animals used to move about in the surroundings of that ashram. One day Sita happened to see a golden deer in the vicinity of their parnashala. She was enamoured by it. How can Sita who left all her gold ornaments in Ayodhya and followed Rama to the forest, have a desire for a golden deer? She thought for a moment and concluded that it might be her illusion. But, destiny is invincible. In spite of her knowing that there is no possibility of a golden deer living, she requested Rama to catch the deer and bring it to her so that she can play with it. She prayed, “Rama! How beautiful that deer is! If You can catch that deer and bring it to our parnashala, I can play with it and spend my time happily. When You are moving in the forest, I am alone in theparnashala. Why don’t You fulfil this small request of mine and make me happy?” Rama said, “All right, your happiness is My pleasure.” So saying He left to catch that golden deer.

Lakshmana then counselled Rama, “Dear elder brother, this is a strange animal. It is not really a golden deer. I think some demon must have donned the form of this golden deer to trick and delude us. You need not go after it to catch it. I will go.” However, Sita insisted that only Rama should go and catch the golden deer. That was how her mind worked during that crucial period. As per Sita’s prompting, Rama went after the deer, chasing it. After going for some distance, Rama released an arrow on the deer. Once Rama’s arrow struck the deer, the demon donning the form of the golden deer assumed his real form. He shouted, “Ha! Sita! Ha! Lakshmana” and died instantly.

Sita, who was at a distance from that spot heard that voice and mistook it as that of Rama’s. She advised Lakshmana, “Oh! Lakshmana! Please go immediately to help Rama. I feel Rama is in some trouble and seeking our help. I think He is calling us.” Lakshmana then explained to Sita, “Mother! This must be some trick played by the demons. No danger can ever befall Rama. Don’t lose heart. Please maintain your poise.” Sita was angry that Lakshmana did not move, in spite of her repeated requests. She cast several aspersions on him. She went to the extent of slandering Lakshmana, saying, “Do you wish to take me as your wife, if Rama dies?” Unable to bear her words, Lakshmana moved out at that very moment and went in search of Rama. However, before leaving the parnashala, he drew a line around it and advised Sita, “Mother! I am not worried about the accusations hurled at me. But, you please don’t come out of this line under any circumstances. The demons, animals or for that matter any kind of insects cannot enter the ashram, crossing this line. You remain in the ashram only.”

You might have noticed a product called “Lakshmana Rekha” being sold in the market even today. If a line is drawn with that stick, no ants or insects can cross over. Similarly, the demon Ravana who came to the ashram with the intention of abducting Sita during the absence of Rama, could not cross the Lakshmana Rekha and enter the ashram. He therefore stood in front of the ashram beyond the line drawn by Lakshmana and begged for alms crying, Bhavati Bhiksham Dehi (mother, give alms). Sita took pity on him, thinking, “Alas! Poor fellow! He must be hungry. It is not fair on my part to turn him away.” She therefore came out crossing the Lakshmana Rekha to offer food to Ravana. The moment she crossed the Lakshmana Rekha, Ravana abducted her and took her away to Lanka. After Rama and Lakshmana returned to the ashram, they noticed that Sita was abducted. They were anguished. In Lanka, Sita too felt very sorry that she had to encounter this pitiable situation because she did not pay heed to Lakshmana’s words.

Sitting in Ashoka vana in Lanka, she was pondering,

“Will I ever move out of this prison!

Will I ever be able to see Rama!

Oh! My dear brother-in-law Lakshmana!

I hurled several abuses at you, Oh! Noble one!”

She was repenting, “Lakshmana! I am undergoing this punishment for having hurt your feelings.” Sita spent ten months thus in Lanka. But, she never looked at the face of Ravana. Ravana donned several kinds of vestures, played several tricks and made several promises to Sita during those ten months. But, Sita was unrelenting. She abhorred his very presence castigating him, “Fie on you! You don’t even match the nail of the foot of Rama.” When Ravana started abusing Rama, she lost her temper and declared, “Rama is a man of supreme valour. He is courageous and profound in character. You are a mean fellow and trivial in nature. You don’t deserve to utter even the name of Rama.” Unable to make her submit to his overtures, Ravana left that place giving her time of ten days to bow to his wishes.

Sita, however, was spending her time with courage and confidence constantly contemplating on Rama. She assured herself that her own conscience was her witness and none could do anything to her. Among the ladies belonging to the demonic community appointed to guard Sita in the Ashoka vana, there were two by name Ajata and Trijata. They were the daughters of Vibhishana, the younger brother of Ravana. One day while consoling Sita who was weeping, Trijata told her “Mother! Last night, I had a dream. I saw one monkey entering Lanka and setting the city ablaze. I also saw very clearly that Rama invaded Lanka, killed Ravana and took you to Ayodhya.” Ajata too counselled Sita saying, “Oh! Mother! It is true. I too had a similar dream. You need not be sorry any more.” Both of them gave a lot of love and kindled faith in Sita. In fact, their father Vibhishana was a devotee of Rama. Hence, his daughters too developed devotion towards Rama.

Thus, ten months passed by. Suddenly, one day there was a big commotion in Lanka. On enquiry, it was known that the battle between Rama and Ravana had started. In a few days’ time, the news that Ravana was killed in the battle also spread. Sita felt very happy that she would soon be free from confinement and would join the divine presence of Rama. However, she had a doubt in her mind whether she had to go herself to Rama or Rama would come to her and take her along with Him. In the meantime, Rama sent a word that Sita be brought to His presence. All the vanarasgathered there. They are by nature fickle-minded. No further elaboration is required about their behaviour. They were dancing and jumping to have a glimpse of Mother Sita. On having her darshan, their hearts were filled with joy.

At last, Sita was taken to the divine presence of Rama. But, Rama did not look at her. He bent His head and was sitting quietly. He commanded the people around him to prepare a fire so that Sita could enter into it and prove her chastity. Rama knew that Sita was a very chaste and noble woman but He wanted the fact to be made known to the world too. Someone may later question, “How did Rama accept Sita back into His fold, when she had spent ten months in Lanka in the captivity of Ravana?” Is it not a fact that He has to answer such questions? That is why He ordered Sita to undergo the fire test.

Having realised this truth, Sita went round the fire three times and chanting Rama’s name jumped into the fire. The very next moment, the god of fire appeared and handed over Sita to Rama with the request, “Oh! Rama! Sita is a woman of supreme chastity. She is the noblest. It is not fair on Your part to doubt her chastity. Kindly accept her.” The chastity of Sita was thus made known to all. This incident established the glory of truth and chastity.

Vibhishana, the younger brother of Ravana took Sita, Rama and Lakshmana along with their entourage to Ayodhya in the Pushpaka Vimana. The coronation of Rama as the king of Ayodhya was celebrated on a grand scale. The people of Ayodhya lived in peace and happiness during the reign of King Rama. The Ramayana story is most sacred. The pathivratha dharma (chastity) itself protected the ladies in those times.

This land of Bharat has given birth to many noble women like Savitri who brought her dead husband back to life; Chandramati who extinguished wild fire with the power of truth; Sita who proved her chastity by coming out of blazing fire unscathed and Damayanti who reduced an evil-minded hunter to ashes with the power of her chastity. This land of piety and nobility attained plenty and prosperity and became the teacher of all the nations of the world because of such women of chastity.

(Telugu poem)

The noblest quality of chastity is unique to the culture of Bharat. You don’t find it anywhere else in the world. In those days, whenever the gents came across ladies, they used to move on bending their heads in reverence to them. But, today both ladies and gents stand in the middle of the road, gossiping. At the fag end of the Dwapara Yuga, Dharamaraja witnessed such a scene one day. He felt very unhappy and immediately called for a meeting of his brothers.

He expressed his anguish to them thus: “Oh! Bhima! Arjuna! Nakula! Sahadeva! Thekali yuga (age of kali) has begun yesterday. While I was taking a stroll in the city, I saw a lady talking to a man in public. I am sorry I cannot bear witness to such immoral behaviour.” On another day, his younger brother Arjuna narrated another incident, “Today, I saw a farmer returning from his field carrying his plough on his head. I asked him why he was carrying it, as he could have left it in the field itself while returning to his house. He replied, “Alas! Swami! It cannot be left there. If I leave the plough in the field itself, the thieves may take it away. Hence, every day I am taking it home and bringing it next day to the field.” On another day the Pandava brothers noticed some lady locking the door of her house before going out. On enquiry, the lady replied, “If I don’t lock the house, someone will enter the house and carry away our articles.” All these were signs heralding the advent of kali age.

During the time of Rama Rajya, there was no practice of locking the houses or carrying the agricultural implements back home or ladies and gents chit-chatting in public places. It is only due to the effect of the kali age, such incidents have started happening. That is why the Pandavas decided on their Mahaprasthana (final journey in the northward direction). “The kali age has begun. Let us therefore depart,” that was their resolve. Accordingly, they returned to their heavenly abode. The Pandavas led a sacred life. It is only on account of such noble and sacred souls, the country of Bharat has earned the name of a sacred country. Today, however, such purity and sanctity has declined. Of course, it is still there, but it is not manifest. It is only Dharma that protects one and all! Both, men and women have to protect Dharma (righteousness). In order to do so, the mind has to be kept pure and steady. You should not allow evil thoughts enter your mind.

Ahalya, the wife of Sage Goutham was a great and noble lady, yet, she had to suffer on account of the curse of her husband. He cursed her on one occasion, “May you become a stone and lie in the dust!” It is only due to the grace of Lord Rama at a later date that she could come out of the curse. The moment Rama’s feet touched the stone, the stone transformed itself into Ahalya. God can turn even a stone into a human being and sanctify it. He can purify the impure. However much you suffer from evil thoughts, the moment you think of God, all your impurities will be removed. Mind is the root cause for everything. Hence, ladies and gents, everyone should cultivate sacred and noble thoughts. You must purify your heart. Only then can humanness survive. Otherwise, it degenerates into demonic nature.

(Bhagawan concluded His discourse with the Bhajan, “Rama Rama Rama Sita …”)

Divine Discourse on 29th September 2006

EXPEL THE SIX ENEMIES AND ELICIT EDUCARE

29th September 2006

Embodiments of Love!

Since I came a bit late today for this afternoon programme, you all had some misapprehensions about My health. I want to assure you that I am perfectly alright. I cannot be idle, that is my nature. There were a few devotees waiting for Me there. I therefore spoke to them for sometime and made them happy. Thereafter, I started for giving darshan to the devotees in Sai Kulwant Hall.

Whatever I do, it is only for satisfying the devotees. I have no other work. There is no work you can call My own. I have not come down for eating and drinking. Eating food and drinking water are of no importance to me. Occasionally, I just sip a few drops of water and continue My talk. After all even a brand new car, needs petrol in its tank to keep it moving. Is it not?

These days the world is taking to strange ways. In every field – physical, moral, spiritual and worldly – there is rampant pollution. We are of two minds with the way in which the world is moving. We are both amused and sad at the state of affairs.

Humanness is very sacred. There is no greater force than humanness. Man has to pursue two kinds of education – ‘Education’ and ‘Educare’. Education is acquiring knowledge from textbooks written by someone else. Educare is manifesting the divinity latent in a human being. This is by self effort. It involves bringing out something which is already there from within, by one’s own sadhana not bringing out evil qualities that are carefully and perversely preserved in one’s bosom. Educare is bringing out or manifesting the human values of Sathya, Dharma, Santhi, Prema and Ahimsa bysadhana.

The first among the five human values is Sathya (truth). Who is the author or who spoke and taught about this Sathya? It is said Manasyekam vachasyekam karmanyekam mahatmanam (those whose thoughts, words and deeds are in perfect harmony are noble ones). Such noble souls have preached this truth since time immemorial. Sathya (truth) manifests from one’s own heart.

The second value is Dharma (righteousness). Who created this Dharma? What isDharma and what is Adharma? If you go on enquiring, it becomes clear that Dharma is not something that is created by someone. Sathyannasthi paro dharmah (there is noDharma greater than adherence to truth). Dharma originated from Sathya.

The third value is Santhi (peace). You enquire from any millionaire, “Sir! You have everything in this world for a happy living. Are you happy?” Pat comes the reply “I have everything, but I have no peace.” Peace is not something that a person passes on or gives in charity to another person. It has to come from one’s own heart. Today, wherever you see, “only pieces, no peace.”

The fourth value is Prema (love). Where did this love come from? Did it come from mother or father or some friend? Did anyone gift it? No! Love is your very life-breath. Devoid of love, the world cannot exist.

The fifth human value is Ahimsa (non-violence). Gautam Buddha taught Ahimsa paramo dharmah (non-violence is the supreme dharma). But, today wherever you see, there is only violence. Like the other human values, the heart is the seat of non-violence.

The five human values Sathya, Dharma, Santhi, Prema and Ahimsa are not independent of each other. They closely follow one another. These five qualities are the gift of God to a human being. We as human beings have to manifest these five human values by putting them into practice. That is ‘Educare’.

What is the foremost quality of a human being? Speaking truth is the foremost quality of a human being. To speak untruth and talk irresponsibly does not behove a human being. If you indulge in useless and indiscriminate talk, how can it be called truth?

In fact, truth has to dance on your tongue. Before you speak something, you must enquire whether it is truth or not. “Truth is one, not two.” If there is duality, it cannot be truth. We have to speak only truth which emerges from our heart. The entire world has emerged from truth and everything merges into truth.

The clouds moving in the sky sometimes obscure the Sun. It is not possible to remove the clouds. They just come and go. Once the clouds move away, the resplendent Sun is fully visible. Similarly, it is only when the dark clouds of resolutions and confusions in our heart are cleared, truth manifests.

The Panchabhutas (five elements) are natural phenomena in creation. Similarly, the five human values of Sathya, Dharma, Santhi, Prema and Ahimsa are natural to human beings. Man has to manifest them from his heart and lead a natural life. They should flow from the ‘source’ and not extracted by ‘force’. Truth is pure and unsullied. Love is selfless. We have therefore to lead a selfless life. That is real love. Love does not expect anything in return. Selfishness troubles a human being in subtle ways. It is very cunning. Hence, one should not allow selfishness to come near him. If you are suffused with love, selfishness cannot approach you. Hence, develop love. Love is divine. When you are able to develop love, non-violence will come to you of its own accord. Where there is love, there can be no trace of violence. Thus, when man is able to manifest the five human values of Sathya, Dharma, Santhi, Prema and Ahimsa, then his intellect becomes steady and he can walk the straight path.

Everyone has to face the consequences of his Karma (actions). Who has made the bats to hang from the branches of a tree with their heads downwards? Has anyone tied them upside down out of hatred? No, it is their fate. Likewise, nobody can escape from the consequences of Karma.

(Telugu poem)

The bats will be hanging to the branches of trees with their heads downwards. They move about in darkness only. Their entire life is spent in darkness. Is it anybody’s malice that makes the bats hang heads down from their perches on the branches? No, this is not anyone’s making. It is God’s leela. Similarly, man has to follow his destiny. While experiencing the result of his past karma, it is possible that some changes can occur. Sometimes, the ways of karmaphala (fruits of action) appear to be rather strange. Once, Lord Vishnu enquired of sage Narada, “Narada! How is the world?” Narada replied,

The stories of the Lord are amazing,

It purifies the lives of the people in all the three worlds,

It is like the sickle that cuts the creepers of worldly bondage,

It is like a good friend who helps you in times of need,

It is like a shelter for the sages and seers doing penance in the forest.

(Telugu poem)

Karmaphala makes the human beings dance to its tunes in several ways. People cry when someone close to them die. Similarly, they feel happy when a child is born in the family. Is it not a fact that happiness and sorrow are the result of karmaphala? Is it not true that they are part of the divine leelas? Hence, develop the faith that whatever happens is as per the divine will. It is a common practice in the present-day world to blame others for all their ills and praise themselves when they are happy. This is not correct. Develop the attitude that everything is God’s gift and whatever happens is for our own good. Happiness and sorrow, losses and gains are all like passing clouds!

Embodiments of Love!

First and foremost, control your thoughts. The clouds of these thoughts are moving about in the sky of your heart. The clouds, as they move will cover the sun called the intellect and the moon called the mind. It is said, Chandrama manaso jataha (the moon was born out of the mind). The moon reflects the mind’s nature. The intellect is the reflection of the sun. Both of them move about in the sky of the heart. Sometimes, our own thoughts form ‘dark clouds’. More so in the youthful stage. The ‘dark clouds’ are water-borne, meaning they are associated with desires. When such ‘dark clouds’ gather, the sun and the moon are hidden by them. It is only in the youthful stage you are troubled by an excess of thoughts. You will be drowned in them literally and will forget your very humanness. Hence, first and foremost, you have to remove those ‘clouds’. From where do these ‘clouds’ come? They are formed on account of yoursankalpas (resolutions) and vikalpas (indecisiveness). Hence, first and foremost, you have to control your thoughts. If you are able to do it, then your mind and intellect will shine brightly.

The mind is a bundle of thoughts. When the thoughts and resolutions are controlled, it will be clean like a placid lake. Narendra (Swami Vivekananda) tried his best to control his thoughts, when he was a youth. When he finally succeeded, he acquired a pure heart. He constantly reminded himself, “I am very proud of my birth as Bharateeya. How great and sacred is this country Bharat! How pure it is! “To whichever country he travelled, he used to teach the people of that country about the greatness of Bharat. The very thought of the sacredness of Bharat would make you great. Hence, you must constantly remind yourself of the greatness of Bharat.

The students of the present times are not at all reading the life history of great people like Ramakrishna Paramahamsa and Swami Vivekananda. They read all trash novels. They consider them as great literature. I want that you should throw away such cheap literature. God is immanent in every human being. God is everywhere. It is said, Ekatma sarva bhutantaratma (one Atma dwells in all beings). The same Atmic principle is present in all human beings. You may have a doubt in this context, “if that is so, then why should I not make friendship with such and such person?” When his age, behaviour and thoughts are not conducive to your moral and spiritual development, you should not make friendship with such a person. If you do so, you will also become like him.

Tell me your company, I shall tell you what you are. We should make friendship with good people. It is only in keeping with this principle, Adi Sankara in his famous treatise Bhaja Govindam declared as under:

Satsangatwe nissangatwam,

Nissangatwe nirmohatwam,

Nirmohatwe nischalatattwam,

Nischalatattwe jivanmukti.

(Sanskrit sloka)

(Good company leads to detachment; detachment makes one free from delusion; freedom from delusion leads to steadiness of mind; steadiness of mind confers liberation.)

You should move with good people, speak good words and see good things. It is only when you develop good vision and good thoughts and undertake good activities, you will become a good person. You should not read bad and cheap literature. Reading such trash is like moving in bad company.

Especially today, I don’t wish to dilate upon such topics as Divinity, spirituality, etc. What I am interested in is that you should lead your daily life in accordance with the principle of truth. The five human values of Sathya, Dharma, Santhi, Prema and Ahimsa are embedded in you. They are like the five vital airs in you. They are, however, enveloped by the Arishadvargas, the six enemies of Kama (desire), Krodha (anger), Lobha(greed), Moha (delusion), Mada (pride) and Matsarya (jealousy). What you have to do is to throw away this outer layer of Arishadvargas and bring out the five human values latent in you. If you want to draw water from a well, you have to tie a rope to a bucket and with the help of this bucket you can draw water. In the well of your heart, there is the pure water of human values. In order to draw that water from the well, you have to secure the rope of firm faith. However, people today lack such faith and become blind.

The loss of the spiritual eyes of faith leads to spiritual blindness. You should not become blind. It is only when you develop firm faith in God, will humanity be transformed into Divinity. Many people can deliver ‘speeches’. But, we do not derive satisfaction merely by listening to such speeches. We just listen to them and forget them soon after this. It should not be so. What has been listened to has to be contemplated upon and then put into action. The most important aspect is you should develop firm and unwavering faith. When the rope of faith is strong and secure, the bucket can draw out the water of the five human values from the well of your heart. This process is called ‘Educare’. Educare is to bring out that which is in the depth of one’s heart. It is not something external. It cannot be purchased from the market. Nor can it be taught by a teacher. You yourself have to strive for it. Only then can you attain self-realisation. For this, the prerequisite is self-confidence. In order to gain self-confidence, you must develop noble qualities.

Embodiments of Love!

Your education may help you to achieve a sharp intellect. But, real happiness comes from manifest ‘Educare’ only. That should in fact, be the basis for our life. Bookish knowledge is not very important. Even those who have acquired high academic qualifications have to give importance to ‘educare’. Devoid of ‘educare’ all the education and academic achievements are useless. You may acquire high degrees, but your education is not complete without ‘educare’.

Of what use is all your education? Is it only for making a living? There is no shortage in this world of highly educated people. What is it that they are doing? Did they contribute anything for promoting non-violence in the world? Do they protect Dharma in any manner? Are they fostering Santhi (peace)? At least, are they able to live in peace? No, not at all! They are unable to live in love and harmony even with their own children. Hence, first and foremost, cultivate love and share it with all. Only then will you experience its taste. Students have all the capabilities at their disposal. They have a strong and healthy body and mind. But, if they do not put them to proper use, they will become weak physically and mentally. Such weak people cannot achieve anything in their life. A strong will is a prerequisite in the spiritual field.

Having resolved, on what ought to be resolved, hold on to your resolution till you have succeeded. Having desired what ought to be desired, hold on to it till your desire is fulfilled. Having asked what ought to be asked, do not leave the hold till you attain it. Having thought what ought to be thought, hold on to it till you have succeeded. With heart mellowed, the Lord must yield to your wishes or with no regard for yourself, you should ask Him with all your heart. Persevere, be tenacious, and never give up, for it is the quality of a devotee never to retreat, abandoning his resolve. (Telugu poem)

If you wish to secure good marks in the test given by God, you must have a firm resolve. This is necessary even in your worldly education. You should not, however, be satisfied with getting high academic degrees. You should not be elated by good marks; avoid bad remarks. Only then will your education have value.

Dear students! I am teaching you many things daily. But, you are not giving proper thought to them. You are forgetting the purpose for which you have joined our Institution. You have to recognise that purpose in the first instance. You came here with a purpose, but your actions are different. There is no use at all by such behaviour. For example, you wish to have a breakfast of idli and sambar. But, you go to a military (non-vegetarian) hotel to get those items. You have joined this Institute to sanctify your heart and make it pure. But, you are taking part in unholy activities. The reason is your mental pollution! You should not at all pollute your mind and thoughts by involving yourselves in such activities. These are the things that our elders have been teaching us since ancient times.

You are students of the modern age. Along with the modern education, you should sustain our ancient traditions. It is only when you conduct yourself accordingly, will you be able to attain the happiness you wished for. Then only will your life be sanctified. Worldly education is for the life here and spiritual education is for the life hereafter. You have come here to acquire Brahma Vidya (knowledge of the Brahman), not merely worldly education. Along with academic education, you also learn spiritual education. You have to strike a balance between these two. Only then will your life be sanctified.

(Bhagawan concuded His discourse with the Bhajan, “Govinda Krishna Jai Gopala Krishna Jai …” and Vahe Guru Vahe Guru …”)

Divine Discourse on 27th September 2006

GIVE UP SELFISHNESS AND STRIVE FOR SELF-REALISATION

27th September 2006

The physical world as perceived by the naked eyes is considered as truth. But it is only illusory. Divinity is the only reality. Unable to realise this truth, people are wasting their time.

(Telugu poem)

Embodiments of Love!

God is only one, now and forever. Not realising this truth, you are wasting your precious time thinking that all that you see in this objective world is true. No! None of these objects is real. Truth is eternal, beyond the three periods of time – past, present and future. That is Divinity. How foolish it is to think that the worldly vision which is subject to change from time to time is real. You are a student today. Tomorrow you will become an officer in an organisation and after some years you will be a retired officer. Then, which is true? Is it the life as a student or as an officer or as a retired official? There is a boy and a girl, who wish to get married. Before their marriage, who is husband and who is wife? Once they are married, they are referred to as husband and wife. But, how long does this relationship last? It is only temporary.

Thus, all that you see in this objective world and all the relationships between individuals are only temporary. They are never real and permanent. But, Divinity is not like that. Divinity is what it is – yesterday, today and tomorrow. It is Divinity always! Not reposing your faith in such a true and eternal God, you are deluded into thinking that what you see in this objective world is true. Hence, first and foremost try to recognise the eternal truth. It is only when you have recognised the Truth, you are deemed to have recognised everything else. All others are only transitory. The entire universe is subject to change. It is temporary and unreal. Today’s mountain may be reduced to a mere hillock tomorrow. Today’s rivulet may transform itself into a mighty river tomorrow. The country of Bharat was once beautifully described as: “lofty mountains, large rivers, huge trees with many branches, which make it a beautiful country.”

People today repose their faith in ephemeral and unreal world and forget God, who is the embodiment of truth. That is the root cause for all the sorrows and difficulties faced by humanity. You say you are encountering difficulties. From where did they come? Difficulties are the consequences of one’s past deeds and thoughts. Everything in this world is susceptible to change. It appears to be unchanging, but it is not true. God is the only changeless principle. We have therefore to install such a changeless and eternal God in the altar of our sacred hearts and offer our love to Him. Thereby, we can experience bliss. That is the foremost duty of a human being. What is human life, after all? Is it merely eating, drinking, sleeping and dying ultimately? By doing so, how can the human life be termed as sacred?

Man, at the time of his birth is very pure and sacred. As he grows old, gradually he loses his purity. This is not proper. A human being has always to maintain his purity. Take for example, My case. I was born. I grew up to be a boy, youth and old person. But, the childlike simplicity and purity are always there in Me. I am always like a child. As age advances, there might be several changes in the physical body. They are all at the physical level. It is only out of our delusion that we are exposed to the arishadvargas(the six enemies of desire, anger, greed, delusion, pride and jealousy). As a result, we are unable to realise the atma (Self).

It is said Jantunam nara janma durlabham (Of all living beings, human birth is the rarest). Having attained such a rare birth as a human being, we have to strive for self-realisation. We should not waste our energies in worldly pursuits. He who is a realised soul, is the liberated person in the real sense. Such a person constantly contemplates upon the atma. On the other hand, one who is constantly engaged in the pursuit of material comforts has his gaze fixed on the panchabhuthas (the five elements of earth, water, fire, air and space), pancha koshas (five sheaths of the soul) and panchendriyas(five senses). One who realises the truth that the physical body is ephemeral and the mind is like a mad monkey, will develop an insight into the inner Self. The physical body is like a water bubble. People know about it, yet they lead their lives reposing their faith in such a physical body. As long as one has attachment to the physical body, one has to experience sorrows and difficulties and sin and merit.

The body is made up of five elements and is bound to perish sooner or later, but the indweller has neither birth nor death. The indweller has no attachment whatsoever and is the eternal witness.

(Telugu poem)

The dehi (Indweller) in the deha (physical body) is eternal. It is referred to as the atma. We identify the physical body with certain names. For example, the name ‘Anil Kumar’ is an identification for a particular form. Similarly, the name ‘Sathya Sai Baba’ represents this physical body. It is not possible to identify the physical bodies, without names. A human being lives in the world, donning a physical body that is ephemeral. All that we see in the objective world are the creation of our own mind. What we cannot see with our physical eyes is the truth. That is the atma. Hence, when someone enquires, “Who are you?”, you should reply “I am the atma.” You should not refer to the name given to your physical body. The name given to your physical body is the one that is given to it by your parents.

The whole world calls you by this name only. It is not the name that is important. Both name and form are temporary and unreal. As long as you live in this world, they are relevant. The moment you depart from this world, none cares for them.

For example, there is a millionaire. He has plenty of money and is, in fact, rolling in wealth. His end is nearing. He is undergoing great suffering. All his relatives surrounding him are restless. In fact, they are weeping. Exactly in that moment, wisdom dawns on him. He is reminded of Adi Sankara’s verse:

Punarapi jananam punarapi maranam,

Punarapi janani jathare sayanam,

(Oh Lord! I am caught up in this cycle of birth and death; time and again, I am experiencing the agony of being in the mother’s womb.)

He has realised the fact that all his relatives and friends cares for him as long as he was alive. He felt very sorry for his pitiable state and wailed, “My dear ones! All that I have earned during my life has been handed over to you. Even the palatial buildings and big mansions that I have built have also been handed over to you. My bank deposits have also been given away to you. Yet, you do not care to think about me and are worried about your own future.” True. People are worried only about wealth and property as long as they live in this world. They do not think at all about what will happen to the life principle after their death. As long as there is life-force in the body, people are deluded to think, “It is my body, my mind, etc.” You are now sitting in this hall. As soon as you get up and take two steps, you do not know what will happen to you. Once you depart from this world, who is related to whom? Who are your friends and relatives? No relationships at all! Hence, the physical body should not be given too much importance.

The body should be purified by undertaking good deeds. Since people develop many kinds of relationship with the external world, they are afflicted with several impurities. It is only when such impurities are cleared to a certain extent will one keep good health. For example, there were rains a few days ago. Because of the rains, the water was polluted. Several people who drank the polluted water became sick. In many places, people suffered due to their ill-health. Today the food we eat, the water we drink and even the air we breathe, are all polluted. Hence, this widespread pollution has to be controlled at least to a certain extent by undertaking sacred activities. That is the reason why the nine forms of devotion have been prescribed as Sadhana: Sravanam(listening), Kirtanam (singing), Vishnusmaranam (contemplating on Vishnu), Padasevanam (serving His Lotus Feet), Vandanam (salutation), Archanam (worship), Dasyam (servitude), Sneham (friendship), Atmanivedanam (self-surrender).

One has to adopt any one of these sadhanas for pollution control. Humanness is not confined merely to jivatwa (life force); it is associated with Daivatwa (divinity). Every human being, in fact every living being, is an embodiment of Divinity verily! Even the insects and bacteria!

What is the sadhana that a human being is expected to undertake? Sadhana does not mean mere physical exercise. It is an enquiry into Truth at the level of the mind and intellect. What is Truth? Is it the body or the mind or the intellect? No, none of these. The mind is a mad monkey. It is fickle in nature. If you follow such a fickle mind, you cannot reach your true destination. It has to be discarded one day or the other. However, food and recreation are necessary to a certain extent to protect the body. Even that food has to be pure and sattwic. If you thus carry on your activities and lead a sacred life, what more sadhana is required?

Whatever activities you may undertake, you must constantly contemplate on ‘Soham’mantra, which reminds you of your innate divinity with each inhaling and exhaling process. The same principle has been explained in the mahavakya, ‘Aham Brahmasmi'(I am Brahma) in the Vedas. From the time you get up from your bed till you go to sleep, you must constantly remind yourself that you are Brahman verily and not merely a human being made up of the five elements.

You must develop the faith that God is your mother, father and everything else and that He alone is your sustainer and refuge. After all, who gave you the mother? Is it not God? Everything in this world is by God’s grace only. If you forget God and concentrate on other thoughts, you will lose everything in life. If you constantly contemplate on God, all worldly thoughts will leave you. Hence, cultivate godly thoughts with love. Prema muditha manase kaho Rama Rama Ram (Sing the sweet name of Rama with your heart filled with love). Love is God. God is love.

Devoid of this love, there is no mother, no father, no brother, no wife. Everything is suffused with love. It is only for our convenience, for our pleasure and for our own selfish purposes that we develop worldly relationships. Hence, give up selfishness and strive for self-realisation. You must enquire into yourself, “Who am I? Body, mind, intellect, chittha or ahamkara?” You are none of these. You are yourself. “I am I.” Recognise this truth. You are all pursuing education and acquiring academic degrees like B.A., B.Com, M.B.A., etc.

How many people are there with such degrees! What service do they render to the society? They are all concerned with their own career and earning. They do not at all help others. All this worldly education is for making one’s own living. That is not the purpose of one’s education. We must render selfless service. The fruit of all actions must be sacrificed. It is only such a person who deserves to be called a yogi. A yogi is not one who merely sits under a tree and meditates, closing his eyes. Real sacrifice involves giving up your desires. One has to broaden his heart. One should not be narrow-minded. If you are inflicted with narrow-mindedness your whole life will become narrow. Develop broad-mindedness. Cultivate broad heart. The reference to ‘heart’ in this context is not to the physical heart. If the physical heart is enlarged, it needs surgery. Develop love. Only then can you be called a real human being.

Dear students!

You think Swami’s discourses are very simple. But, the entire essence of the Vedas is contained in them. The essence of all the sastras is to be found in Swami’s words. Why should you be proud of your education? However high academic degrees a person may have acquired, a human being must always conduct himself with humility and obedience. Education with humility is the watchword. At the mental level man must be desireless. Then only can he be called a human being. Excessive desires lead to danger. You should not indulge in unnecessary desires. That will lead to waste of time. Time waste is life waste! Time is God, don’t waste time’. Even the little time at your disposal must be spent in contemplation on the Soham manthra. Then only will your birth as a human being be sanctified.

If you go on wasting your time in reading newspapers, all that you acquire will only be useless. Nowadays newspapers have degenerated into a nuisance. You will find all sorts of unnecessary things in the newspapers. You might have seen several advertisements with obscene pictures in the newspapers daily. What sort of pictures are they? Fie on them! We don’t like to go through such newspapers at all! These are not the stuff we have to read. We have to visualise God, who is beyond name and form. God’s name is sweeter than the sweetness of banana fruit and dates. What for all these festivals being celebrated? Every festival is meant to remind us about God. People of all religions have festivals to celebrate.

All religions teach only good things. Realising this truth, one should conduct himself carefully with proper understanding. If you have a discriminatory intellect, which religion is bad? Oh! The brave son of Bharat! Hear.

(Telugu poem)

Every religion preaches good only. Religion per se is not bad. Hence, you should respect people of all religions. It is only when your mind is distorted that you develop a bad opinion about a particular religion. Once you develop a discriminating intellect, you will realise that all religions lead to the same God.

Dear students!

Please do not waste time. Sanctify every minute of your life and thereby experience bliss. Man is essentially the embodiment of bliss. Hence you must always be happy and blissful. Do not crave for unnecessary desires and feel depressed when they are not fulfilled. Happiness is union with God. You must always be happy and smiling. Even when you are faced with difficulties or during examination time, you should not put up a ‘castor-oil face’. Always be smiling. The more you feel enthusiastic and energetic, the more you will be happy. After all, what is there for you to worry about? Nothing, to My knowledge. A student who did not prepare himself well will be worried during examinations. If you have prepared well, then why should you worry? You will surely get good marks. Hence, read well, pass the examinations with distinction and serve the country.

The festival that is being celebrated today is meant only to encourage you. The ten-day Dasara festival is meant to control your ten senses. The legend says that Goddess Chamundi killed the demon Mahisha during this Dasara festival. What is the inner meaning of this story? We should not under any circumstances associate ourselves with demons. You are a human being and not a demon. How can there be friendship between a human being and a demon? A human being shall have relationship with another human being only.

Satsangatwe nissangatwam,

Nissangatwe nirmohatwam,

Nirmohatwe nischalatattwam,

Nischalatattwe jivanmukti.

(Sanskrit sloka)

(Good company leads to detachment; detachment makes one free from delusion; freedom from delusion leads to steadiness of mind; steadiness of mind confers liberation.)

Always be in good company. If you join bad company, you will also become bad. Hence, you should never make friendship with a bad person. The moment you come across such people, just say ‘goodbye’ and move on. You need not develop hatred towards them. Whomever you come across, consider them as embodiments of Divinity and salute them. Even when you come across people who hate you, offer your pranams(salutations) to them. Enquire, “How are you brother?” Then they will also respond, “How are you brother?” A human being is one with certain human values. What are those human values? Sathya, Dharma, Santhi, Prema and Ahimsa. They are all interrelated. Always speak truth, observe Dharma (righteousness). Be peaceful. Be happy and blissful. You should conduct yourself with love in society. Love is God, God is Love. Hence, live in love. Then only can you acquire true knowledge. That is wisdom.

Embodiments of Love!

I always address you as embodiments of love. The reason being, I am suffused with love. Love is My property. You all are heirs to that property. I will distribute that love to one and all. I do not hate anyone. I have no selfishness at all! My love is selfless love.

(Bhagawan concluded His discourse with the Bhajan “Prema muditha manase kaho …”)

Divine Discourse on 28th September 2006

Love of God is True Education

28th September 2006

Embodiments of Love!

People think worldly education is real education. This is not correct. Real education comes from the heart. Such an education is unwavering and lasting. Atma Vidya(knowledge of the Self) is the real education. Devoid of such Atma Vidya, what is the use of all your intelligence and education?

The Gopis, though lacking in worldly education and intelligence were pure at heart and deeply devoted to Lord Krishna. The ladies in Repalle used to go to the house of Nanda and Yashoda every evening and light their oil lamps from the one kept in front of their house. That was the tradition in those days. Even now this practice is in vogue in some villages. The tradition has originated from the belief that if they lighted their lamp from that kept in the house of a wealthy householder, they would also become prosperous. Nevertheless, not all the mothers-in-law in Repalle would permit their daughters-in-law to go to the house of Yashoda for this purpose.

They were afraid that if they were allowed to go and see Krishna there, they may out of their devotion get mad and run after Him. They, therefore, used to chide their daughters-in-law saying, “Can’t we light the lamp in our own house? Why should we get it from their house?” In spite of these restrictions, all the ladies used to gather near the village well and discuss about Lord Krishna only. Then a new bride of one of the houses arrived in the village. Her name was Suguna. She had heard a lot about the divineleelas of Lord Krishna. She developed a deep desire to have the darshan of Krishna, somehow. She did not reveal her desire to her husband or her mother-in-law. She kept it as a tightly guarded secret within herself. However, it is impossible to conceal the truth. The entire creation has originated from truth:

The creation emerges from truth and merges into truth,

Is there a place in the cosmos where truth does not exist?

Visualise this pure and unsullied truth. (Telugu poem)

In spite of her keeping her desire as a closely guarded secret, it became known to all. One day, she went to the house of Yashoda and was lighting her lamp from that kept in front of their house. Suddenly, she could visualise Krishna in that flame. She lost her bodily consciousness in that divine experience and put her fingers in the burning flame. Her fingers were getting burnt, but, she had no body consciousness at all! Meanwhile, Yashoda came out smelling the burning finger. Immediately, she pulled out the hand of Suguna from the lamp and asked, “What is the matter with you girl? Are you asleep? Your fingers are burnt badly. Don’t you realise? Don’t you feel the pain?” Suguna then came to her senses and replied, “Mother! Lord Krishna gave me His darshan in that flame. I lost my body consciousness on seeing Him.”

The other gopis heard her explanation. They were very happy to know about the divine experience of Suguna. They went round the village singing and dancing:

It seems our Suguna had the vision of Krishna,

In the house of Nanda, Krishna appeared to her in the flame of the lamp. (Telugu poem)

Thus, if you constantly contemplate on God, you can forget your sorrows and difficulties and experience divine bliss. Devotees, since ancient times, have experienced bliss by constant contemplation on God and shared their experiences with the world.

Today, intelligence has increased but educational standards have declined. Wherever you see, the students refer to newspapers and magazines from abroad. They do not however evince the same interest in their textbooks. They do not at all think about their own customs and traditions. Students in this modern age are accustomed to such false sense of values. They would like to engage themselves in discussion about all unnecessary things. For example, they discuss about novels making comments like “so and so author has written a book; how great it is!” They involve themselves in discussions and argumentation over such trivial matters. But, they forget about their lessons in the textbooks. Thus, they go on acquiring knowledge about all and sundry and try to increase their worldly knowledge. They do not have any concern for the glory of real education.

We should desist from aspiring for the fruits of our karma (action). The Gita exhorts usKarmanyevadhikarasthe ma phaleshu kadachana (you have right only on action, not on its fruit).

Man is born in action, sustained by action and ultimately merges in action. Action is the cause for pleasure and pain. Truly speaking, action is God for man. (Telugu poem)

The karmas (actions) that we perform are responsible for all the happiness and sorrow we experience. When we perform good deeds, we get good results. When we perform bad deeds, we get bad results. Good deeds will result only in good results and bad deeds in bad results. That is why it is said, “DO GOOD, BE GOOD, SEE GOOD; THIS IS THE WAY TO GOD.” When you cultivate good thoughts and undertake good activities, you will experience good results. Therefore remember that the result of our own actions is responsible for all our sorrows and difficulties. All our elders have experienced peace and happiness by following our ancient traditions. But, today’s children gave up those good traditions, forgot the path shown by their elders and are exposed to various kinds of unrest due to modern education. They are not only exposed to unrest, but they do not also have contentment and satisfaction in life. With the result, they are becoming sick mentally and physically.

Man’s thoughts and resolutions are the root cause for his ill-health. For all the unrest and agitation he suffers, the gunas (qualities) are responsible. Hence, our thoughts must always be good. You may observe that a person taking good and sattwic food, drinking pure water and breathing unpolluted air is always healthy. In contrast, people consuming unsacred food, drinking impure water and inhaling polluted air are exposed to various kinds of diseases. The root cause of man’s ill-health today is unsacred food and impure water. All that we consume must always be pure and sacred. The Dasara celebrations are meant to foster good and noble qualities in us. We can always lead a happy life by taking a good bath, performing puja in our house, partaking of sanctified food and drinking pure water. If we follow this routine, our face will also be radiant. On the other hand, if we consume unsacred food, drink impure water and move about in a polluted atmosphere, there is the danger of forgetting our humanness even! In such a situation, we may lose our divine nature and acquire demonic qualities.

Several people wonder, “Swami is nearing 81 years, yet, his physical body does not reveal any signs of old age.” My answer to those people is: “My dear devotees! I am not taking unsacred food or breathing polluted air. I am breathing the air of prayers of the devotees. How then can I lose My divine effulgence?” I have no ailment of any kind. I have no pain at all! Sometime back, I fell down on the floor on account of an inadvertent error committed by a student. I broke My leg then. Hence, I feel a little difficulty in walking. That is all! There is another reason too! Nowadays I don’t feel like walking. Nevertheless, I am coming to Sai Kulwant Hall daily and giving darshan to the devotees. What difficulty or pain is involved in this routine? I do not have any pain or suffering. When I am able to make the devotees happy, I too will be happy. Sorrows, difficulties and pain are nowhere near Me. I am always happy and blissful. Bliss is My food. There is no greater happiness than My bliss. If for any reason I am unable to come out and give darshan to the devotees, I feel very sad: “Alas! How much the devotees are pining for My darshan! For how long they have been waiting in the hall! How much suffering they are undergoing?”, etc.

Sometimes I may be late in coming to Sai Kulwant Hall due to some urgent work. Still I do not miss giving darshan to the devotees. Hence, you should not feel that Swami has not come due to pain or suffering. I am revealing these facts to you today, so that you may not feel any distress because of My absence and always be happy and cheerful.

I expect that you should face difficulties boldly, reposing faith and devotion in God. If you constantly contemplate on God, no other thoughts will trouble you. Sorrows and difficulties will not affect you. I am always happy. You should also be happy always.Happiness is union with God. When you are associated with God, you will not feel any pain or suffering. You may have some physical pain or mental anxieties. But, you should ensure that they do not disturb your Atma Tattwa (the principle of the Atma). If you are thus firmly established in the Atma Tattwa, nothing can bother you. This is the message of Navarathri. We encounter several difficulties, sorrow, pain, etc. We are mentally disturbed day in and day out due to several reasons. But, we should ignore them with a detached feeling, “They are not mine, they are somebody else’s.” They just come and go like passing clouds. As for Myself, I do not at all attach importance to them.

We should not think that someone else is putting us to all these difficulties. We should not blame others for our difficulties and suffering. Our sorrows and difficulties are of our own making. The Kauravas tried their best to cause suffering to the Pandavas. But, the Pandavas did not relent. What was the reason? It was only because of their unwavering faith and devotion to Lord Krishna. They felt that when Krishna Himself was constantly protecting them, any number of difficulties and obstacles could not cause any fear in them. Similarly, you also develop firm faith that Swami is always with you, in you and around you. Do not at all worry about these sorrows and difficulties. These are all like passing clouds. None of them can shadow the blazing sun. It is only during rainy season that the clouds come in the way of sun rays. Similarly, it is only when our mind is wavering and disturbed we suffer from sorrows and difficulties. When our mind is steady and firm, no ‘clouds’ can disturb us. Hence, keep your mind pure and steady. Develop courage and fortitude.

How does a man lead his life today? He is enacting his role in the cosmic drama, singing the songs of kama (desire) and krodha (anger) and playing games obsessed with mada (pride) and ahamkara (ego). Several people appreciate their acting as “very good”. But, some people are not carried away by this ‘acting’. Unconcerned with the reaction, reflection and resound of this drama, they repose their faith in ‘reality’. And that ‘reality’ is Divinity. Divinity is unwavering, invisible and beyond delusion. We must hold on to that ‘reality’, firmly. When we rely on such reality, our thoughts, words and actions will always be pure and sacred. Hence, Dear Students! You should not at all be afraid of these ‘passing clouds’. You should not be concerned with them. You perform your duty well. You fulfil the aspirations of your parents. Your parents have sent you here with great expectations. If you go against their wishes, you yourself can imagine how much they will feel. If you cause pain to your parents, it amounts to causing pain to Swami. Are you not praying daily?

Twameva mathacha pitha Twameva, Twameva bandhuscha sakha Twameva, Twameva vidya dravinam Twameva (Sanskrit sloka)

(you alone are the father and mother, friend and relation, wisdom and wealth).

There is no difference at all between God and parents. Hence, keep your parents happy. Swami is always happy. Establish that truth firmly in your heart. Then only can you be called true students.

Once, Hiranyakasipu called his son Prahlada close to him and enquired, “Dear son! I have placed you in the hands of the gurus. I requested them to teach you good things. What did they teach you?” Prahlada then replied,

Father! The teachers have taught me many things, I have understood the four objectives of life – Dharma (righteousness), Artha (wealth), Kama (desire) and Moksha (liberation). I have studied many things; in fact, I have understood the very essence of education. (Telugu poem)

Hiranyakasipu felt very happy at his son’s reply and told him, “Son! Please explain that secret of all education”. Prahlada then replied “Dear father! All that we see and experience in this world is unreal and impermanent. Only Divinity is real and true.” The father got angry. He held his son by his neck and pushed him down. He commanded his officers to throw him into the sea, saying, “a son who flouts the commands of his father does not deserve to be in my presence. Take him away and dump him in the sea, immediately.” Thereupon, the demons took Prahlada to the top of a hill and pushed him down into the sea. Even then, Prahlada chanted the name “Narayana! Narayana!” Lord Vishnu then emerged from the sea and saved Prahlada from drowning. Hiranyakasipu noticed that Prahlada was still alive. He fretted and fumed with anger on seeing Prahlada. He then ordered him to be thrown into the fire. Immediately, the flames subsided. Even the fire was not willing to consume him. What is the inner meaning of this episode? Good people will always encounter problems from bad people. Nevertheless, the good people will not be affected by them. It is only the fruit-laden tree that receives stones. Similarly, good people will always face certain obstacles. However, one has to face such difficulties boldly reposing faith in God.

Dear Students! You should obey the commands of your parents and God meticulously. Cultivate good behaviour. Then, everything will turn out to be good for you. Nothing will deter you. No difficulty will ever bother you. It is only to enable you to put such good thoughts into practice that goddesses Durga, Lakshmi and Saraswati are worshipped during these Dasara celebrations. Durga is not to be understood as a ferocious goddess. She is the goddess supreme who protects you.

Lakshmi is the embodiment of all wealth. Then, Saraswati is the goddess of speech. Good thoughts, good words and good actions (behaviour) represent the tattwa (nature) of these three goddesses. He who teaches good things to you is verily the embodiment of goddess Saraswati. He who teaches evil is verily a demon. Goddess Durga destroys only such demons. Durga, Lakshmi and Saraswati are, in fact, not different from you. They are very much installed in your own heart. They exhort you to lead the life of a human being, since you are a human being. Durga, Lakshmi and Saraswati are the three mothers to a human being.

You should treasure these good words in your heart and put them into action. Thereby you should come up in life and set an example to others. You should, by your example, spread the message to the world that Bharatiya Vidya is great. There are several people in the modern world imparting education that leads to evil ways. You should denounce such education. You should not go after it. You must enquire, “will it help to purify my heart or not.” If you feel it is not conducive to your progress, you must give it up immediately. It is only when you are able to satisfy your conscience that your life will be happy, peaceful and contented. Do namasmarana incessantly.

(Bhagawan concluded His discourse with the Bhajan “Hari bhajana bina sukha shanthi nahi”)

62. Onam Day Divine Discourse on 5th September 2006

DEVELOP BROAD-MINDEDNESS AND LIVE IN BLISS

5th September 2006

Onam Day Discourse in Sai Kulwant Hall, Prasanthi Nilayam

The Lord shines resplendently in the universe; so also the universe shines in the Lord. The relationship between the Lord and the universe is intimate and inseparable. What else is to be conveyed to you? (Telugu poem)

Embodiments of Love!

The people of Kerala celebrate the Onam festival today. Onam is very sacred, holy and divine. Several interpretations are given to the Onam festival. People celebrate the Onam festival by taking an oil bath and wearing new clothes. They also cook a variety of special dishes and partake of them. Thus, all members of the family enjoy the festival, feasting and wearing new clothes. Some people also visit temples on this occasion. Of all the temples in Kerala the temple of the Bala (child) Krishna (Guruvayur) is very dear and important to them. Many people also do parayana (reverential reading) of the Ramayana on this day. All these sacred activities are the result of their faith and devotion to God. They celebrate the Onam festival by contemplating on God, visiting temples and by undertaking sacred activities.

In the ancient times, Emperor Bali ruled the kingdom of Kerala. He treated his subjects as his own children and did a lot of service to them. The people, on their part, also loved and respected Emperor Bali. They led a happy and peaceful life, reposing their faith and hope in the emperor. Emperor Bali performed several yajnas and other Vedicrituals during his reign. Once, he commenced a great yajna. On that occasion, he announced his resolve to the people that whoever asked for anything from him would be granted to them without any hesitation from him.

Having heard of this promise, Lord Vishnu assumed the form of Vamana (a dwarfish brahmin boy) and came to the yagasala (the pandal where the yajna was being performed), holding an umbrella made of coconut leaves. Ratnavali, the daughter of Emperor Bali was enchanted by the divine effulgence, radiance and aura surrounding the young boy. She thought to herself, “Aha! Who is this brilliant young boy radiating divine effulgence? What a great wonder! How nice it would be if I had a son like him!” Thus, while everyone in the yagasala was spellbound on seeing this divine child, Vamana entered the yagasala and went near the altar.

On seeing Vamana, Emperor Bali stood up and extended a reverent welcome to him and made him seated in a proper seat and enquired, “Sir! May I know on what purpose you visited us? What can I do for you?” The young Vamana replied, “Oh Emperor Bali! I just need three foot step length of land. I don’t need anything more.” Emperor Bali was taken aback and spontaneously agreed to His request saying, “Oh! Is that all? All right, take it.” Vamana expanded in His stature and with one foot reached out over the entire skies. When he set his second step, the entire earth was transcended. He then enquired of Bali, “Where do I put my third step?” Emperor Bali replied, “Swami! You asked for just three foot steps of land. But, you covered the entire sky and earth with just two steps. All my domain is already exhausted. You please bless me by putting your third step on my head. Vamana then placed his foot on Emperor Bali’s head and sent him down to the netherworld (Patala).

You may have a doubt in this context as to how Bali could be pushed down to the netherworld by Vamana simply by placing his foot on Bali’s head. When the entire sky and earth could be covered with one step each, you can imagine how powerful and gigantic Vamana’s steps were! The third step was equally powerful and gigantic. Its impact could therefore push Emperor Bali down to the netherworld.

There are other reasons too! Emperor Bali was no doubt a great devotee with humility. However, there was an element of ego in him. God will tolerate anything but not anger and ego. He will not appreciate these qualities. What is this ego? What for is this ego? Is it for physical beauty or strength of the senses or intellectual acumen or wealth? None of these is permanent. Ego breeds several other evil qualities. God has gifted every human being with such sacred and noble qualities as Sathya (Truth), Dharma(Righteousness), Santhi (Peace), Prema (Love) and Ahimsa (Non-violence). Develop these qualities. These are the pancha pranas (five vital airs) for a human being.

Anger, jealousy, hatred, etc., are evil qualities befitting an animal. How can a person with such animal qualities be called a human being? A human being is one who has good qualities. Follow truth. Truth is God. Cultivate love. Love is God. Live in love.Unfortunately, today people are not making efforts to manifest sacred and noble qualities that are inherent in them. Ignoring their innate nature, they lead a life with qualities acquired from outside.

The human body is like an iron safe. The Atma residing inside this iron safe is like a precious diamond. You are supposed to give value to the precious diamond-studded ornaments inside, not to the outer iron safe. There are invaluable ornaments likeSathya, Dharma, Santhi, Prema and Ahimsa inside the human body. The physical body which is made up of the five elements is bound to perish one day or the other.

The body which is made up of five elements is weak and is bound to disintegrate. Though hundred years of life-span is prescribed, one cannot take it for granted. One may leave his mortal coil at any time, be it in childhood, youth or old age. Death is certain. Hence, before the body perishes, man should make efforts to know his true nature.

(Telugu poem)

People repose their faith in such a frail and impermanent physical body. This body is like a puppet with nine holes in it, and it may collapse at any time with a mere sneeze. Reposing their faith in such a perishable body, people forget the invaluable ornaments stored in it. That is the reason why they suffer mental agitation. You go to a millionaire and enquire, “Sir! You have everything in this world; but, do you have peace?” He will immediately reply, “I have everything in this world, but not peace.” Wherever you see in this world today, there are only ‘pieces’, not ‘peace’. Peace is very much in your inner self. Hence, search for it by inward journey. That is your duty. Unfortunately, you forget this sacred duty and desire for paltry and mean things. When you are able to manifest your own innate noble qualities, you can experience true and eternal peace.

Bereft of truth, righteousness, love and peace

The value of all your education is zero;

Bereft of truth, righteousness, love and peace

The sanctity of all your acts of charity and kindness is zero;

Bereft of truth, righteousness, love and peace

The utility of all your positions of power is zero;

Bereft of truth, righteousness, love and peace

The result of all your good deeds is zero.

(Telugu poem)

The five human values of Sathya, Dharma, Santhi, Prema and Ahimsa are the true and lasting property of a human being. Since time immemorial, the people of Kerala possessed such sacred qualities and are worshipping God. What is the inner meaning of Vamana setting his foot on the head of Emperor Bali and pushing him down to the netherworld? The incident reveals the crushing of Bali’s ego. Having realised this inner meaning, the people of Kerala shed their ego. That is the reason why the State of Kerala has earned a good name as a land of peace, purity and greenery everywhere.

Every human being has some desires. But, the people of Kerala do not have many desires. Their worldly desires are few. They always move with others amicably. Even if some differences crop up, they set them aside. They consider them as passing clouds. Truly, the people of Kerala are pure, selfless and steady in mind. Others have to emulate their qualities. In spite of their busy schedule, they do not forget to put on vibhuti on their forehead and visit the temple both in the morning and evening.

People say, “Kerala is a communist State.” I do not subscribe to that view. It is not ‘communist’, but ‘come-you-next’! Their own sacred feelings have taken them nearer to God. The people of Kerala go to the temples on this auspicious occasion of ‘Onam’ and perform special pujas (worship). They go in large numbers to the Bala Krishna temple. They enjoy singing devotional songs. Due to the effect of modern age, of course some change has come in their attitude. It was not so before. They always used to be pure and steady in their heart. They always wished and prayed for the welfare of all people. They never developed any desires which, they knew, were not pleasing to God. The people of Kerala are broad-minded and they pray for the welfare of all people in the world (Loka samastha sukhino bhavantu). They are really good and noble.

When Lord Vamana pushed Emperor Bali down to the netherworld, the people felt very unhappy thinking, “Oh God! Our emperor is no longer with us; who will look after us from now on?” Emperor Bali then made a promise to his people that he would visit them every year on this day. That auspicious day of Emperor Bali’s visit to his kingdom every year is termed as “Onam”. He would visit his people on this day and bless them. Goodness will always yield good results.

We should not develop obstinacy. One should develop a sense of discrimination and enquire into things objectively. If you behave foolishly, you will earn a bad name for yourself. Study well. Perform well in your educational career, but along with this, you should also develop good character and conduct. Character is real life; character is real education.Hence, one should develop good character. Students try to imitate one another. Mimicking others out of a false sense of values is bad.

Dear students! You must move in good company to enable you to develop good character:

Satsangatwe nissangatwam,

Nissangatwe nirmohatwam,

Nirmohatwe nischalatattwam,

Nischalatattwe jivanmukti.

(Sanskrit sloka)

(Good company leads to detachment; detachment makes one free from delusion; freedom from delusion leads to steadiness of mind; steadiness of mind confers liberation.)

“Tell me your company, I shall tell you what you are”. Hence, first and foremost, move in good company. Then only can you become a good individual. We need not acquire goodness from somewhere. It is inherent in our nature. We have only to develop it. We have to make efforts to develop such goodness, just as a small sapling is nourished and nurtured to become a big tree. You must earn a good name to your parents, society and the country.

The country of Bharat has another name “Hindu”. It stands for the following qualities:

H – Humility

I – Individuality

N – Nationality

D – Devotion

U – Unity

It is only when we conduct ourselves in keeping with these ideals that we deserve to be called as real human beings. Having been born as human beings, it is a great sin to behave like animals. Whenever animal qualities raise their ugly heads, remind yourself, “I am not an animal; I am a human being.” You are a human being. Hence, develop human values. Unfortunately, today human values are very deficient in human beings. Wherever you see, animal qualities are rampant. Wherever you go and whomever you come across, there is only one desire for every individual – money, money and more money! Nowadays, everything is related with money only. Why is this craze for money?

Money comes and goes, but morality comes and grows.Hence, cultivate moral values. Then only will you become real human beings. The people of Kerala are fostering moral values well. Of course, they also have a desire for acquiring wealth. But, when compared to others, their desire is less. Cultivate good nature, lead a good life and earn a good name for yourself. From goodness, one has to travel to ‘godness’ (Madhavatwa).

First and foremost, ensure that the food you consume is good and Sattwic. Such food ensures good ‘head’ (mind). It is only when the ‘head’ (mind) is good, God will manifest before you. Thus, it is only when the food you consume is Sattwic you will be able to realise God. Nowadays wherever you see, pollution is increasing. The air we breathe, the water we drink, the food we eat and the work we do – are all polluted.

The Sadhana we have to undertake to cleanse this polluted atmosphere is Bhagawath Prarthana (prayer to God). It is only when we are able to remove this pollution and make our hearts pure, we deserve to be called as real human beings. Divinity can be attained only by purity. And, that purity can be achieved by unity. Unity, Purity and Divinity are interrelated. Hence, you should always remember the intimate relationship between these three.

The country of Bharat will prosper only when such noble and sacred feelings manifest in you. The land of Bharat has earned a great name as ‘Punya Bhumi’ (the land of merit),’Thyaga Bhumi’ (the land of sacrifice) and ‘Yoga Bhumi’ (the land of spiritual practice), since ancient times. Unfortunately, today it is turning out to be a ‘Bhoga Bhumi’ (the land of worldly pleasures).

What we need most today is a spirit of sacrifice. Then the question arises as to what isThyaga? Thyaga is not going to the forest, leaving behind one’s wife and children and property. What is to be sacrificed is the result of fruit of desires. That is the real sacrifice. We have to renounce indiscriminate desires. Then only will our heart become pure like a piece of white cloth. God desires only such a pure and sacred heart. God does not desire anything from you. He has no desires at all! It is only you who have desires. If you develop sacred desires, God will be happy. It is only then your family, society and the country will experience peace and happiness.

First and foremost, peace should reign in your own house. Then, that peace should be radiated to the society. When the society becomes good, the country will prosper. If peace is to be established in the country, the individual should experience peace in the first instance. World peace is possible only when peace is established at the individual level. If there is no peace in the individual himself, how can there be peace in the world?

Dear students! All of you must desire and work for establishing peace in the country. The greatness of Bharat is beyond words. It has been striving since ancient times to establish peace in the world. However, due to fascination for western ways, knowledge of one’s own religion and culture has declined. Peace has broken into pieces! You may learn any language. There is nothing wrong in it. But, you should not seek foreign habits at the cost of your own heritage. You must establish peace in your heart.

You must always be happy and blissful. Sweet smile should dance on your lips. You should not put up a ‘castor oil face’ under any circumstances. You must always be smiling. When somebody sees you, he should also feel happy. Thus, you should always lead a happy and blissful life with a sweet smile on your face. You should be happy and at the same time make others happy. The people of Bharat led such blissful life with such noble qualities. There is, however, no dearth of such people even today. May be they are not wealthy economically. But there is no narrowness in their minds. When you develop broad-mindedness, you can achieve any great task.

You must all realise the truth that this festival of Onam is observed for developing such broad-mindedness. You must experience bliss at the individual level and in the family and then share it with the society. Then all people will be happy. Happiness is union with God.You must realise such happiness. May all people be happy! May you all live like members of one family, sharing your love and happiness with one another! You must all live in unity, wishing each other, “Hello! Hello!” lovingly. You should not become separate, saying ‘goodbye’. You must become ‘good boys’. You must develop such sacred feelings. Time is very important. Time waste is life waste. Hence, you should not waste your time. There is still some programme to be covered. I will not inconvenience you by giving a lengthy discourse.

63. Ati Rudra Maha Yajna Divine Discourses 09th to 19th August 2006

ATHI RUDRA MAHA YAJNA FOSTERS THE DIVINE NATURE OF HUMANS

9th August 2006 – Day1

The day when people were engulfed in fascination for English language,

Knowledge of one’s own religion and language declined;

When knowledge of one’s own religion and language declined,

The cultural outlook disappeared;

When cultural outlook disappeared, righteousness declined on the earth;

When righteousness declined and disappeared from the earth,

The exalted position of Bharat was shattered.

Oh! Bharatiyas! Open your eyes and be alert to the situation, at least now.

Oh! Men of noble qualities!

What more can I explain and exhort?

(Telugu poem)

The land of Bharat is very sacred. It is the land of sacrifice. It is a holy land. It is the land where a number of chaste women took birth.

Savitri, who brought her deceased husband back to life,

was she not a chaste woman of Bharat?

Chandramati, who by her power of truth could extinguish the wild fire,

was she not a chaste woman of Bharat?

Sita, who for establishing her chastity entered the fire and came out unscathed,

was she not born in this great land of Bharat?

This great land of Bharat is surrounded by an ocean of Sathwic quality.

The Bharata Jathi is resplendent with chastity and purity. Bharat is an extremely fertile land of noble feelings.

Is it not true that this great land of Bharat is a world teacher?

(Telugu poem)

Is there another country in the entire world where a chaste woman could bring her deceased husband back to life? This land of Bharat gave birth to many such chaste women. In the Ramayana, the demon King Ravana abducted Sita, the chaste wife of Rama and kept her in confinement under a tree in Ashokavana in Lanka, guarded by the demons. He used to entreat her daily to come under his fold. But, during the 10 months when Sita was under confinement in Lanka, she never raised her head and looked at his face even for a second. Such was her purity and chastity. The land of Bharat is like a teacher to all the countries in the world. Though not all men in this country are suffused with great and noble feelings, every woman here is certainly chaste, truthful and righteous. Even when their husbands return home, the women in Bharat would greet them only submissively. Where else would Lord Shiva incarnate, except in such a sacred land as Bharat?

God cannot be manifested merely by offering worship, performing vrathas or by conducting rituals like Yajna. It is only by developing purity of heart and noble qualities that one can have the vision of God. All the objects in the world are created by the omnipresent and omnipotent Lord who is the creator, sustainer and destroyer of the universe. Every object in this universe is a gift of God. God is immanent in every object. It is said, Easwara sarva bhutanam (God is the indweller of all beings) and Isavasyam idam sarvam (the entire universe is permeated by God). Hence, whatever object you come across, consider it as an embodiment of Divinity. People say, this is a cloth (showing a handkerchief). It is not really so. It is a piece of cloth made by wearing together a number of threads. But, that is also not a correct description. It is a manifestation of cotton. From cotton come the threads and the threads are woven together to make a cloth.

What is the nature of Divinity? Nirgunam, Niranjanam, Sanathana Niketanam, Nitya, Shuddha, Buddha, Mukta, Nirmala Swarupinam (God is attributeless, pure, final abode, eternal, unsullied, enlightened, free and embodiment of sacredness). Divinity is given different names by different people, but God is beyond name and form. He is all names and forms. He is all-pervading. That is why He is described as Sarvatah panipadam tat sarvathokshi siromukham, sarvatah sruthimalloke sarvamavruthya tishthati (with hands, feet, eyes, head, mouth and ears pervading everything, He permeates the entire universe). You are concerned with the human body. But, it is like a water bubble. The mind is a ‘bundle of thoughts’. Hence, one should not lead one’s life reposing full faith in the body and mind. No doubt, the human body is a gift of God. In fact, we are born to offer everything that has been given by God, to God Himself. Lord Krishna in Bhagawad Gita declared, Mamaivamsho jivaloke jivabhuta sanathana (the eternal Atma in all beings is a part of My Being). He said, You are all My amsa. Hence, you are not a mere human being. The name given to you in this objective world is the one that is given by your parents. In fact, at the time of your birth you had no name at all! Humanity is associated with Divinity, which is pure and sacred. It is only to foster such a sacred nature in human beings that God incarnates from time to time. Whenever righteousness declines, God incarnates to uphold Dharma in keeping with His declaration:

Yada yada hi dharmasya glanir bhavati Bharata,

Abhyutthanamadharmasya tadatmanam srujamyaham.

(When there is a decline in Dharma and rise in adharma, I incarnate Myself for the establishment of Dharma.)

In today’s world, righteousness has declined and truth has gone into the oblivion. The whole world is filled with injustice, indiscipline and evil behaviour. In such a chaotic state, faith in God is the only lasting remedy. Truth is the only refuge, for, truth is God.Love is God, live in love. Devoid of love, one cannot live. Hence, one has to love God to receive the gift of love from God. It is only by love that God can be attained.

As stated by the Pundit who just spoke, the ‘Athi Rudra’ consists of many Namakas andChamakas. They sustain the human life. From where did this power come? TheNamaka and Chamaka are taken from the Krishna Yajur Veda. It is an all inclusiveVeda, from which the other Vedas, Sastras (scriptures), Ithihasas (ancient legends) andPuranas emanated. Unfortunately, today, the Vedas have lost their pre-eminent position due to poor patronage. People who take to a serious study of the Vedas and chant themantras contained in them regularly have become rare. A regular study of the Vedasand practice of Vedic injunctions confer all forms of wealth on the human beings. The fundamental principles governing human life and destiny are contained in the Vedas. The Vedas are the gift of God for the welfare of the entire humanity. The Vedas make no distinction whatsoever on the basis of religion, caste, nationality, etc. The Vedamantras can be chanted by one and all. (Swami then called two boys from abroad studying in Prasanthi Nilayam and asked them to recite Sri Suktam).

It is Swami’s wish that the Vedas shall be spread to every country, so that every human being irrespective of religion, caste, nationality, etc., learns Vedas and chants them. Some people from Iran and Iraq have come to Puttaparthi, day before yesterday. The devotees from Iran are still here. We are making efforts to teach Vedas to all people. The Vedas remove all types of sorrow. The yajna that is being performed now is different from other rituals like Puthra Kameshthi yaga or Aswamedha yaga. It is for the welfare of the entire humanity. A few fortunate ones are learning the Vedas and propagating them. But, unfortunately many people are making no efforts to teach theVedas, though they have studied them. Today, all the students in Sri Sathya Sai Educational Institutions are being taught Vedas. As a prelude to the learning of theVedas, one has to acquire knowledge of Sanskrit, the language of Vedas.

Nowadays, people of every country are making efforts to learn Vedas, especially theRig Veda. Along with it, they are also learning the Yajur Veda, Sama Veda and theAtharvana Veda. Vinay Kumar has been appointed as the youth leader of Karnataka State. He is entrusted with the responsibility of bringing together all the youth in Karnataka on one platform and make them learn the Vedas and spread the message of the Vedas. Similarly, youth leaders have been appointed in all the states of India like Andhra, Kerala, etc. Not only that, youth leaders have also been appointed in the Sathya Sai Seva Organisations in all the countries of the world for the propagation of the Vedas and Vedic chanting.

The Vedas are not to be neglected. The secret of the entire creation is contained in theVedas. The Vedas establish the goal and purpose of human life. Everything concerning creation, sustenance and dissolution of the universe is contained in the Vedas. TheBrahmacharya (celibacy), Grihastha (householder), Vanaprastha (recluse) andSanyasa (renunciant) Asramas are rooted in the Vedas. People are able to realise the glory of the Vedas now. Wherever you go, even in the villages, you will find the ladies also chanting the Veda mantras. There may be difference in the body structure between the males and females; but, so far as the Vedic learning is concerned, there is hardly any difference. The Veda is very sacred. Especially, the Athi Rudra part is a very important section. ‘Rudram’ is generally understood as a synonym to Lord Easwara. In fact, it is the essence of all the Vedas, namely, Rig, Yajur, Sama and Atharvana Vedas. Another important feature of Rudram is the Ekatwa (oneness) between the two parts, namely Namaka and Chamaka. The Namaka emphasises on the aspect of detachment whereas Chamaka stresses on the aspect of desire. But, the essence of both aspects is one. What is to be discarded and what is to be desired? The evil is to be discarded and good is to be desired. Both are essential. Whereas Namaka lays stress on Virakti(detachment), the Chamaka speaks of desires for this and that.

People generally think that giving up of family life, house, land and other forms of wealth as Thyaga (sacrifice). But, that is not a sacrifice at all! This can be done easily. What is required is, sacrificing the resultant desires. That is the real sacrifice. One has to realise the purpose of human life. We are not born merely to eat, drink and make merry. The human birth is given to us to help our fellow human beings. Help Ever, Hurt Never. We should not cause harm to anybody. We should not speak harsh words. In fact, such noble qualities are inherent in us. The human body is Panchabhouthika (made up of the five elements, namely, earth, water, fire, air and space). It consists of Panchendriyas(five senses) which crave for fulfilling desires. However, there are also certain values like Sathya (truth), Dharma (righteousness), Santhi (peace), Prema (love) and Ahimsa(non-violence) hidden in the core of our personality. These have to be brought out and manifested in our daily life. This process is called ‘Educare’. Today, the knowledge that is acquired from the study of books is termed as ‘Education’. This is not the real education that we have to acquire. Real education is ‘Educare’, by which the noble qualities that are inherent in us are manifested in our daily life. This can be done by self-effort without someone spoon-feeding us with some externals. Thereby one can lead a sacred life. It can be attained only by God’s grace and by no other means. In keeping with the saying Sarvada sarva kaleshu sarvathara Hari chinthanam, one has to constantly contemplate on God. That is the real devotion. Ornaments are many; gold is one; cows are of many colours, milk is one.

Divinity is one, by whatever name we call (Rama, Krishna, Yesu or Allah). These are all the different names ascribed to God. It is said Ekam sath viprah bahudha vadanthi(truth is one, but the wise refer to it by various names). Hence we should never make any distinction in respect of God. If one desires to know the secret (essence) of God, one should develop an ‘open heart’. You may contemplate on God by any name of your liking. There is nothing wrong in it. But, it is wrong to worship one name and form, while reviling other names and forms ascribed to God. Some people like the name ‘Narayana’. They don’t like ‘Shiva’. This is wrong. ‘Easwara’ and ‘Narayana’ are different names by which the same God is worshipped. The one God is worshipped with many names and forms. He who realises this oneness will have peace of mind. To love one form of God and hate another form is not good. You will not be able to fulfil your desire, by doing so. Not only the youth, everyone (young and old) have to realise and follow this principle. In fact, it is Divinity only that is protecting the world now. The name of God is more powerful than the nuclear bombs. God’s name protects the good and punishes the evil. Hence, if you continue to worship God, surely the world will be protected.

This Yajna is being conducted for the welfare of the world. There is a very important aspect of this Yajna. The Athi Rudra Maha Yajna protects and fosters the divine nature in the human beings, while rejecting and diminishing the demonic qualities. Thus, it works for the welfare of humanity. This Yajna can be undertaken by anyone interested in the welfare of humanity.

The material and other resources for conducting this Yajna have been arranged by the efforts of Vinay Kumar alone. He undertook the job lovingly and performed it almost single-handed. Several people had come forward to donate rice, fruits, vegetables and other materials, but, he did not agree to their requests. The expenditure for conducting this Yajna involves a large amount of money. He went round all alone and arranged for the materials for conducting this Yajna. I wish that every state should have such dedicated sevadal leaders. He is doing a lot of service. I am very happy about his service. He spurned all offers of help for conducting this Yajna saying “Sai is with me; He alone will help me.” He was married ten years ago. Both he and his wife are in the service of Swami. When the proposal to conduct this Yajna was placed before Me, I asked them “Dear ones! You propose to conduct this Athi Rudra Yajna in Prasanthi Nilayam. Do you wish to have a son?” They replied in one voice that that was not their desire and motive for their prayer. Then I enquired what else they wished to have. Their reply was “Swami! We want you only!” I have not heard such a reply so far from any couple. True to his name, Vinay Kumar is doing a lot of good work, with love and humility. His father was an Income Tax Commissioner. He was a colleague of Laxminarayana. Even now, Vinay is associated with Laxminarayana. Vinay Kumar treats him as his own father. There should be many more such souls which should be increasing. When the leaders are good and competent, the whole world will run smoothly. Unfortunately, today, the world has come to this sad state due to lack of proper leadership. There should be good leaders in all fields – Education, Politics, Religion, Spirituality, etc. But, nowadays you rarely find good leaders in any field. Wherever you see, every human endeavour is polluted with the craze for money. Everything is business. However, Sri Sathya Sai Organisations have no such problems. Everything is free in our organisations. Education from 1st standard to the Ph.D. level is totally free. Same is the case with our Hospitals. Our General Hospitals and Super Speciality Hospitals are providing medical services totally free of cost. The hospitals outside charge three to four lakhs of rupees for performing a heart operation. How can the poor people mobilise such a huge amount? It is beyond their means. The medical services including the specialist services are totally free in our hospitals. The poor people come to our Hospitals for treatment, having not even a rupee in their pockets and return to their places completely cured of their diseases. We should render all services free of cost. I wish that all our Sevadal and college students should render free service. Then only they will be able to attain Swami’s grace. A word of caution – you may forget anything, but you should never forget chanting the divine name.

Embodiments of Love!

The Athi Rudra Maha Yajna is great, most sacred and highly efficacious. The lives of the people who perform this Yajna, will be sanctified. There will be eleven Ritwiksperforming the rituals at each Homakunda. There are eleven such Homakundas. Thus, there will be 121 Ritwiks in all performing the various rituals in this Yajna. For eachHomakunda, there will be one person-in charge, who will look after everything concerning the rituals. Thus, all people connected with the Yajna work in unison to make the Yajna a success. It is only by unity, anything can be achieved. From unity comes purity and Divinity manifests from purity. Hence, all should conduct themselves as brothers and sisters. If, for any reason you get angry on a particular occasion, consider anger as your enemy and get rid of it. The Kama (desire), Krodha (anger),Lobha (greed), Moha (delusion), Mada (pride) and Matsarya (jealously) are the six enemies that trouble the human being.

Embodiments of Divine Self!

You are not ordinary human beings, you are Embodiments of Divine Self, verily. Each individual is given a particular name for the purpose of identification. But, you are all Embodiments of Divine Self, not mere human beings. I wish that all of you should lead a happy, peaceful, contented and blissful life. You will not be able to lead such a life, if you are not really devoted. Hence, develop devotion Bangaru! (golden ones!) you must be immersed in devotion, not deep ocean. It is only such devotion that takes you to the Divine

Ati Rudra Maha Yajnam 10th August 2006 – Day-2

ASSOCIATION WITH SACRED COMPANY CONFERS MENTAL PURIFICATION AND BLISS

Ritwiks, the Embodiments of Sacredness, Devotees and Students!

Bharat is the land of abundance. It is the sacred land which has given birth to number of great scholars, musicians and women of chastity. It is a great misfortune that having been born in this sacred land, people are not able to realise its ancient glory and rich cultural heritage. The rituals performed by the head priest this morning have a profound significance and a great inner meaning. People observe the performance of the rituals, but they are not able to experience philosophy underlying the rituals. Whatever we hear from our elders, we should try to experience them in our heart. It is said,”Manasyekam Vachasyekam, Karmanyekam Mahatmanam; Manasyanyath Vachasyanyath, Karmanyanyath Duratmanam (Those whose thoughts, words and deeds are in perfect harmony are noble ones; those who lack harmony of these are wicked).”Therefore, it is necessary for all those who observe the performance of these rituals and hear theVedic mantras being chanted therein, to experience the divine feelings in their heart. In Bharat, wherever you see, you will find excellence in the fields of music and literature.

Sravanam (listening), Kirtanam (singing), Vishnusmaranam (contemplating on Vishnu),Padasevanam (serving His Lotus Feet), Vandanam (salutation), Archanam (worship),Dasyam (servitude), Sneham (friendship), Atmanivedanam (self-surrender). These are the nine forms of devotion for attaining God which have been propagated since ancient times. The intense devotion and steadfast faith that are seen in Bharat are not seen anywhere else. It is only in Bharat that people are able to overcome their trials and tribulations and lead a peaceful life by contemplating on God all the time. Such sanctity and sacredness is not found anywhere else in the world. All over the world, wherever you go, you find only misery and suffering. It is the good fortune of the people of this country that they are born in this sacred land. We do not find the performance of sacred rituals like Yajnas and Yagas anywhere else in the world. People think that offering oblations in fire is Yajna, but true Yajna is offering oneself to God, please God and to become worthy of His love. Yajna should not be performed for attaining selfish ends. It should be performed for the welfare of the entire world.

In Bharat, people have been performing Yajnas and Yagas since ancient times. Yajnasand Yagas were performed even in Treta Yuga, but demons tried to disrupt the Yajnasbecause they did not understand the significance of the Vedas. With the advent ofDwapara Yuga, people made an attempt to understand the truth and significance about the performance of the Yajnas and Yagas. King Janaka did not attain satisfaction despite performing many Yajnas and Yagas. Being educated, people should understand the meaning of Yajnas and Yagas. In fact, it is necessary that everyone should involve himself in the performance of the Yajnas and Yagas. It only means that whatever actions one does should be to please God. We should have the firm conviction that whatever we do, we do only to please God. In fact, the very purpose of human birth is to please God. Human life is not meant to be wasted on eating and drinking. The purpose of human birth is to attain liberation. Man should try to recognise his true nature.

Whomsoever you come across, you keep on enquiring, “Who are you?” and thus waste your time. But you never enquire, “Who am I?” Once you know the truth about yourself, you will know the true nature of everybody. We should not waste our time on trying to know about others. The prayer goes Kalaya Namah, Kala Kalaya Namah, Kaladarpa Damanaya Namah, Kalateetaya Namah, Kalaswarupaya Namah, Kalaniyamitaya Namah (salutations to time, to the one who is beyond time, to the one who has conquered time, to the one who transcends time, to the one who is the embodiment of time, and to the one who ordains time). Therefore, we should not waste even a single moment in our life. People today strive to attain materialistic gains, intellectual growth and to satisfy the senses, but nobody is making an effort to attain self-realisation. How long do the sensual pleasures and bodily pleasures last? They are all momentary and fleeting. Only what is heartfelt is lasting. You should therefore make efforts for satisfying your conscience. This is possible only by associating yourself with good company.

Satsangatwe Nissangatwam,

Nissangatwe Nirmohatwam,

Nirmohatwe Nischalatattwam,

Nischalatattwe Jivanmukti.

(Sanskrit Sloka)

You become bad by associating with bad company. Tell me your company, I shall tell you what you are, so goes the saying. The type of qualities you acquire depends upon your company. Therefore, you should associate with noble and spiritual-minded people. The people gathered here form a great spiritual company. This type of company is not available anywhere else. When you associate yourself with such noble company, you get noble feelings. When water evaporates, it forms into clouds. But all clouds do not bring rain. Rain depends upon the type of clouds. Today we are not getting good rains. Man’s life depends upon water. Pure water ensures good health and long life.

Many diseases are caused by polluted water. Similarly pollution in the environment is also the cause for many diseases. Therefore, we should keep our environment clean and pure. It is also necessary that we should consume only pure water. Then only can man become healthy and blissful. Happiness is very essential for good health.

Students! Boys and Girls!

You are all young. It is essential for you to have your environment and food clean and pure. You should always have good company. Speak good words, have healthy entertainment and engage yourself in good activities. Life is a game, play it. Engage yourself in the welfare of others and lead a life in such a noble way that it leads to liberation. Anyone you talk to, always speak in a calm tone, in words of empathy and compassion. Avoid harsh words. Your harsh words will hurt the feelings of others. Speak such words which touch the heart of others. Help Ever Hurt Never.

Saha Navavathu

Saha Nau Bhunakthu

Saha Veeryam Karavavahai

Tejaswinavadeetamasthu Ma Vidvishavahai

(May the Lord protect and nourish us both,

May we grow in intelligence and valour working together

May we live in friendship without any conflict!)

Develop friendship with others by speaking good words. Good company will make your heart filled with good feelings. When your thoughts are good, your actions will also be good. And when your actions are good, their result is bound to be good. The tongue, that is the gift of God, should therefore be used to speak softly and sweetly in a sacred way. It is a noble tradition of Bharat that people here speak sacred words. When some elder person comes to your house, you should treat him respectfully and offer him a proper seat. Never use improper and disrespectful words while talking to elders. Your being good or bad depend mainly upon the words you use. When you speak politely, you will have respect in society and others will also speak to you politely.

Students! Never be proud of your education. If you develop pride at this stage, you will become egoistic in life. When your words are good, your heart will also be good. When the heart is full of sweetness, all our feelings will also become sweet. Therefore, make your heart pure, soft and sweet. During the forthcoming days, many learned persons will address you. You will have the opportunity of listening to their sacred talk. See that these sacred words are imprinted on your heart.

Embodiments of Love!

Lead your lives with compassion, kindness and love. Suffuse your life with love. Love is nectarine. It has unmatched sweetness. Therefore use always polite words. Even if you come across an enemy, offer your salutations to him. Do not turn your back upon even your enemy. Be friendly with everybody. The Vedas declare that we should live and work together and achieve noble goals with unity.

Let us all move together, let us all grow together,

Let us all stay united and grow in intelligence together,

Let us live together with friendship and harmony. (Telugu Poem)

This is the foremost teaching of the Vedas. God has given you a soft tongue. You should not speak harsh words with your tongue. The soft tongue should always speak soft and sweet words. Harsh words will make you hard-hearted. If you speak politely, you will have good results. On the other hand, harsh words will always bring bad results.

Embodiments of Love!

The chief priest has given a talk on a very good spiritual topic. You should try to understand the meaning of the subjects dwelt upon by him during this Yajna. Do not limit your education to what is taught by the teachers in the classroom. Bookish knowledge is artificial. This type of artificial education is of little worth. What is important is not artificial but ‘heartificial’. In the coming days, you will listen to talks by many learned speakers on valuable subjects which will enhance your knowledge and purity.Sravanam (listening), Kirtanam (singing), Vishnusmaranam (contemplating on Vishnu),Padasevanam (serving His Lotus Feet), Vandanam (salutation), Archanam (worship),Dasyam (servitude), Sneham (friendship), Atmanivedanam (self-surrender) are the nine forms of devotion. Among them, Sravanam is the first one. So, listen to good things and try to assimilate the goodness contained therein. Move away from the place where unpalatable words are spoken. Let everything bad dissolve in thin air.

Accept only all that is good. Then good only will remain with you for ever. All that is related to God is good. Only that is eternal and sacred. Absorb all that is sacred and base your life on these eternal values. God’s teachings are full of sweetness. His words are nectarine. One should never ignore the teachings of God. You may even give up the body, but not the teachings of God. The human body is made up of five elements. Nobody knows when it meets its end. It is bound to fall one day or the other. Do not give importance to the body. Life is not meant merely to sustain your body. Associate with this type of sacred company for mental purification and attainment of bliss. It is not enough if you merely associate with the sacred company; you should suffuse your heart with sacred teachings of such an exalted company

Ati Rudra Maha Yajnam 11th August., 2006 – Day-3

CONSTANTLY CONTEMPLATE ON GOD AND ATTAIN DIVINITY

The Lord of Kailasa has manifested his Divine form with the crescent moon adorning his head, the cool water of the Ganga flowing between the matted locks, with his radiant third eye in the middle of the forehead and the purple neck gleaming like the sheen of a blackberry. He wears serpent bracelets and a snake belt, his entire body is smeared with Vibhuti, his forehead is adorned with a Kumkum dot, his ruddy lips a glow with the juice of the betel, diamond-studded gold earrings dangle from his ears and his whole body glows with divine effulgence.

(Telugu poem)

Embodiments of Love!

The entire universe is permeated by Lord Dakshinamurthi. The world is the reflection, reaction and resound of Dakshinamurthi. Dakshinamurthi is young in age. Then, now and forever, He is youthful. However, His disciples are hoary with age. They are venerable and steeped in sacred learning. They used to spread His message in ever so many ways. It is impossible to describe the true nature of Lord Dakshinamurthi.

The stories of the Lord are amazing,

They purify the lives of the people in all the three worlds,

They are like the sickle that cuts the creepers of worldly bondage,

They are like a good friend who helps you in times of need,

They are like a shelter for the sages and seers doing penance in the forest.

(Telugu poem)

How can anyone describe the glory of Dakshinamurthi? His nature defies all descriptions. He is silence personified. His silence itself teaches all wisdom to the seekers. From that silence emanateSujnana (discriminatory knowledge), Vijnana (higher wisdom) and Prajnana (constant integrated awareness). He is resplendent with divine wisdom. He always has a sweet smile dancing on His face. It is not possible to describe the nature of Dakshinamurthi. He is Nirgunam, Niranjanam, Sanathana, Niketanam, Nitya, Suddha, Buddha, Mukta, Nirmala Swarupinam (God is attributeless, pure, final abode, eternal, unsullied, enlightened, free and embodiment of sacredness)

Any amount of description and dilation cannot fully explain His true nature. His form is effulgent and blissful. How can anyone describe such an embodiment of Love! He is the embodiment of Truth!

The creation emerges from truth and merges into truth,

Is there a place in the cosmos where truth does not exist?

Visualise this pure and unsullied truth.

(Telugu poem)

There is no place in this world which is not permeated by Truth. Truth is changeless. Any object in this world may undergo a change, but Truth will not!

The famous musician, late M.S. Subbulakshmi used to invoke the blessings of Lord Dakshinamurthi, before she commenced her musical concert. No one can achieve even a small task without invoking the blessings of Lord Dakshinamurthi. It is only by His divine will, everything is possible. All divine forms have emerged from Dakshinamurthi. He is a youth. Yet, all divine powers are immanent in Him. Where can you find such an omnipresent, ever young Dakshinamurthi?

Sarvatah panipadam tat sarvathokshi siromukham, sarvatah sruthimalloke sarvamavruthya tishthati(with hands, feet, eyes, head, mouth and ears pervading everything, He permeates the entire universe). Lord Dakshinamurthi is present in our eyes that see, the ears that hear and the nose that breathes air. All the words that we speak belong to Him. In fact, He is the prime mover of all our activities during the waking, dream and deep sleep states. Hence, we must lead our lives with constant awareness about the nature of Lord Dakshinamurthi.

Divinity is all-pervading. There is no place in this universe which is not permeated by God. There is no object in this world, which is not divine. Every object, every individual, nay, even the insects and bacteria are embodiments of Lord Dakshinamurthi. It is the one divine principle that manifests itself in different forms.

Jewels are many, but gold is one.

Cows are many, but milk is one.

Beings are many, but breath is one.

Forms are many, but God is one.

(Telugu poem)

Everyone has to recognise this truth. You may sing the glory of God by any number of names like Rama, Krishna , Govinda, Narayana, etc. These are all names ascribed to God, by man. God, however, has no particular name or form. All names and forms are His. The Dakshinamurthi principle permeates all beings. He is Chaitanya Swarupa (embodiment of consciousness). Wherever consciousness is, there is Dakshinamurthi. The Dakshinamurthi consciousness is present in all human beings. But, man is unable to realise this divine consciousness due to attachment to the physical body. The effect of the body-mind-intellect-chitha-ahamkara complex covers the Dakshinamurthi principle. Added to this there are the arishadvargas (the six enemies of desire, anger, greed, delusion, pride and jealousy) which come in the way of realisation of the divine principle. These are like the dark clouds that cover the resplendent sun. We think the sun is not visible. But, once the dark clouds clear after some time, the sun appears with all the effulgence. Similarly, when you are able to remove the ‘clouds’ of Ajnana,Ahamkara and the Arishadvargas, you will be able to realise Dakshinamurthi as the Self-effulgent divine consciousness present in you.

Every human being should strive to divest the Arishadvargas. If you chant the divine name and constantly contemplate on Divinity, it is possible that one can be rid of these dark clouds of theArishadvargas. In fact, the Arishadvargas are not the inborn qualities of a human being. They are acquired only during the course of one’s life. They are self-acquired. They come one by one and settle as thick clouds on the psyche of a human being. For example, a single bangle worn in the hand does not make noise. When the second bangle is added, they start making noise. A human being starts his life as a single individual. Gradually, he develops illusive needs like family, etc. That is Kama (desire). Due to this desire, he marries and gets a wife. Thus, they become two. In course of time, the two multiply themselves into many, that is, children, grandchildren, etc. Thus, the size of the family goes on growing. All this human bondage is of one’s own making; it is not God’s gift. Hence, one should make efforts not to entangle oneself in this bondage right from an early stage of one’s life. This is the message taught by Lord Dakshinamurthi by His own example. Since, He did not entangle Himself in bondage from the beginning, He always looked young and fresh.

A human being should not degenerate himself into an animal. He should lead the life of a human being. Then only he deserves to call himself a human being. Otherwise, there is the danger of his degenerating to a mere animal. It is only in the animals that the qualities of Kama (desire), Krodha(anger), Lobha (greed), Moha (delusion), Mada (pride) and Matsarya (jealousy) manifest in large measure. We should always live like the two-legged human beings, not like the four legged animals. Every individual has to constantly remind himself that he is a human being, not an animal. He must develop the faith that he is not merely a human being, but is verily an embodiment of Divinity. The mind, intellect, chittha, senses and ego come in the way of a human being in realising this truth. You say, “This is my handkerchief.” Hence, it follows that you are different from the handkerchief. Similarly, you say, “this tumbler is mine.” It follows that the tumbler is separate from you. In the same way, you say, “this is my body.” The implication in this statement is that you are not the body. When you say, “my mind”, it means you are different from the mind. Then, the question arises, “who are you?” Since you are different from all these things, you are able to say, “my body, my mind.” Is it not? The result of this enquiry establishes the truth that you are yourself and not the body, mind, intellect, chittha, senses orAhamkara. However, by association with these vestures and appendages, you develop various qualities.

A paan can be made ready by mixing three ingredients, namely betel leaves, nut powder andchunnam (slaked lime). When it is chewed, your mouth and lips turn into red. It is the lime content that is responsible for this red colour. But, lime should be added in a very small quantity; otherwise, there is the danger of the mouth being affected with inflammation. Similarly, man should set reasonable limits to his activities. It is only when man confines himself to limits that he can lead his life as a human being. The moment he crosses his limits, he becomes a demon. A human being should live like a human being only. There are three letters in the word ‘Manava’ (human being) ‘Ma’ means Maya (illusion or ignorance); ‘Na’ means without and ‘Va’ means conducting oneself. Thus, a ‘Manava’ (human being) is one who conducts himself without illusion. Lord Dakshinamurthi taught such a sacred Jnana(wisdom). He taught that in spite of one donning the human body, one should not develop any attachment to the body.

Embodiments of Love!

The most important and innate quality in a human being is love. It is an inborn gift from the mother.Love is God, live in love. You must lead your life with love. Whomever you come across, consider them as embodiments of God. Even when you come across someone who hates you, offer your salutations to him. Then only can you be considered a real human being. Be constantly aware of the fact that Swami is the eternal witness to everything that goes on in the world and He is watching you. Do not associate yourself with divisive groups. It is only when you join such warring groups that differences of all sorts grow. There are several such groups in the world today. Not one individual is to be found who is not a member of some group or the other. The only difference is the extent up to which one involves one’s self in such groups. The one who constantly contemplates on God is the noblest of all human beings, Sarvada sarva kaleshu sarvatra Hari chintanam (everywhere, at all times, under all circumstances, contemplate on God). Hence, one has to spend one’s time constantly in the contemplation of God. Even your body has to be engaged in God’s work. Your entire life must be filled with Divinity. It is only when one leads a divine life that one’s intellect blossoms. Life will become divine only when devotion to God is developed. Humanness will be sanctified and one’s life will be fulfilled. First and foremost, you must live like real human beings. Then only can you attain Divinity. Sri Rama in Treta Yuga was considered as an ordinary human being in the early stages. It is only when He killed Ravana and destroyed the demonic forces that He was extolled as God by the people.

Embodiments of Love!

You cannot experience bliss as long as you are afflicted with the Arishadvargas.

God is the embodiment of bliss

Nityanandam, Parama Sukhadam, Kevalam Jnanamurtim, Dwandwateetam, Gagana Sadrisham, Tattwamasyadi Lakshyam, Ekam, Nityam, Vimalam, Achalam, Sarvadhee Sakshibhutam, Bhavateetam, Trigunarahitam (The Atma is the embodiment of eternal bliss, wisdom absolute, beyond the pair of opposites, expansive and pervasive like the sky, the goal indicated by the Mahavakya Tattwamasi, one without a second, eternal, pure, unchanging, witness to all functions of the intellect, beyond all mental conditions and the three attributes of Sattwa, Rajas and Tamas.) To experience this one should always try to be happy and eliminate the six inner enemies.

We have to lead our lives in a state that is beyond duality the pair of opposites. It is only when you lead such divine lives that you can be considered as real human beings. If, by chance, some evil qualities develop in you, remember God’s name to get rid of such qualities. When you constantly contemplate on God, you will yourself become God.

Embodiments of Love!

You are all embodiments of Love in the true sense. You cannot live even for a second without love. You are expressing this love in many ways. Develop love. Live as embodiments of Love. Gradually attain Divinity. This is the important message I am conveying to you today. I will dilate on the subject more in the coming days

Ati Rudra Maha Yajnam 12th August., 2006 – Day-4

DEVELOP LOVE FOR GOD AND EXPERIENCE HAPPINESS IN PRAKRITI

The body is made up of five elements and is bound to perish sooner or later, but the indweller has neither birth nor death. The indweller has no attachment whatsoever and is the eternal witness. Truly speaking, the indweller who is in the form of the Atma, is verily God Himself.

(Telugu poem)

The body is like an iron safe which encases the precious jewel of the Atma and values like Sathya, Dharma, Santhi and Prema. If there are no jewels inside, what is the value of the iron safe? It has value only when there are jewels in it. Sathya is one of the most important and precious jewels. Dharma is another valuable jewel like a diamond. Peace is essential for every human being. Even when a millionaire comes to Swami, he tells, “Swami I have everything, but I have no peace.” There can be no happiness in life without peace. Only a person who imbibes the qualities of Sathya, Dharma, Santhiand Prema can lead a life of detachment and renunciation. Who is a true renunciant? One who renounces the fruits of his desires and actions can be called a true renunciant. There lies true peace. So long as one has desires, one cannot have true peace.

Bereft of truth, righteousness, love and peace,

the value of all your education is zero;

Bereft of truth, righteousness, love and peace,

the sanctity of all your acts of charity and kindness is zero;

Bereft of truth, righteousness, love and peace,

the utility of all your positions or power is zero;

Bereft of truth, righteousness, love and peace

the result of all your good deeds is zero.

These four values are the very foundation of man’s life.

(Telugu poem)

The precious jewels of Sathya, Dharma, Santhi and Prema are there in every human being. It is the duty of every human being to safeguard these jewels. Without these values, the body is like an empty iron safe which has no value. What is truth? Truth is that which does not change over time and is eternal. Everyone knows about Truth. Yet, people try to keep away from truth. Man resorts to untruth in order to escape from difficulties. Sathyannasti paro Dharmah (There is no Dharma greater than adherence to truth). What is Dharma? Dharma truly is the very foundation of the mansion of life. You may build a multi-storeyed building, but without the foundation, it will not last long. So, Dharma is the very basis of man’s life. Dharma is of two types: Laukik (worldly) and Adhyatmic (spiritual). Laukik Dharma is subject to change, but spiritual Dharma is eternal. When the foundation is weak, the walls of the mansion will collapse in a short time. Dharma is therefore the true path for everyone to follow.Prema (love) is the roof of this mansion and Santhi (peace) is life. Man cannot live in a house without a roof. Unfortunately, nowadays Sathya, Dharma, Santhi and Prema seems to have completely disappeared. Today even a wealthy person lacks the spirit of sacrifice. The life of such a person is like a roofless house that will be exposed to the sun and rain. Therefore, it is necessary to have a proper roof.

It is love that sustains man’s life. Right from the time of birth, a child loves its mother and the mother loves the child. It is difficult to describe in words the depth of the love between a mother and child.

During the II World War for the liberation of Rangoon from the Japanese, many people died due to bombing. A mother and her son somehow managed to reach by foot a village near Chennai, having lost all their near and dear ones. They had no shelter or food to eat. They therefore took shelter under a tree. The mother would go begging for alms from house to house, give most of it to her son and partake of whatever little was left. When she did not get enough, she would give the entire quantity of food to her son and would herself go without food. Consequently, she became weak day by day. One day the son, unable to see her suffering, told her, “Mother, from today, you take rest and I will fetch food for both of us.” From that day, he would go begging from house to house, give most of it to his mother and partake of whatever little was left. Sometimes, he would lie to his mother that he had already taken his food. Consequently, he too became very weak. The son had no strength to look after his mother nor did the mother have any strength to protect her son.

One day, he stood in front of the house of an officer and begged for alms. The officer was relaxing in an easy-chair in the verandah reading a newspaper. He took pity on the boy, went inside and brought some food on a plantain leaf. He told him to sit and eat it there itself. But the boy said that he would take it home. The officer said, “I don’t think you are really hungry, otherwise why should you take it home?” When the officer was uttering these harsh words, the boy felt giddy and fell down. The officer heard him mumble the words, “First to my mother, to my mother…” in a faint voice. Saying so, he breathed his last. When this sad news reached the mother, she was immersed in grief. Unable to bear the grief of the tragic death of her dear son, the mother also breathed her last. Both the mother and her son sacrificed their lives out of love for each other. This was the depth of love between the mother and child in those days. Today, due to selfishness, there is a decline in love even between the mother and the child! A life without love is not worth living. Love is life. The mother should love her son and the children should love their mother. In this manner, the mutual love between a mother and her children should grow. Even a monkey carries its offspring wherever it goes. Love is a necessity. This precious jewel of love is present in the iron safe of the body. Where there is love, there is peace. Where there is peace, there is non-violence. Contentment is peace.

Buddha renounced his kingdom, left his wife and child and propagated the principle of non-violence. He propagated the ideal, “Ahimsa Paramo Dharmah” (Ahimsa is the highest Dharma). We should develop Sathya, Dharma, Santhi, Prema and Ahimsa which are the five life-breaths of man. One can be called a human being only if one has these five values. Man should undertake all such activities which can foster the five values in him. Yajnas, Yagas, Japa, Tapa, etc., are meant only to develop these values in man. One who possesses these five values is a man of merit and his life is redeemed. One’s life is a waste, if he lacks even one of them. First of all, man should lead a life of truth and follow the path of Dharma to achieve progress on the path of spirituality.

Embodiments of Love!

Today wherever we go, we find only craze for money. Even old people who are nearing the end of their life are crazy after money. Today, man’s desires are multiplying. The age in which we live is not Kali Yuga but Kalaha Yuga (age of conflict). Money is the root cause of all this. We give too much importance to the body which is like an iron safe. Instead we should give more importance to the precious jewels of human values within. Without these jewels, the iron safe has little value. Values should be the prime concern of human life. Without values, human life does not serve any purpose. Birds and animals have love in them, but they have no desires. They are contented when their hunger is satiated. But man is not like that. He wants everything. Even if he owns five buildings, he wants ten more. Why does he require so many houses? Is one house not enough for him to live comfortably? But, he wants many residences. He is deceived by his own limitless desires. Today man’s desires are excessive. He has to reduce his desires. Less luggage more comfort make travel a pleasure. We are doing a lot of work for others without any expectation. I don’t own even a single house. Wherever I go, I stay in the houses of the devotees. People should reduce their desires in the same manner. Once you control your desires, you can live in peace. But, never reduce your love for God. Develop more and more love for God. When you have love for God, you will have everything.

Embodiments of Love!

Today you have listened to the talks given by the elders. All that you have heard, you should put into practice. Install the values of Sathya, Dharma, Santhi and Prema in your heart permanently. If you have peace and love, you can achieve anything in life. If you ask any of our students, you will find that none of them has any desires. All these boys are highly qualified. They have postgraduate degrees like M.A., MBA, M.Sc. and Ph.D. They have no desire to go to their home. If they go out, they can earn very high salary. An MBA boy can earn a salary of one to two lakhs per month. But they do not want to go. “What can money give us? Can it give us happiness?”, they ask. They want to work here. They consider work as worship and duty as God. They are highly duty- conscious. The students should have such strong faith. Wherever you see, you will find that people who are full of desires. What do they achieve by having too many desires? Ultimately, they ruin their life. So, it is necessary for us to control our desires. With heavy luggage on your head, how far can you walk? Reduce your luggage to make the journey of your life more comfortable. As a bachelor, how happy and carefree you are. When you get a wife, you have virtually four feet. When you want to go out, you will be worried that your wife is alone at home. After a year, you will have a son. Now you six feet instead of four. As the number of feet increases, you will become more and slow. Thus, the pace of your life’s journey is slowed down.

Embodiments of Love!

Treasure the love in your heart. Love all. But do not unduly burden yourself with too many responsibilities. This will add to your worries and difficulties. Our teachers know pretty well what these difficulties are. You can lead a happy life if only you reduce your burden. Then there will be less scope for difficulties and suffering. Dakshinamurthy also gave the message of sacrifice to drive home this truth. Dakshinamurthy imparted his teachings through silence. He always had a smiling countenance. The reason was he had no worries and responsibilities. (Here Swami reminded the story of the mother and son who gave up their life out of love for each other and emphasised that we should not give up love even if we have to give up our body.) Death is certain some day or other. We may keep the body fit for now, but we have to drop it one day. We should earn a good name even at the cost of our life. Consider earning a good name as your very life-breath. Good name will remain even if the person departs from this world. Therefore, you should earn a good name in society. There is no point in earning a great name, but you should have a good name. A millionaire may be considered great, but he also eats grains and cereals in his food and not gold. So long as you are alive, you have to depend upon food to nourish your body. At the same time, reduce your body attachment. Share your love with everyone. Do not limit your love to your family only and lead a selfish life. Even a fish is better than a selfish person. A fish moves freely and happily in water and leads a comfortable life. On the other hand, man has burdened himself with too many responsibilities and attachments. Because of this heavy load, he has sunk so low. Therefore, you should reduce your burden and spend more and more time in the contemplation of God. When you develop love for Paramatma (God), you can experience happiness in Prakriti (Nature).

Duty is God. Work is worship . Follow these twin principles in life. Do not put undue burden of responsibilities on yourself. God is there to shoulder the responsibility of everyone (loud applause). Where is the cause for worry, when God is there to take care of us? We keep on worrying because our understanding of this truth is only theoretical. We should not be like that. Once we offer everything to God, we should be free from worries. You can experience peace only when you are free from worries. You may perform any number of Yajnas and Yagas and undertake any number of spiritual practices, but all these are useless if the underlying meaning is not understood. You may forget anything in this world, but never forget God. Keep your mind always focused on God. This is My message for you today (loud prolonged applause).

Bhagawan concluded His Discourse with the song, “Bhaja Govindam, Bhaja Govindam, Moodha Mathe …”

Ati Rudra Maha Yajnam 13th August., 2006 – Day-5

CULTIVATE HUMANNESS AND BE AN IDEAL TO SOCIETY

The day on which all the devotees gather and sing the glory of God melodiously, the day on which the sufferings of the poor are lovingly removed and all people live like brothers and sisters, the day on which groups of Dasas (servants of God) who constantly contemplate on God are served a sumptuous feast, the day on which noble souls visit us and narrate the stories of God lovingly, enjoy that day as the real day. All other days are mere death anniversaries. Do I need to say more, oh noble souls?

(Telugu poem)

Embodiments of Love!

Our All India President, Sri Sathya Sai Seva Organisations, Srinivasan has just now stated that Vinay, who made excellent arrangements for this Yajna is a very bright and educated young man. I am very happy about it.

Though Srinivasan did not specifically make a mention about youth in general, it is necessary for Me to add that the youth are also responsible for the unrest and agitation in the world today.

In spite of his education and intelligence, a foolish man will not know his true Self and a mean-minded person will not give up his evil qualities. (Telugu poem)

No doubt, the youth today are highly educated, having obtained graduate and postgraduate degrees. Though they are occupying high positions; yet, instead of realising the essence of education, they are inflated with pride thinking, “we are highly educated, we have obtained high academic degrees.” Due to this pride, they are forgetting the culture and traditions of their own country and religion.

The day when people were engulfed in fascination for English language,

knowledge of one’s own religion and language declined;

When knowledge of one’s own religion and language declined,

the cultural outlook disappeared;

When cultural outlook disappeared, the righteousness declined on the earth;

When righteousness declined and disappeared from the earth,

the exalted position of Bharat was shattered.

(Telugu poem)

Wherever you see, there is unrest and chaos in the world today. Respect for elders and their own country has become extinct. Basic humanness has been lost. This lack of respect and lawlessness has spread to every field – moral, physical, secular and even spiritual. From a millionaire to a pauper, everyone is becoming a beggar. The pauper is begging for alms; the millionaire is also begging. Who is big and who is small in this profession of begging? To speak the truth, it is the poor who does not have a square meal a day and therefore begs for alms more seems to be a little magnanimous for he even shares his food with a fellow beggar. On the other hand, a millionaire does not throw even a coin in charity. The rich do not even come forward to extend a helping hand for sacred, noble and charitable purposes. Yet, they pretend to give munificent donations for such purposes and get their pictures printed in the newspapers with headlines for publicity. When it comes to action, they are far away. If you actually see their activities, you find they are most despicable and worthless. The youth must come forward with enthusiasm to remedy the situation. The youth are the right persons to bring about a change for the better in the country. The physical energy, acuteness of the senses and intellectual sharpness present in the youth are not to be found in the other section of people in the society. If they take a firm resolve, they can achieve anything. The youth should take a pledge to utilise their strength of senses, mental energy, physical energy, intellectual and Atmic power for the benefit of society. They have to conserve the divine energy of their senses and strive for the welfare of society. They have to protect the country. Then only do they deserve to be called real human beings.

Unfortunately, today, youth are becoming weak by succumbing to trivial attractions. Even a sixteen-year-old boy who is supposed to be physically strong is seen to be lean and emaciated. It is not due to lack of food and nourishment. It is due to the misuse of his senses that he becomes weak. It is a great mistake to weaken one’s senses by misusing them. When the senses become weak, man becomes weak. Unfortunately, today the youth are misusing the vital energy of their senses. Added to this, their parents are also encouraging this abuse by giving them too much money. Thus, the parents are also committing a great sin by their support. In fact, it is they who are responsible for their wards taking to wrong ways. The children, no doubt, should be given freedom, but only to the extent necessary. Excessive freedom breeds permissiveness. This permissiveness coupled with unlimited money in the hands of children will spoil them. Too much money causes many wrongs. Money has to be used properly. Don’t waste money, misuse of money is evil. Don’t waste food, food is God. Don’t waste time; time waste is life waste. The present-day youth are wasting money, food and time. Thus, they are getting spoiled.

How is the vision of the youth today? They do not have a steady vision even for a second. Their restless eyes are wandering all around. The vision of the present-day youth can be likened to that of a crow. Whatever they see, they develop a desire for it. That too for what? For undesirable things. First and foremost, the youth have to control their vision. The eye teaches a big lesson to us. As is the vision, so is the creation. Hence, you should not look at anyone with an evil design. You should not develop a desire for everything that you see. I would like to be frank. Please do not take me amiss. Students will be going to the college on bicycles. When they see some girls passing by, they would stop and stare at them. It is only due to such irresponsible behaviour, several accidents are taking place nowadays. Accidents involving two-wheelers are also on the increase. They stare at everything going on in the bazaar and every lady walking on the street while riding the motorcycle, especially when they pass a girls’ college, their eyes are glued to the college. Is this the purpose for which God has given you eyes?

Do you know the purpose for which the eyes are given to you?

Is it to look at anything and everything that you come across?

No, no; you are endowed with eyes so that you may attain the vision of the Lord of Kailasa.

Do you know the purpose for which the mind is given to you?

Is it to wander in the lanes and bylanes?

No, no; the mind is given to you to experience bliss by contemplating on the beautiful form and name of God.

(Telugu song)

Today, the youth, especially the young men, have poisoned vision. Their speech is evil. Their behaviour, language and conduct – everything is bad. They gossip on the looks and character of passersby. But, they have no time for discussing about Atmananda (Atmic bliss). In fact, bliss is beautiful. Nothing can match such beauty. If you want to enjoy such Atmic bliss, you (especially the youth) should control your vision. Whenever your vision falls on undesirable objects, you must caution yourself, “Watch out! I am born as a human being, not an animal. God has given me eyes to see the wonders of His creation and not the external beauty of individuals.” If three boys gather at a place, all that they talk about are useless topics. In fact, how sacred is our tongue!

Oh tongue, the knower of taste! You are very sacred. Speak the truth in the most pleasing manner. Chant the Divine Names of Govinda, Madhava and Damodara incessantly. This is your foremost duty .

(Sanskrit verse)

Our tongue is a gift of God for the purpose of speaking sweet words. Hence, we should never speak bad words. The tongue must always be used for sacred purposes. We have to witness the beautiful form of God with our eyes. There are some young men who visit the temples. But, instead of seeing the divine form of God, they fix their gaze on the ladies visiting the temple. Is this the vision expected of a human being? Man becomes a demon by faulty vision, useless talk and behaviour and hearing such gossip. The youth especially must be very careful today. They must exercise proper control over their senses. If such restraint is exercised, there will be no possibility of erring.

Embodiments of Love!

I am telling all this out of love for you. You may conceal all your bad intentions and put up an angelic face outside. But, I cannot do so. I have to call a spade a spade. I have to speak the truth. Parents and elders have also to be careful in this aspect. Some parents exhibit too much of indulgence in their children’s craving, “My darling son! You may show your love and affection on your child, but not on bad behaviour. If the child is spoiled on account of your blind love, who gets the discredit? Only the parents!

The Vedas declare Matru Devo Bhava, Pitru Devo Bhava, Acharya Devo Bhava, Athiti Devo Bhava(revere your mother, father, preceptor and guest as God). The parents have given you life. They are responsible for your birth. Hence, you have to love your parents wholeheartedly under all circumstances. You have to realise the truth that first and foremost your mother is God and next your father and that they are protecting you constantly. Of what use are your achievements in life, if you forget the very embodiments of divinity (that is father and mother) who are right in front of you? OurSeva Dal and youth wing shall propagate such teachings and try to arrest the degeneration in society. You may encounter any number of obstacles in this task; but you should overcome them and march forward. You may even stake your life in this task of restoring the society to right path.

The youth should not waste money or their words. Keep silence. Maintain your poise under all circumstances. It is said mounath kalaham nasthi (there will be no quarrel if you maintain silence). Our Srinivasan, All India President, Sri Sathya Sai Seva Organisations, advised the youth that they should receive proper training in technology. But, what you learn today is not technology, but ‘trick-nology’. Man is getting spoiled only on account of his ‘tricks’.

Students! Members of the youth wing! You must all be very careful. You must uphold the dignity of your family. You have to realise the intimate relationship that exists between the individual and society and conduct yourself accordingly. Prahlada, the young lad was sent by his father Hiranyakasipu to his teachers, Chanda and Amarka to learn various Sastras (scriptures). The teachers taught him several subjects. After some time, the father called Prahlada and made him sit on his lap and enquired, “Dear son! How is your education going on? What did you learn?

Prahlada then replied,

Father! The teachers have taught me many things,I have understood the four objectives of life – Dharma (righteousness), Artha (wealth), Kama (desire) and Moksha (liberation). I have studied many things; in fact, I have understood the very essence of education. (Telugu poem)

Hiranyakasipu then asked him, “Look! Can you explain to me one topic which you have studied?” Prahlada replied, “Character is the most important thing for every individual. A man without character is equivalent to an animal.” Father Hiranyakasipu got very angry at his son’s reply. Even the members in the royal court were dumbfounded by Prahlada’s words. Hiranyakasipu then called one lady and asked Prahlada, “Who is this lady?”, pointing to her. Prahlada replied “She is my mother.” In fact, she was not his real mother. She was only a servant. Then Hiranyakasipu called all the ladies and made them to stand in front of him and asked Prahlada “Who are these ladies?” Prahlada gave a beautiful reply saying, “All those who are younger to me are my younger sisters and elder to me are elder sisters.” The father was aghast at his reply. He was very angry with his son’s replies. He therefore called the teachers and chided them, “Is this the education you are imparting to the children? When they grow up, they naturally follow these principles.” The father warned them, “You should not teach such things to the children”. He commanded the teachers to restrain Prahlada from contemplating onHari Nama (the Divine name of Lord Vishnu). The teachers Chanda and Amarka were terribly afraid. As soon as they returned to the Gurukula, they tried to dissuade Prahlada in so many ways from repeating the Lord’s name. They reprimanded him orally and even gave him physical punishment. But, Prahlada did not yield. He told them frankly, “Respected Teachers! Is the one that dissuades the pupils from contemplating on the Divine name of Hari, a Guru in the real sense? Like the true father who advises the child to attain Hari (God), the Guru also should teach his disciple to contemplate on Hari. Instead of teaching such sacred things, you are trying to push me into worldly matters. I don’t want such education.” Thereafter, he left the Gurukula and set out on his mission singing the glory of Lord Hari. He began teaching to his fellow students, “There is none higher than Hari.” Devotion to God is essential for everyone. Divinity is immanent in all beings.

It is said ‘E aswara sarva bhutanam’ (God is the indweller of all beings). I wish that you too, like Prahlada, must encourage one and all to worship and contemplate on divinity at all times. When you undertake propagation of such ideals you can bring about a wonderful transformation in the society, quickly. Before you embark upon such a mission, you must make a beginning in your own house. The parents can give you the physical body only. But, who sustains the Atma Tattwa? God is the only refuge. Hence, parents should set an example by instilling in the children the urge to realise divinity.

The body is made up of five elements and is bound to perish sooner or later, but the indweller has neither birth nor death. The indweller has no attachment whatsoever and is the eternal witness.

(Telugu poem)

However much you nourish the body, it is bound to perish sooner or later. Nobody seems to know whether it is proper for a human being to spend time merely, indulging in eating, sleeping, and procreation like the animals, birds and beasts. No, not at all! Man has to sanctify every moment of his life by contemplating on God. That is what the parents have to teach their children. That is what remains with us and follows us beyond death. It is the foremost duty of the parents to teach such a sacred path to the children. The Gurus (teachers) have also to teach such noble things to the students. Today, the gurus are imparting mere textbook knowledge to the students. The children also seem to have taste for such knowledge. Hence, each one of you should visit some school and teach such noble things to the students. Born as human beings, is it proper for you to make obscene comments against womenhood? If you harass ladies with your vile words, will others keep quiet? Will they not harass your own family members? Will they spare your own wife and children? Hence, first and foremost, you have to respect others. Then only will you receive their love and respect. At present, especially the youth have to cultivate humanness. It is exactly for this sacred purpose that we started the youth wing in Sri Sathya Sai Seva Organisations. The youth have to set an ideal to others in society. Those who roam about in the bazaar aimlessly are verily donkeys. They cannot be considered as human beings. It is not such a life that the youth have to lead. The donkeys wander in the streets, braying. You are not a donkey. You are God, truly. Hence, stay firm in your sacred humanness. Keep up your prestige. This is the foremost duty of the youth.

There are yet other youngsters who secretly read trashy books. They keep such trash in between the pages of their textbooks and read them without being noticed by others. What they actually read are trash novels, but they pretend to be reading textbooks. Thus, they try to deceive even the teachers. This is unbecoming of a human being. Whenever any bad thoughts arise in your mind, that very moment you remind yourself that you are a human being and not an animal. Your behaviour should be befitting that of a human being. Then only you have the right to call yourself a human being. It is only when you nourish and nurture the human values does your education acquires value.

Embodiments of Love!

I have great love towards you. None can measure My love or compare it to this and that. My love is uniform without any bias or preference. My love can match only My love. I am not concerned with what people may think about Me. Some people accuse Me also. Some people write several things about Me in the newspapers. They also publish the ‘nuisance’ coming from abroad. In this context, I would like to ask one question. Can a person copying such a nuisance and publishing it in the newspaper be called a journalist? Not at all! A true journalist will never indulge in such slander. He will rely on the news gathered by him personally and on his personal experience. He will never give importance to some ‘nuisance’ published by others somewhere in London or America . Those who listen to such trash and propagate them are like dogs. Whenever a dog barks in some corner, another dog in a nearby street hears it and starts barking. Thus, those who imitate others are like dogs, not human beings. Whatever people may think, we are wedded to Truth. We are embodiments of Truth, verily. Hence, you should not give credence to untruth. If people say some nonsense about you, let them do so. The dogs bark. We are not concerned with them. Those who criticise us with an evil intention are to be treated as dogs, not human beings. Many people come to Swami. Did we send any invitations to them? Not at all! Some people are jealous of the recognition that Swami’s great humanitarian service is getting all over the world and try to slander His name. I would like to say this much to such people – let them attract people from all walks of life in such large numbers from all over the world, if they wish. It is impossible. Not even ten people will gather around them. What is the reason? That goodness and helping nature is not in them. That is only to be found in Divinity. That only attracts all people.

Embodiments of Love!

We see and hear so many things in the world. But, let us not be moved by such things. You stay firm in your love for Swami. You have no reason to hide your love; continue to shower your love on one and all. Then only your mind becomes pure and sacred and your birth as a human being will be sanctified. Then only you deserve to be called human beings. Otherwise, you will degenerate yourself into demons. Do not be misguided by others’ words. Whatever you listen to in this sacred Yajnasala, preserve it carefully in your mind. Install God in your heart.

Embodiments of Love!

You may feel that Swami is using harsh words. You should not feel upset about it. On the other hand, you must feel happy that Swami is speaking the truth. Divinity is invincible. It is not something to be advertised. You may go through any newspaper. It is full of advertisements. Most of the advertisements contain false statements. The extent to which their sense of discrimination has degenerated is beyond description. This is sheer foolishness. If they are really human beings, they would not have advertised such false things. If they are so interested, they should come and observe what is going on here and feel happy about it. It is a serious mistake to put up news items and advertisements indiscriminately, basing on hearsay. The readers should also make efforts to realise the truth. There will be none to punish or subdue you, if you are wedded to truth. Hence, uphold truth at all times. Your truth is your witness and Swami is the eternal witness to everything that goes on in the world. We should not be fools. We must become flowers that will be offered to God. Instead, we are living like fools. This is not good.

Dear students! There are several things that are to be told to you. I am mentioning all these things only to correct your behaviour. Love! Love! Love! Love! Cultivate love! That would be enough. However, this love should not be extended to all and sundry things in the world. It should be steadily fixed on God. Then you will become good individuals. Otherwise, of what use is your education? Today, ‘education’ is leading to ‘agitation’. If this situation is to be corrected, ‘education’ must be supplemented with ‘educare’. Education can be acquired from textbooks. ‘Educare’ has, however, to be manifested from the heart. Hence, one has to take up ‘educare’ also. ‘Educare’ involves manifesting the human values that are latent in one’s own heart. The secular education can be obtained from the books. The book is like a ‘mukku’ (nose), whereas ‘educare’ is the very breath that is inhaled through the nose. If there is no breath, it amounts to death. Similarly, humanness cannot survive without human values that are to be manifested through the process of ‘educare’.

Dear Students! You are all embodiments of the Divine Self. You are all very good boys and girls. You are golden children verily! However, you should not be like the 14 carat gold. You must be like the pure 24 carat gold. You should not lose your value. If you thus lead your lives like pure gold, I will extend all possible help to all of you. I will help you financially and spiritually in every endeavour you undertake. You become good children. Get good name to your parents, Institution and to Swami. (Swami then called a student from America and another from Russia , who are studying in Prasanthi Nilayam campus and asked them to recite Namakam and Sri Suktam). This boy is from America and that boy is from Russia . You see how they are chanting in one voice! These boys can recite several Vedic Mantras like Namakam, Chamakam, etc. There are several others from different countries who are learning the Vedas. However, it is only Indians who are neglecting the Vedas. Foreigners learn Sanskrit and chant the Vedas clearly with proper intonation. In contrast, what do the Indians learn? “Ding dong bell; pussy is in the well.” These are the nursery rhymes we teach to the children from the early age! This is not correct education. We have to realise the sanctity of Indian culture and spirituality. Morality and integrity are the mother and father in Indian culture. Equanimity is the sister and courage is the brother. Unfortunately, today people cultivate ephemeral relationships, forgetting eternal and sacred relationships. One should not develop such foolish relationships. Tell me your company, I shall tell you what you are. Since there is a lot of time available to us, I will explain to you in greater detail in the coming days. I will teach you what all is necessary for you. I am not afraid of anyone. I am attached to Truth. I don’t mind what people may think of Me. Those who believe in Truth, will not be afraid of anyone. Hence, I will reveal to you more in the coming days.

Ati Rudra Maha Yajnam 14th August., 2006 – Day-6

CONSIDER YOURSELF ASPART OF DIVINITY

Forbearance is the real beauty in this sacred land of Bharat . Of all the rituals, adherence to truth is the greatest penance. The nectarous feeling in this country is the feeling of love towards one’s mother. Character is valued far higher than the very life itself. People have forgotten the basic principles of this great culture and are imitating Western culture. Alas! The Bharatiyas are not aware of the greatness of their cultural heritage just as a mighty elephant is not aware of its own strength.

(Telugu poem)

Embodiments of Love!

Bharatiyas are very rich people. Bharat is a rich country. It is a great land of Punya (merit), Thyaga(sacrifice) and Karma (action). Unfortunately, today the people of Bharat are not realising the greatness of their country. Just as the elephant does not realise its innate strength, the Bharatiyas do not recognise their inner strength. An elephant can knock down a man and throw him three yards away with swish of its tail. However, a mahout with his goad is able to keep the elephant in complete control. Since the elephant is unable to realise its own strength, it is submitting itself to the commands of the mahout. Similarly, the Bharatiyas today mislead by their vesture of the body are unable to realise their innate strength.

The body is made up of five elements and is bound to perish sooner or later, but the indweller has neither birth nor death. The indweller has no attachment whatsoever and is the eternal witness.

(Telugu poem)

There is tremendous divine power in the physical body of a human being. The power of Truth that is present in this physical body can bind the indescribable and incomprehensible Divinity. None can assess this power of Truth. It is Sathyasya Sathyam (Truth of truths), which no one can visualise by the mind. It can only be experienced, not described. Truth is God, verily. That is why it is said Sathyam Jnanam Anantham Brahma (Brahman is the embodiment of truth, wisdom and eternity).

The creation emerges from truth and merges into truth,

Is there a place in the cosmos where truth does not exist?

Visualise this pure and unsullied truth. (Telugu poem)

Wherever you see in this universe, it is only Truth that manifests. That there is something called Mithya(illusion) is itself an illusion! However, man relies on the unreal body and considers it as real. First and foremost, man has to realise this Truth. He has to pray to Truth. He has to uphold Truth. It is said,Sathyannasti Paro Dharma (There is no Dharma greater than adherence to truth) . Devoid of Truth, there is no Dharma at all! It is only on the foundation of Truth that the mansion of Dharma rests.

Embodiments of Love!

You have to make efforts to realise this Truth. Unable to control our senses, unable to give up body attachment, we are neglecting the Eternal Truth. This is the effect of our so-called secular education. What is the nature of Truth? It is Nirgunam, Niranjanam, Sanathanam, Niketanam, Nitya, Shuddha, Buddha, Mukta, Nirmala Swarupinam (God is attributeless, pure, final abode, eternal, unsullied, enlightened, free and embodiment of sacredness)

Forgetting such an indwelling Truth, we are following the senses of action, senses of perception and the mind which are unreal. Do you know the nature of mind? It runs after worldly objects, indiscriminately. It is like a fly. One moment, it rests on a fragrant flower. The next moment it sits on the garbage being carried in a cart. How can you trust such a fickle mind? “Mind is like a mad monkey, body is like a water bubble”. Unfortunately, today, we are leading our lives reposing our faith in such a body and mind. The day you give up attachment to the body, forget the senses and contemplate on theAtma Tattwa, you will yourself become an embodiment of The Divine Self. You are not merely a human being; you are God, verily! Though you are God yourself, you are unfortunately deluded to consider yourself a human being. You have donned the garb of a human being for being in this world. This human form is a garb. As long as you are in this world you will wear that garb. The moment you return to the dressing room, you will leave that dress. You are enacting a role, wearing this dress. Once you leave this dress, you are your normal self again.

Humanness is sacred and divine. But man today is wasting such a sacred and divine nature by consigning to earth such a sacred and divine humanness. This is utter folly. On the other hand, one has to sanctify one’s humanness. Your education, your intelligence, your physical strength and power, all these are short-lived. You have to strive to realise the eternal Atma Tattwa instead. You are not the body. Supposing somebody comes and enquires, “Who are you?”, you reply, “I am so and so.” Thus, you introduce yourself. Taking into account your physical body, your occupation, the place where you live, etc., you say, “I am Ramadas.” This is a name given to you by your parents. Whenever someone enquires, “Who is Ramadas?”, you reply “I”. The name “Ramadas” pertains to your body. “I” is your real name. That “I” is real and eternal.

Who is Ramadas? He is the servant of Rama, the son of King Dasaratha. The name Dasaratha in this context does not pertain to the King of Ayodhya. Ayodhya means the place where no armed foe can enter. The human body with the ten senses (five senses of action and five senses of perception) represents Dasaratha. King Dasaratha had three wives – Kausalya, Sumitra and Kaikeyi. These three queens represent the three gunas -Sattwa, Rajas and Tamas. Kausalya is an embodiment ofSattwaguna. Kaikeyi represents Rajoguna and Sumitra, the Tamoguna. One has to recognise the inner meaning of these terms in relation to one’s own body / mind complex. The great sages and seers realised this Truth. They were not deluded like the present-day human beings. They realised Truth, lived for Truth and propagated Truth.

Forbearance is the natural quality of Bharatiyas. In fact, the one who is devoid of this quality is not a human being at all! The mother has been given the first and foremost place in Indian culture. TheVedas declared “Matrudevo bhava”, “Pitrudevo Bhava” (mother is God, father is God).

You are all familiar with the Suprabhata sloka sung to Rama, “Kausalya Supraja Rama …. (Oh! Rama! Son of Kausalya! It is the time of dawn! Get up and perform Your morning oblations). Even in thisSuprabhatam sloka, Rama is referred to as the son of Kausalya. Her name comes first, since mother is verily the God for a human being. When Rama prostrated at the feet of his mother Kausalya at the time of accompanying sage Viswamitra to the forest to protect the Yajna to be performed by him, she blessed Him, “Son! May the supreme Lord who protected Prahlada, may the Dweller of Vaikuntha who took the child Dhruva into His fold, may the one extolled by the Amaras (immortal Gods), may the Lord who is the refuge for the forlorn confer victory on You!” It is only on account of the blessings of His mother, Rama could vanquish the demons and protect the Yajna performed by sage Viswamitra. Again it was the mother’s words of blessing that was at the back of His success in the Swayamvara in King Janaka’s court where He broke the divine bow of Lord Siva. King Janaka who was a Karma Yogi (one who performs all actions as offerings to the divine, with no attachment or desire for the fruit thereof) and a Maha Jnani (a realised soul) himself, held Rama’s feet in full view of the court and said “Son! There is none greater than You. This is Sita, my daughter. I wish to give her in marriage to you. Please accept her.” But, Rama politely declined his request saying that he could not do so without the permission of His parents. In contrast, today’s youth make a big show of a marriage proposal. They arrange to print expensive invitation cards with costly designs and colours and distribute to all. That was not the way of Rama. He thought, “We are four brothers born at the same time. Hence, whether it is Upanayana(thread ceremony) or Vivaha (marriage), it should be for all of us together.” Till then, Rama did not even look at Sita. Today’s youth are different. The moment an engagement function between a boy and a girl is over, they go to a cinema together. This is not good. Sita did not come out into the open till theMuhurtham (auspicious moment) when the marriage was near. Rama also did not look at her till that time. It is only after His parents came to Mithila and Viswamitra informed them of King Janaka’s proposal to give his daughter Sita in marriage to Him that Rama consented to marry her. Even then, He did not look at Sita till the marriage ceremony was over.

The couples were to exchange garlands as part of the wedding ceremony. Rama, Lakshmana, Bharata and Satrughna were standing in a line ready to garland their brides. Rama was the eldest among the brothers. Hence, His bride Sita was to garland Him first. Later, the other brides were to put garlands around their respective bridegrooms. Sita stood in front of Rama holding a garland. But, Rama did not look at her, since the marriage ceremony was not yet complete. Till then, she was a stranger to Him. It is a great sin to look at a ‘Parasthree’, a woman who has not yet become His wife – was Rama’s view and ideal. Poor Sita! She waited for long. But, Rama did not bow His head to enable Sita to garland Him. Lakshmana then thought of a plan by which Sita could garland Rama. Suddenly, he fell at the feet of Rama and Rama bent down to lift him up. Exactly at that moment, Sita put the garland round the neck of Rama! Look! How sacred and noble were the intentions of people of those times! How pure and truthful were their hearts! Thus, people gave a lot of importance to character during the Treta Yugaand Dwapara Yuga. That is why those Yugas became very famous. You should also respect and worship elders like Rama. You must obey the commands of the elders. It is only when you pay heed to their words and follow them diligently that you will be able to experience peace in life.

In accordance with the promise given by King Dasaratha to his wife Kaikeyi, Rama had to spend fourteen years in exile in the forest. Though Kaikeyi was a great queen, she listened to the words of her servant, Manthara and sent Rama to the forest due to her promptings. There is a lesson to be learnt in this context that we should give weight to the words of the Master and not of the servant. Since Kaikeyi succumbed to the advice of her servant, she underwent great suffering and sorrow. During the journey to the forest, Sita also followed Rama. She firmly informed her decision to Rama, “Oh! Lord! The husband is God to a wife. Wherever he is, she should also be there.” Lakshmana also accompanied Rama to the forest, saying, “Dear elder brother! I cannot live for a moment without you.”

Lakshmana and Satrughna were born to Sumitra. True to her name, Sumitra was a woman of noble qualities. She dedicated both her sons to Rama’s seva. As per her wish, Lakshmana was serving Rama and Satrughna was serving Bharata. Lakshmana’s qualities were highly noble. Sita, Rama and Lakshmana encountered several difficulties during their exile in the forest. All this is a well known. Once while Rama and Lakshmana were walking in the forest, suddenly Lakshmana told Rama in a dejected mood, “Dear elder brother! Why this exile in the forest for us! It is very difficult for us to protect Sita from the demons in this forest. Why should we undergo so many ordeals here? Why should Mother Sita, who was never exposed to the sun and rain so far, encounter so many difficulties in this forest? Come! Let us go back to Ayodhya and lead a comfortable life.” Rama then realised that, what Lakshmana was talking was due to the effect of sthala (place). He took the hand of Lakshmana into His smilingly and brought him out of that place by walking some distance. Then He asked Lakshmana, “Lakshmana! Now you tell Me. Shall we go back to Ayodhya?” Lakshmana then realised his mistake and felt sorry. He pleaded with Rama, “Dear brother! We need not go back to Ayodhya now. We have to live here in the forest for fourteen years as per the command of our father. I never went against Your wishes nor disobeyed Your command. I do not know why I spoke like that then. I am just not able to understand why my mind had changed like that.” Rama explained, “Lakshmana! I know this is not your nature. This is the effect of the place through which we passed just now. There are several demons moving about in this place. Since you entered a place inhabited by the demons, the demonic qualities entered into you.” So saying, Rama helped him regain his poise. Hence, we have to take into consideration the time and place as also the sthala prabhava (effect of the place) and conduct ourselves accordingly.

No text had ever taught so much about good character, as Ramayana did. Unfortunately, today several people are not in a position to realise the greatness of Ramayana. Ramayana is verily the heart ofBharatiyas. Not to realise this truth and act accordingly is the reason for all the difficulties faced byBharatiyas today. Wherever you reside, you cannot escape from difficulties and suffering. Nevertheless, one has to boldly face them reposing one’s faith in God.

God is your sole refuge wherever you may be,

In a forest, in the sky, in a city or a village, on the top of a mountain or in the middle of deep sea.(Telugu poem)

It is only those who are able to realise the nature of Divinity can understand this truth. Today, all the youth have to cultivate good qualities. You are all the children of God! Lord Krishna declared in theBhagavad Gita. Mamaivamsho Jivaloke Jivabhuta Sanathana (the eternal Atma in all beings is a part of My Being).

Hence, we have to emulate the qualities of God and lead our lives accordingly. It is only when you consider yourself as the amsa (part) of Divinity that you will become good citizens. On the other hand, if you take pride on yourself as I am the son of so and so, I am the brother of so and so and I am the brother-in-law of so and so, etc., you will remain as such. You have to realise the truth that you are theamsa of God, verily. Then only will you be able to understand Atma Tattwa.

Embodiments of Love!

You are all good children! You are all golden children! But, the environment in which you live is spoiling you to a certain extent. There is also the factor of the food you eat. If the friends with whom you associate yourself are good, they will speak good words with you. Otherwise, they will talk bad things and create bad thoughts in your mind. “Tell me your company, I shall tell you what you are”. Hence, you should associate yourself with good friends.

Satsangatwe Nissangatwam,

Nissangatwe Nirmohatwam,

Nirmohatwe Nischalatattwam,

Nischalatattwe Jivanmukti.

(Sanskrit sloka)

(Good company leads to detachment; detachment makes one free from delusion; freedom from delusion leads to steadiness of mind; steadiness of mind confers liberation.)

You should not make your life a ‘nuisance’, listening to the ‘nuisance’ words of others. Join good company and get a good name. “Be good, do good, see good”. Then only will you be able to realise Divinity.

Embodiments of Love!

You must lead your lives taking Rama’s life as your ideal. Whenever someone questions you, “Where is God?”, your spontaneous reply should be, “God is immanent in me as the Divine Atma.” You are verily that Divine Atma. There is none other than Atma. That Atma is also referred to as consciousness. You should follow your Antharatma (conscience). Keep yourself away from bad thoughts. Don’t worry when you get such bad thoughts. They just come and go. You should not give importance to them. It is natural that when you are functioning in this objective world with your senses, bad thoughts trouble you. There are six enemies to a human being in the form of Kama (desire), Krodha (anger), Lobha(greed), Moha (delusion), Mada (pride) and Matsarya (jealousy). These six enemies will lead you into bad ways. On the other hand, the five human values of Sathya (truth), Dharma (righteousness), Santhi(peace), Prema (love) and Ahimsa (Non-violence) are your good friends. You develop friendship with them. If you make friendship with good people, you will be called “good boys”; otherwise, you are “bad boys”. You should not get a bad name for yourself. You should get good name for yourself and your parents. Your parents must be having high hopes for you. Hence, make them happy. The Veda exhorts you, Matru Devo Bhava, Pitru Devo Bhava, Acharya Devo Bhava, Atithi Devo Bhava (revere your mother, father, preceptor and guest as God).

Obey the commands of your parents. Then only you will become sacred and your life will be sanctified.

Ati Rudra Maha Yajnam 15th August., 2006 – Day-7

NONE CAN ESCAPE FROM THE CONSEQUENCES OF ONE’S ACTIONS

15th August 2006

Karma is responsible for the birth, existence and death of man. It holds sway over all stages of his life as the very deity of human existence. It is responsible for the joy and sorrow of man.

(Telugu poem)

What is Karma? It is the action that we perform. Karma is the cause of man’s birth, his life on earth and his ultimate death. The very existence of man depends upon Karma. There can be no human life without Karma. Spiritual practices like Yajnas and Yagasare also forms of Karma. Welfare and well-being of the world depends upon these spiritual practices. The very basis of the world is Karma. Therefore, everyone must necessarily perform Karma. You should strive to attain God realisation by doing your duty. As is the action, so is the result. No one can escape from the consequences of his actions. Karma does not mean merely the actions that we perform with the limbs of our body; even the process of breathing constitutes Karma. Eating, drinking, walking, sitting, all are various types of action that man performs. So, it is not possible to know the consequences of our actions. We should enquire about the nature of Karma before performing. Being a human being, we should enquire whether the actions that we perform are befitting a human being or not. If you perform action without proper enquiry, you will not have the desired results.

Embodiments of Love!

Karma is verily God. God is not separate from you. God is present in subtle form in every action. God exists in the form of Karma in everything right from microcosm to macrocosm. Anoraneeyan Mahato Maheeyan (Brahman is subtler than the subtlest and vaster than the vastest). Man must necessarily perform action and should offer all his actions to God. Sarva karma Bhagavad preetyartham (do all actions to please God). If you do like this, you will not be bound by the consequences of your actions.

Easwara sarva bhutanam (God is the indweller of all beings). He is present in all beings, be it a human being, a snake or a scorpion. He performs actions appropriate to the vesture He takes upon Himself. Develop clear thinking and do not spoil your mind by unnecessarily thinking about something which you do not know. Man today ventures into fields about which he has very little knowledge. That is the reason why he faces so many troubles. Therefore, men and women should undertake actions appropriate for them.

In childhood, one develops absorbing interest in play and enjoys the company of one’s playmates. In youth and middle age, one is engrossed in cultivating worldly relations and earning money. In old age, one repents for not having this and that. In this way, man wastes his precious human birth.

(Telugu poem)

Right from birth to death, man should lead his life befitting his human birth. Divinity is immanent in every human being. Man passes through the various stages of childhood, youth and householder and ultimately grows old. With the advancement of age, man does not think of God and repents about what he has not got in life. What is the use of worrying at this stage? We should have proper thinking from the very beginning. The youth leader Vinay Kumar prayed to Me to tell him what the youth should do. So, I told him that youth should always remain young and energetic. When youth misuse the power of senses, they lose their energy and start growing old. They should always remain young and never grow old with the advancement of age. We should preserve our energy. Look at My body. I am 81 years old. Can anybody say that I am 81 years old? My body is free from all diseases. Sometime back, My leg was fractured when one boy fell on Me accidentally. That is why I am walking like this. I walk very freely inside My residence. But the doctor advised that I should take the support of one or two boys when I moved among the devotees. On the advice of doctors, I am taking the support of one boy while walking. Since it is My nature to satisfy everybody, I follow this advice for the satisfaction of doctors. All the same, I keep on telling the boys, “Don’t hold Me, don’t hold Me.” But you may not know, there is a subtle meaning behind whatever I do. Nobody can know the reality of My nature. I have never suffered any ailment whatsoever in My life, be it fever, cold or headache. I have always been healthy. I am not only healthy, but wealthy also (loud applause). Nothing escapes My attention. I noticed a couple of young Ritwiks (priests) talking to each other during the performance of the Yajna. I am hearing all that you speak. But, for Me, both good and bad are the same. I do not find anything bad in this world; everything is good. Similar is the case with right and wrong. Something may appear to be right at the present moment, but, on enquiry, it may turn out to be wrong. Pleasure is an interval between two pains. We may eat very good and delicious items today, but how long that will remain good? The very next day, it may turn into a different matter. Difference of time determines what is good and what is bad. Therefore, we should understand everything clearly and act carefully in life.

In the Mahabharata war, Duryodhana and Dussasana and other Kaurava brothers fought with the Pandavas due to hatred for them, but they could not defeat the Pandavas as Krishna was on their side. Since the Kauravas were unable to meet the challenge of the Pandavas, they found Abhimanyu, the son of Arjuna all alone one day and devised the Padmavyuha (an army formation in the shape of a lotus). Then they challenged Abhimanyu to enter it. Abhimanyu was a young boy then. His father Arjuna was not there; only Dharmaraja was present at that time. He sought the permission of Dharmaraja to enter the Padmavyuha. Dharmaraja told him that it was not an easy task for him. Then he went to his mother Subhadra and sought her permission and blessings. She tried to dissuade him saying, “Dear son, it is a difficult formation devised by Dronacharya himself. Moreover, your wife is pregnant now. We do not know whether the time is favourable to us or not. Your father Arjuna and uncle Krishna are also not here to give you necessary guidance and support. Hence, give up the idea of going to the battlefield.” Abhimanyu was upset on hearing the words of his mother and said to her, “Being the son of Arjuna, I have to accept the challenge of the enemy. Otherwise, my father’s name would be in disrepute. Even if I lose my life, I will fight in the battlefield.” He was very firm in his resolve and quite confident of coming out of thePadmavyuha successful. Then he told his mother, “I am going to attack the Kauravas like a tiger ready to pounce upon the horde of elephants. You should bless me to come out victorious in this fight by shooting the divine arrows on the enemy. Instead of blessing me, is it proper on your part to prevent me from going to the battle?” Listening to the words of her brave son, at last she gave her consent.

May the same kind of protection cover you as that which Mother Gowri conferred on her son Kumara when he went out for battle against Tarakasura, the blessing conferred by Kausalya on Rama when he was going to the forest to safeguard the Yajna of Viswamitra! May such great and auspicious blessing and, the greatest of all, Sri Rama Raksha (the protection of Sri Rama) be with you and protect you!

(Telugu poem)

With these blessings, she sent him to the battlefield. He offered his salutations to his mother and entered the battlefield. He penetrated into the Padmavyuha. While his father Arjuna was narrating all about Padmavyuha to Subhadra, Abhimanyu heard the same being in his mother’s womb. When Arjuna was half way through the narration, Krishna appeared on the scene and cautioned him that it was his son in the mother’s womb who was listening to all this. Krishna advised him to stop the narration forthwith. In this way, Abhimanyu could know only how to enter the Padmavyuha, but did not know how to come out of it. As a result, he was trapped in the Padmavyuha by the Kauravas and killed. The lesson to be learnt from this episode is that one should never ignore the advice of one’s parents and elders. One should listen to the advice of the parents carefully, contemplate on it, assimilate it and put it into practice. That is why theVedas declare, Matru devo bhava, pitru devo bhava (revere your mother and father as God). Whatever be the circumstances, wherever you may be, you should always obey the command of the parents.

When Arjuna returned, he was full of anxiety not to find Abhimanyu who always ran to the door to receive him whenever he returned home. When Arjuna came to know that Abhimanyu died in the battlefield, he became very sad. Then Krishna asked him not to lose heart, saying, “Whatever was destined to happen has happened.” He also told Arjuna that the Kauravas who conspired against the Pandavas even in the past had again resorted to foul-play and killed Abhimanyu. In this moment of great anguish, Arjuna spoke to Krishna in very strong terms that He had not told him about the death of his son earlier and thus had betrayed him. As was His nature, Krishna heard all this, smiling all the time.

At the time of the death of Abhimanyu, his wife Uttara was in the family way. When the child was still in the womb of Uttara, Aswatthama attacked the child with Brahmastra. As a result, Uttara gave birth to a still-born child, and the Pandavas were grief-stricken. They blamed Krishna for all their misery because Abhimanyu was killed in the battlefield, the sons of Droupadi were slain by Aswatthama and the son born to Uttara was a still-born child. Thus, there was none to continue the lineage. Krishna tried to pacify them and advised them to be calm and composed. He asked Droupadi to bring the still-born child before Him. She brought the child in a plate. Krishna saw the child and said, “Look at his eyes, look at his nose, look at his face, he exactly resembles his father Abhimanyu.” When Krishna was describing the child like this, the Pandavas grew very angry. They felt that He was describing the dead child without bothering about their pitiable condition. Krishna then held the child in His hand and patted on its back and stomach. Immediately, the child started crying, to the sheer joy of the Pandavas. Krishna named the child Parikshit because He brought the child to life after putting the Pandavas to a Pariksha (test). Without test, nobody can pass the examination and go to a higher class. That is why God subjects His devotees to test. We should never consider it as a test; rather we should have a taste for such tests. All the tests given by God will be of good taste.

When Parikshit became the king of the Pandava empire, Krishna protected him in several ways. What I am narrating now has never happened anywhere else, in any country, at any time.

After Krishna left for His divine abode, a grief-stricken Arjuna returned from Dwaraka. Mother Kunti, being unaware of the happenings in Dwaraka, enquired of Arjuna about the well-being of Krishna. Arjuna wept inconsolably saying, “Mother, Krishna is no more.” The moment Arjuna told that Krishna had shed His mortal coil, Kunti collapsed and breathed her last. Pandavas were immersed in sorrow. They thought, “Krishna was our very life-breath. He had been our source of strength and courage. What is the use of our life without Krishna?” They decided to coronate Parikshit and go to the Himalayas. Dharmaraja instructed Arjuna to make arrangements for the cremation of the body of their mother. At the same time, he gave necessary instructions for the arrangements for the coronation of young Parikshit. Thereafter, he told Nakula and Sahadeva to make preparations for their Mahaprasthana (final journey) to the Himalayas.

After the cremation of their mother and coronation of young Parikshit, the Pandavas began their march to the Himalayas, proceeding one behind the other. Dharmaraja, led the march. Bhima, Arjuna, Nakula and Sahadeva followed him in that order. And Droupadi walked behind all.

Everyone has to face the consequences of his actions, whoever he may be.

No one can know what lies ahead for him in future.

But this much is sure that everybody has to reap the consequences of his actions.

(Telugu song)

During their Mahaprasthana, Droupadi, Bhima, Arjuna, Nakula and Sahadeva shed their mortal coils one after the other. Dharmaraja continued his march all alone.

Dharmaraja had never uttered a lie in his life. However, during the Mahabharatha war, he did say something to that effect which caused the death of Dronacharya. When an elephant by name ‘Aswatthama’ was killed in the battlefield, Dharmaraja declared, ‘Aswatthama Hathah Kunjarah’. He deliberately lowered his tone while uttering the word’Kunjarah’ (elephant). As Dronacharya could not hear the word ‘Kunjarah’, he thought his son Aswatthama was killed. He became utterly dejected and consequently gave up his life. Dharmaraja had to spend some time in the hell as a result of uttering this ‘lie’. People may wonder, how is it that even Dharmaraja, the very embodiment of Dharma, had to pay a visit to the hell. The fact remains that however great and noble one may be, one cannot escape from the consequences of one’s actions. When Dharmaraja entered the hell, Droupadi and the other four brothers were already present there. The five Pandavas were like five life-breaths. They were the embodiments of Dharma. That is why their mere presence in the hell alleviated the suffering of all those who were undergoing punishment for their sins. They fell at the feet of Dharmaraja and pleaded with him to stay there for some more time. Dharmaraja replied, “My dear ones! I am not allowed to stay here any longer. I am being sent away by the Lord of hell from here.” Thereafter, the five Pandava brothers and Droupadi left for their heavenly abode.

In this manner, even the Pandavas who were the very embodiments of righteousness and morality and who had acquired great merit, could not escape from the consequences of their Karma. Droupadi was a great Pathivrata (woman of chastity). Even she had to face the consequences of her Karma. Once there was a debate as to who was the greatest Pathivrata. People expressed various opinions. It was Lord Krishna who gave the final verdict saying,

She dutifully obeyed the command of her husbands. She would never say to any one of them that she had no time to serve him. She was satisfied with whatever she got in life. She was the supreme example of chastity and none could match her in this respect.(Telugu poem)

In this Kali age, women find it hard to obey the commands of their husbands. Imagine the case of Droupadi. She had to obey the command of not one, but five husbands. She was never complaining. She always had time to serve each of them. These days we find women whose demands are much more than what the husbands can really afford. When the husband is drawing a salary of one hundred rupees per month, his wife demands a sari worth two hundred rupees! But Droupadi was not like that. She was always satisfied with whatever she had. That is why she earned a reputation as the greatest Pathivrata. The Pandava brothers were fully aware of her nobility and chastity. They always took her views into consideration and acted accordingly. That is why their name and fame remained firmly etched in the annals of history.

A person is respected even for small acts of nobility. However, while performing any action, there is always a possibility of mistakes creeping in. Whatever may be the mistake committed, one cannot escape from its consequences. Hence, one should always speak truth, follow righteousness and lead a life suffused with love. This is the foremost duty of man. One should consider the five human values of truth, righteousness, peace, compassion and love as his Pancha Pranas (five life-breaths). One bereft of these five values is verily a living corpse. We should never speak untruth even in a lighter vein. Never make fun of others. It is the worst of sins to criticise others. Hence, however wicked a person may be, we should never criticise him. Love all. Love is God. God is love. Love is your very life.

(As per Bhagawan’s instructions, the students sang the song “Love is My form, truth is My breath, bliss is My food….” Then Bhagawan continued His discourse)

Develop love. Wherever you may be, be it in the forest, or in the sky, be it in the city or in the village, be it on the mountain top or in the middle of deep sea, love is your sole refuge. Love even your enemy. If you happen to see him, do not turn your face away from him. Instead, greet him with love saying, “Hello brother! How are you?” Suffuse your life with love. Develop courage and conviction. Only then can Manavatwa(humanness) gets transformed into Divyatwa (divinity). You should propagate this principle of love to one and all. This is My principal message for you today.

Ati Rudra Maha Yajnam 16th August., 2006 – Day-8

DESIRE FOR PEACE, NOT WEALTH

Embodiments of Love!

The speakers who spoke earlier told excellent things. After hearing them, I don’t think there is anything further to be told.

There is no charity greater than feeding the hungry,

There are no greater gods than parents,

There is no greater dharma than compassion,

There is no greater gain than the company of the good,

There is no enemy greater than anger,

There is no wealth greater than good reputation,

Bad reputation is death itself,

There is no ornament more beautiful than the chanting of God’s Name.

(Telugu poem)

Embodiments of Love!

We are born out of and dependent upon anna (food). We cannot live for a moment without food. From where does this food come? It emanates from Lord Shankara, whose nature is infinite, who is unique and whom neither the words can describe nor the mind can comprehend. All the objects that we see in this world are the creation of God. All that is visible – in the past, present and future – is God’s creation. Mother Parvati is the only individual who realised this truth. Before she married Shankara, all the Devatas (celestial beings) approached her and questioned her,

Oh! Gowri! You are very young and

Sambashiva is old;

He has matted locks and

wears a tiger skin;

He rides a bull and

is constantly on the move;

He is adorned with snakes;

How did you court Him?

Don’t you know all this?

He has no house of His own and

sleeps in the burial ground.

(Telugu poem)

They confronted Parvati with these discouraging arguments and tried to dissuade her from marrying Lord Shiva. Parvati then replied, “You are all seeing the outward appearance of Lord Shiva and are deluded to think that it is His real form. You are not able to realise His true nature which is abhouthika (beyond the physical form), aloukika(other than worldly) and Saswatha (eternal). You are concerned only about the beauty of the physical body and the wealth and prosperity in the worldly sense. Your vision is limited to the body, mind and intellect. Hence, you are able to see only the physical aspects of Lord Shiva. You are not able to visualise His subtle nature immanent in Him, namely, Divinity. He is neither the body, nor the mind. He is Lingakara (His form resembles that of a Linga). However, that Linga is not visible to anyone. It is located in His kantha (throat). I am the only one who has seen His true form. That is why I want to marry Him. You are able to see only the physical form, that too to a certain extent. But, God is not limited to this form. He is Anoraneeyan Mahato Maheeyan (subtler than the subtlest and vaster than the vastest). When you are able to visualise that cosmic form, you will not at all think about the physical form. You will not be concerned with His age. Lord Shiva, whom I am going to marry is not the one begging for alms; in fact He gives alms to all!” Exactly at that moment Lord Shiva manifested before her. He appeared as very beautiful and young. In fact, more youthful than Gowri. Lord Shiva and Parvati are a perfect match to each other. The Devatas were dumbfounded. Thus, people are deluded to think something, but what ultimately happens is altogether different. Not all people can realise the inner Truth.

The worldly people aspire for physical beauty and happiness. But, a truthful nature is essential to recognise the embodiments of Truth. No one can describe the nature of Divinity as this and that.

Is it possible to limit the One to a temple who pervades the entire cosmos? How can one hold a lamp to the One who shines with the brilliance of a billion suns? How can one attribute a form to the One whom even Brahma, the Creator, cannot comprehend? How can one give a name to the One who is present in all beings? How can one offer food to the One who has the entire cosmos in His belly?

(Telugu poem)

God’s form is the subtlest. It is verily a minute form. “That is this” (Swami created aLinga by a wave of His hand and held it out for all to see). This (the Linga created by Bhagawan) exactly resembles that Linga (the one being worshipped by the chief priest daily).

The general mass of people are like crows. Blinded by ignorance, they see only the external form. No one can lay down a rule that only such and such material is to be offered to God. Several English-educated and ‘modern’ people today comment, “What is this! When several poor people are starving for food, you are throwing so much paddy and ghee into the fire and wasting it! Instead, you can feed some poor people with that material. Is it not true?” Our chief priest can explain to such people the rationale behind this ritual thus: “Sirs! Today a farmer sows five bags of paddy in a field. When they sprout, he transplants them in the entire field and waters them. Can anyone say that he is throwing valuable paddy into mud and water? Ultimately, he reaps a harvest of fifty bags. Similarly, the rituals being performed by the Ritwiks (priests) confer great benefit on humanity; they are never a waste. Whatever is offered to God today is like this paddy and ghee; they all confer great benefit to humanity at a later date. Just as a bag of paddy sown in a field multiplies itself into fifty bags, similarly all the materials that are offered to Agnihothra (the fire-god) multiply themselves several times.”

There is only one thing that is to be offered to God by us. There are several desires, nestled in our heart. All these desires have to be offered to God. Whatever is offered to God with no desire for the fruit thereof, will confer great benefit at a later date. Unable to realise this truth, people in general give importance to the external and worldly matters. They formulate their opinions on the basis of what they see outwardly. Whatever is offered to God, comes back to us thousandfold.

The external form is like a package. Unless this packing is removed, the material that is packed inside will not be visible to us. Divinity in nature is covered by the Panchabhutas(five elements). We are unable to visualise Divinity due to Kama, Krodha, Lobha, Moha, Mada and Matsarya (desire, anger, greed, infatuation, pride and jealousy). Remove this package. Then, the beautiful and blissful form of God will manifest before you. You should not give importance to the package. The external package may be very beautiful. However, unless you open this package you will not be able to see the object inside and its condition. Several people will be attracted by the external appearance of the package and get deceived. But, this is not the case with Divinity. The physical beauty and the senses will only be visible to the outward vision.

The body is made up of five elements and is bound to perish sooner or later but the indweller has neither birth nor death. The indweller has no attachment whatsoever and is the eternal witness. Truly speaking, the indweller who is in the form of the Atma, is verily God Himself. (Telugu poem)

The Divine nature of that Lord of the Lords is thus packed in this physical body. Hence, we should not feel contented with this external package. Divinity is immanent in us. You are God, verily! God is all-pervading. Hence, you are also all-pervading. Divinity is present in you as well as in all living beings. If you wish to have the vision of God, you must lead a pure, unwavering and selfless life. All the diversity that you see in this objective world is a waste! Hence, remove this diversity and develop unity. Where there is unity, there will be purity. Where there is purity, there Divinity will manifest. In fact, you are not one individual. There are three individuals in you (i) the one you think you are (ii) the one others think you are and (iii) the one you really are. You are an embodiment of the Divine Atma, verily. Not realising this truth, you are leading your life giving importance to the body, mind and intellect. All these are bound to perish one day or the other. I will explain to you about this in detail, later. Sing the glory of the Divine name:

(Bhagawan then sang the song “Shiva Shiva Shiva Shiva yanaraada …” and asked the devotees to follow. Thereafter, He continued His discourse thus …)

The Mantra ‘Namasshivaya’ contains five letters. It is a glorious and sacred Mantra. It isNirgunam, Niranjanam, Sanathanam, Niketanam, Nitya, Shuddha, Buddha, Mukta, Nirmala Swarupinam (God is attributeless, pure, final abode, eternal, unsullied, enlightened, free and embodiment of sacredness). You have to preserve such a sacredMantra securely in your heart. People generally think that Brahma is the creator, Vishnu is the sustainer and Shiva is the destroyer. In fact, they are three rolled into One. If you wish to have a paan, you must procure three items – betel leaves, betel nut and slaked lime (chunnam). It is only when these three ingredients are chewed together, your mouth and lips will become red. From where did this red colour come? From betel leaves? From betel nuts? Or from lime? Not any one of them exclusively. Only when the three items are chewed together, the red colour appears. Similarly, God is all the three – Brahma, Vishnu and Maheswara coming together. The unity of all three aspects is Divinity. Do not attribute diversity to God and spoil your mind. You will surely be able to experience the oneness of these three aspects of God.

Once, it appears that Parvati had proposed to Lord Easwara that they should build a house for themselves. She prayed to Him, “Oh! Lord! You go about places begging for alms. We have not been able to prepare homely food. We have no house to take shelter. How can I manage this family?” Easwara then explained to her, “Parvati! Will it be all right if we build a house? The rats will occupy the house even before we move into it. Then, a cat has to be kept ready to kill the rats. The cat needs milk. For that purpose, we have to purchase a cow. To purchase a cow, money is required. It is all a big botheration. You think it is so easy to build a house and maintain it. No, no! We should not aspire for such things. Once you liked Me and married Me, you should leave everything to Me. You should not wish for these paraphernalia.”

All the wealth like money, gold, houses, land, property, vehicles, etc., in this world is transitory and a waste. Alexander set out on a victory march. He conquered several countries in the world and finally set his foot in Bharat. He reached the river Sind. It is near Kashmir. He tried to cross that river. Exactly at that moment he suffered from a ‘heart attack’. The doctors examined him and declared that there were no chances of his recovering. Then he called his ministers and other officials and told them, “I am not at all worried that I am dying. I am, in fact, happy. However, I have a small desire to be fulfilled. After my death, please wrap my body in a white cloth keeping my empty hands straight facing the sky and take it in a procession through every street in my village. The people will, of course, enquire why were the hands of the king kept in such a position. Then, you explain to them that Alexander was a great conqueror. He had a big army and a number of friends and relatives. He accumulated great wealth by conquering several countries. Yet, at the time of death, he left his mortal coil with empty hands.”

Even King Harischandra, who strictly followed the path of truth, had to leave this world ultimately leaving behind his vast kingdom and riches. Emperor Nala, who reigned over a great empire, could not take with him anything when he passed away. Did King Mandhata, who adorned the Krita Yuga, carry any wealth with him when he left the earth? Even Lord Rama, who built the bridge across the ocean, is not to be seen on the earth today. Many kings have ruled over the earth, but none of them could carry even a fistful of dust with them. Oh noble ones! do you think you can carry the riches on your head when you leave the world?

(Telugu poem)

No one can take even a paisa along with him, at the time of his death. Not even a handful of earth. Man considers himself to be great and rich. Recently, a person bought an acre of land in Hyderabad paying rupees 40 crores. While returning from the Registrar’s office after registering the land in his favour, he suddenly collapsed. Of what use it is accumulating crores worth of wealth? What is important to a human being is his guna (noble qualities) not dhana (money). Daivabala (the strength that comes from God) is most important for us. If you develop divine feelings, everything will be added unto you. No doubt, money is important for, we have to eat food with the money we earn. However, excess of wealth is bad. It may even lead to losing one’s life sometimes. We must have enough money to sustain our family. We must also help the society to a certain extent. We are living in the society. Without society, we cease to exist. Hence, we have to show our gratitude to the society. First ‘self’ and then ‘help’. Humanness can survive only if these two exist. We should not be ‘selfish’. It is said a fish is better than selfish. We must lead a happy life doing selfless service to the society.

I am always happy and blissful. I do not know what sorrow is; what difficulty is; what pain is. Once the President of India visited Prasanthi Nilayam. He enquired from Me during an interview, “Swami! Do you also have desires?” I told him, “I have only one desire. I must be what I am. I should not depend on others. I must give happiness to everybody. It is only when everyone is happy, that I am happy.” What more do I need? Everyone approaches Me with a request, “Swami! I want peace.” But where is peace? It is verily in our inner self. All that exists outside is only “pieces”. We don’t need it. Peace has to be manifested from our own inner self. It is only when we spend our lives basing on this principle, that our lives will be sanctified. Whatever Sadhanas (spiritual practices) we may undertake, whatever texts we may read or whatever high academic degrees we may acquire, all that have to be left in this world when the end comes. People do not take even one of these appendages along with them in their journey to the other world. Hence, I wish that all of you should lead a peaceful life. It is My wish that you should develop a desire for peace. Of what use it is to have wealth, if you don’t develop a charitable disposition?

The boy who spoke just now, comes from a great family. His grandfather’s name is Margabandhu. His father is a bank manager. It is three years since he joined our college, leaving the college in Delhi where he was studying earlier. He is doing Ph.D. on the teachings of Swami, since then. He never associates himself with anyone. He will always be alone. He obeys Swami’s commands implicitly and performs whatever work is entrusted to him. He gives very good lectures on philosophy. He is studying Sankara’s life and philosophy. Everything about Sankara’s Advaita philosophy is at his finger tips. There are several such boys in our institution. He came to Puttaparthi only for undertaking such Tapas (penance). The second speaker today is also our student. All these boys are very great.

You have Vedanarayana here. His name itself is Vedanarayana. Last year, he received the best teacher award from the President of India. While presenting the award to him, the President enquired from him, “Where do you go, after receiving this award?” Vedanarayana replied, “I am going back to Puttaparthi. I don’t go anywhere else.” The President then advised him, “Dear Son! You are a very good boy. Please stay there itself.” The President is a Muslim. Yet, He has great devotion towards Swami. Several such high dignitaries visit Puttaparthi and bless our children.

Every year, about five hundred students join our educational institutions. We do not advertise our academic achievements in newspapers. But, all our students get first class only. Two boys from our Alike institution secured first ranks in the Medical and Engineering entrance test. I gave them scholarships. When they go for higher education to America, I will take up the responsibility of educating them in those institutions. I told those boys, “Not only here, you should come out in first ranks in America also.”

All our children are like gold, not impure gold, but pure and unalloyed gold! They are prepared to undertake any work that is entrusted to them. These boys go to the villages every year for one month to undertake service. They take rice and other provisions along with them and cook there and serve to all the villagers. They serve food to every individual in every family, irrespective of the number of members in the family. The villagers affectionately greet these boys, “Dear children! Did our Swami send you here!” The villagers feel very happy with the service rendered by our students. On the day of visit of our boys to the village, the villagers keep their houses clean and decorate them with floral designs. They receive Swami’s prasadam with great devotion and reverence and partake of it, happily. It is once again time to send our boys to the villages to distribute Swami’s prasadam. Our boys are adepts not only in education, but in sports and games; dance and music as well. There is no work which our boys cannot undertake. Wherever they go, whether in the villages or towns, our boys are very careful to keep up their character. Our boys and girls treat character as their very life-breath.

There are 700 girl students in the Anantapur campus. They are also coming out in 1st class. They also go to the villages to do grama seva. They demolish the old and dilapidated houses and build new houses in the villages. The girls by themselves buildpucca houses with stones and cement. They are doing a lot of service to the poor. When the villagers were enquired about the quality of their work (whether they were leaking), we were informed, “No Swami! Your girls did a wonderful job. Our houses are very safe. Even the engineers are happy with their work. They did it all free of cost.” Our boys are also doing great service in the villages. Thus, our students from all the three campuses of Prasanthi Nilayam, Bangalore and Anantapur are visiting the villages and helping the villagers.

Our boys and girls did not come here merely for education. My sincere advice to any student seeking admission in our Institutions is, “Please do not come here only for education and acquiring academic degrees.” You can certainly pursue your education. But, the foremost requirement is Seva. For what purpose did God give you the human body? Only for serving others. Lord Krishna declared in the Bhagawad Gita,Mamaivamsho Jivaloke Jivabhuta Sanathana (the eternal Atma in all beings is a part of My Being). All are verily the amsa (part) of the same Divinity. Hence, you should serve all. “Service is God, serve all”. Our students are earning a good name only because they put into practice such teachings of Swami. Wherever they go, people show great love and affection towards the students of Sri Sathya Sai Educational Institutions. The moment they see these boys and girls clad in white dress, they shower great praise on them saying, “These boys and girls belong to Sathya Sai, they are all very good.” The dress our students wear is of white colour as also their hearts. They are pure and sacred.

You are witnessing every day how these boys are bringing Me into this Kulwant Hall and taking Me back to My residence! These two boys completed their MBA degree. The third boy is studying MBBS. Adikesavulu gave him a seat in the Vaidehi Medical College. He is admitting several such boys. If you want to have a seat in the Medical College anywhere else, huge amount of donation is to be paid. Besides, there is the monthly fee of Rupees two to three thousand. But, he did not collect even a paisa from us. He admitted several of our boys in his Institution. He is a great Thyagi (man of sacrifice). He lives near the Sathya Sai Super Speciality Hospital in Bangalore. We have built three Hospitals in Bangalore itself. There are instruments worth crores of Rupees in each of these Hospitals. If anyone is to get a heart operation done in any of the Super Speciality Hospitals outside, lakhs of rupees have to be spent. That being the position, several people are coming to our hospitals and getting heart operations done free of cost.

I have resolved to provide education, medicine and life-sustaining drinking water to the people free of cost. We are supplying drinking water to the upland areas in the East and West Godavari districts of Andhra Pradesh by laying pipes up to the hilltop. There is adequate amount of water flowing in these two districts. But, the people living in the upland villages were not getting drinking water. Even after so many years, they were suffering for want of drinking water. Hence, we have taken up a project at a cost of 80 crores to supply drinking water to these people by laying pipes. They expressed their gratitude to Swami saying, “It is years since we drank sweet drinking water. Today, we are able to drink pure and sweet water once again. We are very happy and grateful to You, Swami!”

Not only that. We have also provided drinking water to all the people in Chennai city, irrespective of their social strata. The citizens of Chennai city came in 50 buses to Puttaparthi to express their gratitude to Swami for this munificence. They conveyed their feelings saying, “How do we express our gratitude to you, Swami! Words fail us.” I told them, “You need not say thanks to Me. I gave drinking water to My own people.” You may not know, since you are all here. It has been published in the newspapers day before yesterday that water has been supplied to the Chennai city from the Poondi reservoir. It is only yesterday that water reached Chennai at the right time.

The people of Mahboobnagar and Medak districts approached Me and represented, “Swami! We have no pure water.” I responded immediately and arranged for the supply of drinking water from the Krishna river to the people of these two districts.

Thus, we have taken up a number of service projects for the benefit of people living in the villages of all areas, not only in our country, but all the countries in the world. Our motto is, “Love All; Serve All!” You should also emulate our example. This is what I teach to our children. If you come to know that someone is suffering, whether he happens to be your friend or otherwise, you must serve him. If necessary apply for leave that day to the college and help him. I should not praise My boys; but, they are doing more than what I instructed them to do. They are helping others, even sacrificing their own self. We are producing such ideal students with a spirit of sacrifice and service. That is why, they are progressing in every field in the country as well as abroad.

There are 1200 small children in the Primary School. They are still in the age group, when normally they should be attached to their parents. But, once they join in our school they forget their parents and develop to a stage where they cannot live without us. The parents come here and see for themselves the change that has taken place in their children. They are surprised and also feel happy, “Aha! What a great change has taken place in our children!” In fact, we are showing great love towards the children more than their own parents.

Thus, I can go on speaking about our children. Don’t consider them as ordinary human beings. They are very great. They deserve to be the leaders of our country, when they grow up. I only wish that our children should be ideal children. Then only will I be happy.

Ati Rudra Maha Yajnam 18th August., 2006 – Day-10

DISCARD DEHABRANTI AND DEVELOP DAIVABHIMANA

What is the use of all your learning when it does not help you to change your destiny? When bad thoughts enter your mind, all your education and intelligence become futile and meaningless.

(Telugu poem)

You may study a number of subjects and learn many skills. But, the value of all that learning is zero, if you do not develop devotion to God. Unable to realise this truth, people become proud of their learning. Of what use is all that learning? What should I say in this august assembly about the end result of all such education?

The Vedic Dharmas have all declined;

Speaking one’s mother tongue has become a sin;

People are diffident to observe morality in society;

Oh! Devotees! It is your duty to protect Dharma in Bharat.

(Telugu poem)

Embodiments of Love!

Today, everything is moving very fast, unmindful of the fleeting time. Seconds, minutes and hours are rolling by, within no time. Sixty seconds make one minute and sixty minutes make one hour. Thus, even hours are rolling fast within no time. What could be the reason for this fast life? It is only man’s nature. Man’s mind is changing by the seconds. It is said, Manah eva manushyanam karanam bandhamokshayo (mind alone is the cause of bondage and liberation of man). What is mind? It is a bundle of desires. We have to control these desires to some extent. Man today is able to control everything, but not himself. Of what use it is to control everything, while he himself is moving about without any control?

Embodiments of Love!

First and foremost, our mind has to be dedicated to God. The mind is a gift of God. What has been given by God has to be offered to Him again. It is only when you follow this principle, you will experience total bliss.

When man emerges from the womb of his mother, he does not find any garland around his neck. There are no jewels made of pearls nor are there glittering gold ornaments. There are no chains studded with precious stones like emeralds and diamonds. But there is one garland around his neck. Brahma strings together the consequences of his past deeds into a heavy garland and puts it around his neck at the time of his birth. (Telugu poem)

Lord Krishna declared, Mamaivamsho jivaloke jivabhuta sanathana (the eternal Atma in all beings is a part of My Being). All this creation is a gift of God. We have, therefore, to preserve that gift carefully.

Embodiments of Love!

Man has three qualities – Sattwa, Rajas and Tamas. We have to preserve the Sattwicquality. A person of evil thoughts will see evil everywhere. A person of good thoughts will see good everywhere. However, a person with no thoughts at all, will become a full man. He is eternal and peaceful. A cloth is made of threads woven into warp and woof. From where did the thread called Karmaphala (the fruit of one’s actions) come? It has come from the cotton of Janmanthara Samskaras (the vasanas or tendencies acquired from several previous births). A thread is made out of cotton and woven into a cloth. And, that cloth is worn by us. The cloth called the human body that we are wearing is a gift of God.

Ubhayabharathi was the wife of Mandana Misra, a great scholar in Vedanta. She was a realised soul. She always used to obey the commands of her husband and perform the duties ordained on her, as a truthful wife.

One day, Ubhayabharathi was going along with her disciples to the river Ganga for taking bath. On the way, she observed a Sanyasi who was relaxing with a dried bottle gourd under his head. He was using this as a container for storing drinking water, and hence he was mindful of it. Ubhayabharathi saw this Sanyasi’s attachment to the bottle gourd and said to her disciples, “Look! This man calls himself a Sanyasi, but he is attached to a bottle gourd which he is keeping under his head as a pillow.” The Sanyasiheard this comment, but did not utter anything then. While Ubhayabharathi and her disciples were returning from the river, he threw away the bottle gourd in front of them in order to demonstrate that he was not attached to it. Observing his action, Ubhayabharathi remarked, “I thought there was only one defect in him, namely,Abhimana (attachment). Now I realise that he has another defect also, i.e., Ahamkara(ego). How can one with Abhimana and Ahamkara become a Jnani and Sanyasi?” Her comment was an eye-opener to the Sanyasi. He expressed gratitude to Ubhayabharati for imparting true knowledge of renunciation to him. Ubhayabharathi then explained to him further, “The whole world is illusory. There are several objects in this world which are attracting man. But, they are not outside. They are all the reflection of one’s inner thoughts. They are created by man himself. You develop attachment to the physical body. Later on, you yourself will discard the body. You are the one who develops attachment to the body and you are again the one who will discard the body. Developing attachment to the body or discarding it – both are the result of your delusion. You are developing Dehabhranti. Hence, discard Dehabranti and developDaivabhimana (attachment to Divinity). The body is a temple of God. Consider the Indweller in the body as Devadeva (the supreme Lord).

The body is made up of five elements and is bound to perish sooner or later but the indweller has neither birth nor death. The indweller has no attachment whatsoever and is the eternal witness. Truly speaking, the indweller who is in the form of the Atma, is verily God Himself.

(Telugu poem)

All worldly feelings are born out of Ajnana (ignorance). They are not true and permanent. As long as there is life, one loves the other. As long as there is life in him, the husband loves his wife and vice versa. This love relates to the physical body. The two bodies did not come at the same time, nor do they leave at the same time.

Punarapi jananam punarapi maranam,

Punarapi janani jathare sayanam,

Iha samsare bahu dustare,

Kripayapare pahi Murare.

(Oh Lord! I am caught up in this cycle of birth and death; time and again, I am experiencing the agony of staying in the mother’s womb. It is very difficult to cross this ocean of worldly life. Please take me across this ocean and grant me liberation.)

Bhaja Govindam, bhaja Govindam,

Govindam bhaja moodha mathe,

Samprapthe sannihithe kale,

Nahi nahi rakshati dukrun karane.

(Oh foolish man, chant the name of Govinda; the rules of grammar will not come to your rescue when the end approaches.)

Man may be hale and healthy and happy today. But, no one knows what will happen to him tomorrow. The body is like a car. The mind is its steering. When the mind itself is not in his control, how can the physical body be under his control?

Embodiments of Love!

Each one of these Ritwiks who have gathered here and are conducting this Yajna for the last ten days is great. Irrespective of their mental make up, their minds are steadily fixed up on this divine assignment. There are several youths also in this group. The country needs such youths. I feel very happy in the midst of youths. I will give whatever they want. I will talk to them after the Purnahuthi and fulfil their desires. I will spend some time with them happily. There are several people who tried to develop Vairagya bhava (sense of detachment), but they are unable to give up their attachments. I will teach them a method by which they can easily give up this attachment. Our chief priest can guide you all in this regard. He can lead you by his own example. He is a person who puts into practice, all that he teaches to others. When you follow such an Acharya(teacher), you can overcome any hurdle and reach your destination. It is very easy for a human being to attain Divinity. In fact, God belongs to you; you belong to Him. The relationship between you and Me is that of a father and son. Hence, lead a life of happiness, courage and bliss. I am also feeling bad that you are leaving tomorrow. I will come along with you. We cannot live without one another. You should consider this sacred relationship between us as true and eternal and strive to maintain it. I will come tomorrow early in the morning and see you all again. I will give you a lot of happiness and bliss.

Ati Rudra Maha Yajnam 19th August., 2006 – Day-11

YAJNAS AND THE VEDAS ARE FOR WHOLE WORLD

Embodiments of Love!

I am searching … searching and searching. I searched then. I am searching now. I have been searching for a true and righteous human being.

Will the hunger of a hungry person be satisfied

by simply hearing the names of the delicious dishes?

Will the poverty of those suffering from acute poverty

be alleviated by hearing the glory of the we-alth?

(Telugu poem)

Embodiments of Love!

Before you start teaching anything to others, you yourself must put it into practice. It is most essential to experience it and derive joy therefrom before you teach that concept / practice to others. All the Ritwiks (priests) who took part in the Athi Rudra Maha Yajnaare very good. In fact, I could find the Ritwiks are to My liking. I am very satisfied with the way they performed the Yajna, as also the sadhana they did. They did more than what was expected of them. It is a good fortune to have such Ritwiks. Tomorrow, thisYajna will come to a close, but not the Mantras. The Mantras are eternal. It is not associated with the gunas (attributes). They are Nirgunam, Niranjanam, Sanathanam, Niketanam, Nitya, Shuddha, Buddha, Mukta, Nirmala Swarupinam (attributeless, pure, final abode, eternal, unsullied, enlightened, free and embodiment of sacredness). SuchMantras will always be ringing in our ears. A Ritwik is one who is always associated with the Mantras. The Ritwik is not separate from the Mantras. Devoid of the Mantras, theRitwiks have no existence at all! Mantras like these will be chanted by only a few fortunate ones. Are there not any number of Ritwiks in this world! But, only 132 Ritwikscould take part in this Athi Rudra Maha Yajna.

“Oh! Vedic Brahmins, who always consider the sastras as true, how fortunate you are!” The Brahmins lead their lives in accordance with the sastras (scriptural injunctions), reposing full confidence in them. Can you find Ritwiks like these, anywhere else? Truly, every Mantra you chant is crystal clear and with perfect intonation. It is our good fortune to hear the Ritwiks chanting the Mantras in such a way. Many people are happy that this Yajna is being performed with such Ritwiks. Soon similar Yajna will be performed in Puttaparthi. That is the Veda Purusha Saptaha Jnana Yajna, which is being celebrated every year. That is a Jnana Yajna. A Jnana Yajna is one which is related to theManasika Tattwa (mental principle).

Ritwiks! You will derive a lot of benefit from your effort for the last ten days. You may not be able to realise it right now. You go back to your respective places and contemplate on it calmly. You will surely experience bliss. There are a number of youths amongst theRitwiks. This is a welcome sign. It is our good fortune that the youth are participating in such sacred activities like this Athi Rudra Maha Yajna. I told Vinay, “My dear! We are most fortunate to have such Ritwiks.” Probably you are all comfortable here; I presume proper arrangements for your food and residence have been made and whether Vinay has provided all the necessary comforts to you. I have been thinking on these lines from morning till evening these days. If you are happy, I shall be happy. These ten days have passed like ten minutes. You must have enjoyed your stay here for the last ten days. Similarly, I am also happy that you are here. Wherever you go, you must contemplate on this divine experience. These sacred moments must be preserved in your memory. You will come again to Puttaparthi, shortly. Not only that. I have decided to perform thisYajna in Chennai in the near future. I wish that all of you come there and participate in the Yajna. It is very important that you realise the uniqueness of this Yajna. What isYajna? Is it physical or spiritual? This is a spiritual Yajna, not a physical or worldlyYajna. This Yajna has provided a physical, mental and heartfelt experience, which is unique in nature. I have taken care of every minute detail in this Yajna, right from the type of dress (dhotis) you have to wear. Just as a loving father takes care of everything in respect of his child, I have taken care to provide everything needed by you. I am very sad that I shall be bidding you farewell tomorrow, on conclusion of the Yajna. I know you are also feeling sad to leave this place. Such intimate relationship between us is real devotion. You cannot leave Me and I cannot leave you. I am always with you. Hence, you do not spend anxious moments with thoughts like, “Swami is very far from us in Puttaparthi or Bangalore.” I am with you, wherever you are. Our chief priest conducted all the rituals in this Yajna with full faith and devotion. He did all this with the conviction that it is his personal work. Such people are rare in this world.

The most important point I would like to stress is that you must develop a spirit of sacrifice. Man may have several desires. All those desires have to be offered to God to please Him (daiva preetyartham). Do not confine yourself to the self. Help is better than self. Whatever activity you undertake, consider it as something done for satisfying your heart, for the uplift of your Atma. This Yajna is conducted to realise the Atma Tattwa, not with a view to achieve some physical and worldly benefit.

You have participated in this sacred Yajna for your good, for your welfare and the welfare of humanity at large. This Yajna is not merely for a few individuals, it is for the entire world. The Mantras chanted here have mixed in the air and spread to the entire universe. These sacred sounds entered our hearts and purified them. Hence, do not think that the Mantras chanted in this Yajna are confined to only this place. They have spread to the entire world. This Yajna is not only for the benefit of India, but to all the countries in the world. There may be difference in the languages spoken in different countries. But, there is no difference at all in the bhava (feelings). People of many countries – America, Russia, Africa, etc., have participated in this Yajna with a lot of enthusiasm. They are also learning the Veda Mantras. On the 26th of last month, about 80 people from Germany visited Puttaparthi in a special plane. All of them, ladies and gents, chanted the Vedas. They told Me, “Swami! It is only these Mantras that are protecting our country. Hence, we chant these Veda Mantras from dawn to dusk.” There is not even an iota of selfishness in chanting these Mantras. These Mantras are for the entire humanity. They are essential for the well-being of every human being. TheVeda transcends the individual (Vyashti) and concerns itself with the Samashtiswarupa(the collective form). Even Westerners are now printing Vedic texts, with an intention to spread the message of the Vedas to people of all countries. No doubt, it is difficult for the Westerners to chant the Veda Mantras, for, they have difficulty to pronounce various syllables. Some of the Mantras are tongue-twisting. But with sincere effort they are learning to chant these right. Man can achieve anything, if only he has a firm resolve.

Having resolved, what ought to be resolved, hold on to it till you have succeeded. Having desired what ought to be desired, hold on to it till your desire is fulfilled. Having asked what ought to be asked, do not leave the hold till you get it. Having thought what ought to be thought, hold on to it till you have succeeded. The Lord with mellowed heart must yield to your wishes. Persevere, be tenacious, and never give up, for it is the quality of a devotee never to retreat, or relent in his resolve.

(Telugu poem)

This Athi Rudra Maha Yajna has to be performed in several places, in future. This Yajnais everyone’s concern. It is not limited to one country, one religion or one caste. It is performed for the welfare of the whole world. If you continue to perform this Yajna, soon the people of the entire world will become united. Pakistan, Afghanistan, Japan, America and Germany – all countries will be united. You will now find several devotees in America. There are also several Ritwiks there. There are some Muslim devotees also. One lady has written a book about Swami. She presented it to her preceptor living in America. He was moved to tears on reading the book. He prayed that he should also be fortunate like her to write such a book on Swami. That book is now being printed and distributed to all. We must unite the entire world into one. That is “Unity in Diversity”. Look! Even in our country Bharat, there are different regions, languages, etc. The once composite Madras province has split into two – Tamil Nadu and Andhra Pradesh. There have been further divisions in the country. There is a clamour for some more divisions. It is no greatness in dividing the country into small regions by fragmentation. To unite the country into one is a great effort. Where there is unity, there will be purity. Where there is purity, there will be divinity. Hence, we have to strive for unity. There was a Russian boy, an Iranian boy and some Americans in the group who chanted the Vedas, yesterday. You have to realise and develop such unity. If at all, there is some difference of opinion amongst you, remove it forthwith. Be united. All should live and move like brothers and sisters. Then only will you have value and your birth as human beings will be sanctified.

64. Divine Discourse during Karnataka Youth Camp, 27th May 2006

THE YOUTH SHOULD FOLLOW THE PATH

OF SATHYA AND DHARMA

Discourse for Karnataka Youth Camp in Sai Ramesh Krishan Hall, Brindavan (Whitefield)

All names and forms are the manifestations of the Supreme Being who is the embodiment of peace and auspiciousness. He is Existence, Knowledge, Bliss Absolute and non-dual. He is Sathyam, Sivam, Sundaram (Truth, Goodness, Beauty).

(Sanskrit Verse)

There are four entities: Vyashti, Samashti, Srishti and Parameshti (individual, society, creation and Creator). Srishti emerges from Parameshti. Samashti is a part of Srishti and Vyashti, a part of Samashti.

The Basis of Creation

Being its part, the individual should serve society. In fact, service to society is the most important duty of man. It can endow him with divine power. Service to society is, in reality, service to Divinity. For whose sake is the existence of man? It is for the sake of society. Similarly, society has its existence for the sake of creation. This is the basis of the entire creation. The creation is the manifestation of God. Man has a unique position in it. But what is the use if man behaves like animals and birds? Divinity is immanent in every being. The same truth was proclaimed by Lord Krishna in the Bhagavadgita:Mamaivamsho Jivaloke Jivabhuta Sanathana (the eternal Atma in all beings is a part of My Being). Since every being is a part of the Divine, all should be respected, loved and adored. You should not hate anybody and should not create distance between one another. Just as all the parts of the body form one organism, similarly, all beings are like various limbs of God. When there is injury in the leg, it is the eye that sheds tears. The same type of intimate relationship exists between God and all the beings as exists between different limbs of the body. You may ask why man faces troubles and difficulties when he enjoys intimate relationship with God. God is essentially the embodiment of immortality and bliss. He does not cause difficulties and problems for anyone. Some people think that God is the cause of their problems and difficulties, but this is a big mistake. All your troubles are the result of your own actions; they are not given by God.

Everyone has to face the consequences of his actions, whoever he may be.

No one can know what lies ahead for him in future.

But this much is sure that everybody has to reap the consequences of his actions.(Telugu Song)

Our joys and sorrows are the reflection of our own actions; they are not caused by others. To blame others for our sorrows is a big mistake. Everything in this world is reaction, reflection and resound. Every man is his own witness.

Acquire Education that Gives Knowledge of the Self

It is only the youth who are capable of protecting this world. It is the youth and youth alone who can set this world right. No nation can stand without youth. Sometimes, the elders underestimate the capabilities of the youth, thinking that they are inexperienced and young. But the youth are endowed with immense power. If they take a firm resolve, they are capable of achieving anything. If they realise their power, they can emancipate the nation. This does not need any education. What is education? Education means Vidya which connotes the knowledge of the Self. This is the foundation of all education. Today students are acquiring only bookish knowledge. Does a man become educated just by acquiring a college degree? Can a person who lacks wisdom and does not perform righteous actions be called educated? Education which does not confer wisdom is no education at all; it is only worldly and bookish knowledge. Modern youth are hankering after this type of education. They go to foreign countries like Germany, Japan and America to pursue this type of education. The education that is not there in Bharat is not available anywhere else (loud applause). Yanna Bharate, Thanna Bharata (what is not there in Bharat cannot be found anywhere else). Some people have a mistaken notion that those who are educated abroad are great. In fact, many of them come back after acquiring evil qualities, evil thoughts and evil habits.

In Bharat, the students acquire sacred education; it begins with the thoughts of God. Even an illiterate driver in Bharat salutes the steering wheel before starting the vehicle. Similarly, a musician offers salutations to the musical instrument before playing on it. In fact, all type of learning in Bharat begins with the name of God and prayer to Him and every activity is done as an offering to God without any artificiality and ostentation. People educated abroad come back with big degrees. What is that degree? It is only a piece of paper. They do not understand the essence of education. The students of Bharat have a pure and sacred heart. I feel blissful when I see Indian students. One can see the goodness of education reflected on their faces. The Bharatiyas are not inferior in any way; they are endowed with immense sacredness. Every individual in Bharat is imbued with divine feelings. Forgetting this type of sacred education, people these days are running after worldly and materialistic education. Today there is an influx of gadgets like calculators and computers. They are mere Yantras (machines). These Yantras do not stand any comparison with Mantra (incantation). The real Mantra is the name of God which gives immense bliss. The Bharatiyas are not able to understand this truth because of their delusion. But their heart is very sacred.

Bharat is the Land of Sacrifice

People today are ruining themselves by craving for worldly and materialistic possessions. Even those responsible for conducting the affairs of the government are treading the evil path. They want only worldly type of education to be promoted in our country. They talk about science and technology. What is this technology? It is only trick knowledge. They say it is technology, but what they do is ‘tricknology’. Many people in Bharat are indulging in dirty business; they are cheating others and doing injustice to them. No Bharatiya should take to this type of business. Everyone should have divine feelings in his heart. All actions should be done to please God. When you start all your activities with prayer to God, you are sure to be rewarded with bliss. Today if you invite a music artiste to sing devotional songs, he will ask, “How much will you pay?” In this manner, all our activity has become business-oriented. Even food and drink have become a big business. The sacred land of Bharat is Annapurna Kshetra (land of plenty). The tradition of Bharat is to offer food free to every hungry person and water to every thirsty person. This sacred tradition seems to have disappeared these days. By imitating the culture of the West, the Bharatiyas today are casting a blot on the fair name of Bharat. It is the land of great culture. There is hardly any other country which can stand comparison with her so far as the sacredness of the culture is concerned. Having been born in this sacred land of Bharat, we should live like true Bharatiyas. The land of Bharat which is known for Thyaga (sacrifice) is being turned into a land of Bhoga (pleasure) in mad imitation of western culture. That is why Bharat is facing many problems these days. What is needed in this country is not Bhoga but Thyaga.

Imagine the great sacrifice of Sakkubai who renounced everything for the sake of God.Na Karmana Na Prajaya Dhanena Thyagenaike Amrutatthwamanasu (immortality is not attained through action, progeny or wealth; it is attained only by sacrifice). Money is the root cause of many evils. Money makes many wrongs. The first priority of the moneyed people today is to send their children abroad for education. Even elders are encouraging the youth to go to foreign countries for the sake of earning money. Too much money leads man to the path of evil. Money comes and goes, morality comes and grows. So, we have to develop morality. The very foundation of Bharat is based on Sathya and Dharma. This is what we have to propagate. The Bharatiyas should consider adherence to truth as the greatest Dharma. Sathya and Dharma are most important in the life of man. The youth should strictly adhere to them. What is Sathya? It is the harmony of thought, word and deed. Where these three are in harmony, Sathya is present there. People speak something on the platform, they have something else in their mind, and their actions are entirely different from what they speak and think. This is the worst sin.

Service to Society is the Sign of Nobility

Embodiments of Love!

Your very form is love. It is love that protects the whole world. The five elements that constitute the universe are based on love. Only when love combines with the five elements does the universe come into existence. But love is not to be seen anywhere these days. Today there is lack of love even between mother and children. What happened to that love? We are bartering it for money. When money is lost, nothing is lost. Instead of putting our faith in money, we should have more faith in love and should develop love to love relationship with others. When you have this type of relationship based on love, love will develop more and more. Only then will we be able to love everybody.

We should not observe such differences as so and so is mine and so and so is someone else. We should develop the feeling that I belong to all and all belong to me. All are the children of the same mother. Being the children of the same mother, all should live like brothers and sisters. There may be some differences, but they are temporary. They will come and go like passing clouds. The only thing that is permanent and eternal is love. There is nothing great in acquiring education and amassing wealth. There have been many millionaires in this world, but what have they taken with them at the time of leaving this world? The great world conqueror Alexander did not carry anything with him when he left the world.

Even King Harischandra, who strictly followed the path of truth, had to leave this world ultimately leaving behind his vast kingdom and riches. Emperor Nala, who reigned over a great empire, could not take with him anything when he passed away. Did King Mandhata, who adorned the Krita Yuga, carry any wealth with him when he left the earth? Is Lord Rama, who built the bridge across the ocean, present on the earth today?

(Telugu Poem)

You may earn any amount of money, but as long as you are alive you should give joy to others by undertaking acts of charity. Those who have money should look after the poor and sick people. Utilise all your earnings in a proper manner. Consider social service as service to yourself. Those who undertake social service are noble people. On the contrary, those who do not take to the path of service are wicked. When somebody salutes you, you also salute him. Do not consider that since somebody is your enemy you should not salute him. All are friends. Do not bear hatred or enmity towards anyone. Enmity is a wicked quality. Friendship is very important. You and I should become one. That is true Maitri (friendship). All should become united. If you really want to see God, first see Him in everyone. The youth should greet and treat each other with love like brothers and sisters. But these days this type of relationship is not seen between people. They greet each other, saying “hello, hello”, but their heart is hollow without any feelings. Love everybody and develop faith in God. One without Viswasa (faith) is actually without Swasa (breath). Faith in God is our life-breath. If you want to develop faith in God, develop love. If you do not have love, you cannot be called a human being.

Humanness Blossoms in a Pure Heart

Embodiments of Love!

Develop love. When we come into this world, it is only love that comes with us. From love comes truth. When love and truth come together, humanness finds its sustenance. The mansion of human life can be built with self-confidence as the foundation, self-satisfaction as pillars and self-sacrifice as roof. Only then can you have self-realisation in life. If you want to have self-satisfaction, you should first have self-confidence. Without self-satisfaction, there can be no happiness in life. How can one who does not have confidence in himself have confidence in others? People doubt anything and everything. Doubt endangers life. A person with doubts will not achieve anything in life. He will not have faith even in his wife and children. Therefore, first and foremost develop faith. We think we are great and highly educated. But what is the use of this education? Even animals like goat and monkeys can learn many things. A monkey can be trained to ride a bicycle. Man is much superior to animals. His conduct should be such that manifests his superiority. It is said, Jantunam Nara Janma Durlabham (out of all living beings, human birth is the rarest). Man should therefore not behave like birds, animals and insects. People distribute sweets when they beget children. What is so great about it? Even a pig can give birth to ten offspring. Give up all wicked qualities and lead an ideal and blissful life. Only then will humanness find fulfilment.

Embodiments of Love!

Face all difficulties with forbearance. Accept all trials and tribulations with love. Accept both pleasure and pain with love. Fill you heart with love and not with the poison of evil qualities. Even poison becomes Prasadam (sacred food) if it is offered to God. When Mira was given a cup of milk mixed with poison, she offered it to Krishna. Krishna accepted the poison and gave her the milk as Prasadam.

(Bhagavan sang the Bhajan, “Prema Mudita Manase Kaho Rama, Rama, Ram …” and continued His Discourse.) Rama, Rama, Rama, in fact, connotes Prema, Prema, Prema. Rama and Prema are one and the same. People adore many deities like Rama, Krishna, Sai, but the divine principle in all of them is the same. Atma has neither a form nor a name. Atma is also referred to as Brahma. Brahma Sathyam Jagan-mithya(Brahman alone is real, the world is unreal). God has no attributes. He does not punish or harm anybody. He is present in your heart in the form of pure and unsullied love. Develop love more and more. That will protect you always. There is no other greater protection than this. There is no weapon more powerful than love. Everything is love. The very word love is suffused with sweetness. Treat each other with love, converse with each other with love, lead a life full of love and enjoy bliss.

(Bhagavan referred to the drama “Ekalavya” which was to be enacted that evening and called upon the youth to follow the path of truth, obey the command of their preceptors and adhere always to righteousness like Ekalavya. With this advice to the youth, Bhagavan concluded His Discourse.)

65. Divine Discourse during Kerala Youth Camp, 21st May 2006

SELFLESS SERVICE TO SOCIETY IS TRUE SADHANA

21st May 2006

Discourse for Kerala Youth Camp in Sai Ramesh Krishan Hall, Brindavan (Whitefield)

All names and forms are the manifestations of the Supreme Being who is the embodiment of peace and auspiciousness. He is Existence, Knowledge, Bliss Absolute and non-dual. He is Sathyam, Sivam, Sundaram (Truth, Goodness, Beauty).

(Sanskrit Verse)

Embodiments of Love!

It makes Me immensely happy to see that you have been experiencing bliss during the last three days. Three days have passed like three minutes (loud applause). Your hearts are full of devotion, bliss and steadfast faith.

Associate yourself only with Good Company

Vyakti (individual) is a part of Samashti (society). Samashti is an aspect of Srishti (creation) which has emerged from Parameshti (God). It is therefore the duty of every individual to undertake sacred and selfless service of society. True society is constituted by such individuals. All actions of man should be devoted to the service of society. All are the members of the same society. Though the individuals are different, they are endowed with the same heart. Ekam Sath Viprah Bahudha Vadanti (truth is one, but the wise refer to it by various names). Ekatma Sarva Bhutantaratma (one Atma dwells in all beings).

This is a blank paper. If you pack vegetables in it, it will acquire the smell of vegetables. If you pack fruits like plantain in it, it will acquire the smell of plantain. If you pack dry fish in it, it will emit the smell of dry fish. The paper has no smell of its own; it absorbs the smell of the substance that you pack in it. Man by nature is pure and sacred. But he acquires evil qualities by associating himself with bad company. Tell me your company, I shall tell you what you are. If you tell what type of people you are associated with, I can tell you the type of person you are. It is therefore necessary that you associate yourself with good people in all your activities. It is the company that makes you good or bad. Therefore, keep away from bad company. Join the company of those who have a pure heart and sacred feelings. Man is a part of society. The evils that are present in society are the result of evils of individuals who constitute it. Similarly, the evils of society affect the individual. The entire creation is divine. All are essentially sacred. One’s behaviour may, however, undergo change due to the impact of the environment.

Differences in Society are Created by Man

Man is endowed with Pancha Pranas (five life-breaths), Panchendriyas (five senses) and Panchabhutas (five elements). The five elements are present in man in the form of the senses of Sabda (sound), Sparsha (touch), Rupa (form), Rasa (taste) and Gandha (smell). We will have the type of experience according to the type of path we follow. Therefore, we should associate with good people, earn a good name and lead a good life. Fill your heart with pure and divine feelings. These are the qualities that Buddha was endowed with. Buddha declared: Dharmam Saranam Gachchhami (I take refuge in righteousness), Sathyam Saranam Gachchhami (I take refuge in truth). All our endeavours should be based on Sathya and Dharma. Even if you come across bad people, see only good in them. The same God is the indweller of all beings. People attribute many names to God like Allah, Jesus, Rama, Krishna, etc., but God is one. Do not observe any difference between the different names of God. There are many sweets like Laddu, Jilebi, Mysore Pak, but they have the same essential ingredient of sugar in them. Names and forms may vary, but the Atma is the same in all. Rama and Krishna were not born with these names; they were given these names by their parents. God does not come down with any particular name. Nirgunam, Niranjanam, Sanathana Niketanam, Nitya, Shuddha, Buddha, Mukta, Nirmala Swarupinam (God is attributeless, pure, final abode, eternal, unsullied, enlightened, free and embodiment of sacredness). It is the people who attribute names and forms to God and develop differences on that basis extolling one form and condemning the other.

Do not be carried away by names and forms. Rely on the principle of the Atma which is formless. The Atma is the embodiment of bliss. Nityanandam, Parama Sukhadam, Kevalam Jnanamurtim, Dwandwateetam, Gagana Sadrisham, Tattwamasyadi Lakshyam, Ekam, Nityam, Vimalam, Achalam, Sarvadhee Sakshibhutam, Bhavateetam, Trigunarahitam (The Atma is the embodiment of eternal bliss, wisdom absolute, beyond the pair of opposites, expansive and pervasive like the sky, the goal indicated by the Mahavakya Tattwamasi, one without a second, eternal, pure, unchanging, witness of all functions of the intellect, beyond all mental conditions and the three attributes of Sattwa, Rajas and Tamas.) Differences arise when we attribute different names to the Atma. These differences are created by you, not by God. God is the embodiment of love and truth. Truth is God. Love is God. Live in Love. Fill your heart with love and lead a life of love. Love everyone because God is present in all in the form of love. There is no one in this world without love. Love may appear to have many forms, but in reality it is only one.

Fill all your Actions with Love

Embodiments of Love!

Whomsoever you see, consider him as the embodiment of Atmic principle. Do not be carried away by what others say. Whatever people may say about you, consider that it is good for you. When you develop your thinking like that, everything will become good for you. Even if someone criticises you, do not be afraid of it. Face it with courage. Fill your heart with courage. Walk on the path of truth and love with courage. Love is most sacred. It is the form of God. If you hate love, it is equivalent to hating God. There is no other name of God except love.

Embodiments of Love!

In the last three days, the songs you sang and the activities you performed gave bliss to one and all (loud applause). You have waited for this opportunity for a long time and today your aspirations have found fulfilment. Your love and your Sadhana will never go waste. Love remains as love and truth remains as truth. Whatever activity you undertake, fill it with love. When you give food to a beggar, do it with love. Do not entertain disgust, anger or hatred towards anyone. If you perform all your actions with love, that is true devotion. Some people do Japa, chanting Ram, Ram, Ram. As they turn the beads of the rosary, their mind also roams everywhere. That is no Japa. The name of Rama should fill your heart with delight. You will be able to visualise the divine form of Rama when you chant His name wholeheartedly with closed eyes. Prema Mudita Manase Kaho Rama Rama Ram (Chant the name of Rama with heart full of love). The name of God should be imprinted on your heart.

God is the embodiment of love and beyond all attributes. It is only your imagination that assigns attributes to God. Desire, anger, hatred, greed, jealousy and pride are your own creation; they have not come from God. God always blesses you with love. You look at an object and want to possess it. That is due to your covetousness. God has nothing to do with it. God is absolutely desireless. Some people even try to hoodwink God by superimposing their desires on Him. They accuse God by attributing to Him what is not there in Him. In spite of that, God always loves you. Attain the love of God through love. Similarly, attain truth through truth. When you lead your life in such a manner, that is true Sadhana. Going to a forest and sitting in solitude is not true Sadhana. Live in society and serve it selflessly, thinking that you are serving God. When you serve somebody in distress, consider that you are serving God Himself. There is no place where God is not there. Everything is pervaded by divinity. There is divinity in this cloth, microphone and, in fact, in everything in this world. From the worldly point of view, you may call this a cloth, but when you develop divine vision, you will see God in everything. The cloth is made of threads and threads come from cotton. Without cotton, there can be no threads and without threads there can be no cloth. Just as cotton is the fundamental basis of cloth, God is the fundamental basis of this world. There is no place in this world where God is not there. Wherever you look, He is there.

Recognise your True Identity

Embodiments of Love!

You are all embodiments of love; you are all embodiments of divinity. Do not go anywhere in search of God. When you close your eyes and enquire, you will see God in yourself. People undertake many kinds of spiritual practices. All these spiritual practices lead to the same goal. As all the rivers ultimately merge in the ocean, the prayers of all will reach God. Do not consider yourself merely a human being. You are the embodiment of love. When you ask someone his / her name, he / she may say Ramaiah or Lakshmamma. They are not born with these names; they are given these names by their parents. All other names keep changing. There is only one name that does not change and that is ‘I’. When somebody asks you, “Who are you?”, you should say with conviction, “I am I”. You have no other name or form except this. You should develop this spirit of oneness. Do not identify yourself with the name given to your body. Your real name is ‘I’, ‘I’, ‘I’. ‘I’ is the ultimate reality which remains with you for ever. So long as you have the body, people may call you by your name. When the body is gone, what happens to the name? In fact, you are not one person; you are three: the one you think you are, the one others think you are, the one you really are.

Embodiments of Love!

You are all filled with love, devotion and truth. Therefore, you are all embodiments of God. Never forget love. Imprint it on your heart and assimilate it. Do not feel bad that Swami did not speak to you during the last three days. Swami was always ready to speak to you. But the organisers did not provide any opportunity for Swami to speak. Otherwise, I would have spoken to you on all these three days at length (loud applause). I am happy to receive the love of all of you. It is your good fortune that you are the recipients of My love. The bond of love is the only relationship between you and Swami. All are born in love, are sustained by love and live in love. Never forget love; imprint it on your heart.

(Bhagavan sang the Bhajan, “Prema Mudita Manase Kaho Rama Rama Ram …” and continued the Discourse.)

It is out of love for you that I have given this Discourse and sang the Bhajan. Your love is reflected in Me and My love is reflected in you. I accept your love and shower My love on all of you. Love is most important for all. Love is the binding force between all of us. Without love there can be no relationship, not even between mother and child. The love that exists between you and Swami is greater than even the love that exists between a mother and her children. Swami wishes you a happy and blissful life.

66. Divine Discourse on Buddha Purnima, 13th May 2006

ATTAIN ENLIGHTENMENT BY RENOUNCING DESIRES

13th May 2006

Buddha Purnima Discourse in Sai Ramesh Krishan Hall, Brindavan (Whitefield)

All the names and forms are but the manifestations of the Supreme Being who is Existence Knowledge Bliss Absolute and non dual. He is the embodiment of Sathyam, Sivam, Sundaram (Truth, Goodness, Beauty).

(Sanskrit Verse)

Embodiments of Love!

On this sacred day of Buddha Purnima, we talk about Buddha and Purnima (full moon). But we seldom enquire into Buddha’s teachings, his virtues and the exemplary way in which he led his life.

King Suddhodhana and his wife Mayadevi performed many spiritual austerities such as Japa, Tapa, Vratas and Yajnas for years together with an aspiration to have a son. They also consulted many astrologers. Suddhodhana had no peace of mind as the worry of not having an heir to the throne haunted him day and night. At last their prayers were answered when Mayadevi gave birth to a son at Lumbini. Unfortunately, Mayadevi died soon after giving birth to her son who was named Siddhartha. Gautami, the second wife of Suddhodhana, brought up the child with loving care like her own son. That is the reason he was also called Gautam. The astrologers predicted that Siddhartha would not rule the kingdom; he would leave the kingdom and become a renunciant. The prediction of astrologers was always ringing in the ears of Suddhodhana and caused him anxiety as he watched his son grow. He took all precautions to see that his son did not step out of the palace and get into the company of others lest he should be influenced by them. Thus, he protected his son from the influence of others for twenty long years.

Siddhartha’s Yearning for Ultimate Truth

One day, the parents of a girl came to Suddhodhana and expressed their wish to give their daughter in marriage to his son Siddhartha. The name of the girl was Yashodhara. Suddhodhana accepted their proposal and performed the marriage of Siddhartha with Yashodhara. Owing to their loving insistence, Siddhartha continued to stay with his parents in the palace even after the marriage. One year after the marriage, he begot a son who was named Rahul. Both the husband and wife spent their time happily with their son.

In spite of all the comforts of the palace and happy married life, Gautam’s mind became restless when he saw people afflicted with old age, disease and death after he ventured out of the palace one day. One night, there was a sudden transformation in his mind. As his wife was fast asleep, he got up at midnight, caressed his son and left for the forest. He had to undergo numerous hardships and difficulties in the forest. But he faced all ordeals with forbearance and determination. His parents were immersed in sorrow, unable to bear the pangs of separation from their son. Though Siddhartha was also undergoing a lot of anguish, he marched on his path of attaining self-realisation.

instantaneously. Till the last moment of his earthly sojourn, Buddha had the talisman around his neck. When he shed his mortal coil, the talisman disappeared. During the course of his journey, he once met a holy man. The holy man told him that the cause of his anguish was actually within him, and it was his anguish that was coming in the way of his self-realisation. So saying, he gave him a talisman for protection and asked him to wear it around his neck. (At this point of time, Bhagavan materialised that talisman and showed it to the congregation amidst a thunderous applause). This was the talisman given by the sage to Siddhartha. When Siddhartha put it around his neck, all his anguish disappeared

Siddhartha started doing intense penance which went on for a long time. He kept questioning himself, “Who am I? Am I the body? Am I the mind? Am I the Buddhi (intellect)? Am I the Chitta (mind-stuff)?” He came to the conclusion that he was none of these. Ultimately, he experienced the truth, “I am I”.

Recognise the Unity of all Creation

The Vedas declare, Aham Brahmasmi (I am Brahman) and Tattwamasi (That Thou Art). Even these two Vedic declarations state two things: I and Brahman, That and Thou. True wisdom lies in seeing oneness. Advaita Darshanam Jnanam (experience of non-dualism is true wisdom). It is a sign of ignorance to see duality ignoring the underlying unity. Duality is not the truth. In this manner, Buddha enquired deeply and ultimately got the experience of “I am I”. That is true realisation. You may do penance for many years, you may do meditation and perform many yogic practices. But all these spiritual practices give only temporary satisfaction, not everlasting bliss. Some people talk about meditation. Even Buddha advocated the practice of meditation. What is that you have to meditate upon? What is meant by meditation? Does it mean concentrating upon a particular object? No, no. That is not meditation at all. To contemplate upon the principle of “I am I” is true meditation. No other Sadhana (spiritual practice) can match this.

So long as you have the dualistic feeling of ‘you and I’, you cannot experience unity. Buddha recognised the principle of unity and based his life on this truth. Under the direction of many yogis, he had performed various kinds of meditation and penance, but ultimately he found them to be a mere waste of time as none of these could lead him to the ultimate experience of oneness. He regretted having wasted his time in such a manner. One should find fulfiment in life by making proper use of time. This is the primary duty of man.

Embodiments of Love!

Many people perform different types of spiritual practices such as Japa and Dhyana without recognising the principle of unity. The tongue utters the name of Rama but there is void in the heart. This is just waste of time. Instead of wasting your time in such a manner, undertake social service, seeing God in everyone. That is true spiritual practice. Recognise the innate divinity of all beings.

In creation, there appear to be two entities, you and I. But you and I are in reality one. Vyashti (individual) is a part of Samashti (society), and Samashti is a part of Srishti (creation) which emerges from Parameshti (God). This Parameshti is Parabrahma Tattwa (principle of Brahman). That is the fundamental basis of the entire creation. In this way, you have to recognise the unity of all creation. Only then can you attain Parameshti or the principle of Brahman. Everyone has to repeatedly remind himself, “I am Parameshti, I am Parameshti.” All are the embodiments of the Atma and all are sustained by the Atma. Buddha experienced the unity of all creation. There was total transformation in him once he attained the vision of Ekatma (oneness of the Atma). He realised that all worldly relations like mother, father, wife, children were false. He transcended body consciousness. That is why he earned the appellation Buddha (enlightened one). Man should use his Buddhi (intelligence) to understand this principle of unity. Buddhi is of two types. The Buddhi that sees diversity in unity is worldly intelligence. Man should develop Adhyatmic Buddhi (spiritual intelligence) in order to realise the underlying unity of all creation. It gives you the experience of the Atmic principle which is the same in the entire creation. Buddha attained the vision of the Atma. After this experience, he went on teaching that there existed only one divine principle in the world.

Buddham Saranam Gachchhami,

Sangham Saranam Gachchhami,

Dhammam Saranam Gachchhami.

Buddha taught that the principle of unity of the Atma was the only true principle in the world. One who realised it by using his spiritual intelligence was true Buddha, he said. Other than the Atma nothing existed in this world.

In this transient and ephemeral world, there is one thing that is true and eternal. That is divinity. That is what everyone should aspire to attain. Sathyam Saranam Gachchhami(I take refuge in truth). Ekam Saranam Gachchhami (I take refuge in the principle of oneness). Everything is the manifestation of divinity in this world; there is no second entity other than divinity. It is the divine principle that governs the entire world. Having realised this truth, Buddha, along with his disciples, went from village to village to propagate it. He never felt the need to take rest. He thought that it was his duty to share this supreme knowledge with his fellowmen. Even his father Suddhodhana came to him. He also recognised this truth and was transformed. What did Buddha teach? Buddha taught that everyone was endowed with the same principle of divinity. Ekam Sath Viprah Bahudha Vadanti (truth is one, but the wise refer to it by various names). The same message was conveyed by Lord Krishna in the Bhagavadgita when He said that all beings were His own reflection, and no one was different from Him. Buddha had to undergo great hardships to realise this truth. Many noble souls who were the contemporaries of Buddha acknowledged the greatness of Buddha. They said that Buddha had experienced the truth which they were unable to realise. As he gave up all desires, Buddha became an epitome of total renunciation. There was nothing in him except love. He considered love as his very life-breath. Bereft of love, the world would turn into a void.

Try to Understand the Profundity of Buddha’s Teachings

When you offer your salutations to someone, understand that you are saluting your own self. That someone is none other than your own reflection. See others just as you see your own reflection in the mirror. This is the message conveyed by the Mahavakya (profound statement), Aham Brahmasmi. Names and forms may be different, but all beings are part and parcel of the same divine principle. You may call this a handkerchief. You may call this a robe. But both are made out of cotton. Likewise, divinity is the underlying principle in the apparent multiplicity of this world. Many so-called scholars are preaching only multiplicity today. They claim to have mastered the scriptures and try to interpret them in their own way with their limited knowledge. Their interpretations do not correspond to the reality. They only add to confusion.

Buddha taught that we should not have anger, we should not find others’ faults, we should not harm others, because all are the embodiments of pure, eternal principle of the Atma. Have compassion towards the poor and help them to the extent possible. You think those who do not have food to eat are poor people. You cannot call someone poor just because he does not have money or food to eat. Truly speaking, nobody is poor. All are rich, not poor. Those whom you consider as poor may not have money, but all are endowed with the wealth of Hridaya (heart). Understand and respect this underlying principle of unity and divinity in all and experience bliss. Do not have such narrow considerations as so and so is your friend, so and so is your enemy, so and so is your relation, etc. All are one, be alike to everyone. That is your primary duty. This is the most important teaching of Buddha. But people do not enquire into the teachings of Buddha and do not understand the sacredness of his heart. They only talk about his story. Truly speaking, Buddha is not just one individual. All of you are Buddhas. You will see unity everywhere once you understand this truth. There is unity in the apparent multiplicity. When you are surrounded by many mirrors, you see a number of your reflections. Reflections are many but the person is one. Reactions, reflections, and resounds are many but the reality is one. When I am speaking here, My voice is heard through each and every loudspeaker in this hall. In the same manner, there exists the principle of unity in our hearts which we have to recognise. Man’s life finds fulfilment only when his mind experiences the principle of unity. There is no point in bringing about unity among people without uniting their minds. Manah Eva Manushyanam Karanam Bandhamokshayo (mind is the cause for bondage and liberation of man). You see someone and say he is a bad person; you see another person and call him good. But, in reality, good and bad are present in your mind and not in the people around you. You call this handkerchief white and this microphone black. The difference in colour is perceived by your eyes, but essentially black and white are one and the same. Everyone should make efforts to visualise unity in diversity. Only then can one experience divinity.

The principles taught by Buddha have profound significance, but people are not trying to understand them. You might have observed that Buddha had curly hair on his head. One lock of hair was entwined with the other. There is an underlying message of unity in this. He had only one feeling in his heart, the feeling of love. He taught, Dharmam Saranam Gachchhami (I take refuge in righteousness), Premam Saranam Gachchhami(I take refuge in love). Bereft of love, humanness has no existence. We should love all, irrespective of the fact whether one is a pauper or a rich man. Money should not be the criterion to share your love with your fellowmen. Money is not important. Money comes and goes, morality comes and grows. Do not hurt others. Help Ever, Hurt Never. Only then can you attain the state of Buddha. There is little use in giving lengthy lectures if you do not realise the principle of unity in divinity. You may call God by any name such as Rama, Krishna, Buddha, Sai, etc., but all of them embody the same divine principle. Keep the flower of oneness in the altar of your heart and let its fragrance spread everywhere. Spiritual practices such as Japa and Tapa will not yield the desired result unless you recognise the principle of unity. Many people count the beads of the rosary. But, what is the use of rotating the rosary if the mind also keeps going round the world? Understand that the mind is most important. You should have a steady mind. Only then will your life be redeemed. What is the use if your mind hovers around on each and every object like flies which hover on dirt as well as Laddus?

Do not allow your mind to vacillate between good and bad, unity and multiplicity. Focus it on all that is good and realise the principle of unity. That is the royal road which will lead you to the experience of truth. On the other hand, if you allow your mind to follow the crooked path, it will not lead you anywhere.

Embodiments of Love!

The same divine principle of love is present in all of you. When you take to the path of love, you will become Buddha yourself. Today is Buddha Purnima. Purnima means full moon. The underlying message of Buddha Purnima is that the mind should shine with total purity like full moon. It should unite with its source, i.e., the Atma which is pure and effulgent. There is no darkness on the full moon night. On this auspicious day of Buddha Purnima, we should attain full purity of the mind.

Poornamada Poornamidam,

Poornat Poornamudachyate,

PoornasyaPoornamadaya, Poornamevavashishyate.

(That is full, this is full. When the full is taken out of the full, what remains is again the full.) We have to recognise this truth.

Embodiments of Love!

It gives Me great joy to see that all of you have gathered here today. You are united with each other with the bond of love. Love is only one; it is not different in you, Me and others. You have unified your love with that of Swami. Love is one. Live in love.

(Bhagavan concluded His Discourse with the Bhajan, Prema Mudita Manase Kaho …)

67. Divine Discourse on Easwaramma Day, 6th May 2006

68. Divine Discourse on 2nd May 2006

DO NOT BURDEN YOURSELF WITH LIMITLESS DESIRES

2nd MAY 2006

Sai Ramesh Krishan Hall, Brindavan (Whitefield)

Sathya, Dharma, Santhi, Prema are the pillars of Sanathana Dharma. Without imbibing these values, the acquisition of all education, performance of all acts of charity and undertaking of all spiritual practices is of little worth. What else is to be conveyed to this assembly of noble souls? (Telugu Poem)

Embodiments of Love!

What is the meaning of Avatar (incarnation of God)? It connotes the combination of Divine Consciousness with human consciousness. Man is the combination of body, mind, intellect and consciousness. God, who is the embodiment of love, assumes human form to establish identity with man so as to bring about transformation in him through love. God descends on earth and involves Himself in the affairs of the world to teach and guide man and to put him on the right path. Here is a small example.

Do not Superimpose Human Qualities on Avatars

Once the Gopikas approached Yashoda and complained to her, “Mother! Krishna came to our house and broke our pots of curd and milk.” Some other Gopikas came and complained to Yashoda that Krishna entered their house at midnight and tied the plaits of one Gopika with the other. When Yashoda chided Krishna for these mischievous acts, Krishna said to His mother, “Mother! You know that I was sleeping by your side all through the night. Then you only tell how I could go to their houses at midnight.” Yashoda realised that what Krishna said was true. Obviously, the Gopikas were telling lies, she thought. There is a difference between human consciousness and divine consciousness. If the divine pranks of child Krishna were to be analysed from the spiritual angle, the earthen pots represent the human body. Hence, breaking of the pots denotes denouncing Dehabhranti (delusion caused by body attachment). Not realising this deeper meaning behind the seemingly childish pranks of Krishna, the Gopikas complained against Him to Yashoda.

Later, the Gopikas realised the true nature of Krishna and prayed to Him, “Oh! Krishna! You are the embodiment of bliss, free from Trigunas (Sattwa, Rajas and Tamas) and duality and beyond the ken of human mind. It was our mistake to superimpose human qualities on You. Whatever complaints we made against You to Your mother were caused by our ignorance. Oh Swami! Kindly pardon us and take us into Your fold.” Krishna then pardoned all of them and explained to them the principle of oneness, saying, “You are not different from Me. You and I are one.” Thus, when we develop faith in the principle of oneness, our lives will be sanctified.

Man is endowed with the body and the mind, both of which breed Kama and Krodha (desire and anger). But God has neither desire nor anger. God does not have even an iota of worldly desires or aspirations. Whatever God does, whatever He sees and says is all for the good of the devotees, and not for Himself. When God incarnates on earth in human form, He behaves like a human being only. He may make somebody cry, make some other laugh and indulge in playful pranks with yet another. Seeing all these seemingly human acts, people are deluded to treat the Avatar as an ordinary human being. In fact, what could be the reason for God to descend on the earth with a human form? It is only to set an ideal for man and lead him on the path of righteousness.

Unity and Equality are the Hallmarks of Human Society

When someone asks your name, the usual reply would be: “My name is Ranganna or Somanna”, etc. But, these names are given to you by your parents. They are not your true names. In fact, when someone asks your name, you should reply, “I am I”. This is your true name. This ‘I’ is present in every individual. That is the Atma Tattwa (principle of the Self). Excepting this, all other names are only imaginary. This implies that God is immanent in every human being, nay, every living being. All are the embodiments of God. Ekoham Bahusyam (the One willed to become many). It is the One that has assumed all forms. Aham Brahmasmi (I am Brahman). This should be the realisation of each individual. This realisation is the basis of the unity of Vyashti (individual), Samashti (society), Srishti (creation) and Parameshti (God). Without Srishti, there can be no Samashti, and without Samashti, there can be no Vyashti. But who is Vyashti? He is the embodiment of divinity which is present in all. Therefore, society, which is the conglomeration of individuals, is the collective form of divinity. Hence, all are equal in society. No distinction can be made as high or low. Whomever you ridicule, it amounts to ridiculing yourself. It is only your reflection that you see in him. It is only the resound that you hear. One has to realise this truth and develop the feeling of oneness. The names Rama and Krishna were given to the Avatars by their parents. When God incarnated in the past, He did not proclaim that He was Rama or Krishna. These names were given to the Avatars after their incarnation and not before. Names and forms are merely the marks of distinction of individuals in society.

You need not search for God anywhere. When someone asks you, “Where is God?”, you should say with confidence, “I am God.” People build temples and buildings with brick and mortar and install idols of God in them. In fact, God is firmly installed in the hearts of all human beings, nay, all living beings. It is only to explain this truth that Lord Krishna in the Bhagavadgita declared, Mamaivamsho Jivaloke Jivabhuta Sanathana(the eternal Atma in all beings is a part of My Being). It is possible to realise this truth by adhering to the five human values of Sathya (truth), Dharma (righteousness), Santhi (peace), Prema (love) and Ahimsa (non-violence). Where are these human values? They are not outside. All of them are within you only. It is most unfortunate that you search them outside, while they are very much within you. As long as you search for the reflections outside, you will not be able to recognise the object within. Divinity is immanent in you. Hence, you should consider yourself divine and proclaim, “I am God”. Then, you will not have any fear or anxiety or delusion. So long as you do not realise your divinity within, you cannot get rid of body attachment.

There is no need to go on pilgrimages to search for God. God is present everywhere.Sarvatah Panipadam Tat Sarvathokshi Siromukham, Sarvatah Sruthimalloke Sarvamavruthya Tishthati (with hands, feet, eyes, head, mouth and ears pervading everything, God permeates the entire universe). Wherever you see, God is present there. There is no place where God is not present. There is no form which does not belong to Him. Man searches for God, thinking that He is at some distant place. But God is in front of you, behind you, beside you. All are the embodiments of God. However, you do not consider the people around you as embodiments of divinity. You look at their form and consider them as mere human beings. Forget the form. Be firmly established in the feeling that wherever you see it is God only. It is only He who provides everything for our sustenance. Hence, whatever work you undertake, consider it as God’s work and dedicate it to Him. If you perform your actions as an offering to God, they will turn out to be pure and sacred. God is not somewhere in a distant corner. You are God. You are society. You are the world. You are the sky. You are the earth. You are the stars. You are everything. Hence, develop the feeling, “I am everything.” You see duality in the world since you go by names and forms. If you see beyond names and forms, you will find unity everywhere.

Consciousness pervades everything. As long as there is consciousness in the body, it is nourished and protected. When consciousness leaves the body, it loses all its worth. consciousness. All of you are the embodiments of the Atma. Being the embodiments of the Atma, why should you search for the Atma elsewhere? What is the meaning of Atma? The Atma denotes

Develop Purity and Goodness

Supposing a boy and a girl decide to marry. After the marriage, the girl refers to him as her husband. Similarly, the boy refers to her as his wife. But, for how long? Only for some specific period, i.e., as long as they live together. Later, if either of them dies, one will not have any relationship with the other. Who is the husband and who is the wife? All these relationships are imaginary and transitory. Similar is the relationship between the mother and the son. The son addresses her as mother for a number of years. But when she leaves her mortal coil, the son wails over the dead body of his mother, saying “Oh! Mother! You have left me!” In fact, where has his mother gone? The physical body which he referred to as mother all these years is very much in front of him. If the physical body were to be really his mother, he could have as well kept it in his house; is it not? But, will he do so? Not at all! He takes the body to the cremation ground and cremates it. Hence, all these bodily relationships are only illusory and not real. These are like passing clouds. Only the Atma is eternal. Whatever may happen to the physical body, the Atma does not undergo any change.

All are the embodiments of God. Since we are deluded to think that God is separate from us, we undertake various spiritual practices to attain God. We think that Sravanam(listening), Kirtanam (singing), Vishnusmaranam (contemplating on Vishnu),Padasevanam (serving His Lotus Feet), Vandanam (salutation), Archanam (worship),Dasyam (servitude), Sneham (friendship), Atmanivedanam (self-surrender) are the Sadhanas we are required to perform. But, what is Sadhana? Sadhana = Sa + Dhana. The letter ‘Sa’ in the word Sadhana implies Salokya (perception of the Divine), Sameepya (proximity to the Divine), Sarupya (identification with the Divine) and Sayujya (merger in the Divine). This is the Dhana (wealth) man has to acquire and treasure. But, man today is craving for Dhana (money) forgetting this ‘Sa’ consisting of Salokya, Sameepya, Sarupya and Sayujya. Every activity in the world today is centred around Dhana. Supposing you request someone to sing a song or do some work for you, he will immediately start bargaining the amount you will pay for his services. Every activity of man has become business today, so much so that business has entered the field of spirituality also. There is no necessity to purchase God with money which, of course, you cannot. In fact, you yourself are God. You yourself are the divine principle. You are endowed with immense divine power. But you have to keep your mind steady. Let it not jump from one thought to another. If you write correct answers in your examination, you will get correct marks. If you have a good mind, everything will turn out to be good. But if there are bad thoughts in your mind, the result will also be bad. First and foremost, understand the nature of your mind. You can understand the secret of human life only when you understand your own mind. Be Good, Do Good, See Good. Then everything will become good in your life. Be always good and tread the right path. Do not follow the wrong path by imitating others. Follow your conscience. If your heart is pure, everything will become pure and sacred.

Keep your Desires under Control

Embodiments of Divine Atma!

There is a limit for everything in this world. There is nothing without limit. In fact, the world is a ‘limited company’. What will happen to the limited company if it crosses its limits? Hence, everyone should conduct himself within his limits. When a doctor prescribes a particular medicine to a patient, he also indicates the dosage. If the patient takes the medicine without regard to the dosage and exceeds the limit, he may contract another disease. Similarly, God has set a limit for every individual. But modern man has limitless desires. It is necessary that he keeps his desires within limits. He will be put to great danger if he exceeds this limit out of his ego. Whether it is the individual or society or the world, all should observe the prescribed limits.

Man is born with many relations, like father, mother, relatives and friends. All these are created by the world. When he gets married, he has a wife. Later, he has children. Thereafter, he has grandchildren. Thus, his relations go on increasing without any limit. As the relations grow, his desires also grow without limit. Man will be happy if he reduces his desires. Less luggage, more comfort. Reduce your luggage. Develop courage and confidence. These are not the qualities you can borrow from others. You yourself have to develop them with patience and perseverance.

Embodiments of Love!

Sanctify your life by developing sense control. It is only because people have no control over their senses and no limit to their desires that there is a lot of unrest and agitation in society. Such people roam about freely in society like animals. You should not become animals. Whenever some evil thoughts arise in you, you should remind yourself that you are a human being and not an animal. Anger is an animal quality. When animals get angry, they fight with one another. Unfortunately, today human beings are also fighting among themselves like animals. In a way, animals are better than man today. Animals have a reason and a season, but man has no reason, no season. Thus, man today is behaving worse than animals. Being a human being, you should cultivate human qualities. In fact, a human being should not get angry at all! Even if anger overpowers you, you should try to become calm and quiet. Do not lose your cool. When you cultivate calmness, you will never become agitated and restless.

Peace is within you. It cannot be found outside. Outside, there are only pieces. Similarly, happiness is not outside. Many people come to Swami and pray, “Swami, I want peace of mind.” I tell them that they have to search for peace within themselves. I am always full of peace and bliss. What is the reason for loss of peace in man today? His desires are the basic cause of his restlessness. Where there are desires, peace disappears from there. Therefore, reduce the luggage of your desires. Then you will have less burden in life.

Do not Allow Evil Qualities to Enter your Heart

Embodiments of Love!

All of you know that man has to adhere to the path of truth. He should never adopt the path of untruth under any circumstances. Whatever happens in your life, think that it is good for you. Even if someone criticises you, you should think that it is good for you. If you consider everything good, then everything will become good for you. God is not outside, He is within you. Similarly, Sathya, Dharma, Santhi, Prema, Ahimsa are not outside. They are within you. When you get angry, you lose your peace. Therefore, you should always remain peaceful and blissful. Being a human being, you should have human qualities. A true human being is one who is suffused with Sathya, Dharma, Santhi, Prema. When you develop these human qualities, you will enjoy peace at all times. Then you will always have a smile on your face. But when the mind is disturbed, you cannot have peace.

You are not a mere human being. There is divinity immanent in you. Realise this truth. As long as you consider yourself as an ordinary human being, you cannot escape from restlessness. Changes occur in you due to your food and conduct. Sometimes, some bad qualities like anger and jealousy arise in you. But you should not give scope to these evil qualities. Suppose, you build a house and fix doors in it. Simply because you have fixed doors in your house, will you allow all sorts of animals and insects like donkeys, pigs, snakes and scorpions to enter your house? Not at all! Even if they try to enter, you will at once close the door. Similarly, control is the door of your heart. If you close the door of the heart on evil qualities, they cannot enter it. You should not get angry with anyone, nor criticise or harm anyone. If, for any reason, such circumstances arise, control yourself. When anger overtakes you, put it down immediately considering it as your enemy. It is said, anger is your enemy, patience is your shield of protection, happiness is your heaven. Fill your heart with love and compassion. If you have love in your heart, you will see God everywhere. Bereft of love, you will see only devil. When you develop firm faith that God is in you and you are God and that your body itself is the temple of God, then there will be no scope at all for anger, jealousy, pride, etc., to trouble you. Hence, Bangaru! Develop love and compassion.

God is your sole refuge wherever you may be,

In a forest, in the sky, in a city or a village, on the top of a mountain or in the middle of deep sea. (Telugu Poem)

Truth is unchangeable, irrespective of time and place. Wherever you are, truth is truth, love is love! If you have love, truth will automatically become part of you and vice versa. You are all born with love. But unfortunately as you grow up, the love in you gradually starts declining and hatred and jealousy begin to increase. Jealousy is a very bad quality. It will harm not only others, but it will cause harm to you as well. Hence, do not at all give scope for such evil qualities. Strive to cultivate good qualities like love and truth. Then only can you experience uninterrupted peace.

(Bhagavan brought His Discourse to a close with the Bhajan, “Prema Mudita Manase Kaho Rama Rama Ram …”)

69. Divine Discourse on Tamil New Year’s Day and Vishu, 14th April 2006

HAPPINESS IS HOLINESS

14th April 2006

Tamil New Year and Vishu Discourse in Sai Sruthi, Kodaikanal

Lord Krishna made this divine declaration: Mamaivamsho Jivaloke Jivabhuta Sanathana(the eternal Atma in all beings is a part of My Being). Hence, do not feel that you are different from God. God resides in you. In fact, you are God.

Nothing is Permanent in this World

You think, you are a human being because you are endowed with human body, but the Atma that indwells all manifests your divinity. There are thousands of bulbs that have been put up for decoration. Their colour and wattage may differ, but the electric current in all of them is one and the same. Like the current that makes all the bulbs shine, the Atma present in all human beings makes them see, hear and work. But today man is caught in worldly affairs and is ignoring spirituality. If you have spiritual vision, you will know that it is the same God who is present everywhere. Everything from earth to sky is nothing but God. Even this flower, this tumbler, this microphone and the tablecloth that you see here are all aspects of divinity. Divinity pervades each and everything in this universe. But you see differences due to your faulty vision.

Change is the nature of the five elements, and not of God. There are only five elements in this universe; there is no sixth element. Our human form is a combination of the five elements and is sustained by them. Man has relationship with the five elements so long as the body lasts. Once the body perishes, he has nothing to do with even one of them. These elements are present in man in the form of his senses of sound, sight, touch, taste and smell. Our senses are responsible for good and bad, merit and sin. Good and bad are not given by God; they are the consequences of man’s own actions. Sometimes you think that God has given you suffering and sometimes you feel God is responsible for your happiness, but God neither gives happiness nor suffering. This is all man’s illusion. Man suffers due to his own evil qualities like jealousy, hatred, anger and pomposity. Where does anger come from? It comes from within us because of our wrong food and evil thoughts. Desire arises because of your covetous nature. Kama, Krodha, Lobha, Moha, Mada and Matsarya (desire, anger, greed, attachment, pride and jealousy) all arise from us.

Repose your faith in the positive and not in the negative. Everything in this world comes and goes like passing clouds. A boy gets married to a girl. But before marriage, where was the boy and where was the girl? Their relationship developed only after marriage. But even that is not permanent. There is nothing in human life that is permanent. Everything is temporary; it comes and goes. If man wants to become eternal, he has to develop Atma Viswasa (faith in the Self). You may come and go, but I am with you forever. Divinity is changeless. Instead of aspiring for the changeless, man is running after all that is fleeting and temporary. All that we desire in this world is subject to change. Bodies are subject to change. You may see a body today and may not see it tomorrow. There is nothing in this world that is permanent. There is only one entity that is permanent about whom it is said, permanent. You think God has a form. But God is formless. God is positive and man is negative. Negative comes and goes, but positive is Sarvatah Panipadam Tat Sarvathokshi Siromukham, SarvatahSruthimallokeSarvamavruthya Tishthati (with hands, feet, eyes, head, mouth and ears pervading everything, He permeates the entire universe). There is only One that is present always, but during our short life-span we develop many illusions.

Pray to God Desirelessly

We celebrate New Year and feel very happy. In fact it is not new; it is just a change of time. Today is the beginning of Chaitra (a month in Indian calendar). Next month is Vaishakha. In this way, many Chaitras and Vaishakhas have come and gone, but nothing is permanent. Why should we bother about all that is impermanent and passing? A fruit is at first unripe and after some time it becomes fully ripe and ultimately it decays. Similarly, human body is subject to change; it has childhood, youth, old age and ultimately death. So, there is nothing in this world that is permanent. Whatever you see in this world is just temporary and passing. There is only one thing that is permanent and you have to pray for that. But whom are you praying for? You are praying for yourself, not for God. In fact, you are praying to yourself because God is in you. Because of your identification with the body, you think you are a devotee and God is separate from you. There is no difference between the devotee and God. Whatever you see, it is God; wherever you go, God is there; whatever you do, it is for God. God is present even in a particle of dust. When the wind blows, the dust goes up. When there is no wind, the dust comes down. In the same way, when man has desires, he is engulfed in delusion. When he is without desires, his delusion is also subdued. Sometimes, man is peaceful and at another time he is agitated. These states of man are the result of his food, his habits and worldly relationships; they are not caused by God. God has nothing to do with that. God is eternally present and the five elements are also present forever. Even after man dies, the five elements continue to have their existence. The consciousness present in all the five elements in man is responsible for all his body functions.

When a man is newly married, he loves his wife very much. His love is so intense in the beginning that if she is about to put her foot on a thorn, he pulls her away with great concern, saying, “There is a thorn, there is a thorn.” After some time, when the same situation arises, he merely cautions her, “Be careful, there is a thorn.” When more time has elapsed, he will resort to scolding, “Don’t you have eyes? Can’t you see the thorn?” The love that is there in the beginning gives way to anger with the passage of time. Worldly love is subject to change. Even the love between husband and wife and mother and child undergoes changes with the passage of time. Everything is temporary in this world. It is impermanent and it comes and goes. We are happy when we gain something; we are grieved when we lose anything. Loss and gain are the cause of our happiness and sorrow. But profit and loss are only relative terms.

Embodiments of Love!

There are no permanent relationships in this world. So long as the body lasts, the relationships exist. When the body is lost, the relationships are also lost. There is one thing that is permanent in this universe and that is what you have to aspire for. Human life is given to man to know himself and to realise God. People worship God and pray to Him. When their desires are fulfilled, they are very happy. If their desires are not fulfilled, they change even the photo of the deity in their altar. If we worship God only to fulfil our desires, then it is not true worship. Our love and devotion for God should be changeless. It should not change under any circumstances. Love is the very form of God. Love is God. Live in love. Love is present in all. Even the person whom we think as wicked has love for his wife and children. If you have love in your heart, you will find love everywhere. If you love a dog or a cat, they will also reciprocate your love. You will not have fear of even wild animals if you do not harm them. Yad Bhavam Tad Bhavati(as is the feeling, so is the result). Everything depends on our feelings.

Desires are the Cause of Man’s Suffering

All of us should consider our body as only an instrument to discharge our duties. Never think that this body is permanent and you have to accumulate wealth to maintain it. It is merely a waste of time and effort when you try to accumulate worldly possessions. Everything else is temporary except love and truth. Sathyannasti Paro Dharma (There is no Dharma greater than adherence to truth). There are many types of duties that we have to perform with the help of the body. But our foremost duty is to develop love. Where there is love, there is bliss. True relationship exists only when there is love. Where there is no love, bliss cannot exist there, neither can there be true relationship. God is the embodiment of bliss. Nityanandam, Parama Sukhadam, Kevalam Jnanamurtim, Dwandwateetam, Gagana Sadrisham, Tattwamasyadi Lakshyam, Ekam, Nityam, Vimalam, Achalam, Sarvadhee Sakshibhutam, Bhavateetam, Trigunarahitam(God is the embodiment of eternal bliss, He is wisdom absolute, beyond the pair of opposites, expansive and pervasive like the sky, the goal indicated by the MahavakyaTattwamasi, One without a second, eternal, pure, unchanging, witness of all functions of the intellect, beyond all mental conditions and the three attributes of Sattwa, Rajas and Tamas.) Man should develop the divine quality of love and not the worldly relationships.

Suppose a person has delicious dishes and fruits before him which he loves to eat, he will get happiness when he consumes them. If at that very moment he gets the sad news of the tragic death of his son in an accident in the bazaar, he will run to see his son and throw away all the dishes, because his love for his son is more than his love for food. When the food is before him, he thinks that his entire happiness lies in consuming it. Where has the love for food gone now? In a similar way, man develops love for many things in this world. In fact, there is nothing in this world which you should desire for. Desires are the cause of all the suffering of man. Less luggage more comfort. When there is luggage, you cannot escape from trouble. Here luggage refers to worldly relationships and desires. Only when you get rid of worldly bondage can you be happy. There is nothing in this world that you should desire for. If any worldly desire crops up in your mind, give it up at once. Giving up of desires is true renunciation. Less luggage more comfort makes travel a pleasure. You can have real happiness only when you reduce your luggage. There are so many millionaires in this world. But, are they able to live forever? They come and go like passing clouds. You find clouds only in the sky. Without sky, there can be no clouds. So long as you have body consciousness, you will have the clouds of desires.

Everybody has to Leave the World Empty-handed

Embodiments of Love!

You should have body conscious-ness only to discharge your duties. You have to do your duty. Duty is God. You should not develop undue worldly relations. But, you are developing more and more desires and more and more greed. You have to reduce the luggage of your desires. You may accumulate any amount of luggage, but it is not going to be permanent. Alexander, the great emperor, conquered different parts of the world and came to India with a desire to conquer this country. On his return journey, he suffered a grave illness. Sensing that his end had approached, he called all his ministers and generals and told them that he was not going to live any more. He instructed them to take his body to his country after his death. He further told them to expose his hands out of the bier with his palms upwards and carry the funeral procession in all the streets of the city. This was to tell the people of the world that in spite of his great conquests in the world and a great name and fame, Alexander left the world empty-handed. This is true of all of us. Whatever we may accumulate, we have to go empty-handed only. In the ultimate analysis, all the worldly possessions are useless. Then why should we worry about all that is useless? Do your duty making best use of the present; do not unnecessarily worry about what is to come in future.

Many things happen in this world; God is the witness of all that happens. God is always blissful; He has no suffering, no difficulty, no worry. God is not the cause of the difficulties and sufferings of anybody. He has no desires. You may think that God has desires, but in reality He has none. He is Gunateeta (beyond attributes), Trigunarahita (bereft of the three qualities of Sattwa, Rajas and Tamas). You become the victim of delusion as you are bound by these three qualities. If someone dies, people lament over his death for a few days and then they forget. In this manner, nothing is permanent in this world. However, we have to do what we are supposed to do. You wear a shawl when it is cold. As soon as the cold is gone, you remove the shawl. Likewise, you don the vesture of human body and nourish it for performing your worldly duties. Ultimately, you have to give up this body.

Do all Actions to Please God

Embodiments of Love!

You do all kinds of worship, penance and Yajnas, but what is the use of all this? They cannot protect and sustain you if you are bereft of the divine quality of love. It will be just a waste of time and energy. What you have to nourish and develop is love. If you have love, you can conquer anything. Except love, there is nothing that can nourish and sustain you. Develop self-confidence. When you have self-confidence, you will attain self-satisfaction which will lead you to self-sacrifice and ultimately to self-realisation. What is the meaning of self-realisation? It means to realise one’s Self. You keep asking everybody, “Who are you?” But you do not ask yourself, “Who am I?” Am I the body, am I the mind, am I the intellect, am I the Chitta, am I the senses? When you say, ‘my body’, you are different from the body. Body is like a water bubble, mind is like a mad monkey. Do not follow the body, do not follow the mind. Do not think that the body is permanent. But so long as you have the body and mind, you have to use them to perform your duties. If your mind is not sound and steady, none of your endeavours will fructify. Hence, first and foremost control the mind. Who is man? One who is endowed with mind is man. Do not allow your mind to become monkey mind. Understand that you belong to mankind. So, you have to conduct yourself with kindness and compassion.

You are running after all that is false and ephemeral and giving up all that is true and eternal. In Kali Age, everything is becoming business. Wherever people go, whatever they do, they do it with a business motive. Even trivial matters have become business activity. How long can you do this business? It is all useless. Man should learn to give; he should not try to grab all that comes his way. Body is given to man to do good to others. Paropakara Punyaya,Papaya Parapeedanam (one attains merit by serving others and commits sin by hurting them). Do not always accept the service of others; rather, try to serve others to the extent possible. When you serve others, think that you are serving God. Do all actions to please God. All your actions will become meaningful only when you do them with the motive of pleasing God. Never do anything with a selfish motive. Today you are here. Tomorrow you may be somewhere else. Nothing is permanent. Only love is permanent in this world. Fill your life with love. You can love others only when you have love within you. Your innate love is your divinity. If you have love in your heart, nobody will hate you. Others will hate you only when you have selfish desires. Never hate anybody, never feel jealous of anybody and never get angry with anyone.

Embodiments of Love!

You have come all the way from distant places because of your love for Swami. Preserve this love forever and live in the presence of God. Never forget this love which is in you, with you, below you, above you, around you. Do not think that God is separate from you. He is the witness of everything. People go to temples with trays full of flowers and fruits.

Is it possible to limit the One to a temple who pervades the entire cosmos? How can one offer food to the One who has the entire cosmos in His belly? How can one give a bath to the One who is present in all rivers?

(Telugu Poem)

Worry is a Mentally Created Fear

People offer food to God and afterwards consume it themselves! God does not want anything. God has no desires at all. Sometimes, God may act in a way which makes you think that He has desires. But God has no desires at all. He has no bondage either. Whatever He does is for your sake. Whatever He says, does and thinks is for your sake. Pray for the welfare of all. Loka Samasta Sukhino Bhavantu (May all the people of the world be happy!). Do not wish any harm even to your enemy. Love Ever, Hurt Never.Do no do anything that is contradictory to the principle of love. Love is God. Live is Love. Consider love as God. Salute whomever you come across, even if he be your enemy. Love even your enemy. Whomsoever you salute, it will reach God, for God is in all. With these sacred feelings, do not have hatred towards anyone.

All that has to happen will happen. Do not worry about it. Past is past, forget the past. Future is uncertain, do not brood over it. Present is important, live in the present and be happy. Do not worry about past and future. Where is the past? Many people have passed away. Has any of them come back? None. Similarly, we do not know anything about future. Why should we worry about it? You should try to seek happiness in the present. When you have such an attitude, you will never worry about anything in life. What is the shape of worry? It is a mentally created fear. We should never worry. A true devotee will not have any worries. You cannot call yourself a true devotee if you are beset with worries. Hurry, worry, curry are the cause of heart diseases. One should therefore avoid hurry, worry, curry.

All of you are the embodiments of love and divinity. You are Atmaswarupa (embodiment of the Atma). For the sake of identity, you have a name, but in reality, all of you are the embodiments of the Atma. Only the Atma is eternal.

Today marks the beginning of New Year. People of Kerala celebrate it in a traditional way by having the holy vision of Vishukkani in the morning. They have delicious dishes and all merriment. It is a festive occasion for the farmers who bring home the harvested grain. It is, in fact, a holy day for them as they reap the fruit of their hard labour after toiling hard from morning to evening in their fields all the year round. The farmers lead a very hard life. This is the time of their rejoicing as the harvested grain ensures them freedom from all worries and makes them happy and blissful. Happiness is true holiness. True bliss lies in cultivating the principle of love and leading a life of contentment. We should always be contented. When there is no contentment, worries raise their head. All troubles are created by worrying.

Live always in Bliss

Embodiments of Love!

The day you are happy is the holy day. Love is divine. Suffuse your love with the principle of divinity. Keep your heart filled with love forever. Then every day will become a New Year for you. What is New Year? The celebration of New Year does not lie in eating Payasam (sweet rice pudding) and other delicious dishes. The day you are filled with bliss is the New Year. Always live in bliss. If difficulties confront you, drive them away. In fact, suffering and troubles have no real existence. Then why are you worrying? Develop the attitude of detachment. Then you will have no suffering and no worry. Remind yourself, “I am a human being. These difficulties and suffering do not belong to me.” If you develop real body detachment, you will not be affected by any affliction. Physical ailments like stomachache, headache or body pain are natural to the body. Why should you worry about that which is natural? You suffer because you develop too much attachment to the body. However, you have to take care of the body to the extent that you are not dependent on others. You should realise your true nature. Regulate your diet and habits. Since you have too many desires, you have all the problems. If you eat too much, you will have to suffer from indigestion. Hence, control your craving for food. Eat moderately and maintain good health. That is what I advise the children always.

Get up early in the morning at the crowing of the cock,

Have a bath after your morning ablutions,

Wear a proper dress.

Eat properly and moderately.

Go to school and study diligently.

Earn a good name. (Telugu Poem)

Develop good health, cultivate good habits, have good conduct and earn a good name. If you have all these, you will not need anything else in life. Do not run after medicines and doctors for your small problems. If a medicine cures one disease, it will create another. Many doctors have made the medical profession also a business. What are you going to achieve if you lead a life full of worries? Nothing at all! Some doctors may exaggerate even your minor ailments as cancer and ulcer. In such cases, even if you do not have such a disease, worry caused to you by the imaginary disease may lead to it. The more you worry about it, the more would be your suffering. Therefore, do not worry about your small physical problems. If you lead a life of moderation and maintain a healthy lifestyle, you don’t need to be at the mercy of doctors.

Embodiments of Love!

Stop the habit of worrying. Even an intelligent student will not be able to write his examination well, if he becomes nervous in the examination hall due to his doubts, though he may know the answers to the questions. Doubts are the cause of your worry. You have to face all difficulties because of your habit of worrying. You should work hard without worrying for anything. When you lead such a straightforward life, you will not have to run after anybody and beg favours from others. Experience the bliss that is within your heart without making a show of it to others. Have belief in that which ought to be believed. Have love for that which ought to be loved. You have to love only one thing and that is God. Once you have love for God, you will have everything in life. On the one side is the world and on the other, God. You cannot have both simultaneously. It is like riding on two horses which is sure to prove dangerous. Focus your mind only on God and have total faith in Him. Ekam Sath Viprah Bahudha Vadanti (truth is one, but the wise refer to it by various names). You should always think of God, both in pleasure and pain. If you aspire to have happiness and bliss, you should desire only for God. Do not worry too much about your difficulties. If you have love for God, all your difficulties will vanish in a trice. All difficulties are temporary like passing clouds.

Swami loves His students very much. Once it so happened that a student was trying to tie buntings on a door while standing on an iron stool. As he saw Me coming, he felt nervous and fell from the stool. Both the stool and the boy fell on Me and My hip bone was fractured. Doctors advised rest for three to six months. But I told them that I did not need rest even for three minutes. What is this body for? It is for helping others. The body needs balance. There would be difficulty in walking when the balance is lost. But I do not care even for balance. It is temporary and will become all right on its own. I am able to walk with the support of boys. We should not worry about small problems. Do your duty. Then everything will become all right. Develop love.

Embodiments of Love!

Do not forget the principle of love. Love God. It is nothing great if you help someone who has helped you. Greatness lies in helping those who have done harm to you.

(Bhagavan concluded His Discourse with the Bhajan, “Prema Mudita Manase Kaho …”)

70. Divine Discourse on Sri Rama Navami 2006

EXPERIENCE THE SWEETNESS OF RAMA’S NAME

This motherland of Bharat has given birth to many noble souls who attained great name and fame in all the continents of the world. Many sages and seers of Bharat have been sanctifying their time by propagating Rama Tattwa (principle of Rama) since ancient times. The Ramayana belongs to Treta Yuga. Though thousands of years have passed, yet the Ramayana is still being read with reverence in every village and every hamlet.

Do as you say

People, young and old, chant the sacred name of Rama even now with great devotion. They may forget any other name, but not the Rama Nama (name). Be he a millionaire or a pauper, everyone takes refuge in the Divine Name of Rama in times of difficulty. In Bharat, it is hard to find anyone who does not contemplate upon or chant the Name of Rama. Many sages in the past did penance and undertook several kinds of vows to spread the glory of Rama Nama in the world. However, Rama never wished or told anybody to chant His name or contemplate upon it. He, in fact, declared that all are the embodiments of divinity.

The foremost teaching of Rama was that one should follow Sathya. Taking Sathya as its basis, one should sustain and promote Dharma. Dharma (righteousness) is not confined to any particular place or country; it is present in all. It is born out of Sathya (truth). In fact, Dharma cannot exist without Sathya. What is Dharma? Dharayati iti Dharma (that which sustains is Dharma). Some people wrongly limit Dharma to mere feeding of the poor or acts of charity. Dharma should flow from one’s own heart. Then, it should be put into practice. Do as you say. That is man’s foremost duty. There should be perfect harmony between one’s words and actions. On the other hand, if one says one thing and does something contrary to it, it connotes Adharma (unrighteousness). Moreover, one should carefully analyse and weigh the pros and cons before saying something. Manasyekam Vachasyekam, Karmanyekam MahAtmanam (Those whose thoughts, words and deeds are in perfect harmony are noble ones). You say that you are a human being. But, you are entitled to be called a human being only when your thoughts, words and deeds are in harmony. Rama achieved unity of thought, word and deed. In contrast, Ravana’s thoughts, words and deeds were at variance with each other. Manasyanyath Vachasyanyath, Karmanyanyath DurAtmanam (Those who lack harmony of thoughts, words and deeds are wicked).

Nurture and develop your Innate Qualities

There has naturally been a conflict between Sathya (truth) and Asathya (untruth), Dharma (righteouness) and Adharma (unrighteousness). Rama scrupulously followed Sathya, whereas Ravana resorted to Asathya. There is no Dharma greater than adherence to Sathya. Hence, we should adhere to truth even in trivial matters. We should never resort to untruth to escape from a difficult situation.

The creation emerges from truth and merges into truth,

Is there a place in the cosmos where truth does not exist?

Visualise this pure and unsullied truth. (Telugu Poem)

In fact, truth is the foundation of the entire creation. If for any reason this foundation is disturbed, the whole world will collapse. What is the reason for all the trials and tribulations of man today? It is because man has forgotten truth. He is facing humiliation and disrepute because he is indulging in injustice and falsehood. Hence, one should not resort to untruth under any circumstances. One should speak only truth. Sathya is a small term. But it connotes Sath (changeless eternity). Since we try to change this changeless truth, we undergo changes and distortions.

Dear Students!

You are all young. If you follow truth right from this young age, you will surely become an ideal to the entire country. What is truth? God’s word is truth. Hence, when you speak and act with the feeling Sarva Karma Bhagavad Preetyartham (all actions to please God), everything will become truth. Every thought and feeling emanating from man is a reflection of his inner truth. Unfortunately, it gets converted into falsehood by the improper use of the tongue. The tongue is one of the five senses. These senses are the cause of changes in us. They are responsible for the sin or merit that we earn.

The Panchabhutas (five elements) pervade the entire universe, right from the earth to sky. There is no sixth element other than these five elements in the universe. The same five elements are found in every human being in a subtle form. One has to realise this truth and conduct oneself accordingly. Sathya (truth), Dharma (righteousness), Santhi (peace) Prema (love) and Ahimsa (non-violence) that are present within you have to be nurtured and developed. Sathya is the path. Dharma follows it. Prema is the experience. It is only then that Ahimsa manifests. Himsa (violence) is not limited to harming or hurting others; acting contrary to one’s words is also Himsa. There can be no greater Ahimsa than using our tongue in a sacred manner.

Santhi (peace) is not to be found somewhere else. It is very much within us. There are many different qualities present within us. It is for us to make good use of these qualities. You may ask, “Why does not God change our nature?” No, God does not at all interfere; He is a witness of everything. It is not for God to tell you what is good and what is bad. Your own thoughts and feelings tell you what is good and what is bad. When you eat a cucumber, you will get the belch of a cucumber. Hence, what is there in you will be reflected outside. Whatever bad you see in others, it is nothing but the reflection of your own thoughts. Some people are constantly immersed in worldly thoughts. Such people can never be happy. Only those attain the state of bliss whose mind is steady, without any thoughts. Some people consider themselves very intelligent and keep enquiring deeply into their accumulated bookish knowledge. This type of pedantry is like allergy. Once this allergy starts spreading, their energy is sapped. Unfortunately, today, we are developing allergy, not energy. Do not keep deliberating upon whether something is good for you or not. Everything is good. Whatever happens, consider that it is good for you. When you develop such an attitude, everything will turn out to be good for you.

Embodiments of Love!

Love all. Hate none. Do not misunderstand others. Some people develop misunderstanding even about God! It is the worst of sins. Hence, do not entertain such misconceptions. If by any reason such thoughts enter your mind, consider them as your enemies and drive them away. Be loving and cheerful always! It is only love that protects and sustains you. You are yourself the embodiment of love. Where there is love, there hatred cannot enter.

Embodiments of Love!

Human body is a miniature world. It is constituted by Panchabhutas (five elements), Panchendriyas (five senses) and Pancha Pranas (five life-breaths) which, in turn, are born out of truth, are sustained by truth and ultimately merge in truth. Hence, one should follow truth earnestly. Since people distort truth, they lose their purity. The main reason for the impurity of one’s heart is one’s tendency to distort truth. Hence, if one wishes to maintain purity and sacredness of one’s heart, one has to speak truth. If you are wedded to truth, whatever you say will come right. Some people complain, “Swami! Though we are treading the path of truth, untruth still troubles us. What could be the reason for our predicament?” The question can be answered by a simple example. While the pure and crystal clear Ganga (Ganges) flows, some streams and rivulets formed by the rain water join it during its course, thereby polluting the river. However, one has to be careful not to allow any impurities to join the pure and unsullied truth of one’s heart. It is because of the weakness of our senses that various impurities enter our heart and pollute it. These impurities are the Arishadvargas (six inner enemies of man), viz., Kama (desire), Krodha (anger), Lobha (greed), Moha (attachment), Mada (pride) and Matsarya (jealousy). The purity of nectar can be destroyed even by an atom of impurity.

Once a music director composed a song:

I am aware you are like the moon in the distant sky;

Yet my mind tries to grab you;

I don’t know why … (Telugu Song)

In fact, where is the moon? Not in the distant sky. Our mind itself is the moon. We are unable to gain control over the mind because of these six inner enemies coming in our way. Is it not a fact that even the bright light of the moon on a full moon night is not visible if the clouds come in its way? The moment the clouds move away, the moon is visible. Similarly, you have to do constant Namasmarana in order to drive away the clouds of these six inner enemies.

Follow the Ideals set by Rama

Today, we are celebrating Sri Ramanavami. On this sacred day, we should resolve to follow the teachings of Rama. Sathya and Dharma are the two main teachings of Rama. Do not consider yourself as a mere human being. Develop full faith that you are none other than Rama! People often say, “Only my Atmarama knows it!” Thus, our Atma itself is the embodiment of Lord Rama! The Atma has no specific form. The same Atma that pervades the entire universe took a form and incarnated as Rama. Similarly, Dharma took the form of Lakshmana who constantly followed Rama. Lakshmana considered Rama as his very life-breath. Rama was everything for him.

I have surrendered my wealth, my family and even my soul to You. Now, please come to my rescue. I seek refuge only in You. (Sanskrit Sloka)

During the exile of Rama, Sita and Lakshmana, once Lakshmana ventured into a particular part of the forest. Soon he was beset with evil thoughts. As soon as he returned, he told Rama “Oh! Rama! Why are we undergoing all these troubles? Why should the innocent mother Sita be put to these ordeals? Come! Let us go back to Ayodhya, this very moment.” Sita was surprised at the sudden change in the attitude of Lakshmana. Since Rama knew everything, He called Lakshmana to his side smilingly and made him sit near Him. Immediately, Lakshmana realised his fault. With great agony, he enquired from Rama, “Dear brother! How come these evil thoughts entered my mind? Never before such a thing had happened to me.” Rama then explained, “Dear brother! This is not your fault. This is the region of a demon. Hence, all the evil thoughts entered your mind.” Tell me your company, I shall tell you what you are. As is your company, so are your thoughts. Hence, keep yourself away from bad company. Join the company of good and noble souls. Then, you will get good thoughts. As are your thoughts, so shall be the result. Yad Bhavam Tad Bhavati (as are the feelings, so is the result).

When Kausalya was shedding tears after Rama left for the forest, Sumitra tried to comfort her, saying, “Dear sister! Why do you cry? Is it because Rama is going to the forest? No, no. You are mistaken that Rama would live in the forest, while we would enjoy royal comforts in Ayodhya. In fact, wherever Rama lives is Ayodhya and the rest is nothing but a forest. We should lead our life with equanimity, remaining equal-minded in happiness and sorrow. Happiness and sorrow come one after the other. We should not be affected by them! We should neither be elated by happiness nor be depressed by sorrow. Can there be a human being in this world without happiness and sorrow? Rama is, in fact, omniscient and omnipotent. No harm can ever befall Him by wild animals or demons in the forest.”

Kausalya was also worried about Sita since she was accompanying Rama to the forest. Rama tried to dissuade her from going to the forest, saying, “Sita! The forest is full of thorny bushes and wild animals. You will be put to a lot of difficulties in the forest.” Sita then reasoned with Rama, “Oh! Rama! You are the protector of the entire world. Can You not protect Your own wife from the wild animals? You are omnipresent, omnipotent and omniscient. I am sure that none of these wild animals can cause any harm to me when You are with me. I have no such fear.” Rama felt very happy to hear these words of Sita.

When Sita was abducted by Ravana, both Rama and Lakshmana became very much worried about her. Seething with anger over Ravana’s mean act, Lakshmana approached his elder brother Rama and said, “Dear brother! Give me Your permission. I will reduce all these wicked demons to ashes.” Rama counselled patience and said, “Lakshmana! We don’t need to do any such thing. The demons will destroy themselves on their own. In fact, they will become victims of their own evil qualities.” Subsequently, Ravana was killed by Rama and His army of Vanaras. Rama then explained to Lakshmana thus: “Lakshmana! People behave in a particular way and reap the consequences of their actions, depending upon their prarabdha (destiny) and their qualities. We need not be too much concerned with that. As long as one is attached to worldly objects and thinks in terms of mine and thine, one will be afflicted by sorrow. Hence, one has to treat the worldly objects with the attitude: These are not mine; all these are embodiments of the divine.” All acts should be performed to please God. If one develops ego with thoughts of ‘I’ and ‘mine’, one is sure to perish. You say ‘this is mine’ and ‘that is mine’. In fact, what really belongs to you – the body, the mind, the intellect or the senses? You say ‘this is my body’, ‘this is my mind’, ‘this is my intellect’, etc. But, none of these belong to you truly. The body which you consider as belonging to you will leave you in a moment, even without your knowledge. Similarly, the mind roams about like a monkey. Is it possible to restrain this mad monkey? Do not say, ‘I am this or that’. Say, ‘I am I’. This is your correct description. The correct answer to the question ‘Who are you?’ is ‘I am I’. Rama did not criticise or harm anyone. Then, who will have hatred towards Him? Good acts of Rama brought good results to Him. Thus, when we do good to others, there is no possibility for us to undergo sorrows and difficulties. If we still feel we are put to difficulties, the fault lies with us. God is not responsible for our sorrows and difficulties; it is the waywardness of our senses that is responsible for them. So, we should control our senses. If we are able to control our senses, everything else will come under our control. That is the essence of the teachings of Rama. The Ramayana is not merely the story of Rama. In fact, it is the story of every human being.

Sweetness of Rama Nama never diminishes

We blame God for our problems and difficulties. But, God loves one and all equally. He has no hatred towards anyone. He is always cheerful and smiling. A smiling countenance is the natural quality of a divine being. Where there is a smile, there can be no hatred at all! People with such divine attributes do not get disturbed under any circumstances. Hence, be always smiling and cheerful. Never put on a ‘castor-oil face’. Some students are very much worried about examinations; they want them to be delayed or postponed. However, the sooner you write the examinations and pass them, the quicker will you move onto the higher class. Instead of examination worry, you should make hurry to go to the higher class. There is no worry in this hurry.

Come! Oh devotees! Come!

Take the sweetmeat of Rama Nama

Out of ignorance do not buy and eat other sweets,

they will spoil your health

By mixing the essence of the Vedas

with the milk of Vedic declarations.

Adding the sugar of Subuddhi (virtues)

and the ghee of Nibaddhi (truth)

Removing the dirt of Abaddhamu (falsehood)

Our ancient Rishis have prepared

this most delicious sweet of Rama’s Name. (Telugu Song)

Your health will be spoiled by eating all kinds of sweets sold in the marketplace. Those sweets may be tasty, but are harmful for you. Instead, the sweetmeat of Rama Nama has been prepared by our great Rishis. It has a wonderful effect on your mind. It can never become stale or spoiled. The more you eat this sweet of Rama Nama, the more joy will you derive from it. It is sweeter than sugar and tastier than curd.

The Divine Name of Rama is full of sweetness and it remains sweet forever. There have been many incarnations of God on earth. But the Divine Name of Rama has remained eternal. Since ancient times, Rama Nama has remained as the Taraka Mantra (Mantra that liberates) for one and all. Right from children to elders, everyone can derive the bliss of chanting Rama Nama. Age is no obstacle in experiencing the sweetness of Rama Nama. There is immense sweetness in this name. We should never give up such a sweet, nectarine and blissful Rama Nama even for a second. Unfortunately, today people are neglecting the chanting of Rama Nama. It is their misfortune.

Lead an ideal and exemplary life

When Mirabai was asked to leave the Krishna temple in the palace by the Maharana, she was full of anxiety, thinking, “How can I leave my dear Lord Krishna and go away!” But her unflinching faith in Krishna developed firm conviction in her, “Krishna Himself would come along with me.” She prayed to Lord Krishna, “Oh Lord! I have obtained the precious pearl of Divine Name after a great effort. Please bless me that I do not lose this invaluable pearl.” Chanting the name of Krishna incessantly, she reached Dwaraka. However, she found the doors of the temple closed. Unable to bear the agony of separation from her dear Lord Krishna any more, she banged her head against the doors of the temple. Lo and behold! The doors of the temple opened and Lord Krishna appeared before her. After having Darshan of her dear Lord, Mirabai merged with Him. We have to broaden our heart. This does not refer to the physical heart. If the physical heart is enlarged, it requires surgery by the doctors. Broadening one’s heart implies the quality of large-heartedness. Some people sit here stretching their legs and occupying a lot of space. Instead, if people sit closely, some more devotees can be accommodated. We can help each other by caring and sharing.

Dear Students!

The summer vacation has started. From tomorrow onwards you will be going home to spend your vacation with your parents. Spend your time happily with your parents. Contemplating upon the happy time you have spent here learning many sacred teachings, make your parents also happy. If you are happy, they will also be happy. Never make your parents unhappy by your conduct. Our parents occupy an important place in our life. It is our foremost duty to make them happy. It is not enough if you look after your own comfort and welfare. First and foremost, the parents are to be made happy. Life is not confined to Khana (food), Peena (drink), Sona (sleep) and Marna (death). We are not born to eat and roam about and enjoy comforts. We are born to serve our parents and make them happy. If you make your parents happy now, your own children would make you happy in future. Lead an ideal and exemplary life. Only then will your life be sanctified and the education acquired by you in Sri Sathya Sai educational institutions become meaningful. I wish that all of you should earn name and fame as the students of this great institution.

(Bhagawan concluded His Discourse with the Bhajan, “Rama Rama Rama Sita …”)

– From Divine Discourse on Sri Rama Navami in Sai Kulwant Hall, Prasanthi Nilayam on 7th April 2006.

71. Ugadi Divine Discourse

ATMA IS THE NAMELESS, FORMLESS DIVINITY

Draupadi’s father Drupada organised a Swayamvara (choosing of bridegroom by the bride) to perform her marriage. Thousands of youth, princes and kings came to his court to win the hand of Draupadi in this Swayamvara. Just as King Janaka had declared that he would give his daughter Sita in marriage to the prince who could string the bow of Lord Siva, King Drupada arranged a Matsyayantra (a device with replica of fish). The condition of the contest was that whosoever was able to hit the eye of the fish revolving high above on a pole with an arrow by looking at its reflection in water below would be successful in winning the hand of his daughter.

Extraordinary Qualities of Draupadi

Many valorous youth and princes who were confident of their victory tried their luck without any success. This was not an ordinary test that everyone could succeed. Many people thought that it was easy, but in reality it was not so. When no one could succeed in the contest, the entire assembly fell into a stunning silence. The Pandavas were also present incognito in this assembly. Krishna, who was also present, looked at the Pandavas and smiled. At that point of time, the Pandavas spoke to each other in whispers. Soon after this, Arjuna walked majestically towards the Matsyayantra, smiling all the way. He was totally calm and composed. Looking at the reflection of the fish in water, he shot an arrow. When it hit the target successfully, the entire assembly went into raptures. All the people looked at Arjuna in admiration with great delight. Handing over a garland to his daughter Draupadi, Drupada asked her to garland Arjuna.

At that time, the Pandavas were staying in the house of a potter. When they went to their house along with the bride, their mother Kunti was inside the house. Even before entering their house, they announced to their mother that they had earned a very valuable fruit. Their mother replied from inside the house that they should share the fruit equally between themselves. The Pandavas always obeyed the command of their mother and honoured every word that she uttered. They went inside and offered their salutations to their mother and vowed to follow her command religiously. In this way, Draupadi became the wife of all the five Pandavas. The Pandavas dutifully accepted the command of their mother. But, how could the world accept this? It is the duty of the children to obey the command of their parents, irrespective of the fact whether the world accepts it or not. People, however, accepted this in view of the intimate relationship that existed between the five brothers.

How can one consider somebody as one’s wife? Not merely because one is married to her. One can call her as wife only when one considers her as half part of his body. Many people questioned Krishna how Draupadi could be called a Pativrata (chaste wife) when she was the wife of five husbands. Then Krishna described her qualities which earned her this noble ideal. She dutifully obeyed the command of her husbands. She would never say to any one of them that she had no time to serve him. She was satisfied with whatever she got in life. She was the supreme example of chastity and none could match her in this respect. She never asked for anything beyond the means of her husbands. A true chaste woman is one who conducts herself according to the condition of her husband. The husband should also recognise the qualities of his wife and have equal concern for her. Only then can both of them lead a virtuous and noble life.

Looking at her virtuous conduct and her power to control the five senses, Dharmaraja told Draupadi, “You do not merely belong to us; you are the embodiment of primal energy.” Her father Drupada had also held this view and considered her as the embodiment of divine energy. Only those who achieve control over the five senses and the five elements can rule the world. Only such people can know the reality of the world and conduct themselves in a righteous manner. One who has complete control over one’s senses can achieve the greatest heights in life.

Draupadi was endowed with great power of discrimination and she could discriminate between who was good and who was bad. Both good and bad are present in this world just like darkness and light. She encouraged all those who were virtuous and imparted sacred teachings to evil-minded people to transform them. Not only she had control over the five senses and five elements, she had thorough knowledge of Pancha Koshas (five sheaths of the soul) and Pancha Pranas (five life-breaths) also. She could differentiate between Atma and Anatma (Self and non-Self). Thus, she set an ideal to the world and earned a good name.

Draupadi taught that one should do one’s duty with dedication. She exhorted all to exercise control over their desires and discriminate between good and bad, imbibing all that was good and giving up all that was bad. One should never forget to perform good actions and discharge one’s duties, she advised. Everyone should discharge his duty with dedication and should not interfere in the duties of others, she counselled the people. “You may have wife and children. It is your duty to fulfil your responsibility towards them, but at the same time all your desires should be directed towards the path of goodness and righteousness”, she said. Thus, she became an ideal to the world and showed the path of truth to one and all. One can attain Dharma only by following the path of Sathya. Sathyannasti Paro Dharma (There is no Dharma greater than adherence to truth). There can be no Dharma without truth. It is the path of truth that leads one to God.

Follow the Path of Sathya and Dharma

Everyone should perform his duty meticulously and adhere to Dharma. Even an ant follows its Dharma. Wherever it finds food, it carries it to its place and consumes it. It does not harm anybody nor does it steal anything from anybody. All the birds and animals follow their natural Dharma and conduct themselves accordingly. The path of Dharma is the same for the Cheema (ant) and Brahma. The same principle of truth is present in both. This truth was propagated by Draupadi. She also taught that one should not become a victim of the six inner enemies, namely, Kama (desire), Krodha (anger), Lobha (greed) Moha (attachment), Mada (pride) and Matsarya (jeaslousy).

Anger is the greatest enemy of man. One with anger cannot follow the path of Dharma. This is contrary to human nature. One should not unnecessarily show anger towards others.

One with anger will not be successful in any of his endeavours.

He will commit sins and will be ridiculed by one and all.

His own people will abandon him.

He will lose all wealth and respect.

His anger will ruin him completely. (Telugu Poem)

Hatred is another great enemy of man. Whom should you hate? Should you hate those who oppose you or those who have harmed or those who dislike you? No; none of these. You should hate only the evil qualities. You should extend your love and support to those who follow Sathya and Dharma. If you hate Sathya and Dharma, you are not a human being at all. Truth is the basis of all virtues. By following the path of truth, Draupadi could experience peace and love. She taught that one should restrain from violence. One should not indulge in violence through one’s actions, words and even thoughts. By following the path of truth, Draupadi set the greatest ideal to the world.

As you Sow, So you Reap

By exercising sense control, man can achieve great heights in life. Damayanti was a woman of great virtues like Draupadi. She earned this name as she was endowed with Dama (sense control). The senses are wayward by nature, and it is difficult to control them. Man should, however, do his best to control them and put them to right use. Why has God given you ears? Is it to hear vain gossip? Never listen to anything that is bad. Listen to all that is good. Why has God given you tongue? It is not merely to satisfy your sense of taste. It has been given to sing the glory of God. Just as the tongue accepts all that is tasty and palatable and rejects all that is bad and unpalatable, man should accept all that is good and reject everything that is bad.

People think that it is God who is the cause of their happiness and sorrow. But it is not really so. Each one is responsible for his actions and reaps their consequences, good or bad. God is the eternal witness and does not interfere in this. He neither gives happiness nor sorrow. If you talk endearingly to someone, he will also speak to you in the same loving manner. But if you talk in an arrogant way, you will get a similar response. As is the action, so is the reaction. The reaction, reflection and resound are based on your own thoughts, words and actions; God is not responsible for them. If you stand before a mirror, you will see your own reflection. In whatever way you speak to others, you will have the resound in the same way. Whatever thoughts you have in your mind, they will be reflected back to you. It is therefore essential for man to know whether his thoughts and actions are good or bad. Whatever good or bad you experience is the result of your thoughts, words and actions. When any bad thought comes into your mind, give it up immediately. If you conduct yourself in this manner, you will become a true devotee of God and achieve liberation.

Everyone has to face the consequences of his actions, whoever he may be.

No one can know what lies ahead for him in future.

But this much is sure that everybody has to reap the consequences of his actions. Even the mighty Rama suffered the pain of separation from His wife and cried like an ordinary person. (Telugu Poem)

Young Men!

Good and bad coexist. It is not possible for anyone to separate them. When you cultivate more of goodness, the bad in you will become absolutely insignificant. There is no need to use any force to drive all that is bad. When you forget bad, goodness will develop in you in full measure.

This is the message I would like to give you on this day. Do not think that the New Year will give you some new fruits. The fruits that you earn will be based on your qualities and actions. All that you think will be reflected back to you. Everything is the result of your thoughts.

World is Reaction, Reflection and Resound

Once there was a cowherd who used to take the cows for grazing to a place surrounded by three mountains. One day when the cows were grazing, he sat down under a tree and started singing a song in praise of God. As he sang the song, he heard its echo. He thought that someone was imitating his song to tease him. Therefore, he shouted in anger at the invisible intruder, and heard its resound in the same angry tone. In this state of anger, he went home and did not even take his food. His mother asked him why he was so upset. He narrated what had happened. Next day, his mother accompanied him and came to know that it was his own echo which was the cause of his trouble. In the same manner if you criticise or abuse anybody, all that will come back to you. The world is nothing but reaction, reflection and resound. Whatever you do will come back to you, and nothing else. This is the divine law. Those who are full of love will see love everywhere. Those who are full of hatred will see enemies all around. Therefore, love and hatred do not come from outside. They have their origin within you. The good and bad you experience arise out of your own feelings. God is not responsible for any of these. God is Nirguna, Niranjana, Sanathana (attributeless, pure, final abode). It is only your feelings that change. God is changeless.

Students!

All your feelings are reflected back to you. Everything is within you. Whatever you experience is the reaction, reflection and resound of your thoughts and feelings. You see somebody laughing and you think that he is laughing at you. But how can you conclude in this manner? Once a famous wrestler was doing exercise on a road early in the morning. At that time, a lady was coming from a village to sell milk and curd. When he looked at her, he felt she was laughing at him. The wrestler became angry and said to the woman, “How dare you laugh at me? Do you know who I am? Are you aware of my strength?” The woman replied, “I am not laughing at you. You are so strong that you can stop a speeding car with one hand. What is the use of your physical strength if you lack forbearance?” All our notions are based upon our deluded feeling.

Be Good, Do Good, See Good

Students!

No doubt, your innate feelings are good. But they undergo change depending upon what you see and hear. It is the external impulses that are responsible for changes in your thoughts and feelings. Truly speaking, there is no human form. In fact, there is no form at all. It is because of your illusion that you see a form and give a name to it. It is a sign of foolishness to think so. You may think that you are highly educated and very intelligent. But how can you call yourself so if you are ignorant of your true Self? You can be called truly educated only when you know your real nature. If you do not know your own truth, how can you know the truth of others? First of all, you should control your mind. Only then can your worship and prayer be fruitful. The mind is the root cause of the world. Manah Eva Manushyanam Karanam Bandhamokshayo (mind is the cause for bondage and liberation of man). It is comparatively easy to control the body, but not the mind. When Pramila, the ruler of women’s kingdom captured the Aswamedha horse and defeated Arjuna in the battle, Arjuna told her that she could arrest his body but not his mind. It may be possible to capture the whole world with army, weapons and bombs, but it is not possible for anyone to capture the mind. When you gain control over your mind, everything else will come under your control. Therefore, you should make all efforts to control your mind. Then you are sure to become an ideal and great person. First and foremost, you should know your mistakes and try to rectify them. Only then can you aspire to become a Mumukshu (spiritual aspirant). Knowingly or unknowingly you may have committed some mistakes. Once you know your mistakes, you should have repentance. Repentance is true atonement. This is the royal path which leads to divinity. There is little use in performing Puja (worship), Vratas (rituals) and Yajnas without repentance and atonement.

Jantunam Nara Janma Durlabham (out of all living beings, human birth is the rarest). It is not easy to attain human form. Man is not a mere mortal. He is verily divine. Daivam Manusha Rupena (God is in the form of a human being). If you do or think something bad, you are not divine. First of all, you should become a good person. Be good, do good, see good. This is the way to God.

Develop the Qualities Exemplified by Rama and Sita

Students!

First of all, you have to control your mind. Offer your mind to God. He can do everything for you. Have firm devotion to God with firm faith that He is everywhere.

Do not doubt that God is here and not there. Wherever you search for Him, He is there.

(Telugu Poem)

Where is God? Sarvatah Panipadam Tat Sarvathokshi Siromukham, Sarvatah Sruthimalloke Sarvamavruthya Tishthati (with hands, feet, eyes, head, mouth and ears pervading everything, He permeates the entire universe). Ordinary people are not able to recognise this truth. God is present in all beings, be it a small insect like an ant or a big animal like an elephant or a lion. He is present in a particle of sand and also in a particle of sugar.

Discharge your duty earnestly with devotion to God. Put your knowledge into practice and earn a good name. I never prevent anyone from pursuing his studies. But along with acquiring secular knowledge, you should acquire spiritual knowledge also. Proper enquiry of the mind and purity of heart are very essential.

Students!

You have completed one academic year, and you will now go home for vacation. You will be looking for your results and searching your roll number in the list of successful candidates. More than searching your roll number, search your heart. If you have really written well, you are sure to find your roll number. On the other hand, if you have not written your examination well, you should not be delighted even when you find your roll number in the list of successful candidates. It is not the number of marks that are important. What is important is that you should become number one man (loud applause).

This morning our students sang the song conveying the message that one should have a son like Rama and a daughter like Sita. You may aspire to have a son like Rama and a daughter like Sita. But, how is it possible when you have the demonic qualities of Ravana and Surpanakha? If you want a son like Rama, you should follow Dharma like Him. If you aspire to have a daughter like Sita, you should have the virtues as exemplified by Sita. Whatever form you aspire for, you should cultivate the same type of qualities corresponding to that. Only then can you attain harmony, tolerance and peace. Where is peace? Peace lies in the control of the senses. If you are not able to control your senses you cannot attain peace; you will get only pieces. If you want to be peaceful, you have to imbibe the qualities of quietude and composure. Let anybody criticise, abuse or hit you; you should maintain your composure. When someone criticises you, do not take it to heart. Think that his tongue has produced some sound. You have nothing to do with it. If you receive the abuses hurled at you, you will be affected by them. Otherwise, you will not be disturbed. Even if somebody beats you, think that he has beaten your body and not you. In fact, none can ever harm or hurt you, because you are not the body. If you have such a firm conviction, then you will not have anger or hatred towards even those who abuse or assault you. Therefore, firm conviction is most essential for peace.

Offer your Heart to God in Prayer

Draupadi had deep devotion for Krishna. She prayed to him, “Oh Krishna! I worship You day and night. Oh Lord! Be compassionate and protect me. If You are compassionate towards me, then I will not be bothered about any other thing in life.” Draupadi faced many challenges and ordeals in life, but her devotion towards Krishna remained unaffected. Thyagaraja said, Oh Lord! I have been praying to You incessantly, why are You depriving me of Your love and compassion? What is that I have not offered to You? I have surrendered my wealth, my family and even my soul to You. Now, please come to my rescue. I seek refuge only in You. (Sanskrit Sloka)

Mere words are not enough when you pray; you should offer your heart to God in prayer.

Man has a name and a form, but the Atma transcends both. It has neither a name nor a form. People like some particular names and forms. One cannot have faith in many names and forms, but one can surely have faith in the formless principle of the Atma which is present in all. Na Atma Sakshi (my Atma is the witness) is a common saying, which shows that people have faith in the Atma. That is why Atma is the common name for all. Some may pray to Rama, others may pray to Krishna. Names and forms are many, but Divinity is one. Atma is the nameless, formless divinity. When you worship such a formless and nameless divine principle, you will certainly attain Divinity.

(Bhagavan concluded His Discourse with the Bhajan, “Prema Mudita Manase Kaho …” )

– From Bhagavan’s Ugadi Discourse in Sai Kulwant Hall, Prasanthi Nilayam on 30th March 2006.

72. Divine Discourse on 23rd February 2006

73. Maha Shivaratri Divine Discourse

LIMIT NOT THE ALL PERVADING BRAHMAN WITH NAMES AND FORMS

Is it possible to build a temple for the One who pervades the entire Brahmanda (cosmos)? Can anyone give a name to the One who is present in all beings? Is it possible to give a bath to the One who is present in all rivers? Can anyone offer food to the One who has the entire Brahmanda in His stomach? Man out of his ignorance is unable to know this truth. He is under the delusion that he is Naswara (impermanent). In fact, he is not Naswara, but Easwara Himself for the entire world. (Telugu poem)

Prapancha is the name we have given to the apparent world. It is called Prapancha as it is constituted by the Pancha Bhutas (five elements), namely, earth, water, fire, air and ether. ‘Pra’ means to manifest, to blossom. Hence, Prapancha means the manifestation of not only the five elements, but also the five life principles, namely, Prana, Apana, Vyana, Udana and Samana. They form the basis for the entire world. The principle of Brahmatatwa is present in all the five elements as the undercurrent. It is eternal and immortal. The term Brahma refers to the divine principle which pervades the Pancha Bhutas, Pancha Koshas and Pancha Pranas. But man out of ignorance attributes a particular form to Brahma and offers his prayers. Names and forms are transient. Brahmatatwa, which is the basis of all names and forms is the only permanent entity. Out of our ignorance and limited understanding we confine such a cosmic principle of Brahman to a tiny form and worship it. We should worship the cosmic form of the divine. Brahmanda (cosmos) is the very form of God. Brahman pervades the Anda, Pinda and Brahmanda. Anda is the combination of Padartha (matter) and Prana (life principle). Pinda is that which is born out of the mother’s womb. Ultimately, they become one with the Brahmanda.

Embodiments of Love!

Love is the basis for Brahmanda. Without Prema (love), there is neither Prakriti (nature) nor Prapancha (world). The world is sustained by the principle of love which is uniformly present in the five elements. You may worship divinity in a number of ways, but all your worship will prove futile, if you forget the principle of love.

The five elements are responsible for the sustenance of human life and the world at large. Everything will come to a standstill even if any one of the five elements is missing. We hear the sound with our ears. We see the world with our eyes. In this manner, we are able to experience the world through the five senses. They prove the existence of the world. Man has forgotten the divine principle of love and is striving to attain Ananda (bliss) through mean and worldly pursuits. It is said, Jantunam nara janma durlabham (out of all living beings, human birth is the rarest). In fact, human being is essentially divine.

Dharma, Artha, Kama and Moksha are prescribed as the four goals of human life. But, man today has given up Dharma and Moksha. He is running after Artha and Kama (wealth and desire). God has created this world. Your wife, children, friends and foes are all created by God. It is not enough if you maintain good relationship with your wife, children and friends. You must be able to see God in all. That is your primary duty. Your wife, children, friends and even foes are all the very embodiments of Brahman. Even God had to fight the enemies sometimes. However, in spite of their animosity towards God, they ultimately merged in Him owing to His grace. In this world, there is no place where God does not exist. He is present everywhere.

Sarvatah panipadam tat sarvathokshi siromukham, sarvatah sruthimalloke sarvamavruthya tishthati (with hands, feet, eyes, head, mouth and ears pervading everything, He permeates the entire universe).

The people around you may not be able to see what you do, but He is watching you. Others may not hear what you speak, but He is listening to you. He is the eternal witness. Unfortunately, you are unable to realise this truth. Some people argue, “How can you say that God is present everywhere when we do not actually see Him? How is it possible for Him to hear our prayers?” In fact, sound is the very form of God. There is no place where there is no sound. He can hear everything since sound is His own form. Light pervades the entire world. God can see everything in this world as the very light is His vision. Hence, never be under the mistaken notion that God does not know what is happening. Do not doubt or deny His existence just because He is not visible to the naked eye. How does sankalpa originate in your hridaya (heart)? It happens as per the Will of God. There may be ups and downs from the worldly point of view, but divine principle always remains steady.

The Loka (world) and Lokesha (God) are inseparable. The creation and the creator are one. There is an intimate and inseparable relationship between the two. Atma is the name given to the principle of divinity. It has no specific form. It pervades the entire world in the form of sankalpa (will). It is a grave error to attribute a particular name and form to the Atma. It is essential that we understand the oneness of Atma and experience the same. Everything is divine. Sarvam khalvidam Brahma (verily, all this is Brahman). As you are unable to comprehend the divine principle in totality, you confine God to a specific name and form such as Rama, Krishna, Vishnu, etc., and worship Him. A potter makes the idols of Rama, Krishna, etc. However, it is only the clay that takes the forms of various deities. The same clay is moulded into various forms.

Jewels are many but gold is one.

Cows are many but milk is one.

Beings are many but breath is one. (Telugu poem)

As you are unable to understand the principle of unity, you are deluded by the apparent diversity.

Embodiments of Love!

No one can describe God as having this form or that form. He permeates the entire universe. Without name there can be no form and vice versa. The principle of divinity is represented by a name and a form. Every object and every being in this Prapancha (world) is the manifestation of divine love. Hence, do not see the world merely from the physical point of view. Consider the world as the very form of God and the manifestation of divine love. Because of your limited understanding, you confine such an all pervading divine principle to a name and a form. Yad bhavam tad bhavati (as is the feeling, so is the result). God responds according to your feelings towards Him. If you have purna bhakti (unwavering devotion) and love God with all your heart, He will confer on you purna ananda (supreme bliss). God transcends the dualities of birth and death, happiness and sorrow. You may think that even God has pain and suffering. But, from God’s point of view, pain does not exist at all! It is an aspect of divinity. Bliss also is an aspect of divinity. God is beyond pleasure and pain, merit and sin. Happiness and sorrow are of your own making. Pleasure is an interval between two pains.

Do not consider God as a separate entity. Unfortunately, people are unable to understand the principle of divinity and hence indulge in all types of imaginations. God is one. The Veda declares, Ekam sath viprah bahudha vadanti (truth is one, but the wise refer to it by various names). However, when the situation demands, Divine incarnations appear on earth and play a role in the cosmic drama. When Droupadi was humiliated by Duryodhana and Dussasana in the royal court, Bhima was seething with anger. He wanted to crush them to pulp. But, even under such circumstances, God did not kill them. It is most essential you understand that everything happens as per His will. Whatever happens is for your own good. With such firm conviction, you should accept pleasure and pain, good and bad with equanimity. It may be difficult for you to bear misfortunes. You should pray to God to grant you the necessary strength to bear them. You may have difficulties today, but tomorrow it will be different. Difficulties are like passing clouds. They will certainly give way to happiness. Man always strives for happiness. How can he attain it? True happiness lies in union with God. In fact, God is beyond happiness and sorrow. Whatever you may do, He says, “Tathastu” (So shall it be). He showers His blessings on you saying, “Let it be for your own good.” You will be free from sorrow once you understand the Bhagavadtatwa (nature of divinity). If you are undergoing difficulties, do not get disheartened. Have faith that God is making you go through the ordeal for your own good. Happiness and sorrow coexist. You cannot attain happiness without undergoing difficulties.

Embodiments of Love!

Do not attribute multiplicity to divinity. Consider everyone as the embodiment of divinity. Install such sacred feeling firmly in your heart. Treat even the person who hates you as your own. Having attained human birth, you should be able to withstand pain and suffering with courage and fortitude. Be convinced that they are good for you. All that God has created is good. In God’s creation, everything is good and sacred. There is nothing which will cause sorrow and misery. In fact, misery arises out of man’s delusion. The delusion is because of his identification with the form. What is the meaning of the term Manava? ‘Ma’ means Maya, ‘Na’ means without and ‘Va’ means Varthinchuta (to conduct oneself). Therefore, Manava is one who conducts himself without maya. If you fall a victim to maya, you will never be able to understand marmamu (reality). In fact, maya is man’s own making. It arises out of his imagination.

However much one may try, it is not possible to know God in totality. Once mother Kunti said to Krishna, “Oh Krishna! Though You are verily God, sometimes we are deluded to think that You are also a human being like us.” Saint Thyagaraja too echoed the same feelings in the following verse:

Oh Lord! You answered the prayers of Droupadi and saved her from humiliation. You made ugly-looking Kubja beautiful. You protected the Pandavas. Is it possible to estimate Your glory and splendour? You are beyond all description and human comprehension. Krishna, it is not possible for even Brahma to describe Your glory. (Telugu song)

Good and bad lie in your mind; they are not outside. Hence, correct your feelings in the first instance. Get rid of all animal qualities so that humanness can blossom in you. If you notice even a trace of hatred in yourself, drive it away at once. Having attained human birth, it is shameful on your part to have evil qualities like hatred. Do not fall a prey to infatuation. You should be attracted only towards God and none else. You love your son because you consider him to be your reflection. In fact, the one who loves you, the one who hates you, the one who criticises you, all are your own reflections. At one time, one may be angry and later the anger may give way to love. People are carried away by the vagaries of the mind. Being deluded by the names and forms, they are unable to know the transient nature of the world. Truly speaking, you have neither friends nor enemies. It is only your love or hatred that is reflected from outside. God does not give you happiness or sorrow; they are of your own making. They originate from you.

Embodiments of Love!

God is present everywhere in the form of five elements. Everyone is endowed with five elements and everyone is an embodiment of love. All are one. There is no second entity. Wherever you see, there are five elements. You do not find a sixth element anywhere. The principle of love present in you represents Easwaratwa and Brahmatatwa. It is merely Bhrama (delusion) to think that Brahma is separate from you. Everything is Brahman. Everything is the manifestation of Atma and Ananda. That is why God is extolled as Nityanandam, Paramasukhadam Kevalam Jnanamurtim … (God is the embodiment of eternal bliss, He is wisdom absolute). Even the karma (action) that you perform is the manifestation of Brahma. When you perform your actions with such divine feelings, they will yield good results. Never criticise God. Never deny Him. Everything is the manifestation of Brahma, Vishnu and Maheswara. All are divine. This is what you have to learn on this auspicious day of Sivarathri. There is nothing other than divinity in this world. The principle of divinity present in a grain of sand and in a big laddu is one and same. Once you realise this truth, you become Brahma verily. You do not need to search for Brahma elsewhere. You are Brahma, you are Vishnu, you are Siva, you are the very embodiment of the Divine Trinity. It is only your feeling that assumes the form of Brahma, Vishnu and Maheswara.

You are subjected to unrest and suffering because of your dualistic feeling. You perceive unity as diversity, instead of visualising unity in diversity. Number one is the basis for all other numbers. Likewise, names and forms vary, but all are essentially one. There is no second person. Other than divinity, there is no second entity in this world. Many spiritual aspirants and yogis have made concerted efforts to understand the principle of divinity. They ultimately realised Ekam sath viprah bahudha vadanti (truth is one, but the wise refer to it by various names). As you have not understood this truth, you are deluded by the apparent duality. You should understand the spiritual Mathematics in order to know that divinity is one. It is most essential that you understand this principle of oneness and conduct yourself accordingly. When you understand this oneness, you will experience divinity. You will realise that the individual is not different from God. When you put a zero after the numeral 1 it becomes 10; put one more zero it will become 100. In this manner if you go on adding zeros, the value also increases to 1000, 10,000, and so on and so forth. Zeros gain value only when they are positioned next to the numeral one. ‘I’, ‘my wife’, ‘my children’, ‘my property’, etc., all these are like zeros. They will have value only when they are associated with God who is like numeral one. The entire world is like a zero. It has emerged from the Hero, God. It is because of your delusion that you mistake zero for Hero. So long as you are immersed in delusion you will never be able to realise divinity. Delusion gives rise to doubts which will rob you of your bliss. They will poison your mind and put you to danger. Hence, never entertain doubts with regard to Divinity. Strengthen your faith in God.

A car can run smoothly only when there is air in all its four tyres. Even if one tyre is punctured, it may lead to accident. The human body is like a car. Mind is the steering wheel. Dharma, Artha, Kama and Moksha are its four tyres. They should be filled with the air of faith. Even if one of the tyres is punctured, your life will be put to danger. Your mind should be steady and under control. Only then can you reach the goal of life, i.e., Moksha (liberation).

Embodiments of Love!

The entire world is pervaded by the five elements. You should maintain perfect balance and harmony among them. When you are riding a cycle, if you do not maintain proper balance, you will fall down. Likewise, you can lead the life of a true human being only when you have proper balance of mind. If you lack proper balance of mind, your humanness will be ruined. It is said, Jantunam nara janma durlabham (out of all living beings, human birth is the rarest). Having been blessed with such precious human birth, what a shame it is if you behave like an animal! You should live like a human being. Keep your mind under control. This is My message to you on this holy night of Sivarathri. Understand that you are born as a human being, not as an insect or a worm. Neither are you an animal, nor a bird nor a beast. You should understand the meaning of the term Manava. ‘Ma’ means not and ‘Nava’ means new. You are not here for the first time. You are not new to this earth. You have gone through a number of births before attaining this human birth. Give up all your old and mean qualities and start your life afresh. Human life is highly sacred and mysterious. Only God can unravel its mystery. Visweswara (the Lord of the universe) permeates the entire Viswa (universe). He transcends all description. He is present in you in the form of Atma. There is only one path for the realisation of Atma. Give up the feeling of ‘Mine’. You say ‘this is mine and that is mine’. Once you get rid of such worldly attachment, you will develop purity, steadiness and selflessness. You will be free from suffering, worries and anxiety. Ultimately, you will attain Moksha (liberation). Having attained manavatwa (humanness), you should make efforts to rise to the level of Madhavatwa (divinity). That is your goal. What is the use if you remain in manavatwa forever? You should develop sanmathi (pure mind) to rise to the level of divine. Unity confers purity which will in turn lead to divinity. Hence, all of you must stand united. You belong to the human race. You belong to one family. Hence, you must conduct yourself like brothers and sisters. Absence of such spirit of unity will diminish purity and take you away from divinity.

Embodiments of Love!

Being students of Sathya Sai College, you must set an example to others with your spirit of unity. You deserve to be called Sai devotees only when you develop unity. Love God with all your heart. Love for God will transform your heart. It will drive away hatred and other evil qualities. You can achieve anything through love.

(Bhagawan sang the Bhajan “Prema muditha manase kaho…” and continued His discourse)

Embodiments of Love!

Since time immemorial, the divine name of Rama has been protecting the devotees and leading them on the right path. One can very well imagine the divine potency of Rama’s name as it has remained etched in the hearts of people through all the ages. This in itself is a mystery. Thousands of years have passed since the advent of Rama, yet His name remains ever fresh and ever new. One may be on the top of the mountain or in a village or in a city, everyone derives immense delight in singing the name of Rama. Ramayathi ithi Ramah (that which delights is the principle of Rama).

Once in the court of Krishnadevaraya, there was a debate in which the eight scholars of the royal court popularly known as the ‘Ashta Diggajas’ participated. Krishna-devaraya wanted to know who among them was the best. He wanted them to frame a meaningful sentence consisting of five letters, each letter having the same meaning in five different languages. “Whoever comes out with an answer to this question by seven tomorrow morning will be suitably rewarded”, he added.

Since his house was far away, Tenali Ramakrishna decided to spend the night in his brother-in-law’s house. When he was provided with a comfortable bed for the night, Ramakrishna refused to sleep on it. He said, “I have to think of an answer to a question put by the king by tomorrow morning. A bed like this is certain to put me to sleep in no time. So, provide a cot for me in the cow shed.”

As he was lying on the cot, at one o’clock in the night, one of the cows in the shed gave birth to a calf. Ramakrishna called out to inform his brother-in-law about this. His brother-in-law wanted to know which cow had given birth, since he had given different names to his cows, like Parvati, Lakshmi, and Saraswati. He asked Ramakrishna, “Ye Aav Ra Bava” (which cow is that, Oh brother-in-law).

When Ramakrishna heard this, his joy knew no bounds, since he had found an answer to the king’s question. So, he too repeated the phrase again and again. His brother-in-law thought that Ramakrishna was behaving in this strange manner due to lack of sleep.

The next morning, Ramakrishna went to the royal court and found that no one else had a solution to the question. All others were convinced it was not possible to frame such a sentence. “Ye Aav Ra Ba Va” is the answer, he said. Everyone was intrigued. Then he explained, ” ‘Ye’ in Marati, ‘Aav’ in Hindi, ‘Ra’ in Telugu, ‘Ba’ in Kannada and ‘Va’ in Tamil convey the same meaning, i.e., ‘come’.” Five languages are represented in this sentence.

Students!

The words you utter sometimes convey different meanings. Hence, you should be very careful while speaking. Develop virtues and lead an ideal life. Only then will Swami be pleased with you. If you make Me happy with your ideal conduct, I will confer much more happiness on you. Your happiness is My happiness. Wherever you go, earn a good name for yourself. Your character is very important for Me. Hence, make every effort to mould your character and be an ideal to others. This is the message I would like to give you on this auspicious day of Sivarathri. The day on which you experience eternal bliss is Sivarathri for Me.

Once Thyagaraja performed a musical concert at Thanjavur. Many eminent musicians and scholars were present in the concert hall. In the beginning of the programme Thyagaraja offered salutations to all of them through his famous composition, Endaro Mahanubhavulu, Andariki Vandanamulu … (there are many great souls who have had the divine experience; I prostrate before all of them). Everyone was blissful listening to his melodious singing. He demonstrated by his example that one should pay his respects to everyone in the assembly before addressing them since there was divinity in all of them. Many years ago, in Prasanthi Nilayam, a scholar was invited to address a congregation. While commencing his speech, he addressed the audience thus: “Brothers and Sisters except one!” Then he explained that his wife was also present among the audience. Even while addressing a congregation he was remembering his wife. One should not observe such differences while addressing a public gathering. One should offer his salutations to one and all.

Embodiments of Love!

I shower My blessings on all of you on this holy night of Sivarathri. Sing the Divine Name throughout the night. To the extent possible, spend the night in the contemplation of God. Only then can you experience divine bliss. You can even witness the manifestation of divine effulgence. Sing the Divine Name wholeheartedly. You may sing any name, but you should understand its inner meaning.

For example, ‘Digambara’ is one of the names of Lord Siva. Digambara in common parlance refers to the one who is naked. But if you enquire into the inner meaning, you will know that ‘Digambara’ is the One who has dikkulu (four sides – East, West, North, South) as His ambara (vesture). There is a possibility that people misunderstand this word and think that Siva does not wear anything on His body. Hence, it is better that you do not use this word in Bhajans.

74. Divine Discourse on Makara Sankranthi Day

DISCHARGE YOUR DUTIES WITH A SENSE OF SURRENDER TO GOD

God is love and love is God. True spiritual discipline lies in developing love to love relationship. Dear children! Hold on to this principle of love and demonstrate the ideal of unity. (Telugu poem)

Dear Students! Boys and Girls!

It is said Daivam manusha rupena (God incarnates in the form of a human being). That is why human birth is considered to be highly sacred. God incarnates in human form to redeem mankind. Do not be under the mistaken notion that God is confined to a specific form. Divinity is not a separate entity. It is immanent in humanity. The human form is a conglomeration of five elements, namely, earth, water, fire, air and ether. The divine power which makes the five elements function is referred to as the Atma. What is the form of Atma? Many people often ask this question. In fact, it transcends name and form.

Merely having a human form does not make one a human being; it is the conduct and behaviour that matters. In the same manner, mere acquisition of bookish knowledge does not make one truly educated. Such worldly education is negative in nature. One must make a distinction between education and educare. Whereas education is information-oriented, educare is transformation-oriented. Education is limited to physical and mental levels. Just as the rivers like Krishna and Godavari have their source in the ocean, education has its roots in educare. Physical and worldly knowledge corresponds to education. Educare is related to our inner feelings and purity of heart. OurMaata, Paata and Baata (speech, song and way of life) should originate from the heart. That is the essence of educare. Even if you acquire a number of degrees, if you lack purity of heart, you cannot be called truly educated. Nowadays very few make the efforts to understand what educare is. Only those endowed with practical knowledge and wisdom will be able to understand and appreciate the concept of educare. Others will be deluded by high academic degrees. They are interested only in acquiring bookish knowledge and disseminating the same. Such vain pursuits will not entitle them to be called really educated. It is common nowadays for students to acquire various academic degrees such as B.A., M.A., C.A., Ph.D., etc. However, those who understand the real purpose of education and its inner significance are rare. Once you understand the purpose of education and act accordingly, your life will be redeemed. You should not entirely depend on what your teachers teach in the classroom. You have to understand the nature of your body, mind, senses and intellect to be able to realise your inner self.

Every individual has three attributes, namely, sattwa, rajas and tamas. They represent the Trinity ofBrahma, Vishnu and Maheshwara. Sattwa guna corresponds to the inner purity. Rajo guna is reflected in our actions. However, the fundamental truth is that Atma has complete control over all the senses and functioning of the human body. You perform various tasks. You participate in sports and games. All these represent rajo guna. These days people teach parartha (spiritual values) without giving upswartha (selfishness). This is a grave error. You should give up swartha in the first instance and consider parartha as the basis of all your endeavours. Develop faith in God. God is the adhara(support) and everything else is adheya (supported). Divinity is one. The Veda has therefore declared:Ekoham bahusyam (the One willed to become many). The names and forms may vary, but the inherent divine principle is one and the same. For example, this hall is decorated with a number of bulbs. But the electric current that flows through them is the same. Similarly, sweets may be many, but the essential ingredient in them, that is sugar which imports the sweetness is the same. Often times, we merely go by the names and forms, forgetting the reality.

A human being should essentially have three qualities – nischalattwa, nirmalattwa and nirmohattwa(steadiness, purity and detachment). One who has these three qualities is verily God Himself. You do not need to enquire from others whether you are good or otherwise. Your conscience is the judge. You should think of God always. There have been many divine incarnations in the past, but the inherent divine principle in all of them is one and the same. Just as sugar assumes the form of a variety of sweets, divinity incarnates in various forms. People worship God, sing His glory thinking that He is present in some distant place. In fact, the Panchabhutas (the five elements) are the very manifestations of God. Your heart is the temple of God. Hence, fill your heart with love. One bereft of love cannot be called a human being. Consider the five elements as divine and put them to proper use.

Who has given you life? What is the source from which it has manifested? Have you acquired it by some spiritual practice? No! God gives you life and He is the one, who sustains it. He is present in every living being in the form of Atma. Everything has originated from the Atma. Students study a number of textbooks and acquire high academic qualifications. What is the source of all their knowledge and learning? It is nothing but divinity. But, man due to his delusion is unable to realise this Truth. First and foremost, develop firm faith that God exists. When He incarnates in the human form, He conducts Himself like a human being. Only then can man understand divinity and the sacredness of human birth.

Educare is related to bhava (feeling), whereas education is related to bahya (external). The education you acquire should be beneficial to society. You should utilise your knowledge and intelligence for the benefit of society. Keep your emotions under check. Do not fret and fume like Durvasa who had no control over his temper. Only the one who has complete control over himself is a true human being.

The Atma represents the oneness of all beings. Ultimately, everything merges in the Atma.

Religions are many but goal is one.

Clothes are many but yarn is one.

Jewels are many but gold is one.

Cows are many but milk is one. (Telugu poem)

Unfortunately, today instead of visualising unity in diversity, man sees diversity in unity. That is the cause of all his suffering. The principle of Atma is the basis of all creation. You may forget anything but not the Atma. The five elements that are immanent in you are nothing but the manifestations of Atma. Merely rotating the beads of a rosary does not constitute japa. One should transcend the worldly and physical plane of existence. That is true japa. One who realises the source of his being is truly human. You may study Bhagavad Gita and learn all the slokas by heart. But that does not make you a scholar. It is enough if you are able to put at least one sloka into practice. With the help of letters of alphabet a,b,c,d … any number of books can be written. Hence, the letters in the alphabet form the basis for any book, be it Ramayana, Mahabharata or Bhagavata. Likewise, the Atma is the basis for everything. Once you understand the principle of Atma, you would have understood everything else. It is only to impart such knowledge that we have established educational institutions. In our schools and colleges, character, virtues and conduct are given utmost priority. One should have the desire to tread the right path in life and attain God. One should accept everything as the Will of God. When you develop purity of heart, you will be successful in all your endeavours.

In the name of meditation, people sit cross-legged and with closed eyes. How can such practices lead you to Divinity? When you close your eyes, you cannot even see the person standing in front of you, leave alone seeing God. In fact, God is present in you. A true vyakti (individual) is one who manifests the avyakta (latent) divinity. If you understand the principle of Atma and make sincere efforts, you can certainly experience atmasakshatkara (realisation of the Divine). You may do japa or tapa, but if you lack purity of heart, all your spiritual practices will prove futile. Whatever may be the practice you undertake, you should always focus your mind on the Atma only.

Manishi (man) is one who is endowed with manas (mind). Manishi is also known as manava. What is the inner meaning of this term? ‘Ma’ means maya (ignorance), ‘na’ means nasthi (without) and ‘va’ means varthinchuta (to conduct oneself). A human being is one who overcomes maya and conducts himself without ignorance. Education is meant to help you overcome delusion. One who transcends the mind is a Paramahamsa (a realised soul). We are not simply manavas (mere mortals). We are verily the embodiments of Madhava (immortal divine principle). We should have faith in God and face the challenges of life with courage and valour. Only then do we deserve to be called a human being. The mind is meant to contemplate on God. One who knows the value of a diamond will preserve it safely and make proper use of it. Likewise, the one who realises the power of mind will not let it go astray. One should strive to attain the state of ‘die’ mind (annihilation of the mind). It is possible only by contemplating on God incessantly. It is said, Mano mulam idam jagat (mind is the basis for the entire world). If you do not control your mind and get carried away by its vagaries, what will be your fate? It is only through mano nashana (annihilation of the mind) can one become a Paramahamsa. Never follow the mind. The mind by nature is highly sacred, but due to the impact of modern education it has become unsteady like a monkey. What is the use of going through voluminous books without understanding the nature of the mind? When you learn the alphabet from A to Z, you should also learn the meaning of words. What is the use of reading words without understanding their meaning? Here, students learn the Vedas. It is said, Anantho Vai Vedah (the Vedas are infinite). They are endowed with infinite power.

When you read the Bhagavad Gita, you should make efforts to understand its teachings and put them into practice. Otherwise, there is little meaning in going through the Bhagavad Gita or giving lectures on it. No benefit accrues from merely repeating the slokas like a parrot without understanding them. The Vedas have been handed down from generation to generation by noble souls. They contain the eternal truths. But, in the name of modern education, people are neglecting them. One may like it or not, but the study of the Vedas is very essential for one and all. It is not enough if you merely read theVedas, you should also understand the teachings contained therein. Man has forgotten his true Self. He is trying to acquire education without knowing his own reality. As a result, he reposes faith in everything else except God. You should never forget the fundamental principle, namely, divinity.

Dear Students!

You are able to understand and acquire worldly and secular knowledge. But it is not easy for all to understand the inner reality. The names and forms of individuals may appear to be different, but essentially all are one. The innate reality is adhara and the external names and forms are onlyadheyas. Knowing the adheya without understanding the adhara will serve no purpose. Even while dealing with physical matters we should have spiritual outlook. Hence, develop faith in God in the first instance. Anything can be achieved with unflinching faith in God. Discharge your duties with a sense of surrender to God. That is the essence of true education. Education does not mean mere acquisition of bookish knowledge. True education is beyond bookish knowledge.

Students! Embodiments of Love!

First of all, you have to realise that divinity is present everywhere. Let all your actions be pleasing to God. You have come from God and are living in God. All your actions should therefore be dedicated to God. When you follow such a sacred path, you will ultimately merge in God. God is bhavapriya notbahyapriya. He sees the feeling behind your actions. The world is interested in bahyam (outward show), but God is interested in your bhavam (feeling). Hence, purify your feelings in the first instance.

You ask others, “Who are you?” But have you ever enquired into yourself, “Who am I?” True education lies in knowing the answer for this question. What is the use of knowing about others if you don’t know your own reality? That is not true education at all! A true spiritual aspirant is one who understands and experiences the principle of oneness. You say, “She is my mother”, “He is my father”, so on and so forth. Such physical relationship is related to the mind. If you take the physical relationship to be real, you will never understand the truth. You say, “I am Ramaiah.” It is the name given to the body. But you are not the body. You should say with firm conviction, “I am I.” However, when you call yourself Ramaiah, you should act according to your name. Once you understand your reality, you will experience everlasting bliss. Many students have gathered here. But not all are studying the same subject. You are pursuing various courses such B.A., M.A., M.Sc., etc. You should understand the purpose of education. Nowadays several students aspire to go abroad after completing their studies. They forget the very purpose of education, and are enamoured by worldly attractions.

One should have single-minded devotion towards God. Your faith should be total and unconditional. If your faith is unsteady with ‘bumps and jumps’, you will be confused and will become restless. Keep your desires under control. Limitless desires will take you away from divinity. Annihilation of desires will lead you to the principle of unity. You should develop virtues and lead a good life. Understand the purpose of education and act accordingly. Only then will your birth as a human being be meaningful. One electric bulb can provide illumination to many. Likewise, a heart filled with love can illumine many lives. The educated people should not look down upon the uneducated. If they are truly educated, they will treat everyone equally and develop unity. Where there is unity, there is purity. When we have purity, we can experience divinity. Love is the basis for unity. Devoid of love differences are bound to crop up.

Students!

Having joined our institution if you merely acquire degrees without developing virtues, we will not be happy. You should develop purity within and purity outside. Only then can you earn a good name in society. People will praise you saying, “So and so is a good boy, he minds his own business and does not involve himself in unnecessary activities.” Such good persons can bring about transformation in society. Being students, you should follow the code of conduct prescribed for the state ofBrahmacharya. On the contrary, if you succumb to the vagaries of the mind and move about without any restraint, people will call you a rowdy. When you are good in thought, word and deed, everyone will talk high of you.

Embodiments of Love!

There is love in one and all. There is none bereft of love in this world. Develop love. Let people speak what they want. Do not be perturbed by criticism. If someone criticises you loudly, it goes into thin air, if he criticises within, he will only be the one who will be affected by it. In this manner, you should neither be elated by praise nor depressed by criticism. If you want to attain God, there should be harmony in your thoughts, words and deeds. It is said, Manasyekam vachasyekam, karmanyekam mahatmanam, manasyanyath vachasyanyath, karmanyanyath duratmanam. (Those whose thoughts, words and deeds are in perfect harmony are noble ones; those who lack harmony of these are wicked.) It is not enough if you have good command over language and speak eloquently about Divinity. You should also put into practice what you speak and experience divinity. You may be able to attract people with powerful speech, but what is the use if you do not translate your words into action.

When Jesus was born, three Arabian kings came to see the child. Seeing the divine effulgence of the child, the first king exclaimed, “He is the messenger of God.” The second king said, “He is the son of God.” The third king proclaimed, “He is verily God Himself.” All the three statements are true. Never think that you are different from God. You should transcend duality and understand oneness with divinity. Whatever may happen, do not deviate from the path of oneness. You should have unwavering faith. Install these teachings firmly in your heart and put them into practice in your daily life. Even after you go back to your room, ruminate over what is being taught here.

With prayer to God, you can achieve anything in life. I want you to pray. I want you to stand united like brothers and sisters and earn a good name. Only then will the purpose of establishing colleges here be fulfilled. I am always with you, in you, above you, around you. Make efforts to instill such faith and devotion in your fellow human beings. That will make Me very happy.

Today is Sankranti, which marks the commencement of Uttarayana, the auspicious and sacred time. At least from today onwards, develop noble feelings. Follow the sacred path. Then your future will certainly be safe and secure. I hope I am not causing inconvenience to you by speaking at length. When I see all of you, My heart overflows with ananda (bliss). Happiness lies in union with God. Hence contemplate on God incessantly. Never give scope for anxiety or worry, thinking “examinations are approaching. How am I going to face them? Will I pass in the examinations?” Do not give scope for despair and despondency with such negative attitude. Have faith in God. Do your duty and face any situation with courage. Then, the result is bound to be good. Love is everything. Love is God. Live in love.

(Bhagawan concluded His Discourse with the Bhajan, “Hari Bhajan Bina Sukha Santhi Nahin …”)

75. Divine Discourse on Children’s Festival of Joy 22-10-2005

CULTIVATE SATTWIC QUALITIES RIGHT FROM CHILDHOOD

Childhood passes in trivial play with other children.

Youth passes in amorous sport,

Middle age absorbs time and effort in amassing wealth,

Come dotage, time crawls in futile longing for worldly desires, yet there is no time for contemplation of God.

Thus is wasted the precious heritage of human birth, deeply entangled in the net of karma.                                                        (Telugu poem)

Why waste your time in idleness?

Time wasted is life wasted;

Arise, awake, it is not too late,

Think of the future, at least now. (Telugu Poem)

Embodiments of Love! Dear Students!

If you spend your time thus, if you fritter away your time and energy in vain pursuits thus, what for is your human birth? What will happen to you in future? Did you ever ponder over this? Time is the measure for human life. Time is the most precious aspect in human life. Don’t waste time. “Time wasted is life wasted”. You have to seriously question yourself whether it is sensible to waste your time thus. If you waste your precious time in this young age, when will you be able to sanctify your life?

Man has to perform Karma in this Karmabhumi (field of activity) right from birth to death. In fact, the human birth has been given to us to perform Karma. We are, therefore, engaged in performing various Karmas, continuously. But, very few make any effort to enquire to their selves whether the Karmas performed are Sathkarmas (good deeds) or not.

One has to strive to sanctify his time, right from childhood. We are, partaking of a variety of items as food, to sustain the human body. But none is making an enquiry whether the food one partakes of is proper and healthy; whether it is beneficial for nourishing and nurturing his physical, mental and spiritual health.

“Man is born out of karma, grows and

departs from the world due to karma;

Karma is verily the embodiment of divinity.

It is only due to Karma that

Happiness and sorrow occur in the world.” (Telugu Poem)

The Bhagavadgita exhorts that man has a right only to perform his duty and none to the fruit thereof. Of course, there will be a result for every Karma that is performed by a human being. There will be a good result for a good Karma and a bad result for a bad Karma. This is the eternal law. When you partake of a mango fruit, you will only have the belch of that fruit and not that of a lime fruit. In the same manner, your head (thoughts) will always be conditioned by the type of food you consume.

“As is the food, so is the head (thoughts). As is the head, so is God” Thus, the food, the head, and God will be on the same wavelength. Hence, one has to cultivate good and noble thoughts always. If you eat Sattwic food and cultivate Sattwic nature right from childhood, your entire life will run smoothly. Hence, one has to be wary of his food and head (thoughts). If you wish to sanctify your human birth, you should not live like a bird, beast or an animal. Having taken birth as a human being, one has to perform the Karmas worthy of a human being. One has to conduct oneself as a human being. What does the term “Human Values” imply? Sathya (Truth), Dharma (righteousness), Santhi (Peace), Prema (Love) and Ahimsa (non-violence). It is only when we cultivate and exhibit these five human values in our daily lives that we will be entitled to be called as human beings. Human being is a repository of Trigunas, namely, Sattwa (calm serenity), Rajas (passionate activity), Thamo Guna (sloth and slumber). Unfortunately, today, we find the Rajo and Thamo Gunas more active in human beings. We do not find even a trace of Sattwic Guna anywhere. Hence, it is of utmost importance today that people are taught and encouraged to cultivate Sattwa Guna, perform Sattwic karmas and finally reach the abode of Sattwic Guna.

Embodiments of Love!

You are now in the stage of childhood. This is the right age to cultivate Sattwic Guna. The quality of your life in the later stages will depend upon the qualities you cultivate now. What is the use of trying to cultivate Sattwic Guna at the fag end of your life, when your physical body refuses to co-operate with you in your Sadhana? Hence, you must cultivate and put into practice the sattwic guna in the youthful age itself. If man wishes to experience Manavatwa (humanness) and reach Daivatwa (divinity), Sattwic Guna is very essential. It is only when you consciously cultivate Sattwa Guna that you will be able to attain Sattwic nature. If you aim to attain Sattwic nature but indulge in Rajasic and Thamasic acts, it is not possible. All our ancient sages and seers did their Sadhana when they were young and strong.

Embodiments of Love!

You have to partake of Sattwic food. By partaking of Sattwic food, you will be able to cultivate Sattwic thoughts. And, by cultivating Sattwic thoughts, you will be able to undertake Sattwic Karmas. It is absolutely necessary that one should have Sattwic friends in youth and constantly move about in their company. It is said,

“Good company leads to detachment;

Detachment makes one free from delusion;

Freedom from delusion leads to steadiness of mind;

Steadiness of mind confers Liberation.” (Sanskrit Sloka)

Hence, you have to partake of Sattwic food keeping your goal of liberation in the mind. You may at times have a doubt that you may not get such Sattwic food. I do not at all agree with this view. Don’t you get vegetables and edible green leaves in plenty? In fact, the moment you are born out of your mother’s womb, you are surviving and thriving on your mother’s milk or cow’s milk. Is this not Sattwic food? Can you not live upon a vegetarian diet consisting of vegetables, green leaves and cow’s milk? Why should you cater to the dictates of your palate adding chillies, salt, tamarind and spices? It is only when you gradually reduce these ingredients for taste you will be able to cultivate Sattwa Guna. Parents have a great responsibility in teaching the children about the efficacy of Sattwic food and getting them accustomed to it right from their childhood. On the other hand, if the parents themselves prepare and serve Rajasic and Thamasic food consisting of meat, fish, etc., in their homes, how can they expect the children to develop Sattwa Guna? I am of the view that the children at least should abstain from such Rajasic and Thamasic food and demand from their parents only the Sattwic food. One has to consciously cultivate the habit of partaking of only Sattwic food. Only then will one be able to develop Sattwa Guna.

Embodiments of Love!

All our senses are conditioned by the Trigunas and the Gunas, in turn, are conditioned by the food we consume. Hence, if we start eating Sattwic food, undertake Sattwic Karmas and move about in the company of Sattwic friends, I am sure that we can transform ourselves into Sattwic individuals. It is the bad company that is responsible for evil qualities. If you want to cultivate good qualities, you have to eat Sattwic food. In fact, it is the food that we consume is responsible for all the evil qualities.

Dear students!

If you develop bad qualities like anger, passion, envy, jealousy, etc., right form this early age, your entire life will be spoiled. You are poisoning your young minds with these evil qualities. My advice to the youngsters and students is eat Sattwic food; cultivate Sattwic behaviour and keep the company of Sattwic people right from this early age. I often observe that youngsters today join bad company the moment they enter the school or college and continue to move about in the company of bad people. With the result, they cultivate bad qualities, resulting in bad behaviour. Frequently they are not even aware of the subtle changes taking place in their behaviour towards elders, parents, teachers and society. They think that they are on the right track, since they are pursuing education in a good educational institution. The education they are pursuing may be good, but the core of their heart is polluted due to bad company. Several bad thoughts emanate in their mind even at a young age.

People often think that it is a natural phenomenon due to young age. I do not at all subscribe to this view. It is not a natural phenomenon at all! It is most unnatural. Since, you are partaking of bad food, you are having bad thoughts. Hence, first and foremost, give up bad food. People who are devoted to Swami, must join Satsanga. But, you are joining bad company and, as a result, are developing bad thoughts. Once bad thoughts enter your mind, none can drive them away. Hence, you have to cultivate good thoughts, even before bad thoughts enter your mind.

Dear children!

There are several parents who are not concerned about the future of their children. Either they are too busy pursuing their vocations or they are helpless in supervising your behaviour. But, if you tread the right path they will be most happy. On the other hand, if you are moving about in bad company cultivating bad habits, resulting in bad behaviour, they will be very sad and will be unable to share their distress or anguish with anybody. Hence, it is your foremost duty to keep your parents happy. If you want to keep your parents happy, you must tread the right path. So, tread the right path and keep your parents happy. Only then will you be able to cultivate good behaviour. There are three aspects in human life, which are interlinked – the thoughts, behaviour and the end result. As are the thoughts, so will be the behaviour and as is the behaviour, so will be the result. Teachers expect good behaviour from their pupils. How is it possible, when the students move about in bad company, eat wrong kind of food and entertain bad thoughts? The end result is always bad in such a situation. While taking bitter food, how can you experience sweetness? In short, the Rajasic and Thamasic food that you consume is the root cause for the bad thoughts that are entering your mind.

Dear students!

All of you must tread the right path. Even if your parents for any reason offer you Rajasic and Thamasic food prepared in the home, you must explain and convince them of the ill-effects of such food, saying, “Mother! If you serve Rajasic and Thamasic food to me thus, I will only get bad thoughts. This is not conducive to good behaviour on My part.” You must also convince them of the need to prepare and serve Sattwic food to all members of the family. Not only should you eat Sattwic food, you should also read good books. Your entire life is dependent upon good food, good thoughts and good company.

Dear students!

You should not read all sorts of trash like cheap novels, stories, etc. Such trash will generate bad thoughts in you and pollute you mind. When you go to a library, you should read the biographies of great and noble people which will help to cultivate good qualities and good thoughts in you. One reason for the pollution of young minds and proliferation of bad thoughts in them is reading all sorts of cheap literature. In fact, it is only the mind that is responsible for good or bad thoughts. That is why it is said, Manaeva Manushyanam Karanam Bandhamokshayo (mind is responsible for both bondage and liberation of man). Unfortunately, in these days it is only cheap books that have become popular and acquired great attraction. Good books have become a rare commodity. A question may arise as to where one would get such good books. You go to good libraries of institutions committed to the moral and spiritual uplift of humanity. Frequently we come across people travelling in trains and buses purchasing worthless books available in the railway platforms and bus stands and reading them with absorbing interest. They may say that they are reading them for whiling away the time. They do not realise how harmful those books are in generating bad thoughts and polluting their minds. Hence, you must always select books that contribute to your intellectual, moral and spiritual development.

Embodiments of Love!

If you wish to cultivate good thoughts and good behaviour, you must read good books. Several students today consider it a fashion to read cheap literature that is available for a low price. With the result, cheap thoughts and cheap behaviour are generated in them. They look for cheap books and trash distributed free of cost. They woefully lack a sense of discrimination to judge whether such writing is conducive to their moral, spiritual and character development. They will, however, realise the consequences of their action after their minds are totally polluted. Then it will be too late for them to retrace their steps. It is only through good books that good thoughts and good behaviour can be cultivated.

Dear students!

There are several other important aspects to be taught to you in these three days which will enable you to cultivate noble thoughts and tread the right path. I will teach several aspects in due course that will enable you to cultivate pure thoughts.

76. Dasara Divine Discoure on 11th October 2005

VISION OF THE DIVINE

Dear students!

All people in the world desire to have the vision of God and, in fact, crave for the unique opportunity to merge in His divine effulgence. This intense yearning for that great privilege is not a novel phenomenon. It has been there ever since human beings appeared in the world. In consonance with this yearning, several sages and seers in the past have craved for the vision of God and ultimate merger with divinity. This is truly an ancient tradition. Thus, the singing of the divine glory has been passed on from generation to generation in the country of Bharath. Right from start Narada has been an incessant singer of the glories of the divine name. What is the use of mere chanting of the divine name for one’s own satisfaction? He, therefore, advocated the nine-fold path of devotion:

“Sravanam, Kirthanam, Vishnu Smaranam, Padasevanam, Vandanam, Archanam, Dasyam, Sneham, and Atma Nivedanam” (listening, singing, constant contemplation on God, serving His lotus feet, salutation, worship, servitude, friendship and self surrender.)

One day, Narada prayed to Lord Narayana “Lord! we are only chanting the divine name, but the essence of the divine name is in you. It is only when you bless us to partake of that divine essence, our life will be sanctified.” Some people misunderstood the prayer of sage Narada and started doubting the efficacy of namasmarana in attaining the lotus feet of God. Opinions differed. Arguments and counter arguments for and against following a particular path continued. Such differences of opinion have been there right from ancient times. Some people tried to argue with Narada saying, “Sir, we are not able to visualise God.” Narada replied, “As much is your yearning, in proportion shall be the grace.” Each individual in this world follows his own chosen path. But, the Paramathma is one for all!

In Dwapara Yuga, Radha, a great devotee of Lord Krishna continued to pine for His darshan and constant proximity. She had a sister by name Prabha. Prabha was, however, against such intense yearning, for Him. One day Radha was going to Brindavan singing the divine glory of Lord Krishna. Her sister Prabha and her husband were also accompanying her. Prabha used to be constantly in the company of her husband. She could not bear her separation from him even for a moment, just as Radha could not bear the separation from Krishna. However, Radha continued to pray to Krishna to change Prabha’s mind and develop devotion in her for Krishna. Krishna, however, counselled patience saying, “Why do you worry? A time will come when she will also develop intense devotion and yearning for Me.” Krishna used a variety of plays to bring about a transformation in the hearts of several people. He used to display several leelas for this purpose. Since Radha was longing for a change of heart in the case of her sister Prabha, Krishna told her, “You wanted Me to change the mind of your sister and develop devotion in her. Let her witness the glory of My leelas and develop faith in My divinity gradually. Once she realises the nature of My divinity, she will herself become an embodiment of divinity, in keeping with the saying “Brahma vid Brahmaiva bhavathi” (one who realises Brahma will become Brahman verily). Some people worship Me with devotion (bhakthi), others constantly contemplate on me with hatred (dwesha). I am indifferent to both dushana (abuse) and bhushana (praise). I am beyond all dushana and bhushana. I accept all in an equal attitude. Prabha continued her hostile attitude towards Krishna for some time. In course of time, there was a perceptible change in her attitude. One day, she accompanied Radha to the place where Krishna was happily spending His time in the midst of Gopikas, singing and dancing. Prabha from then on continued to spend her time blissfully in the divine presence of Krishna. Both Radha and Prabha used to share this divine experience daily. Thus, Krishna could bring about a change of heart in Prabha with His divine leelas. God is unblemished and pure. In fact, He corrects the mistakes that are there in the devotees and takes them into His fold. He will not distance Himself from anyone. Lord Krishna is a Leelamanusha vigraha (donning a Human vesture as part of His divine sport). Both Radha and Prabha firmly decided that they would not move away from the company of Lord Krishna. In fact, Krishna gave a glimpse of His divinity to Radha on one occasion and explained to her, “Radha! Humanbeings are entangled in maya (illusion). They are deluded to think that God in human form is also a human being like them. You can not develop love towards a person without developing attachment to him. This is true in the case of God in human form also. Hence, first you will have to develop attachment to a particular form of God, in order to love God. In order that people should develop attachment to the form of their choice, God assumes several forms. However, God is unblemished and remains an embodiment of purity”.

None can fathom the divine Leelas of Lord Krishna. Sometimes, He manifested in His full divine glory. Sometimes, He behaved like an ordinary human being. Yet another time, He acted as a simpleton. Nevertheless, Krishna was Krishna, i.e., God in human form! In fact, even the Gopalas and Gopikas who moved constantly in the company of their dear Lord Gopala and were witnesses to several divine Leelas could not fully appreciate His divine nature. The question that constantly baffled the minds of people was why Krishna should indulge in such divine Leelas. It was only to develop in the minds of His devotees intense attachment to His form and thereby develop devotion in them. He had no desires at all, excepting this. The constant company of Radha developed intense devotion in her sister Prabha. Finally, as is the company so is the transformation. “Tell me your company I shall tell you what you are!” Accordingly, Radha and Prabha became one in the end. In fact, Prabha’s real name was Chandrika and her mother used to call her by that name. All others used to call her Prabha.

It is very difficult to bring about a transformation in the human mind. Only God can accomplish this task. Several people approach Me and pray “Swami! Please change the mind of my son. He has developed hatred towards his parents for some reason; we do not know why. Normally, he is a good boy. He never takes to bad ways. Please Swami! Change his mind so that he will behave well towards his parents.” A mind is a mind after all! Sometimes, some people are beyond redemption. I therefore express My inability in such cases. It is said “Manomoolam idam jagath” (the mind is the basis for the entire objective world).

“A knotted gnarled tree trunk may be made straight as a pole

A shapeless hunk of rock can be carved to form a beautiful divine idol

Is there a one who can make the wavering human mind unruffled?” (Telugu Poem)

It is only when man develops faith in God that God will come to the rescue of man. In fact, divinity is not confined to any form. It is a power and that power is infinite. Such an infinite power can accomplish any difficult task. God may assume a number of forms, but the divine power is only one and the same. The same Atmatattwa that is residing in this body as the indweller is present in every human being as well. For example, you may refer to the electric current as DC or AC, but the basic nature of the current is the same. Similarly, the Atmatattwa is the same in every human being. Considering the prapthi (deservedness) of the concerned individuals, God interferes to bring about transformation in them.

While doing so, God will conform to some form of self imposed norms. Transformation of the human mind can not be brought about by a human being or by chanting some manthra. It is only when God wills so, is it possible. God can accomplish anything and everything. He can be present anywhere and everywhere. In keeping with the declaration “Ekam eva advitheeyam Brahma” (Brahma is only one, without a second). God does not change. If He changes, the whole universe will change. It is a serious misconception to think that God has changed. God is truth, eternal and unblemished. None can change such a Paramathma (supreme self). It is not easy to comprehend the divinity.

Embodiments of Love!

No human being’s love equals that of God. God’s love is unchanging. He may assume any number of forms, but His love towards human beings remains unchanged. God is attributeless, pure, eternal, unsullied, final abode, enlightened, liberated and embodiment of sacredness. You may call God by any name – Venkateshwara, Rama, Krishna or Saibaba. Only names differ, God is only one. That is why divinity has been explained as “Ekam eva advitheeyam Brahma” (Brahma is only one, without a second). Some people may think that God has assumed a human form like Rama or Krishna and hence now there is no God. What has really happened in this example is that God has not changed, He remains changeless irrespective of the form He assumes. It is only a change in our perception of God. God’s will is immutable.

Embodiments of Love!

Cultivate pure love; for, purity is unity and that unity is divinity. Let your individual love be transformed into pure love for God. Sometimes, people have a doubt whether God’s love towards them had undergone a change. Never; God’s love will never undergo a change. For example, you have a log of wood. You can make any kind of furniture with it, like a chair or a bench. But the basic material, that is wood, remains the same. Similarly, God’s love always remains unchanged. God can accomplish any task. Sometimes He may give darshan to some people, while others may not have this benefit. Much depends upon their mental attitude. Cultivate unflinching faith and single-minded devotion to God. Several Yogis and renunciants yearned for the darshan of God, but few could win that grace with unflinching faith and single-minded devotion to God.

Sometime ago when I visited Rishikesh, I gave darshan to Swami Purushothamananda living in the Vasishta cave located on the way to Badrinath in the Himalayas. He was doing thapas, living alone in that cave. He used to keep a small oil lamp in that cave. The cave was located a little interior from the road point. He used to purchase milk and make some tea with it. That was his only food. Rest of the time, he was always immersed in thapas. Days rolled by. After sometime, he did not have enough strength to come to the road point for purchasing milk and again getting back to his cave. Hence, he made his trips less frequent, that is, once in a week, to obtain milk. One day, he came to know that Bhagavan Baba was staying in the Sivananda ashram for a few days. He was longing to have Swami’s darshan. He, therefore, sent a letter through a messenger praying “Bhagavan! Please come to our cave and grant darshan to me.” I was aware of his intense devotion towards Swami. I saw his letter and I immediately rushed to Vasishta cave to give him darshan. The entrance to the cave was closed with a door. Purushothamananda had no energy left in him to get up and open the door. Kasturi accompanied Me during My trip. He was quite strong then. Both Kasturi and Myself tried to open the door. At last we could succeed in opening the door. Purushothamananda was extremely happy on seeing both of us. He wanted to spend a few minutes alone in the Divine Presence of Swami. He, therefore, advised Kasturi to go inside the cave and have a look at it. Kasturi, with his journalistic inquisitiveness went in. Purushothamananda fixed his gaze on Me and was lost in bliss. After a few moments, he regained his normal self. I told Purushothamananda that I would visit his cave once again. The very next day I visited Purushothamananda and spent some time with him again. After My return to Sivananda ashram, Swami Sivananda was a bit disappointed that I visited Purushothamananda’s cave twice and did not find much time to spend in the Sivananda Ashram.

On my second visit to Vasishta cave, I took a piece of paper from Kasturi and wrote a particular date for My next visit to Purushothamananda’s ashram. On the scheduled date, Purushothamananda took a holy bath in the Ganges and was eagerly waiting for My darshan. Deeply lost in contemplation on my Divine Form, he had divine vision after sometime. A few minutes later, he left his mortal coil in that deep samadhi state itself. The news was conveyed to Me while I was in Delhi. I was informed by a telegram that Purushothamananda merged in Swami. I confirmed the news saying, “yes, yes”. Strangely, his birthday and the day on which he attained samadhi were one and the same. Later on, when the door of the Vasisthta cave was opened, the entire cave was smeared with vibhuti! The body of Purushothamananda was later let into the river Ganges by the disciples of Sivananda. From then on, the name and fame of Purushothamananda spread far and wide. The disciples of Purushothamananda thereafter visited Prasanthi Nilayam to have My darshan. They stayed in the ashram for full ten days. I provided them good accommodation and all conveniences. They enjoyed Swami’s darshan, sparshan and sambhashan in full measure and finally left for their place, carrying with them the love and blessings of Swami. Purusho-thamananda was a noble soul. He was really a Purushothama (the best among men). This is the story of Purushothamananda.

Every one was happy to read in newspapers that Bhagawan Sri Sathya Sai Baba had visited on two days the ashram of Swami Purushothamananda. Your happiness is My happiness. The Vasishta cave is still as it was when Purushothamananda lived there. It is perfectly clean and holy, permeating divine atmosphere in the entire ashram. The disciples of Purushothamananda told Me: “Swami! The entire atmosphere in the ashram is permeated by divine vibrations. We feel as though Swami Purushothamananda is still with us”. I told them: “Fine! You continue to feel his presence there and enjoy bliss”. During My last visit to Delhi, I arranged for conducting bhajan on Purushothamananda’s birthday, keeping a photo of Purushothamananda there. Thus, several sages and seers display intense love and devotion towards Me and pine for My divine darshan.

77. Dasara Divine Discoure on 10th October 2005

EDUCATION WITHOUT EDUCARE IS INADEQUATE

Good education is that which teaches the method of achieving world peace; that which destroys narrow – mindedness and promotes unity, equality and peaceful co-existence among human beings. (Telugu poem)

Good education is not merely reading several books, gathering bookish knowledge and teaching it to others. There is no use acquiring mere bookish knowledge. By acquiring bookish knowledge, you may perhaps become a book yourself. Real education is that which promotes unity, equality and peaceful co-existence with fellow human beings. Merely reading books and periodicals and acquiring bookish knowledge is the so-called secular education. Several people in the world today are pursuing this type of education only. But, this cannot be termed as real education. Real education flows from the heart and is termed as ‘Educare’. There is a lot of difference between ‘education’ and ‘educare’! Educare is the basis and foundation for all types of education. Educare is the adhara (support) and education is the adheya (supported). All the texts we read teach only education to us. But, this is totally inadequate. We must pursue educare alongwith education.

Sage Valmiki in the Treta Yuga wrote the great epic Ramayana. It emerged from the great sage as a spontaneous expression of his divine feelings. So too is the Bhagavatha composed by the great RishiVeda Vyasa. These great Rishis gave expression to their divine feelings emerging from the depths of their hearts in the form of such great epics. That is why they became immortal works teaching eternal truths. These great epics teach about the divine life and message of the great Avatars. They were composed by great Rishis who themselves had the vision of God.

When Sita was living in the forest along with Rama during their fourteen year exile, Rama taught her many things. She did not reveal it to anyone, but she was following those teachings carefully. After the completion of the period of exile, Sita, Rama, and Lakshmana returned to Ayodhya. Rama was crowned the king of Ayodhya. Days rolled by. One day, he called Lakshmana and commanded him to take Janaki in a chariot and leave her to herself in a deserted place with no human habitation on the banks of the river Ganges and return. Obeying Rama’s command, he left Sita in the forest and returned to the capital. Sage Valmiki was passing through the forest on his way back to his hermitage from the river Ganga where he had gone for his ritual bath. The grief stricken words of Sita fell on his ears. Having listened to Sita’s tale of woe, he consoled her and brought her to his hermitage. Sita spent her days in the hermitage in constant contemplation of Rama and his glory. When she was left in the forest by Lakshmana, she was already pregnant. After the completion of nine months, she gave birth to the twins Lava and Kusa. Under the loving care and tutelage of sage Valmiki, the twin brothers grew up as great warriors and worthy sons of Rama.

One day, Sita was lost in deep contemplation of Rama. She was thinking of the happy days that she had spent in His company and was feeling utterly dejected at the turn of events. Meanwhile, Kusa and Lava returned to the hermitage and saw their mother in tears. They could not understand the reason for her grief. They enquired why she was in tears. They tried to console her saying, “Mother! Why should you shed tears, when you have such brave sons who are more powerful than Lord Rama Himself? Do not underestimate our strength and valour.” Sage Valmiki who was observing this dialogue between Sita and her sons advised Sita, “Amma! Please control your emotions. These children are not ordinary children. They are not only well-read, they are capable of taking an appropriate decision after deeply contemplating over an issue. They have great sense of discrimination and analytical ability.”

While Rama was ruling the kingdom, he desired to perform the Aswamedha Yaga mentioned in the Vedas, for the destruction of all foes and to ensure peace and prosperity in the Kingdom. For this purpose, a horse, immaculately white in colour, was selected and a gold plate with a message to all the rulers of the land was placed on its brow saying that those strong may hold it, if they dared; or else, they should accept Rama’s sovereignty over them and they should pay Rama tax and tribute; or else make themselves scarce. The horse was let out into the country followed by a huge army under the command of Satrughna. During the course of their march, they vanquished several kings and brought them under the rule of Rama. While the horse followed by the army was thus moving, one day, it came near the hermitage of Sage Valmiki. The twin brothers, Lava and Kusa, saw the sacrificial horse and the army following it. They caught hold of the horse, read the inscription fixed to the forehead of the horse and decided to confront Satrughna and his army. They took the horse under their control and kept it at the hermitage of Valmiki. They came back to fight with the guardians of the horse. In the fight that ensued, the twin brothers subdued all their opponents one after the other.

First, Bharata and Satrughna confronted them. They made a last-ditch effort to dissuade the twin brothers from fighting the battle saying, “You are still children; you have not faced any difficulty in life so far, being under the loving care of your mother and Sage Valmiki. Please give up the idea of fighting a battle with our army; return to your Ashram. If you still insist on fighting with us, we are ready”. The children could not, however, be persuaded to return to their Ashram. They had no fear of the battle at all. They therefore responded by saying, “We are also ready for the battle”. So saying, they started the battle against Bharata and Satrughna in right earnest. Bharata and Satrughna could not withstand the shower of arrows released by Lava and Kusa anymore and they fainted. The news was conveyed to Rama in Ayodhya. Then, Lakshmana was sent to continue the battle. He too met with the same fate as his brothers Bharata and Satrughna.

Finally, the news reached Rama that the young boys had subdued Laksmana, Bharata and Satrughna and their army and that they were eager to confront even Him. Rama now had no choice but to come to the battlefield with his army consisting of Hanuman and other warriors. A lengthy argument ensued between Rama and the twin brothers. Finally, Lava and Kusa decided to take on Rama for a full fight, though Rama tried to convince them to leave the horse and go away since He did not want to fight with them as they were too young. While the war of words was thus going on between Rama and the twins, news reached Sita through Hanuman that a catastrophic war was about to start between Rama and her sons Lava and Kusa. On hearing the news, for a moment, Sita closed her eyes and envisioned the turn of events.

She lamented, “Why has this great calamity fallen upon my sons? I understand they are going to fight with Rama. How great and invincible is Rama! On the other hand what is the strength of my sons! They are children still unable to realise the consequences of this disastrous battle, should they fight with their own father Rama! What a matter of shame!” Thus she lamented helplessly at the turn of events. She thought to herself, “Rama is a noble king and an ideal father. He will not fight with his own sons. He will fondle and caress them lovingly. A father will never fight with his own children. He will teach them virtues”.

Sita expressed her anguish to Hanuman thus: “Dear Son! These children are my own children. They are the sons of Ramachandra. But, they are not aware of it. They know only that Rama had sent Sita to the forest and put her to great suffering. That is why they decided to fight with Rama’s brothers and their army and, if necessary, even with Rama Himself. However, I am convinced that it is not proper on their part to fight a battle against Rama. It is only up to Rama either to protect me or punish me. He might have put me to suffering as a consequence of my destiny. All this is for my good. They have nothing to do with it. I do not regret it at all and blame anyone for my suffering. The more frequently gold is put in fire and refined, the more it will shine. Its shining increases each time it is subjected to that process.”

Hanuman himself is no ordinary being. He is a great soul. He is well known for his inner peace, virtues and great physical strength. He felt great joy hearing the sacred words of Sita. He thought to himself, “Mother Sita is a woman of great virtue. None can excel her in virtue”.

Sita rushed to the battlefield and advised Lava and Kusa to withdraw from the battle saying, “Dear sons! It is not proper to fight a battle against your father. It is a great sin. The father has to be revered, worshipped and persuaded to agree to your point. But, one should not try to subdue him by waging a battle against him. It is foolish to entertain such ideas. Whatever be the circumstances in which you are placed, a father is a father and revered as such. You should not go against his command. Dear children! You are deluded to think that you are great warriors and adepts in the art of archery. You think you can win over any great warrior, with your battle skills. All this is your arrogance born out of ignorance. Keep yourself away from such ignorance. Rama is Lord Narayana verily. He is the Divine in human form. You should not embark upon a path of confrontation against such great Rama. If, in spite of all my advice, you still decide to fight a battle against your own father Rama, I will not live on this earth anymore. It will be a matter of great shame to call you as my sons. Please do not indulge in such heinous acts”. Thus Sita warned her sons Lava and Kusa.

It was then that Rama realised that Lava and Kusa were none other than his own sons. Likewise, the twin brothers also realised that their fight was against none other than their own father and immediately fell at the feet of Rama, begging for pardon.

Thus, Valmiki composed the great epic Ramayana exactly as the events took place without any imagination or fabrication of events. The great sages and seers in those days spoke nothing but the truth.

Sri Rama always followed the twin principles of Sathya (Truth) and Dharma (Righteousness). His entire life was a saga of these great human values. Not only he followed these great values, but also used to exhort everyone, Sathyam Vada (speak truth) and Dharma Chara (follow righteousness). His emphasis was not on mere lip service for Dharma, but sincere practice of Dharma. Since then the practice of daily parayana (reverential reading) of Ramayana has come to stay in the Indian culture Indian ethos. You might have observed that even in our Ashram, it is the practice to sing / recite the glory of Ramayana, Bhagavatha and Sapthasathi during the Veda Purusha Sapthaha Jnana Yajna held every year.

You must develop faith in God. If you give room for doubt, even that flicker of faith you have will be extinguished. Hence, faith in God is the essential prerequisite for every human being. What is the meaning of the word ‘Manava’ (human being)? It means one who has faith in God. In present times, unfortunately, man is gradually losing that faith. God fulfils His avataric mission through the medium of human beings. The essential commands which God expects man to obey are Sathyam vada (speak Truth) and Dharmam chara (follow righteousness). But, man today is going against the wishes of God and distorting these principles as Sathyam vadha (kill the truth) and Dharmam chera (imprison righteousness). The country will prosper only when this trend is reversed and people follow these principles in their proper perspective. Truth is eternal. “Truth is God; speak Truth”. Truth only will protect you. I will elucidate this point tomorrow in greater detail.

Embodiments of Love!

God is one who protects always; He does not punish. People are not able to realise this truth. Unable to realise this truth, some people attribute unworthy emotions to God and accuse Him of making innocent people suffer. Several books are being published now on “God”, “Divinity,”, etc. But, none of these books glorifies the human values as were practised in the Ramayana. The great epic Ramayanawas translated into several languages in the world, including Russian. It is a widely read classic in the world. Several non Indians not only read Ramayana in their own language, but they even worship and revere the great epic. The other day, the first lady of Kazakhstan, a former Republic of the erstwhile Soviet Union visited Prasanthi Nilayam and heard My discourse on Ramayana with great reverence and joy. In fact, Ramayana is held in high esteem in the erstwhile communist countries. They have developed great faith and devotion in Ramayana and the Ramayana way of life. Unfortunately, the Indians are still lagging behind in this regard. The Ramayana is a great spiritual text which everyone should read with utmost reverence and devotion.

God loves every human being. He does not hate anyone. In fact, the terms like anger, hatred and violence etc., do not exist at all in the kingdom of God. Such a ‘Loving God’ is being criticised now-a-days in ever so many ways. The avataric mission is meant to bring about a transformation in the hearts of human beings. You must be able to recognise one fact. The global transformation of human beings has already begun. Within a short period, you will notice that the entire human community will come together and live in peace and unity in keeping with the ideal cherished in the Vedic prayer:

Let us live together, let us grow together

Let us grow in intelligence together

Let us live in harmony with each other

I assure you that the golden era is very near. The personal rivalries, differences and hatred against fellowmen will become a thing of the past in Bharat and the world at large.

Embodiments of Love!

No one can describe God’s love as this or that. If you hate such a loving God, it amounts to hating yourself. Hence, all of you, love God. The Navaratri celebrations and the Veda Purusha Saptaha Jnana Yajna are coming to a happy end. On the final day of the Yajna, the Purnahuthi ritual will be performed. The Purnahuthi is a symbolic ritual wherein all of you will offer your evil qualities in the sacrificial fire and come out pure and sacred. Once again, I remind you all to constantly chant the Ramanamawherever you are and in whatever circumstances you are. Never forget this great Ramanama. Continue to chant it till your last breath.

(Bhagawan concluded His divine discourse with the bhajan “Rama Rama Rama Sita …” and Srimad Ravikula …”)

78. Dasara Divine Discourse on 9th October 2005

PURITY OF THE HEART IS TRUE SADHANA

Without any real work, chatting throughout the day, is this Sadhana, do you think? Following a regimen of feeding your belly thrice a day, do you think it is Sadhana? Vigorous activity by day and deep sleep by night, do you think this is Sadhana? Is this for which God has created you? You spend a whole lot of time in this kind of regimen but this is not Sadhana. Do not waste your time in this manner. From this moment strive to know-recognise-God. This alone is Sadhana. (Telugu Poem)

Embodiments of Love!

The all-pervading consciousness is termed as Divinity. It is also said that Divinity is present in all living beings. But, there is none who has seen that omnipresent Divinity. It is only a human being who can contemplate on and realise the Cosmic Person. In fact, human life itself is the manifestation of divine power. But, some people do not agree with this statement. Divinity is manifest in every living being. The same Atma Tattwa is present not only in human beings, but in every living being in the universe. But, one has to have a pure and selfless heart to realise this truth. In order to realise this truth, every human being has to constantly contemplate on God. By doing so, your heart will become pure and peaceful. The moment you attain that stage, God will surely perceptibly manifest in you. This must be yourSadhana. It is not the practice of dhyana alone that can make God manifest to the Sadhaka. God is present as an indweller uniformly in human beings as well as insects, birds and beasts. Suppose you put a question, “Where is God now?”, the spontaneous answer would be that God is present in you also. Several people undertake sadhanas like dhyana (meditation) to find answers to such questions.

Sage Narada affirmed that God could be realised through the nine forms of devotion, namely,Sravanam (listening), Kirtanam (singing), Vishnusmaranam (contemplating on Vishnu), Padasevanam(serving His lotus feet), Vandanam (salutation), Archanam (worship), Dasyam (servitude), Sneham(friendship) and Atmanivedanam (self-surrender).

There is no one in this world in whose heart God does not dwell as the indweller. Therefore, is meditation required to visualise such an all-pervading and omnipresent God? There are many who teach different techniques of meditation today. However, meditation is meant to acquire purity of the spiritual heart, for, without attaining purity of the heart, the seat of awareness, God cannot be realised. Hence, one has to strive to attain purity of the spiritual heart. What kind of sadhana did Kamsa do inDwapara Yuga? In fact, he was constantly abusing Lord Krishna. However, Lord Krishna was so compassionate that He gave His darshan to Kamsa. No sadhana would help in realising God, if one is devoid of purity of the heart. The different kinds of sadhana like fasting, meditation, etc., would help to develop one’s faith in the omnipresent God who, in fact, resides as the indweller in you. People generally think that God gave darshan to such and such person. But the truth is God never givesdarshan to people who have no purity of the heart. Hence, if you wish to have the darshan of God, you must develop purity of the heart. All kinds of sadhana are meant only to attain purity. The moment you attain purity of the heart, the omnipresent God will manifest right in front of you. Unfortunately, today in the world there is a dearth of Gurus who can firmly lead the seeker on the path of purity. They confine themselves to some mechanical techniques of meditation, in exchange for money.

In fact, one does not need to undertake any complex system of meditation. One can undertake the simple sadhana of constant contemplation on the omnipresent God. Few teach such simple methods nowadays. People listen to and read about several intriguing kinds of meditation and start theirsadhana that catches their interest or imagination.

Embodiments of Love!

If you want to visualise God, you must attain purity of the heart. You refer to a certain individual and say that he is your father. But, the father is embarrassed at such reference since he is, in reality, the sameAtma Tattwa that is present in all the human beings. You marry some girl and refer to her as your wife. But, she is in fact, the embodiment of the divine Atma. Similarly, you caress a child affectionately calling it as your son. But, the same child may tell you that he is not your son in reality, but the embodiment of divinity. Thus, all relationships in this world are in fact, Atmic relationships only.

To speak the truth, real Atma Sakshatkara (self realisation) is the merging of the individual self (Jiva) with Brahman (Supreme Self). Anyone you come across, is verily God. How can there be human beings without such omnipresent divinity? Lord Krishna declared that He incarnated again and again whenever there was decline in the practice of Dharma (righteousness). He also declared that He was the beejam (seed) in all the living beings. Though He moved intimately with the Gopalas and Gopikas, He was never bound by their relationship with Him. The Gopikas who were aware of this truth constantly contemplated on Him chanting the divine name “Krishna! Krishna! The very name Krishna brought the embodiment of divine Atma before their eyes. The Gopikas were highly realised souls who had the firm conviction that the same Atma Tattwa was present in every individual, nay, every living being. That is why they could visualise Krishna in every individual and every object of the world. All that we see in the objective world, say, for example, this Hall, this pandal, the buildings around, etc., are not really objects. People often get deluded into thinking so, seeing their external forms. The universal Atma Tattwa is present in all these objects. It is only the Gopikas who realised that Supreme Truth naturally and spontaneously. They could visualise Krishna in all individuals and objects. We often refer to individuals as my son, my brother, my father, my mother, my wife, etc., keeping in view the worldly relationships. But, the truth is that the same God is manifesting through all those individuals. Hence, one has to consider every individual as the embodiment of divinity. The entire universe is permeated by Brahma Tattwa. All the names and forms attributed to the Atma Tattwa are all our own making.

Ramakrishna Paramahamsa used to perform several methods/modes of worship to Mother Kali throughout the day. One day the Divine Mother appeared before him and enquired, “Ramakrishna! You are getting mad day by day. You worshipped Me in a particular form. Why do you confine Me to this form and that form. In fact, all forms are Mine. Whomsoever you come across, consider them as the embodiments of divinity.

God is pure and attributeless. Such an attributeless and unsullied divinity is present in every human being. All human beings are, in fact, the reflections of such an omnipresent divinity. Hence, every human being has to be considered as the embodiment of divinity and respected. Though God is omnipresent, He assumes a particular form and serves the human beings in many ways. Right from now, realise this truth that all names and forms are His. Anybody you come across, consider him / her as the embodiment of Divinity. When you develop such an attitude, you can see God anywhere and everywhere.

You go to Mathura or Dwaraka and see how people are still worshipping Lord Krishna with the same devotional fervour, though He left His mortal coil in Dwapara Yuga some 5000 years ago. When God incarnates in human form, it is natural to consider Him as an ordinary human being. This is not the correct approach. I often reiterate that I am God. But, I also remind you that you are verily God. You should not give scope for any confusion and difference of opinion in this regard. Everyone of you are embodiments of divinity in reality. When you develop such a firm conviction, you can visualise God in every human being. It is only in keeping with this concept that the expression Yad bhavam tad bhavati (as is the feeling, so is the result) asserted in the scriptures. Since people are not aware of the real nature of divinity, they refer to certain individuals as father, mother, uncle, etc., keeping in view their physical forms and the relationships with them. If people are so deluded on the basis of physical relationships, they are bound to get confused about the real nature of divinity. Lord Krishna declared once while revealing His omnipresent divinity that there was none other than Him in the entire universe. The same truth is contained in the declaration Ekam Sath viprah bahudha vadanti (truth is one, but the wise refer to it by various names). For example, the number 1 is only 1. When you add three numbers to it, it becomes 4. Thus, we go on adding numbers to 1 and arrive at different numbers. However, the first number remains the same, namely, 1. That is divinity. This is what the profound declaration states, Ekoham Bahusyam (the One willed to become many).

People often use two terms ‘Deva’ (God) and ‘Jiva’ (individual being). In fact, there is no Jiva at all! All are embodiments of Divinity only! Then the question arises why do people die? Since people are not able to realise the immortal nature of the Atma residing in the physical body, they make use of the term death. Atma has no death at all! It is immortal. Those who realise this truth, merge in God. For those who cannot realise the truth, Jiva remains as Jiva and Deva as Deva. The dual feeling persists in them. What is the underlying meaning in the declaration, Ekameva adviteeyam Brahma (God is one without a second)? Since there is no entity other than Brahman in this universe, it is declared thus. This is the Vedic declaration. The Upanishads explain our true nature in the Mahavakya Tattwamasi (That Thou Art). In another Mahavakya, they declare Prajnanam Brahma (Brahman is Supreme Consciousness). To whom shall this declaration refer? Again, it is to that God Absolute. Thus, all the Vedas and the Upanishads proclaim the non-dual concept of Jiva and Deva as one and only one. But, no one is making an effort to realise this truth. In the end, they think God is separate from them.

People often ascribe distinctions between different forms of divinity, for example Rama, Krishna, etc. Since they try to identify themselves with a particular form, they entertain feelings of difference. By doing so, they move away from God and remain as Jivas only. All such differences exist in the individuals only. God is only one. In fact, He is not different from you. He is in you, you are verily God! If it is not so, why should the Vedas declare Tattwamasi? You develop the firm conviction that you and God are only one. When you attain such a firm conviction, you become one with God. For example, you keep a number of photos of Sai Baba in your Puja room. But, in all the photos, you will find that the same God is photographed in different poses. When you realise the underlying unity of divinity, there can be no room for any confusion. You will be able to realise the truth. Whatever I speak is only Truth. Since you are not aware of this truth, you are unable to develop faith in it. There are several people nowadays claiming to be godmen, who lecture upon this concept endlessly. Believe Me, they are all meant to confuse the devotees. In fact, when you develop firm faith in the declaration that God is only one, you will be able to realise the truth. One who is able to realise this truth will have no confusion and doubt.

Do not use harsh words about anyone. In fact, there are no enemies in the world. You should not consider anyone as an enemy and abuse him or her. One day, he may be an enemy to you; but, you may become friends on another. You should not consider someone as separate from you. All are friends.

Embodiments of Love!

You are worshipping and praying to God with great love. Continue to love God and develop faith in Him. Only then all your doubts will be cleared and you will be able to understand the nature of divinity in full. Doubt implies duality, that is, a feeling of separation between you and God. In fact, there are no two entities – God and you. Everything is “I”, “I”, “I”. Hold on to the truth Ekameva adviteeyam Brahma. For example, how many hours does the clock show? Twelve hours. When the hour hand crosses twelve, it again moves to one in the clock. When it crosses one, it moves to the next hour. Thus, it is only when the hour hand crosses one, it moves to two. Similarly, there is nothing that can be called the second. God is only one. However, when you wish to entangle yourself in worldly matters, duality comes. In fact, there is no duality with regard to divinity. Sometimes I wake up the children sleeping in My room and ask them, “What is the time now?” They reply, “Swami! It is 12 o’ clock.” I again enquire from them, “Is it 12 o’clock in the day or night? They reply, “Swami! It is 12 o’ clock in the night.” Thus, when 12 hours of the day are added to 12 hours of night, it becomes 24 hours. Strictly speaking, there are no 24 hours. It is only because the day is followed by night and so on, that you find 24 hours. Hence, do not make a distinction between day and night. The railway people make such distinction for their operational convenience. For us, night follows day and again the day starts after the night. Both day and night are one for us. Therefore develop firm faith in the principle of unity in all that you come across in the world. God is one and only one. If you do not develop firm faith in this principle, it is possible that you will worship one form of God and hate another. You should always hold on to the principle of oneness of God. That is the truth. If you are not able to develop such faith, ignore it and do not make it a matter of dispute and strife. Do not ever attribute duality to God. God is always one and only one. When you are able to understand and develop firm faith in the oneness of God, your life will go on smoothly.

(Holding a bunch of flowers in front of the audience Swami enquired) What is this? It is a bunch of flowers. There are a number of flowers strung together with the help of a thread, with the result it assumed the form of a bunch. Though the flowers are of different varieties, the thread that holds them together is only one. The same principle has been explained in the Veda as Ekameva adviteeyam Brahma. The above example demonstrates unity in diversity. When you refer to a single person, you say he is a man. When you refer to a number of persons grouped together, you call them a group. Though there is a vast difference in the terms we use while referring to a single person and a group of persons, there is a fundamental unity in the classification. That unity is divinity, which shall never be forgotten. Unfortunately, in the present times, people tend to look at the apparent diversity in this objective world, ignoring the underlying principle of unity. Take for example, the Pandavas. Who were they? The five Pandava brothers were the sons of Kunthi. One mother, but five sons. In the ordinary worldly sense, they are five in number.

You may not be able to understand this principle of oneness of divinity, but in due course when you are able to recognise the principle with a mature mind, you will understand that truth is one, not two. This is a handkerchief! (showing a handkerchief to the audience). There are several threads in it woven together. Since the threads are woven into warp and woof, it assumed the form of a handkerchief. The cloth is one and the threads are many. One has to recognise that principle of unity in diversity. We find several students gathered in this hall. Each one appears to be different. But, they are all students of Sri Sathya Sai College. Thus, one has to strive to develop that unity.

Dear students!

I am extremely happy to see you all. I attend to a number of tasks and participate in a number of programmes right from early morning till I go to bed. I feel very happy and energetic. There is no one else who enjoys bliss as Myself. I am always happy and cheerful. I do not at all pay attention to praise or scorn from any quarter. They are only the outward manifestation in words of one’s feelings. I have nothing to do with them. I do not entertain any feelings of difference at all. “All are one, be alike to everyone”.

(Bhagawan concluded His Discourse with the Bhajan, “Govinda Krishna Jai …”)

79. Dasara Divine Discoure on 8th October 2005

WITH COURAGE AND PURITY REALISE DIVINITY

Everyone has to face the consequences of his Karma (actions). Who has made the bats to hang from the branches of a tree with their heads downwards? Has anyone tied them upside down out of hatred? No, it is their fate. Likewise, nobody can escape from the consequences of Karma. (Telugu poem)

Embodiments of Love!

Yesterday, I was telling you about the coronation of Parikshit. At that time, there were many who had offered advice to him and assisted him. Many were supportive for his advancement. Parikshit was very young, almost a boy. It was not easy to raise a little boy to be an efficient emperor. There were no elders left in the lineage of the Pandavas. Bhima, Arjuna, Dharmaja, Nakula and Sahadeva had all started on their way to the Himalayan slopes. The lone representative of the Pandava clan was this little boy Parikshit. He was just put to schooling in the traditional way. But, there was none who could ascend to the throne, except him. The young lad was thus caught in a complex situation. He, however, proceeded on the path shown by three preceptors who were available. The young Parikshit was in tears and was pleading with his granduncle and grandmother (Dharmaja and Draupadi) asking them whether it was fair on their part to abandon him leaving such a heavy responsibility on his shoulders. Dharmaja told the boy that the consequences of the passage of time were inescapable. Even Krishna who was their constant support had also left them to fend for themselves. They also had no choice but to follow the foot steps of Krishna. After all, they had been strict adherents to the advice and guidance of Krishna. Krishna treated the Pandavas as bosom friends. He had reared them as His own children. He had been their closest relative. In fact he had sustained them in every manner of relationship. He alone was their refuge. So, they advised Parikshit to face his responsibilities with courage and confidence. Thereafter, they tarried awhile to see how Parikshit would tackle the situation. Parikshit replied bravely that he would not shirk his responsibilities nor let down the glory of his lineage. “I shall rule this kingdom”, he averred. He was full of confidence and courage. Dharmaja and Draupadi were happy and relieved. They were astonished at the courageous demeanour of the young lad..

One has to note some events that transpired at that time. Dharmaja was in his human form and was preparing to proceed to the spiritual and divine realms. To go from the earthly realm to the divine realm one needed a lot of courage. Dharmaja traversed the entire plane of the spiritual and the mundane, and made a proper mix to achieve ability to advance to the divine realms. In fact he got this capacity by seeing the self confidence of young Parikshit. Parikshit was then reminded of the happenings prior to this. He had gone to each of the Pandavas and asked them to take up the responsibility of ruling the kingdom. But all of them had declined and insisted that Dharmaja alone was qualified for ruling the kingdom, which was also the wish of the people. Finally they settled on the young Parikshit as the only suitable person. Hearing this, young Parikshit was frightened and fell at the feet of his grandfather with tears and pleaded whether it was possible for such a young person to rule such a large kingdom. It was Draupadi who gave the necessary reassurance to Parikshit. Thus, the crowning of Parikshit as emperor took place.

On the second day after his coronation, Parikshit assembled all his vassal kings. People thought that the young king was frightened and that was why he was assembling all of them. All the kings were collected and seated in the chamber of the court. Parikshit spoke to them. “You see a young boy as your lord before you. But be sure I shall not flinch from my duties nor should you from yours. We are together committed to see to the welfare of this empire; so, I want now to know your intention. Some of you, I know; others I cannot even recognise. So, you make your decision to go along with me for the sake of the empire or follow your own ambitions.” After he spoke thus, the assembly split into two factions, one supporting Parikshit and the other pursuing their private ambitions thinking that the youthful king lacked determination and could be flouted easily. After this, a war broke out between the factions. Parikshit fought the battle with the names of his grandfather Arjuna on his lips (Arjuna had 12 names) – Arjuna- the pure, Phalguna- the one born under the star Phalguna, Partha- scion of the Prithu lineage, Kiriti – one born with a crown, Swaetavahana- one mounted on a pure white charger, Bheebathsu – one who is above the emotion of revolution, Vijaya- ever victorious, Krishna- the dark one, Savyasachi – ambidextrous, Dhananjaya- the victor of all wealth. Thus, as he battled, all the Pandavas were present around him (in their spiritual form). Even Draupadi was there. Few know this fact that Draupadi was a great leader in her own right.

It would be a mistake to think that Parikshit plunged into warfare in his first act as emperor. In fact, Draupadi was his mentor, physically as a child and spiritually in the later part of his life. She had warned him that it would not be proper on his part to drag himself into strife as soon as he became the king. First he had to infuse confidence in his own people and, thanks to the training given by Draupadi he was able to succeed in good measure. All his subjects young and old stood by him addressing and adoring him as Maharaja- the king of kings with affection and awe. They became confident and fearless. With such a king presiding over their welfare, where was the room for any fear? And Parikshit reassured them that in spite of his being so young, he was fully favoured by God’s grace and, as such, there was no power on earth that could oppose him. God alone was his refuge. He undertook the administration of the empire with full faith under the guidance of God.

Do not be under the impression that all this training was only after the decision of the Pandavas to proceed to the Himalayas. Right from the end of the Great War, it was known that the sole heir to the empire was the infant son of Abhimanyu. Draupadi decided to take up the task of grooming of the child for his future role. So she told Dharmaja that though he was the repository of all virtues, he was at times prone to indecision. Thus, right from the beginning Parikshit, was under the care of Draupadi. Even before the formal coronation of Parikshit, Draupadi along with Dharmaja used to address the people of Hastinapura, saying that, this young child was their future ruler. “Do not be misled by his youthful looks. He is blessed with the grace of god and is replete with all kingly virtues. The duty of a ruler of a large population is to look after their needs like a mother. At present, he is a small child and needs your support and protection. Take this up as a duty conferred on you by God. In due course he will be the king and he will look after your welfare like a dutiful son. We are not concerned with enjoyment and pleasure. Do everything as a matter of duty. And when the time is ripe you shall be protected and provided with your needs by him as he is verily a gift of God to us and to all. Everything happens according to the will of God. The will of God cannot be tampered with by any other force.”

Thus Draupadi and Dharmaja already paved the way for the crowning of Parikshit. That was the manner of political administration in those days. Every single person in the kingdom shall be well looked after, like the children of a close knit family. When such a family of elders and children are in control where is the room for fear or worry? Thus Parikshit became a great emperor. Are there any parents who can bring up their children in this way? Even if you are prepared to train the young boys in the right way, the children will not be ready to listen. But Parikshit was a good learner as well as a leader with courage. Courage is the means of all successful results. This is also a true spiritual practice. That is the true strength. Armed with such divine and spiritual strength Parikshit achieved greatness. And the whole empire prospered thereby. Such a motherly preceptor is very rare.

Parikshit summoned all his ministers as also representatives from the subcontinent and spoke to them on the importance of unity. In fact purity is dependant on unity and purity is the way to divinity. With divinity, all tasks will become fruitful. It is enough to sustain and maintain this purity both in the individual and community. This concept of individual and collective behaviour was taught to his subjects and thereby an ideal community was created in his empire. The young king Parikshit smilingly approached his people and even apologised to them for any mistakes that he might have unwittingly committed. The type of communication that should exist between the ruler and the ruled was exemplified by Parikshit par excellence. Young Parikshit had full faith in God whose benevolence and love ensured his welfare and that of his subjects. All of you have the same firm faith in God and maintain purity and you can be certain of the success of your sadhana.

80. DASARA DIVINE DISCOURSE ON 7-10-2005

THE INDWELLER IS GOD HIMSELF

During childhood, man develops absorbing

interest in play in the company of other children;

During youth, under the influence of cupid

he roams about in the company of women with infatuation;

During the middle age he is entangled in worldly

matters and deeply engrossed in hoarding wealth;

And lastly in old age he craves for this and that

not contemplating on God even at that ripe age.

Unable to get rid of old habits,

Unable to develop interest in Godward path,

Man wastes his precious human birth,

Deeply enmeshed in the web of karma. (Telugu poem)

Embodiments of Love!

Man spends his life time thus, deeply enmeshed in pursuing ephemeral things. He is carried away by unproductive thoughts depending upon the particular stage of growth he is passing through. Ultimately he realises that, he has, in fact, wasted his precious human birth in vain pursuits. Is this the real nature of a human being? Is this what he has to learn in life? These activities are momentary like water bubbles. They cannot provide lasting happiness to man. It is mere foolishness to spend one’s time in such futile pursuits.

When God takes birth in human form, people doubt whether he is born like any other human being from the mother’s womb or out of His Divine will. The fact is when God takes birth in human form, he selects His parents. He carries on with His avataric mission with the help of the form He has assumed. This happens in every age. Same was the case with Lord Krishna in the Dwapara Yuga. He made friendship with the Pandavas. In fact, He was friend, philosopher and guide to them. He constantly protected them against the machinations of the wicked Kauvaras. When they were engaged in the Kurukshetra war with the Kauravas, Krishna donned the role of a Ratha Sarathi (charioteer) to Arjuna and led the Pandavas to victory.

After the war ended, Lord Krishna informed the Pandavas that He would leave for His palace in Dwaraka. He wanted one of the five Pandava brothers to accompany Him during this journey. Kunthi, the mother of Pandavas, suggested that Krishna may take Arjuna with Him, since they were very close to each other. Accordingly, Lord Krishna took Arjuna to Dwaraka and provided all comforts to him during his stay there. Arjuna was a bit embarrassed to take avail of the services rendered by Lord Krishna to him. He told Krishna “Oh! Lord! How can I take services from You?” Krishna replied, “Arjuna! You are mistaken. Whom am I serving? Is it your body? Even your body belongs to Me. It is not yours. I am the protector of all beings in the world. You, therefore, should not delude yourself thinking that you are the body.

The body is made up of five elements and is bound to perish sooner or later, but the Indweller has neither birth nor death. The Indweller has no attachment whatsoever and is the eternal witness. Truly Speaking, the Dehi (indweller) is Devadeva (God of gods) Himself. (Telugu Poem)

“I am that Devadeva. You identify yourself with the body out of delusion and say “I”. But, that is not your real Self. You are not the body. As long as you identify yourself with the body, you remain as the individual being (Jiva). Once you come out of that delusion, you become one with Deva (the Supreme Self). Hence, give up attachment to the body. The human body is like a doll. However, one has to perform all his karmas using the body as the instrument. Man has the right only to perform karma. The entire world moves on account of karma. I am the Director of this cosmic play, Oh! Arjuna!”, said Lord Krishna.

The Yadavas with whom Krishna spent His entire life perished due to their ego and hatred. In the end, Krishna Himself gave up the human vesture and left for His divine abode. Watching these developments helplessly, Arjuna wept inconsolably. Unable to bear the separation from his dear Lord, friend, philosopher and guide, he wailed, “Oh! Krishna! You have been constantly protecting me and guarding me. Now that you left for your heavenly abode, in whom shall I seek refuge?” At last, realising the futility of spending his time in grief, he returned to Hasthinapura.

The city of Dwaraka presented a scene of total destruction. The entire Yadava clan had perished. Arjuna did not know what to do in those circumstances. He remembered the possibility of his mother Kunthi enquiring about the welfare of Lord Krishna and the Yadavas. A hundred and one questions cropped up in his mind, but he had no answers for any of them. Finally, Arjuna collected all the Gopikas and started on his march out of Dwaraka, as per the Divine command. Suddenly Arjuna and the Gopikas were surrounded by a horde of forest dwelling nomads. But, to his utter dismay, Arjuna could not even lift his bow, the Gandiva; strange indeed! The great warrior Arjuna who tore the opposing army lines into pieces with utter ease in the Kurukshetra war, could not even lift his Gandiva now. He lamented at his helplessness and prayed to Krishna “Oh! Lord Krishna! What has happened to all my strength? Where is it gone now?” Again, he answered to himself: “He who had granted this power to me has now taken it back.”

At last, in utter helplessness and agony, he prayed to Lord Krishna “Oh! Lord! You have to protect your Gopikas yourself. I am helpless.” Finally Arjuna reached Hasthinapura along with some of the Gopikas who could be saved from the clutches of the barbarians by the divine grace of Krishna. There, Arjuna found the people in great despair. He could not understand the reason for their sorrow.

Meanwhile, Dharmaraja was very anxious to know from Arjuna the welfare of Lord Krishna. Arjuna replied, “I will tell you everything that had happened, in detail.” Mother Kunthi was, however, very anxious to know about the welfare of Lord Krishna. She enquired: “Son! Arjuna! Is my dear Krishna alright? Please tell me in detail as to what had happened during your stay in Dwaraka.” She was very eager to know the facts and Arjuna could not but reveal the truth. Finally, he steadied himself and related everything about the departure of Krishna for His heavenly abode and the subsequent developments. The moment Arjuna revealed that Krishna had shed His mortal coil, mother Kunthi could not bear the grief and she collapsed on the cot on which she was sitting.. Dharmaraja rushed to her side and tried to console her saying, “Mother! What was destined to happen, had happened. These are all the Divine leelas of Lord Krishna. There is no use grieving over these developments. Please get up.” But, mother Kunthi did not respond. He realised that she had left her mortal coil. He put her head on his lap and called all his brothers. He gave instructions to his brothers for performing the obsequies of mother Kunthi. At the same time, he gave instructions for the necessary arrangements to be made for the coronation of young Parikshit, the heir apparent, as the King of Hasthinapura.

Thereafter, he called Nakula and Sahadeva to his side and told them to make arrangements for their Mahaprasthana (the great march) of the Pandavas to the Himalayas. Droupadi, the queen of the Pandavas, who was witnessing these developments could not maintain her poise anymore. She could not bear the double loss of Lord Krishna’s departure on the one side and the sudden demise of mother Kunthi on the other. Dharmaraja called Arjuna and instructed him to make arrangements for the cremation of the dead body of mother Kunthi. Arjuna complied with his instructions. The brothers could not contain their grief. They wept inconsolably on two counts – one for losing their dear Lord Krishna and the other over the death of their beloved mother. Dharmaraja led the funeral procession, carrying the fire in an earthen pot. The same tradition was in vogue in those days also. As the funeral procession was proceeding, the people of Hastinapura could not contain their emotions. Finally, when the body of mother Kunthi was placed on the funeral pyre in the cremation ground, Dharmaraja lit the pyre. In a few moments, the mortal body of mother Kunthi was consigned to flames. The Pandava brothers returned home.

The next item on their agenda was to perform the coronation of young Parikshit . What a great wonder! They lost their dear mother; they lost their very life breath, Lord Krishna; yet they were now prepared to perform the coronation of Parikshit with perfect calm and poise! Time marches on! And, all things that have to be performed have to take their course. The kingdom of Hastinapura has to be protected. Thinking thus, the priests started chanting the Vedic mantras for conducting the rituals connected with the coronation of Parikshit. He was brought into the court and the royal crown was placed on his head amidst the chanting of Vedic mantras by the priests. Parikshit was, however, very unhappy and pleaded with the Pandavas, “Oh! My dear grandfathers! You are all great kings. You are still hale and healthy. Is it proper for me to wear the royal crown in your esteemed presence? Do I deserve to wear this royal crown? How worthless and insignificant am I! Some one of you, please wear this crown and rule the country.” The Pandava brothers tried to convince Parikshit saying, “Dear child! We will not be here anymore to rule this kingdom. There must be someone to look after the welfare of the people as king of this great country. You have to, therefore, shoulder this responsibility. The affairs of the kingdom have to be looked after. You should not flinch from your duty in ensuring the continuity of the regal obligations.” Explaining thus and convincing the young Parikshit, they sat down. Thereafter, the coronation of Parikshit as the King of Hastinapura was performed as per the wishes of Dharmaraja. Parikshit too bowed to the wishes of Dharmaraja and allowed the rituals of coronation to be completed. The Pandavas then started on their great march to the Himalayas, straight from the royal court where the coronation of Parikshit was being held. They immersed the ashes of their mother in the holy river Ganges. Thereafter, they continued their march in the Himalayas, proceeding one behind the other. Dharmaraja, the eldest of the Pandavas, led the great march. Bhima, Arjuna, Nakula and Sahadeva followed him in that order. Droupadi, being the wife of the five Pandava brothers, walked behind the brothers.

While the Pandavas and their queen Droupadi were thus proceeding in their great march to the Himalayas, Droupadi first dropped down. Thereafter, the four brothers, Sahadeva, Nakula, Arjuna and Bhima dropped down in that order during the course of their jouney. But, none among them looked behind during their march. For each of them, it was a lone journey to their final abode. Finally, Dharmaraja was alone and he continued his march.

In this manner, the Pandavas’ earthly sojourn came to an end. Pariskhit was grief-stricken when he came to know about their departure from this world. When they set out on the Mahaprasthana, people were unable to bear their separation and hence many of them shed their mortal coils. It appeared as though destiny was unkind towards the Pandavas. Who can understand its ways! None, except God, can know about the turn of events in one’s life. One may don ochre robes, but that will not enable him to know what the future has in store for him.

The Pandavas symbolised virtues and valour. They could shed their mortal coils peacefully as they had led their lives in an ideal manner and sanctified their time in the contemplation of God.

Like the Pandavas, King Parikshit was also one of virtues and valour. Even while carrying out his kingly duties He spent his time in namasmarana. When he took over the reigns of Hasthinapura, some evil minded kings joined hands and waged a war against him. They underestimated his strength and valour thinking that he was young and inexperienced. But, some other noble kings came to his rescue. With their help, Parikshit could vanquish the enemies and assert his supremacy. He could emerge victorious due to his unflinching faith in God. That is why I often tell you – God is your sole refuge wherever you are – whether on the mountain top or in the sky or in the town or in the city or in the middle of the deep sea.

When Parikshit was anointed as the king, initially people were apprehensive as to how a young boy could shape the destiny of a kingdom. However, under the able guidance of Kripacharya’s son, Parikshit proved to be an efficient king. He followed in the foot steps of the Pandavas. He took some time off from his royal duties and went to the place where the Pandavas shed their mortal coils. He performed pradakshina (circumambulation) and wore the dust of their feet on his head in reverence. He practised and propagated their ideals. The Pandavas are ideals to the entire world. We should emulate their ideals and sanctify our lives. We may have to face sorrows and suffering, but should remain undeterred by emotional obstacles. Only then will the true power and strength manifest in us. When we follow the ideals of the Pandavas, we will experience peace, happiness and prosperity.

Students!

You are young and have a long life ahead of you. Pariskhit was much younger to you when he ascended the throne. However, he took up the challenge with admirable courage and faith in God. He stood as an ideal to the young generation. You too should develop such courage and fortitude and strive for the welfare of society. That is the true ideal. Pray to God to bestow on you the necessary strength to hold on to this ideal. The Pandavas left the world long ago but their ideal is eternal and ever fresh. You should cherish their ideal in your heart and try to follow the same in letter and spirit.

Embodiments of Love! Students!

All of you are highly virtuous. You should be an ideal to others. Never give room for sorrow. Be always fearless. You don’t need to be a slave to others. Have firm faith that God is always with you, guiding you and guarding you. Having God firmly installed in your heart and with the divine name on your lips, you should march forward saying Jai, Jai, Jai…

81. Divine Discourse at the International Sai Medical Conference at Prasanthi Nilayam

ESCHEW BODY ATTACHMENT

The Effulgent Lord who shines in every atom and pervades the entire universe will protect you always. He is the Omnipotent Lord of Parthi who will grant you Bhakthi (devotion), and will certainly help you in all your endeavours. What else is to be conveyed to this assembly of noble souls? (Telugu Poem)

Embodiments of Love!

Man thinks that he is able to lead a comfortable life with the help of wealth, food, clothing, houses, etc., he has acquired. This is not true. The very survival of a human being is dependent on God’s grace. There are many wealthy people in this world. Do they all lead a comfortable life? It is a fact that none can achieve anything in this world without God’s grace. Hence, first and foremost man must contemplate on God. One may read a number of books, acquire a number of academic degrees and visit a number of countries, but these cannot help a human being to lead a comfortable life. People think that they have acquired high academic qualifications, but they enable them to acquire only bookish knowledge. At present, you find that everyone is engaged in acquiring bookish knowledge. But, they forget the fact that people led a happier and better life without bookish knowledge in the past. People think that pursuing academic education and acquiring bookish knowledge is real education. No, that is not real education. Education devoid of educare is not real education. What is educare? Educare is that which brings out the latent divinity in a human being. Divinity is also known as consciousness. It is only because of the consciousness present in him that every individual is able to know the nature of the world around him. But, unfortunately no one is able to recognise this all-pervading consciousness. In fact, it is only this consciousness that is protecting every human being. In spite of one’s education and scholarship, one is not able to realise this truth. Education is negative and artificial, whereas educare is positive. People are going to foreign countries to acquire such artificial education. What is the use of acquiring such education? Instead, everyone should strive to acquire educare. One need not go to foreign countries for acquiring educare. It wells up from within and protects the person constantly. Educare is the unity of thought, word and deed.

One who has realised his own nature is an educated person in the real sense. One may enquire, “Who are you?” “Who is he?”, etc., but one may not know who he is. One might have acquired encyclopaedic knowledge about everything in this world. But, of what use is it, if he does not enquire into himself by questioning “Who am I?” Real education constitutes enquiring into oneself about his true nature. You may question someone, “Sir! Where did you come from?” The person replies, “I am from India”. That very reply that he came from India connotes a negative sense. The real ‘I’ is to be explored. That ‘I’ is the real source. Without realising this source if one simply states that he came from this place or that place, it is not the correct answer. The reply that he came from India refers to the body. The body must have travelled from India. But, the consciousness is all-pervading. When someone questions, “Who are you?” The correct answer would be, “I am I”. If someone replies that he came from America or India, it connotes a negative sense. We often make a statement that this is my body, my mind, my intellect, etc. These are all artificial and not real. Nowadays, a lot of research is being made into the nature of the mind. But the mind is never steady. The mind is like a mad monkey and the body is like a water bubble. You are not this mad monkey. You are not this water bubble. The name given to the human race is “mankind”. But, today that kindness is gone and mankind has become monkey mind. You don’t find even an iota of kindness and compassion in human beings today.

Realising one’s innate divinity is educare. That innate divinity in man has been referred to by several people as Atma. Without realising the nature of the Atma one cannot understand the nature of the body. Educare consists of realising the nature of the Atma. When someone questions you what is the meaning of the word “self”, you answer ‘I’. But that is not the correct meaning of self. It is not correct to identify ‘I’ with ‘self’, i.e., body. ‘I’ refers to Aham (individualised soul). As long as one identifies ‘I’ with self, one cannot understand the real meaning of ‘I’. It is only when one sheds attachment to self and develops the feeling of equanimity, can one understand the nature of Atma. This Atma Tattwa is equally present in every being. This is the fundamental principle. It is only because of this fundamental principle that every living being acquires value. One has to recognise this fundamental principle. Only then does one deserve to be called a human being. In this world birds and beasts live along with human beings. Human beings can be differentiated from birds and beasts only when man realises that fundamental ‘I’ which is the Atma Tattwa. Since ancient times people in India have been striving to realise this fundamental ‘I’ which is present in all beings.

These days people are confronted with several difficulties and worries in their life since their awareness is limited to bodily relationship. Such body consciousness is artificial. It does not reveal their true Self. One has to strive to realise the fundamental ‘I’. Human body is ephemeral and is bound to perish one day or the other. When we speak of ‘I’, it should not be limited to the ephemeral human body, but to the fundamental ‘I’.

The body is made up of five elements and is bound to perish sooner or later but the indweller has neither birth nor death. The indweller has no attachment whatsoever and is the eternal witness. (Telugu Poem)

The Deha (human body) with which we identify ourselves saying ‘I’, is subject to birth and death again and again. But, the Dehi (indweller), is the eternal Devadeva (Paramatma). While the vesture of Deha (body) has birth and death, the Dehi is beyond birth and death and is omnipresent.

Consciousness has neither birth nor death. It has neither beginning nor end. It is present in all beings as the eternal witness. (Telugu Poem)

You might have observed a beggar standing in front of your house seeking alms with a request Bhavathi Bhikshaamdehi (give me alms). He is reminding you of your true nature of Divinity by addressing you so. The word ‘Dehi’ refers to Divinity. He is seeking alms from God Himself. Hence, true education is realising the Dehi. Education is not merely reading a number of books, which confers only bookish knowledge. Why do you run after these books? This bookish knowledge will enable you to merely eke out a livelihood. But, there is something beyond this bookish knowledge and livelihood, which all of you have to pursue.

Can you call all those who know how to read and write educated?

Can one be called educated merely for acquiring degrees?

Can you call it education which does not confer virtues?

If education is just for a living, don’t we find birds and beasts carrying on their lives?

(Telugu Poem)

One may acquire a lot of wealth and become a millionaire with the help of bookish knowledge and high academic degrees. But, ultimately people will give value to a realised soul and not to the one who has accumulated enormous wealth. As long as the body is present, people will refer to a person as “so and so; a very rich person; a king, etc.”

At present, man is exposed to unrest and lack of peace. What could be the reason for this state of affairs? Not even one individual is living peacefully. The whole world is in a state of turmoil. It is true that secular education is necessary for one’s living in this world. But, one has to go beyond this level and explore into the realm of universal consciousness that leads and motivates every living being. That consciousness is present equally in every human being right from a pauper to a millionaire. The fundamental ‘I’ is present in you, him and every individual. Here is a small example. Supposing you question somebody, “Who is the doctor?” The doctor will immediately rise to answer, ‘I’ am the doctor. In this example, the doctor identifies himself with his profession and says ‘I’ am the doctor. But he forgets about the fundamental ‘I’ present in him. When a question is put, “Where is God?” The natural answer would be, “He is present in all.” The same truth is enshrined in the aphorisms, Easwara Sarva Bhutanam (God is the indweller of all beings) and Isavasyam Idam Sarvam (the entire universe is permeated by God). Different varieties of sweets like Mysore pak, Gulab Jamoon, Laddu, Khova, etc., are prepared. Names are different, but the fundamental ingredient (sugar) in all these sweets is the same. Similarly, one who realises the truth that the same Atma Tattwa is present in every human being and, in fact, every living being, is the happiest person. Several persons today must attain such a level of consciousness. People in ancient times strove to attain that state and therefore they were aptly referred to as Yogis. They realised the truth that every human being was actually a three-in-one entity – 1) the one he thinks he is, 2) the one others think he is, and 3) the one he really is. All the three aspects are present in one individual, with no separate entity for each aspect. This principle is changeless and eternal.

We often come across people who claim that their sons are employed in lucrative jobs in America. As a matter of fact, who is your son? You say that so and so is your son, keeping in view the bodily relationship with someone who has a name and form. Devoid of name and form, who is the son and who is the father? All these names and forms are acquired only after a person is born.

When man emerges from the womb of his mother, one does not find any garland around his neck. There are no jewels made of pearls nor are there glittering gold ornaments. There are no chains studded with precious stones like emerald and diamonds. But there is one garland around his neck. Brahma strings together the consequences of his past deeds into a heavy garland and puts it around his neck at the time of his birth.

(Telugu Poem)

As long as there is bodily relationship between you and him, you call him your son. If the body perishes, whom do you call your son? All these relationships are worldly and physical. As long as the physical relationship exists you consider someone as your relative, friend or foe. Hence, do not ever give excessive importance to these physical relationships. It is only when you rise above these physical relationships that you will realise the Antaryami (inner motivator). You may enquire from any of our boys, “Where is God?” They will spontaneously answer, “Everywhere. In fact, you are God.” Their relationship with God is beyond the physical level of the body.

We are always leading a life based on physical relationships. But, these are not permanent. Such relationships exist today, but may cease to exist tomorrow. As long as there is life in the body, you say, “I am”. Once the body perishes how can you call yourself ‘I’? When you enquire into the matter deeply, everything in this objective world reduces itself to zero. All that we see in this world are zeros. Unfortunately, today we consider the zero as hero. However, there is one fundamental principle ‘I’ which is eternal. That fundamental principle is hero. It is present in every individual, but it is not noticed. It is the inner motivator. We often refer to our human body consisting of flesh and blood as ‘I’. Our physical body is not eternal. It is like the passing clouds which come and go. Considering such transient body as the eternal ‘I’, we often struggle to keep the body in comfort. This is not the correct approach. The body must be employed for the purpose for which it was given to us. Man is born to realise the eternal truth. Here is a small example. You performed the marriage of your son and brought a girl into your house, claiming her as your daughter-in-law. Before her marriage to your son, who was this daughter-in-law? The relationship ceases to exist once you leave this world. Such relationships are like passing clouds. Unfortunately, today we are passing our lives keeping such passing clouds as our true relationships. This is not the proper thing to do. Every individual should desist from leading a life based on Dehabhimana (attachment to the body). Even educated people have attachment to the body, they constantly strive to maintain the physical body feeding it with comforts. It is only because of attachment to the body that they are exposed to sorrows and difficulties. Hence, shed body attachment and cultivate attachment to the Eternal Truth. People crave for the Darshan of Rama, Krishna and other deities, which are the names given to the physical body donned by Divinity in different ages. As long as you are attached to the physical body, you cannot realise the Atma Tattwa. In fact, Atma does not have any attachment. The Atma is present in you, Me and every individual and every living being in keeping with the aphorism Ekatma Sarva Bhutantaratma (one Atma dwells in all beings). Realising the nature of such an all-pervading Atma is considered to be true spirituality; not just performing some rituals like worship, religious vows and Bhajans. When someone enquired of Sita, “Where is your Rama?” She replied, “Sri Rama is always with me only.” What people generally refer to is the physical body of Sri Rama, the son of King Dasaratha. In fact, the real Rama is not related to any individual – neither the son of some king nor the son-in-law of another king. He is immanent in every living being. Keeping in view the bodily relationship, people often make enquiries, “Where did your uncle come from?” Where did your aunt come from?”, etc. Supposing you question the same person, “Where did you come from?” He cannot give a correct answer. The truth is all people come from the same source. When one realises this truth, there will no more be any worry or sorrow. Hence, one has to realise this universal truth. If you do not develop faith in unity, but follow diversity, your entire life will be chaotic. Do not develop attachment to the world. Instead, cultivate spiritual attachment. When you live in harmony with your fellow human beings, you will derive happiness. Then you will enjoy the unity between human beings. The real devotee is one who has realised such unity. Unity leads to purity, which in turn leads to Divinity. One who has not experienced such unity, purity and divinity confines himself to body attachment and will be trapped in the birth-death cycle.

You are all aware of the havoc of tidal waves that shook the coastal villages on the east coast of India (Tsunami), a few months ago. More recently, in America a very devastating hurricane submerged several towns and villages. The entire region presented the picture of a vast sheet of water. No one knew who survived and who died. It is only after the water receded, an estimate of the extent of damage caused to life and property could be made.

Embodiments of Love!

Eschew body attachment and realise the unity in divinity present everywhere. That is real Sadhana. Today, people undertake Sadhana to achieve something, all the while thinking of something else. As a result, they are unable to achieve their goal. Such divided attention is the fault of the concerned individual, but not that of the objective world. Ensure that your Sadhana is on the right track. Only then will you be able to realise the unity in diversity. Several people live long years of age, some even 100 years. But, they are unable to realise this unity. Instead, they visualise duality everywhere. This cannot be termed as real Sadhana. One who has realised the non-dual (Advaita) Brahman alone can be considered to be a real Manava (human being). Hence, try to realise the unity in diversity by removing the feelings of duality and experience bliss. In fact, unity is divinity and that divinity is immanent in you. As long as you are under the influence of duality, you will not be able to realise that unity. Realise unity, experience unity and spread unity to the entire world. Unity alone brings purity and purity develops love. If only you develop such pure love, you will be able to understand everything in the spiritual realm. I will take some other opportunity to explain in greater detail the concept of pure love. If you entangle yourself in worldly attachments and still aspire for divinity, how is it possible? Hence, keep yourself away from all attachments and attain unity.

(Bhagavan concluded His Discouse with the Bhajan, “Prema Mudhita Manase Kaho …”)

82. Divine Discourse at the International Conference of Eminent Educationists

UNITY, PURITY, DIVINITY

During his childhood man develops absorbing interest in play in the company of other children. In youth and middle age, he is entangled in worldly matters and deeply engrossed in money earning. Finally in old age, he craves for this and that without contemplating on God even at that ripe age. Thus, he wastes his precious human birth.

(Telugu poem)

In this world, there are millions of educated people. Right from a child to a learned old man, everyone is interested in reading books and acquiring knowledge. But in what way are they benefited by the acquisition of bookish knowledge? Such education can only help you to eke out a livelihood. Right from a pauper to a millionaire, everybody wants his children to be well educated. Parents are prepared to spend any amount of money and they even borrow money (even beyond their means) to provide quality education to their children. In spite of the fact that the parents face a lot of hardship in educating their children, the children do not have any gratitude towards their benefactors. They do not introspect, “Who is responsible for all my development? Who has made me what I am today?” Under these circumstances, we should enquire into the true purpose of education. One may study a number of books and master various branches of knowledge, but does he enjoy peace and tranquillity? All the knowledge that we acquire from books can only take care of our physical needs. The fact is, true knowledge is latent in everyone. Women do not lag behind men in academic excellence. People think that education confers on them respect and esteem. But, people lack true wisdom in spite of their high academic achievements.

In the present parents want their children to pursue solely job-oriented education. But, what is the use of such education which does not bring about transformation among children? Neither are the children benefited nor are they able to render any help to their parents. Modern man develops ego on account of his educational achievements. Humility is the hallmark of true education. If a man lacks viveka(discrimination) and vinaya (humility), all his education is of no value. You should understand that your education is meant for the welfare and progress of society. But, in what way is society benefited by educated people? Actually, you are learning many things from society and derive benefit from it. But power of discrimination which is found even in uneducated people is not to be found in the so-called educated people today. When this is the true state of affairs why should the educated get inflated with ego? There is scarcely any humility among students today. They show no respect towards elders. They do not realise their responsibilities towards society. What is the use of merely acquiring bookish knowledge if one does not respect elders and serve society? One who leads such a life is not true to his nature. His walking, talking, reading, writing, everything becomes an affectation. If this is the result of academic education, why should one go to college at all? Every student must enquire into himself, “What am I doing in the college? What am I supposed to do?” Only when he conducts such self-enquiry, can he understand the true meaning of education. Mere bookish knowledge is not true education. It is merely transfer of what is contained in pustaka (book) to mastaka (head) and vice-versa. In this manner, people are entangled between pustaka and mastaka without really understanding the true meaning of education. They are wasting their time in the pursuit of bookish knowledge instead of acquiring practical knowledge. No doubt there is a lot of information in pustaka, but what purpose does it serve if the mastaka is filled with filth? You can never achieve the desired results from such an education. The same was explained by the chief guest in his address. “Though all people learn and study, what is the ultimate result out of this?” he questioned. People spend thousands of rupees for acquiring academic education. What is the role the educated people play in society today? Do they contribute for peace in society? Do they try to bring about transformation in individuals? No. In fact, they are unable to inculcate discipline to their own children. Most children may pretend to be well behaved and humble in the presence of their parents, but they behave like rowdies once they step out of their houses.

Students should strive to earn a good name in society. Today’s education is making the students materialistic. It does not prepare the students to turn inward to listen to their inner voice. One should acquire Atma Prabodha (Atmic knowledge). That is true education. Without awareness of the Self, all other knowledge is useless. Why should one pursue such education?

People are interested in exercising their influence and power; they are not making efforts to cleanse their mind and heart. This is the result of modern education. People have learnt to talk sweetly, but they do not translate their words into action.

Embodiments of Love!

Mere learning by rote the contents of books is not important. You should imbibe the gandha (essence) of all Granthas (texts). That is true education. People read a number of books, but what is the use? They merely quote what others have said. Is this what you are supposed to learn? You should listen to the prompting / utterance of your inner voice and share it with others. But, scarcely anybody thinks on these lines today.

Embodiments of Love!

You must put into practice at least one or two principles of what you have learnt and set an example to others. There are many learned scholars, but do they practise what they have learnt? They appear to be people of eminence (‘chief’), but they are cheap in their behaviour. The end of education is character. We should consider character as our very life-breath. Education without character is useless like half-cooked rice. We should practise at least one or two principles and only then venture to preach to others.

There are three important principles in every human being – Manas (Mind), Buddhi (Intellect) and Atma(Self). What is the nature of Self? It is all-pervasive. True education is that which originates from the heart. The reference in this context is to the spiritual heart and not the physical heart. There are many noble souls who are setting ideals to society by translating their knowledge into action. If you do not act in a principled manner, all your education becomes useless. It is what you practise that matters, not what you speak. Wherever you may go, your behaviour should be exemplary. That is what pleases Me.

Happiness is union with God. You are not ordinary mortals. All are essentially divine. In order to realise your true nature, practise what you preach. Only then can you experience bliss. Verily, bliss is the true nature of man. Why should you give up that which is natural to you and lead an artificial life? Wherever you see, in colleges and schools, students lack practical knowledge. They give importance, only to bookish knowledge and become ‘books’ themselves. True education is that which originates from the heart. Heart is very important for human existence. When a child is born, the first thing that people observe is the heart beat. You should rely more on your spiritual heart than on the physical heart. Conscience is another name for spiritual heart. Keep your heart pure. That should be your main endeavour. Whatever is done with love and purity of heart will confer bliss on you. In fact, bliss is latent in everyone. But man is unaware of this truth. One should make every effort to manifest one’s innate bliss in him. What is the nature of this bliss? Nityanandam, Parama Sukhadam, Kevalam Jnanamurtim, Dwandwateetam (God is the embodiment of eternal bliss, He is wisdom absolute, beyond the pair of opposites). It transcends duality. So long one is immersed in duality one cannot experience bliss. First of all one should understand the principle of unity. Unity leads to purity and purity leads to divinity. A true human being is one who strives for unity, purity and divinity. Otherwise, he is no better than birds and animals. First, purify your senses and develop unity. Consider all as your brothers and sisters and live in harmony. In public meetings, we hear the speakers addressing people as brothers and sisters. But do they really mean what they say? Do you find unity among brothers and sisters today? No. True happiness lies in unity. Human life can be compared to a tree. Our relations are like branches and sub-branches. Contemplation of God is like a flower from which you will get the fruit of bliss.

Students!

You can certainly acquire secular knowledge. But you should not rest contented with that. You should turn inward and acquire spiritual knowledge as well. Only then can you attain peace.

Embodiments of Love!

Love is the essence of education. Bereft of love, education is artificial. Therefore, develop love in the first instance. Understand that the indweller is the same though bodies are different. Hold on to this fundamental principle and experience Ananda (bliss). So many of you have assembled here. Everyone’s attention is focused on Swami. In the same manner, let your mind be focused on divinity always. Contemplate on God. Serve your fellowmen. If a person who has been starving for ten days is served a sumptuous feast, you can well imagine the joy he experiences. When all the tanks and lakes are dried to a trickle, you can imagine the joy that a continuous downpour brings with it. Similarly, serve those who are in desperate need of your help. Give them happiness. You can attain divinity only through service. Human life is most precious. But, man is behaving like an animal and thus wasting his life.

Students!

Being Vidyarthis, you should endeavour to aquire true Vidya (education). There is no point in merely going through books without understanding the true meaning of Vidya. Always contemplate on the fundamental principle of life. Beings are many, but the Divine principle is one and the same. Hence, recognise the principle of divinity that is present in all in the form of Atma. Atma is Adhara (support) and body is Adheya (the supported). Consider Atma as the basis of your life and everything else will be taken care of. Everyone can have the vision of the Atma. All are endowed with such power. Enquire into yourself what have you achieved by going through a number of voluminous books? You have become hard-hearted. If this is the result of your education why should you study at all? First of all, develop love. When you have love in you, everyone will become your friend. If your heart is not suffused with love, your life will become artificial. Life is meaningless without love. If everyone shares his love with his neighbour, there will be no room for hatred at all. Share your love with everyone and live like brothers and sisters. Today we find conflicts and differences even among brothers and sisters, because they lack proper understanding.

People do not understand the true meaning of love. Their love is tainted with physical and worldly feelings. When you understand the principle of love and develop love to love relationship, all will become one. The Veda says, “Sahasra Seersha Purushah …” It means that all heads, all eyes, all feet are His. Once you understand the principle of oneness that is present in all, you can live in tune with the true spirit of brotherhood.

Our hand has five fingers and each of them has a specific duty assigned to it. All the fingers work in unison and harmony while performing a task. Once an argument ensued among the five fingers of the hand as to which finger among them is the great. The thumb claimed, “It is not possible to undertake any work without me. Hence, I am the great.” Then the index finger smiled and said, “Look here, Oh thumb! How can you perform any task without my support? Moreover, I am used as pointer to identify individuals. Hence, I am greater than you.” The middle finger intervened and said, “There is no point in what you say. I am the tallest among all the fingers. Two of you on one side and two on the other are serving me as ADCs. Hence, I am the greatest.” Then the ring-finger said, “I feel like laughing at your ignorance. Don’t you know that people adorn me with gold rings studded with precious stones like diamond, emerald, topaz, etc.? Hence, I am your king.” In the end, the little finger said, “I always lead from the front when it comes to teaching a lesson to someone and punishing the guilty. Hence, I am your leader and you have to follow me.” As the fingers were arguing among themselves in this manner, the heart intervened and said, “Oh ignorant ones! Each one of you is as important as the other. One cannot perform any task if there is no unity and harmony among you. In fact, you represent the five human values which are like five life-breaths of a human being.” Hearing these words of wisdom, the five fingers realised their mistake and bent their head in shame. A deep enquiry reveals that the heart is the greatest of all. Body, mind and intellect are mere instruments. Hence, one should follow the advice of the heart in all his endeavours. Understand that all are one and each one is equally important. Do not become egoistic thinking that you alone are very important. Do not waste your precious time in vain argumentation. Be friendly with all and face the challenges of life with unity and harmony.

Students!

You have to lead your lives in an ideal manner. In fact, all ideals are latent in you. They cannot be learnt from books. The principle of ‘I’ is common in all. If someone asks, “Who is Sai Baba?” I respond saying, ‘I’. If someone asks who is the Vice Chancellor? He will say, ‘I’. The single letter ‘I’ represents the principle of Atma. The Veda declares, Ekameva Adviteeyam Brahma (God is one without a second). True spirituality lies in knowing your true Self. But you are unable to know your true Self as you identify yourself with the body. Identification with the body gives rise to ego. One with ego cannot know the reality. Your welfare and also of others will be ensured when you have a firm conviction that all are one. Develop such a spirit of unity. You cannot expect divinity to manifest in you unless you cultivate such unity. The Veda has exhorted:

Let us all move together, let us all grow together,

Let us all stay united and share our knowledge,

Let us live together with friendship and harmony. (Telugu poem)

Some students do not share even their textbooks with others. How can they attain happiness if they are so self-centred and narrow-minded? You should all stand united. Where there is unity, there is bliss.

Embodiments of Love!

There is only one thing that you have to learn. Develop love. The same principle of love is present in you, in Me and in everyone. I see only love in others. Hence, all are one for Me. You too should develop such feelings of love and equality. All are one, be alike to everyone. This is what you have to learn today.

Embodiments of Love!

Along with the acquisition of secular knowledge, you should also make efforts to understand the principle of oneness. Only then can you achieve unity and harmony. Take for instance this rose flower. It consists of a number of petals. Likewise, our heart can be compared to a flower and the virtues are like petals. The petals of a rose flower may fade and fall by the next day, but the flower of heart remains ever fresh. It symbolises the principle of oneness. People worship the Navagrahas (nine planets) to invoke their blessings. You might have observed that there is perfect unity and harmony among the nine planets. (Bhagawan with a wave of his hand materialised a gold ring studded with nine types of gems.) Here you see a Navaratna ring. Whoever wears this ring will be protected by the Navagrahas wherever he goes.

Develop unity. Be courageous and develop the necessary strength to face the vicissitudes of life. I don’t want to take much of your time. Whatever you have learnt here, let it be imprinted in your heart. Only then can you attain peace and your education will become meaningful.

Embodiments of Love!

I shower My love and blessings on one and all. Be always united and spend your time in a bliss. Make your parents happy. Your body is given to you by your parents. Hence, first of all, express your gratitude to them for this gift. Only then can you find fulfilment in life.

Bhagawan concluded His Discourse with the Bhajan, “Prema Muditha Manase Kaho …”

83. Divine Discourse on Guru Purnima 2005

EVERYTHING DEPENDS ON GOD’S GRACE

Everyone has to face the consequences of his actions. Who has made the bats to hang from the branches of a tree with their heads downwards? Has anyone done it out of hatred? No. It is their Karma (fate). Likewise, nobody can escape from the consequences of Karma. (Telugu poem)

Birds fly in the sky with the help of wings. Likewise, bats too fly in the sky, but unlike other birds, they hang with their heads downwards from the branches of trees. Is it not their fate? One may perform any activity, but one is bound to face the consequences of one’s action. This is the law of nature.

Students – Boys and Girls,

People may act as they please, but they cannot escape from the consequences of their actions. Whether he is a pamara (simpleton) or a mahaneeya (noble soul), he has to face the results of his actions. Let no one be under the illusion that one can commit sin and still go scot-free. Hence, one should enquire before undertaking any activity whether it is good or bad. Wherever you go, the results of your actions will follow you like your shadow. However, it is possible to escape from the consequences of action by the grace of God. God is always by your side saying “Tathastu!”, “Tathastu!” (so shall it be!). Man is not taking cognisance of this truth and is indulging in wicked deeds. He knows pretty well what is good and what is bad, yet, he is unable to give up his evil ways. One’s experiences in life, good and bad, depend on his actions.

No one can comprehend the ways of God. They are beyond description. You may think that you can commit a mistake surreptitiously and feel that no one has seen you. But you cannot hide your actions from God. The consequences of your actions will haunt you wherever you go.

One should not be judged by his external appearance. One may look noble and speak in a pleasing manner, but his actions may not be in consonance with his words. We may undertake a number of good activities, yet we cannot escape from the consequences of our past deeds. We have to bear this truth always in mind.

Embodiments of Love!

The world is full of wonders and mysteries. The law that governs human life and the world at large is beyond the ken of human understanding. The principle of divinity is not visible to the naked eye, but it is what prompts you to perform action and experience the consequences thereof.

The story of the Lord is amazing,

It purifies the lives of people in all the three worlds,

It is like the sickle that cuts the creepers of worldly bondage,

It is like a good friend who helps you in times of need,

It is like a shelter for the sages and seers doing penance in the forest. (Telugu poem)

Embodiments of Love!

You may not be able to comprehend fully all that is being said. But you will understand it through experience. It is impossible to escape Karma Phala (fruits of action). We read a number of books, but do we put into practice whatever we have learnt? No. No. We put into practice only that which is convenient and necessary for us and ignore the rest.

Students!

You may wonder if there is a way to escape from the consequences of Karma. Yes, it is possible for those who earn the grace of God. Once you become the recipient of God’s grace, you will not be affected by Karma Phala. Hence, you should strive to earn Divine grace. Scholars say, it is impossible to escape Karma. What they say is true to a certain extent. But once you earn Divine grace, even if you have to experience the consequences of Karma, you will not feel the pain. Take for instance a bottle containing medicine. You find the expiry date mentioned on the bottle. After the expiry date, the medicine will lose its potency. Likewise, God’s grace will make the Karma Phala ‘expire’, i.e., it nullifies the effects of Karma. Hence, it is possible to escape from the consequences of Karma. Man should cultivate the necessary strength and will power to deserve Divine grace. You will be free from the shackles of Karma once you attain Divine grace.

Lord Easwara had granted only sixteen years of life-span to Markandeya. But Markandeya was unaware of this. One evening, he found his parents full of sorrow. On enquiry, they revealed that his end had approached and that was the cause of their sorrow. They said, “Lord Easwara had ordained that you would live only for sixteen years and today happens to be the last day of your earthly sojourn. Tomorrow our earthly ties will be snapped.” Markandeya was surprised to hear this. He also felt sorry that he was not made aware of it earlier. He said, “I would have made proper use of my time if I had known that I would live for only sixteen years.” He went to the temple of Easwara without wasting even a moment, hugged the Siva Linga and started chanting Om Namah Sivaya wholeheartedly. At the appointed hour, Lord Yama (God of death) cast his noose around the neck of young Markandeya. As he was hugging the Linga, the noose fell around the Siva Linga also. Easwara manifested there and remonstrated with Yama, “How dare you cast the noose around Me?” Pleased with the devotion of Markandeya, He blessed him with the boon of immortality. In fact, it was Easwara who had stipulated 16 years of life-span for Markandeya. But on account of Markandeya’s intense devotion and total surrender Easwara had to change His decree. Markandeya’s episode bears ample testimony to the fact that one can escape even from the God of death if one becomes the recipient of Lord Easwara’s grace. Hence, contemplate on God and chant His Name incessantly.

Once when Lord Yama was going round the world, he noticed that everyone was chanting the divine name. Wherever he went, he found devotees contemplating on the Lord. “If everyone starts chanting the Divine Name, how am I to discharge my duties? How can I cast my noose around a devotee?”, he wondered. He started praying to Lord Easwara thus. Then Easwara appeared before him and said, “You may cast your noose on anyone at the appointed time. But, remember that only those who have experienced the fruits of their actions will be ensnared by your noose. It cannot touch those who have no trace of Karma Phala (fruits of action). That is why Markandeya became My property and I showered My grace on him.”

That is why people start chanting the divine names such as “Rama, Krishna, Govinda…” as the end approaches. As demonstrated by Markandeya, devotees can alter the Will of God by their sincere prayers. In matters relating to Divinity, the word ‘impossible’ does not exist. God can accomplish anything. If you surrender to Him completely, He can cancel the consequences of your actions and confer His grace on you. One need not feel depressed or dejected thinking that he is bound by Karma Phala. God can cancel your Karma Phala if your prayers are sincere. In this manner, God protected the lives of many devotees and alleviated their suffering in response to their prayers. Some people out of their ego doubt the power of God and try to test Him. They think, “Let us see, how he will do this.” But God cannot be understood or experienced by such tests. Such tests are futile exercise. Evil qualities like ego, jealousy and hatred will ruin man’s life. One should make every effort to earn the grace of God. Sarvada Sarva Kaleshu Sarvatra Hari Chintanam (everywhere, at all times, under all circumstances contemplate on God).

That is why Swami is exhorting you to undertake spiritual Sadhana. Nagar Sankirtan is one of theSadhanas that is prescribed for devotees. No one knows when one’s end approaches. Yama has no consideration of what one is doing, good or bad at the time of casting his noose. One may leave his mortal coil even when one is doing Nagar Sankirtan. Hence, one should always be prepared to face Yama by chanting the Divine Name. You should undertake spiritual practice and earn the divine grace so as to be free from Karma Phala. One need not feel depressed and resign to one’s fate. One can easily overcome fate with sincere prayers. The story of Markandeya proves this point beyond doubt. Everything depends on God’s grace.

Embodiments of Love!

You may undertake any number of spiritual practices, but never forget God’s Name even for a moment. Only then will you be protected. Never do anything that will take you away from God. You can achieve anything through prayer. You do not need to pray loudly, it is enough if you pray mentally. Some people have a mistaken notion that God will not come to their rescue if they do not pray loudly. God resides in your heart. He listens to your prayers. If you aspire to attain His grace, you have to contemplate on Him incessantly. Worldly difficulties come and go. One should not attach much importance to them. However, through prayer, one can overcome any difficulties. Only God’s grace is true and everlasting. One should strive to attain it.

Embodiments of Love!

Chant the name of God day in and day out. That alone will protect you at all times. Just as air is all-pervasive, God is present in you, with you, around you, below you, above you. Hence, you should be in constant communion with divinity. When you develop faith in Divinity, you will naturally have unity. Consequently, there will be no scope for enmity. You need not perform any rituals in order to win the grace of God. It is enough if you do Namasmarana (chanting the Divine Name) from the depth of your heart. Bhajan Bina Sukha Shanthi Nahin… (one cannot attain peace and happiness without singing the glory of God). If you incessantly chant the divine name “Rama”, no harm can ever befall you.

Embodiments of Love!

It is because of your good fortune that you all have gathered here today. Do not fritter away this opportunity. Make the best use of your stay here and get the maximum benefit out of it. Remember that God is always with you wherever you are.

God is your sole refuge wherever you may be, in a forest, in the sky, in a city or a village, on the top of a mountain or in the middle of deep sea. (Telugu poem)

Students, Embodiments of Love!

I am very much aware that you think of Swami always. It does not matter whether you sing the Divine Name loudly or silently. I see only the feeling behind it. Nothing can come in the way of God and His devotee. Rishis of yore went to the Himalayas in order to spend their time in contemplation of God. Wherever you are, God listens to your prayers. Do Bhajans sincerely. Swami will certainly listen to you. Never give room for any type of weakness. Be always courageous. When you adhere to Swami’s words, the power of Sai will manifest in you. Chant any name of your choice, Easwara, Rama, Krishna, etc., but always remember that God is one. I will never force you to chant a particular name. One should not limit God to a particular name or form. You may call Me by any name, I shall respond.

Recently, a strange incident took place. Subramaniam of Larsen & Toubro and Chief Engineer Kondal Rao had gone to East Godavari and West Godavari region in connection with the Water Supply Project works. As they were conducting a survey in a forest area, they were confronted by a group of naxalites. The naxalites questioned them, “Who are you? Why have you come here? Who has sent you here? How dare you enter our area without our permission?” They replied, “We have come here in your own interest. As there is scarcity of water in this region, Bhagawan Sri Sathya Sai Baba has sent us to make arrangements for the drinking water supply.” On hearing this, the naxalites were stupefied and overjoyed. They said, “We are living in the forests and hence are not aware of the magnificent service activities that Swami has undertaken.” They guided the engineers as to where to lay the pipes and fix the taps. They are all coming here for Swami’s Darshan. The Water Supply Project works in East and West Godavari districts are nearing completion. We have already drawn plans for a water supply project in the Krishna District also. I am taking up these projects and completing them of My own accord, without anybody’s asking. Water is very essential for the survival of everyone. It is the sustainer of life. What else can be of greater service than providing drinking water to the needy? It is the source and sustenance of life. I do not expect any rituals or worship from you. I am doing it out of My love for you. East Godavari, West Godavari and Krishna districts are now being covered under Sri Sathya Sai drinking water supply project. The people of those districts are extremely happy. There can be no greater service than providing drinking water. That is what I have been doing. You need not ask for it. I am giving it out of My own accord. Till today no government or anyone for that matter has taken up the task of providing drinking water to Krishna district. It is only Sai who is providing water to all. I am always engaged in such humanitarian projects. I do not involve Myself in any other work. Water is essential for human life. Hence I am prepared to provide water for all. Devotees should pray that everybody should have water to drink. Pray for the welfare of all. Prayer is the need of the hour. You may be worried that Swami is not able to walk. But always remember that Swami is not the body. I have no connection with the body. I am always happy and healthy. Do not pray to God for the fulfilment of your desires. Pray for the welfare of all. When I had a fall, the people of East Godavari and West Godavari came and prayed, “Swami, we want only Your health and not water.” I told them, “Your welfare is My welfare.” They are bringing a helicopter for Me with the prayer that I should pay a visit to East Godavari and West Godavari districts. Very soon, I will be visiting these districts.

Recapitulate and savour these blissful moments you have spent here. Do Namasmarana.

84. Buddha Purnima Divine Discourse

DEVELOP THE SPIRIT OF ONENESS

Embodiments of Love!

MANY DIGNITARIES FROM SRI LANKA have spoken to you about the great teachings of Buddha. First of all, you have to understand that God is omnipresent. There is no place where you do not find God. The essence of the teachings of all scriptures is that God is present everywhere. Out of their ignorance, some people argue that God is limited to a particular place.

Divinity Indwells all Beings

Truly speaking, Divinity is present in everyone and is all-pervasive. This is the basic truth of all doctrines and philosophies. See everywhere God. If you see God everywhere, nothing bad will happen to you. This Ekatma Bhava (principle of oneness) should be understood by the Bharatiyas.

See no evil; see what is good,

Talk no evil; talk what is good,

Hear no evil; hear what is good,

Do no evil; do what is good,

Be always with God.

Some people call Him Rama, some others adore Him as Krishna and still some others worship Him as Buddha. Names and forms may vary, but God is one. God is not limited to a particular name, form, region or religion. There is only one God who pervades every atom of the creation. Words fail to express the glory and grandeur of Divinity. People may describe Divinity in a number of ways, but no description can ever portray Divinity in full measure. In fact, to describe Divinity is a sign of delusion. Where is God? You are all the embodiments of God. God pervades all beings as their life-breath. Such transcendental principle of Divinity cannot be described. One may do one’s best to describe it at any length, yet all descriptions will fall short of what reality is. Water is infinite; a container cannot hold more water than its capacity. As is the size of the container, so is the quantity of water collected. Likewise, God is infinite, but each one describes Him based on his limited understanding. Divinity is much more than what human mind can comprehend.

Embodiments of Love!

It is impossible for anyone to describe Divinity in full measure. God is one, but people may describe Him in various ways depending on their feelings. Divinity is one. It is sign of ignorance to divide God in the name of religion and limit Him to a particular name and form. God is limitless and boundless. He is Sarvantaryami (all-knowing inner reality). He is Sarva Bhutantaratma (indweller of all beings). How can anyone describe such Divinity? God is present in everyone in the form of Atma (Self). Develop such self-confidence and spirit of oneness. Ekam Sath Viprah Bahudha Vadanti (truth is one, but the wise refer to it by various names). (Pointing to the tumbler, Swami said) This is water. Telugu people call it Neeru, Tamilians call it Thanni, so on and so forth. Different people call it by different names, but water is the same. Likewise, the same God is extolled by various names. The indweller is the same in all beings. People worship God by different names and forms, but God is one. The principle of the Atma which resides in everyone is the true divine power. Only those with self-confidence are true Bhaktas (devotees). You cannot call yourself a devotee if you lack self-confidence. Without self-confidence, you cannot achieve anything in life. Therefore, first and foremost develop firm and unshakeable self-confidence. From self-confidence arises self-satisfaction. Self-satisfaction shows you the path of self-sacrifice which ultimately leads to self-realisation. Self-confidence is the basis for self-realisation.

There is Nothing like my God and your God

Today many people practise meditation without knowing what it is. In the process, they waste a lot of time. What is meditation? Is it to sit cross-legged with closed eyes? No. Not at all. People undertake meditation with a deluded mind. Consequently, they are unable to achieve the desired result. What is meant by meditation? To think of God at all times and under all circumstances is true meditation. You should install God in your heart and discharge your duties with the feeling that God is the basis of everything. Only then can you be called a true devotee. Wherever you go, whatever you may do, recognise the truth that there is only one God and He is all-pervasive. Never give scope for differences saying, my God and your God. Where is your God? Where is my God? All are one; be alike to everyone. There is only one God and He is present in everyone. It is a big mistake to think that God is different for different people. You should have firm faith that God is one. The process of inhalation and exhalation as indicated by the Soham principle is one and the same in everybody. Soham means “I am God.” This clearly demonstrates that God is not different from you. When man comes into the world, the first word he utters is “Koham, Koham” (who am I?). He should constantly keep asking this question until he realises his true identity. He should realise his true nature and proclaim, “Soham, Soham” (I am God) before leaving the world.

Never attribute multiplicity to Divinity on the basis of different names and forms such as Rama, Krishna, Jesus, Allah, Buddha, etc. You may call Him by any name, but God is one and the same. But these days, we do not find teachers who can make lasting impression on the hearts of people by imparting such sacred teachings. All the time, man keeps searching for God elsewhere. How can you find God elsewhere? Some people may call Him Allah; others may call Him by some other name. Does God become different for different people just because they call Him by different names? No, no. These are only names. To think that God is different for different people is a great delusion. You may call Him by any name. God is one.

Sri Lanka will be Safe and Secure

When you develop such spirit of oneness, you will certainly have Sakshatkara (vision of the Divine). Everyone should develop Ekatma Bhava (spirit of oneness). Easwara Sarva Bhutanam (God is the indweller of all beings). It is sheer ignorance to say, “My God is different from your God”. Those who quarrel with each other in the name of religion are foolish people. For some time now, certain types of differences have cropped up in Sri Lanka. Whatever others may say, we have to firmly believe that God is one. It is a great mistake to develop differences on the basis of our deluded thinking.

Once an old woman went in search of Jesus. When she met him, she asked, “Are you Jesus?” Jesus replied, “That is the name given to me. But you can call me by any name, I shall respond.” Names and forms are bound to change. When you are born, people call you a child. As you grow up, you are called a boy, then you become a man and later on a grandfather. But the child, boy, man and grandfather are one and the same. Childhood, youth and old age are merely the different stages of your life. But you are one and the same. Similarly, names and forms may be different, but God is one.

Embodiments of Love!

You have come here all the way from Sri Lanka because of your love for Me. My love for you is hundred times more than the love you have for Me (prolonged loud applause). Sri Lanka had to face many hardships, even from the time of Ravana. But Sri Lanka can never be put to harm. It will always be safe, secure and prosperous (loud prolonged applause). God is the leader of your country. As long as you have faith in God, you have nothing to fear. May you all enjoy safety and security! Wherever you go, whatever you do, have firm conviction that God is always with you, in you, around you, above you, below you. Do not be carried away by what others say. Have God firmly installed in your heart. You can never be put to any harm. No danger can ever befall you. Lead your lives with such courage and conviction. God will certainly bless you with success.

Embodiments of Love!

The hearts of the people of Sri Lanka are sacred. Hence, they will always enjoy safety and security. Difficulties will come and go like passing clouds. You don’t need to be afraid of anything. God will always protect you. Be courageous and face difficulties with fortitude. You are the embodiments of Love. Where there is love, there cannot be any adversity. Love is God. God is Love. Hence, fill your hearts with love.

Embodiments of Love!

Very soon I will visit Sri Lanka and bestow eternal bliss on all of you (thunderous applause). In the present situation, it is difficult for Me to walk. However, difficulty is only for the body. It comes and goes. I do not care for such physical constraints. I will certainly come to your country very soon and fulfil your long cherished dream. Right from a child to an old man, devotees in Sri Lanka think of Swami always. Your prayers and penance will certainly find fulfilment very soon. Cherish this sacred feeling in your heart. The passage of time will not affect the intimate relationship that exists between you and Me. It is eternal and everlasting.

(Bhagavan concluded His Discourse with the Bhajan, “Prema Mudhita Manase Kaho …”)

– From Bhagavan’s Buddha Purnima Discourse in Sai Ramesh Krishan Hall, Brindavan (Whitefield), Bangalore on 23rd May 2005.

85. Easwaramma Day Divine Discourse

“WIN THE LOVE OF YOUR MOTHER TO WIN THE LOVE OF GOD”

“When man is born out of his mother’s womb he has no garland of any kind around his neck. Neither of pearls, nor gold, nor a string of gems nor a necklace of topaz or of rubies or other precious gems can be seen even for a sample. There is, however, a garland around his neck, carrying the unbroken link of the effects of the good and bad deeds of his past lives strung together by Lord Brahma.” (Telugu poem)

Embodiments of Love!

The love of the mother is nobler and supreme than the love of all the friends and relatives in the world. The power of the mother is unparalleled. That is why we are calling the native country as Motherland. The country of Bharath is like our mother. In this sacred land of ours, several types of energy have been developing since ancient times. Great and holy men like Ramakrishna Paramahamsa and Vivekananda could acquire great spiritual power only due to the strength of their mothers’ blessings. The sacredness of a mother’s heart and the strength of her blessings are unparalleled. But, unfortunately people are unable to understand properly the love of a mother, not only in our country but in every country.

It is a great sin to ignore the mother with such a divine power. It is only to remind the people of the nobility and sacredness of the mother that she has been given the foremost place in the spiritual field, by exhorting people to worship the mother first as God. It is said “Mathrudevo Bhava” (worship the mother as God); “Pithrudevo Bhava” (worship the father as God); “Acharyadevo Bhava” (worship the teacher as God); “Athithidevo Bhava” (worship the guest as God). Thus the mother has been given the first place in that order. It is only when we uphold the honour and dignity of the mother that we will be entitled to be called as true sons. The life of a person who could not win the love of his mother is a mere waste. Hence, we must first acquire the deservedness to win the love of the mother. No one can describe the love of a mother in words. It is only by the strength of a mother’s will that a son would come up well in life. Hence, one should respect and love his mother. She must be given the pride of place. It is only such people that can really lead the country. We may or may not worship other deities, but we must certainly worship our mother as God. We should never forget the love of our mother. The love of a mother is supreme. It is only by the love of the mother that divine feelings develop in the children. Where there is a mother of noble qualities, there will surely be all kinds of peace and prosperity. It is foolish to crave for the love of the people, ignoring the love of one’s own mother. One should, therefore, revere and respect the mother. One should try to experience the love of the mother.

The mother of Sri Ramakrishna Paramahamsa was a noble lady. Even in dire circumstances when she had no food and drink, she developed unflinching faith and devotion to God and spent her time engaging herself in cultivating noble thoughts and performing noble deeds, thereby earning God’s grace. It is only when one respects his mother and wins her love, that he can be called a human being in the real sense. There is no God greater than one’s mother in this world. Unfortunately, today people forget this truth and go to different places in search of God. Instead of craving for the unseen God, one should worship and serve the living divinity that is right in front of him. Several people undertake different activities like penance, pilgrimage to holy places, worship and other rituals in order to have the holy darshan of God, but they will be of no use. One cannot win the grace of God without first winning the love of his mother. The love of the mother flows as an undercurrent in every human being. You go through the history of any great person; it is obvious that they could reach such great heights in life only with the help of their mother’s love. When one leads his life in accordance with his mother’s noble thoughts, one will be relieved of all kinds of suffering. One may or may not respect any other person; but one must definitely respect one’s mother. One should dedicate his entire life to win the love of his mother. The mother’s love is always selfless. We must learn to cultivate such love. Wherever you go, whoever you may see, you can find that they have become prosperous only with the blessings of their mother’s love. If one cannot win the love of his mother, how can he hope to win the grace of God? Hence, first and foremost you must strive to win the love of your mother. You should not undertake any work that will hurt the feelings of your mother. The heart of a mother is very tender. Therefore, one should not hurt the feelings of the mother.

Sri Ramakrishna Paramahamsa was born in a very poor family. His mother brought him up by begging for alms. Whatever little food she could collect by begging in the streets, she used to feed her son and herself go without food. After sometime, she became very weak and her health failed. One day Ramakrishna enquired his mother “Mother! Why did your health fail like this?” A neighbouring lady replied to the question saying “Dear Son! Your mother is sustaining you by begging in the streets. She gives all the food collected to you and therefore goes without food for herself. Please do not put such a mother who is an embodiment of love, to suffering”. From then on, Ramakrishna took care to keep his mother hale and healthy. He used to feed his mother first with the food collected from various houses in the village and only then partake of the remaining quantity. By doing so, he could win the grace of Mother Kali and have Her Divine Vision.

The culture of Bharath has laid great stress on the teaching “Mathrudevo Bhava” (Revere the Mother as God) and “Pithrudevo Bhava” (Revere the father as God), more than all other aspects. A person who could win the love of his mother can win everything else. Sri Ramakrishna Paramahamsa could earn the great name for himself only because he could win the love of his mother. How many great people are there in the state of West Bengal? How many people of noble qualities, rich and educated are there? But, they could not succeed in life due to lack of faith in God. It is only Ramakrishna Paramahamsa could lead an ideal life by loving his mother and obeying her commands, due to his implicit faith and devotion in his mother. He used to teach people that there is nothing greater and nobler in this world than mother’s love. The mother is God, verily. It is therefore, not good and proper to hurt the feelings of the mother who is embodiment of love. It is only when we develop love towards our mother, our life will become happy and prosperous. Hence, first and foremost, we must strive to win the love of our mother. Whatever the mother does, is for our own good. We must develop such firm faith. You take the history of any great person in this world, he owes his greatness to his mother.

Students of the present time are unable to win their mothers’ love. The mother undergoes a great ordeal, she is even prepared to undertake hard labour to earn a few rupees, to bring up her children and educate them somehow. What a great sacrilege it is to forget the love of such a noble mother! It is only a person who could win the love of his mother that can earn God’s love as well. We are not born from the earth or the sky; we are born from the womb of our mother. It is possible that differences may arise between a mother and a son, at times. But, the mother does not hate her son on that count and forsake him. There may be sons who hate their mothers, but there are no mothers who hate their sons. The mother will always aspire for the welfare of her son. Even if they go to the court in a matter of dispute, the mother will say “He is my son and I am his mother”. They cannot refer to each other in any other manner. The mother will always strive for the safety, health and welfare of her children. Man, today is undergoing several difficulties on account of ignoring the love of such a noble mother. If you strive to win the love of your mother, you can win the love of all other people. The love of your mother will always be with you, constantly guarding and guiding you in all your endeavours. Unfortunately people are not able to realise this Truth. They think “it is enough to provide a few morsels of food to that old lady”. They are so narrow-minded and selfish. It is a great mistake to think that their responsibility will end by providing some food to their mothers. The mother should always be held in high esteem and served. She must be made to feel happy and contented.

Pundarika was a great devotee of Lord Panduranga. He always held the view that service to the parents is of paramount importance. One day, he was serving his parents by massaging their feet. In order to test his love towards his parents, Lord Panduraga appeared before him. But, Pundarika did not want to be distracted from his attention and continued to serve his parents. Then the Lord Panduranga enquired of him “My dear Son! I appeared before you to give you My darshan; but you are not looking at Me. Whom are you serving with such single-minded devotion?” Pundarika replied that he was serving his parents. Then, Lord Panduranga queried, “Is not God greater than the parents? Won’t you have My darshan at least for one second?” But, Pundarika was not disturbed. He replied “My parents are living divinities for me. I cannot have your darshan, unless I put my parents to sleep. If you wish to give me your darshan, you stand there on the brick till then.” So saying, he pushed a brick towards Lord Panduranga. The Lord then commended his love and devotion towards his parents and declared “The world will always remain safe and prosperous if all people cultivate such love and devotion towards their parents. May such noble sons like you proliferate in this world.” From then on, great and noble ideas of sacrifice and detachment continued to develop in Pundarika. He spent his time happily serving his parents and winning their love.

Putlibai was the mother of Mahatma Gandhi. She continued to observe a vow right from her early days. She never used to take her food in the afternoon, without hearing the singing of the cuckoo bird. Gandhi was a child then. One day, it was already 3 o’ clock in the afternoon and his mother did not take her food, since the cuckoo did not sing. Gandhi could not bear to see his mother hungry. He, therefore, thought of a plan. He went behind their house and imitated the cuckoo call. Then he went into the house and pleaded with his mother “Mother! The cuckoo sang. You can now take your food”. His mother, however, could realise that her son was lying. She grew very angry. She caught hold of him and slapped on his cheek twice. She could not contain her anger and anguish. She chided him saying “it is my misfortune to have given birth to a liar like you”. Gandhi then repented for his mischievous act and begged his mother to forgive him. He also took a vow that he would never speak a lie thereafter in his life. Thus, mothers in the ancient times used to teach their children good behaviour and put them in the right path. Such ideal mothers are very rare in present times, in the world. The present-day mothers could always think “My son should get good marks and ranks in the examination. He should acquire high degrees and earn lakhs of rupees. He should rise to a high position in his career.” There are hundreds of such mothers now-a-days. But, there is not even a single mother who teaches her son “My dear son! You pray to God daily. Never forget God.” That is the reason why the country of Bharath is facing innumerable difficulties. The Bharatiyas of yester years always used to pray daily. “Oh! Rama! Krishna! Govinda!” They used to chant the divine name incessantly. But, things have changed. Now, there is no such contemplation on the divine name. On the other hand worldly desires have proliferated. The culture of Bharath always exhorts the people “Sathyam Vada” (Speak the Truth) and “Dharmam Chara” (Follow Righteousness). Unfortunately, today people act in contrary to such noble ideals. They are distorting those ideals as “Sathyam Vadha” (Kill the Truth) and “Dharmam Chera” (Imprison Righteousness).

Once Easwaramma came to Me and requested “Swami! Several poor mothers have come here alongwith their children. They have no food to eat. Kindly bless them.” Then I rendered them proper help and thus fulfilled Easwaramma’s wish. On another day, she came to Me and expressed her anguish thus: “Swami! Small children of five years’ age are daily walking to Bukkapatnam and back for attending to school. How can they study after walking a such a long distance daily?” Then, I called their parents and advised them “These tiny tots can learn more from their mothers than from their teachers in a school. Instead of sending these small children to such a long distance for education, you first teach them what little you know. You teach them at least two or three alphabets which you know”. Later, I established a school in Puttaparthi and fulfilled the wish of Easwaramma.

The mothers of those days, though they were innocent and illiterate, never gave up praying to God. Love God. There is no use wasting your time in worldly matters. We should never try to imitate others. We must try to develop faith in the Truth that manifests from our own heart. It is not good to develop hatred towards other castes and religions. One should develop faith in one’s own religion and follow it diligently.

Once, when this body was a student, some political leaders approached Me and requested “Raju! We understand that you write good poetry. We arranged a meeting where a number of our people are expected to participate. We request you to please write a good song that can inspire our people.” Those were the days of the Second World War. Adolf Hitler was marching forward to conquer various countries in Europe. He was trying to march into Russia. India was then under the control of Britishers. Taking the situation into account, I wrote a small playlet. In that playlet, I kept a rubber doll in a cradle and sang the following song rocking the cradle gently:

“Don’t cry my child, don’t cry

If you cry, you will not be called the valorous son of Bharath…

Did you cry because the murderer Hitler

Invaded the immortal Russia?

The Red Army and the brave Stalin

Are there to crush Hitler; don’t cry

Why do you cry my child, why do you cry?

Do you cry because our people lack in unity…

All the people will unite and fight

For our freedom; don’t cry.

India will certainly attain freedom

Don’t cry my child, don’t cry…”

The mothers of those days used to sing such inspiring patriotic songs and teach their children good things. They used to mould their character to make them as heroes of the country. There used to be no scope at all for untruth in their talk. By their truthful words, they used to train their children in the path of truth.

Once, the village of Puttaparthi was affected by infectious diseases like cholera and plague. Several people died on account of these diseases. Then, I warned the children in the village that these diseases will spread through drinking polluted water and eating impure food and therefore they should take proper care in this regard.

I exhorted them “Purify the water and then drink. You eat only clean and wholesome food, though in small quantities. Not only that, keep your mouth always fresh and clean. Several diseases will affect you due to unclean mouth. It is not good for you to eat anything that you come across, when you feel hungry. Whether it is for keeping good health or happiness, God’s grace is important. Hence, always pray to God.” Happiness can be attained only through constant contemplation on God; nothing else. It is not something that can be attained by external objects. It can only spring from one’s own heart. In order that we may attain good health and happiness, we must constantly contemplate on God and thereby sanctify our time.

It is only the parents who led ideal lives that nourished and nurtured our country of Bharath, since ancient times. Unfortunately, today you do not find sons who obey their parents. The youth of today brush aside their parents’ words as insane talk and ignore them. This is not correct. They are not insane words; they are verily truthful words spoken from the depth of their hearts. God will certainly hear the prayers said with purity of consciousness and shower His Grace on such people. Hence, one should always pray to God in whichever form one likes and sanctify one’s life by the grace of God. Since ancient times, the women of Bharath offered such prayers to God, in all sincerity and devotion. That is the reason why the country of Bharath could attain great heights.

Embodiments of love!

If you wish that you or the children to be born to you must be sacred, constantly contemplate on God. It is only when the parents lead a good and noble life, their children will be good and noble. Hence, the parents must be good, in the first instance. Unfortunately, today the parents are unable to set an example to their children, with the result, the children are taking to bad ways. Such sacred teachings have become extinct in the country of Bharath, today. The mothers in ancient India used to teach good things and good habits to their children thus:

Get up early in the morning at the crowing of the cock,

Have a bath after your morning ablutions,

Wear a proper dress.

Eat properly and moderately.

Go to school and study diligently.

Earn a good name.

Don’t move out when it is raining,

And never go near the ditches.

Take part in games,

Run and play.

If you abide by all these rules,

You will have both health and wealth. (Telugu Poem)

Both the elders as well as the children are not brushing their teeth properly, today. That is why all sorts of diseases are spreading from ourselves only. For both, good and bad, we only are responsible. They do not come of their own accord. When we cultivate sacred feelings in us, we will be rewarded with good results. If sacred feelings are to take root in us, we have to cultivate good habits.

“Better indeed is knowledge than mechanical practice. Better still is meditation. But, better than meditation is surrender of the fruit of all actions. For, such renunciation of the fruit of all actions would indeed result in liberation.” (Gita – Ch.12 – Sloka 12)

Right from early morning till we go to bed, if we are engaged in good activities, that itself will automatically become a practice. In fact, the country needs such youth. Who are youth? People generally think that boys and girls aged between 18 and 20 years constitute youth. This is not correct. It is only people with noble thoughts, who can be considered as youth. Hence, one must cultivate noble thoughts. As soon as you get up, your first action shall be chanting the divine name “Rama! Krishna! Govinda!” Again, before you go to bed, you must chant the divine name. When you do such chanting of the divine name, you will always have good thoughts. Unfortunately, today people totally forget chanting of the divine name. People think that they are highly educated and have high degrees, but they will not enable you to tread the right path. Education that will not develop enquiry into one’s own self is not education at all! It will only lead to agitation! Mere book reading does not constitute education. Book reading will contribute only to acquiring bookish knowledge. That is artificial knowledge. Real knowledge comes out of the heart. When the young men and women realise and propagate this Truth, the country will progress in all directions.

Embodiments of Love!

Do not waste your time in reading voluminous books, thinking that such books will help you in acquiring great knowledge. One should read such books which will help in the contemplation on the divine name. Do not be satisfied with acquiring mere bookish knowledge. Such knowledge is only a superficial knowledge. What you need really is the knowledge of Self. Strive to acquire that knowledge. It manifests from within. It cannot be acquired from external sources. Is it not a fact that the more you dig in the river bed, the more the water that comes out of the sand! Similarly, the more you remove the bad thoughts in you, the more the sacred knowledge and sacred thoughts manifest in you. Purity, Steadiness, Wisdom and such other noble qualities manifest only from one’s own heart. First and foremost you have to cultivate sacred and noble thoughts. But, you need not give credence to all such talk. You have to always tread the sacred path.

The mothers in the ancient times used to teach their children such sacred things. That is why the children of those days used to engage themselves in constant contemplation on God, with the result, the country was constantly protected by God. It is not the body that is important for us, it is the thought and the feelings. Several people question “Where is God?” I tell such people “My dear! I am God; you are also God”. This is the Truth. Why should we be afraid of speaking this Truth? God is omnipresent. All are embodiments of God! There is divinity in every human being. If not, we cannot live in this world. It is only because of our faith in God, we have been able to survive in this world till today. A small story to illustrate the point: There used to be a husband and wife in a village. The wife was constantly chanting the divine name “Rama! Krishna! Govinda!” and worshipping God daily. The husband, however, was not doing any worship or contemplation on God. But, he used to attend to his daily chores. The wife used to feel “Alas! My husband is not chanting the divine name atleast once in a day”. One night, the husband could not get sleep and was turning this side and that side on the bed restlessly. At that time, he casually said “Rama!” His wife was overjoyed on hearing the divine name coming out of the mouth of her husband, though unintentionally. The next day, as soon as she got up from her bed, she collected all the rice available in the house, cooked it and fed the poor people, in jubilation. The husband who was observing this feeding of the poor, enquired her “What is the matter! You are cooking and feeding the poor today. What is the special occasion?” The wife replied. “Yesterday night, I heard the divine name of ‘Rama!’ emerging from your mouth. My heart overflowed with joy on hearing the divine name from your mouth. Hence, this celebration”. On hearing his wife’s reply, the husband felt sorry and thought to himself “Alas! I have installed Rama in my heart and worshipped him there all the while. Has my Rama gone out from my heart today?” Several people do not give expression to their love and devotion to God. They keep their devotion to themselves. However, one day or the other it manifests outside.

Embodiments of Love! Contemplate on the divine name, irrespective of the religion, caste, creed or sex. You can always chant the divine name of your liking. The mother of Ramakrishna Paramahamsa taught her son good things and shaped him into a great yogi. All the mothers should take her as an example and strive to put their children in the right path. If you constantly contemplate on and chant the divine name, that itself will purify your thoughts and feelings. Never forget the divine name. If you constantly contemplate on the divine name, your life will surely be sanctified. Embodiments of Love! You, therefore, contemplate on the divine name constantly.

(Bhagawan concluded his divine discourse with the bhajan “Rama Rama Rama Sita…”

86. Sri Rama Navami Divine Discourse 2005

RAMAYANA – A SACRED WAY OF LIFE

Sweeter than sugar, tastier than curd, sweeter indeed than honey is the Name of Rama. Constant repetition of this sweet Name gives one the taste of divine nectar itself. Therefore, one should contemplate on the Name of Rama incessantly. (Telugu poem)

The Ramayana represents a sacred path, a sacred door to Divinity, a sacred way of life. The Ramayana is not merely the biography of an individual. All characters in the Ramayana are equally important. Dasaratha distributed the sacred pudding he received from the Yajna Purusha equally among his three wives. Kausalya received her share of pudding joyfully and took it to her Puja (worship) room. Kaikeyi also did the same. Each of them was happy thinking that her son would be the heir apparent to the Ayodhya throne. However, Sumitra had no such desire. She carried her bowl of pudding to the terrace and placed it on the parapet wall while drying her hair in the sun. All the while, she was contemplating on God. As she watched helplessly, an eagle swooped down and carried away the bowl of sacred pudding. She was shocked and disturbed thinking of the reprimand she would have to face from her husband for being careless. She at once rushed downstairs and informed Kausalya and Kaikeyi about what had happened. Unlike the co-wives of the present time, the three queens had utmost love and affection for each other. Kausalya and Kaikeyi hugged Sumitra and consoled her, saying, “Sister, why are you disturbed so much? We three are one and we will share our pudding with you. Kausalya and Kaikeyi at once went into their respective shrine rooms and brought their pudding cups. Each of them gave half of her share of pudding to Sumitra. Sumitra felt greatly relieved and expressed her gratitude to her sisters. The three queens offered their pudding to God and partook of it. Very soon, they conceived. It was Kausalya who developed labour pains first and gave birth to a male child. Then Kaikeyi was blessed with a son. Soon Sumitra developed labour pains and gave birth to two sons. In fact, Sumitra never had any desire to have children. But she was blessed with two sons. She accepted it as the Will of God and was very happy about it. The three queens were waiting for King Dasaratha to come and bless the children. Dasaratha went to each of them and showered his blessings on the children. It was then that Sumitra revealed to King Dasaratha about the incident of the eagle carrying away her bowl of pudding, and her sisters Kausalya and Kaikeyi giving half of their share of pudding to her. That was the reason she was blessed with two sons.

King Dasaratha requested Sage Vasistha, the family preceptor, to christen the newborn children. Sage Viswamitra was also invited for the function. Many sages, Vedic scholars and eminent personalities who attended the naming ceremony were spellbound by the ethereal beauty of the children. Sage Vasistha, Sage Viswamitra and other sages blessed the children by chanting Vedic Mantras. Everyone was wondering how Sumitra had two sons while Kausalya and Kaikeyi were blessed with only one son each. How can anybody comprehend the ways of God? Everything happened according to God’s Will. Sage Vasistha named Kausalya’s son as Sri Rama as He had the power of attraction in Him.Ramayathi Ithi Ramah (that which attracts is the principle of Rama). The name ‘Rama’ was given to Him according to His birth star. His form was highly brilliant and resplendent. As per the tradition, Vasishtha wrote the name Rama on rice. Then Vasistha named Sumitra’s first son as Lakshmana as he looked one of valour and his face shone with all auspicious attributes. He named her second son as Satrughna, saying he would destroy all Satrus (enemies). Vasistha then went to the place where Kaikeyi was seated with her son on her lap. She was bubbling with joy as she remembered the promise made by Dasaratha that her son would be made the crown prince of Ayodhya. She was thinking that her son would rule over the kingdom of Bharat. Keeping this in mind, Vasistha named her son as Bharata. In this manner, the naming ceremony came to a happy conclusion.

The sons of Kausalya and Kaikeyi were having timely food and sleep and were happily playing in their cradles. On the other hand, Sumitra’s sons were crying all the time, day and night, without even taking food. Sumitra became restless seeing the plight of her sons. When she mentioned this to King Dasaratha, he consoled her saying, “Everything happens according to God’s Will. Pray to Him. He will take care of the rest.” There was little he could do about it. Three days passed, the situation remained the same. Sumitra could no longer bear the suffering of the children. She went to sage Vasishtha and told him about her predicament. Sage Vasishtha closed his eyes. His Yogic vision enabled him to know the truth. He said to Sumitra,”As you partook of the sacred pudding given by Kausalya, you gave birth to Lakshmana who is an Amsa (part) of Rama. Similarly, Satrughna is born out of the share of pudding given to you by Kaikeyi. So, he is a part of Bharata. Put Lakshmana by the side of Rama and Satrughna by the side of Bharata. Then they will rest peacefully.” Sumitra did as instructed by Vasishtha. The children became peaceful and stopped crying. Watching this, everyone heaved a sigh of relief. As the children grew up, it became very clear to Sumitra that Lakshmana was an Amsa (part) of Rama and Satrughna, an Amsa of Bharata. One day, she told Kausalya and Kaikeyi, “Dear sisters, your sons may ascend the throne of Ayodhya in future. I have no such ambitions. I am happy to see my sons being in the company of their elder brothers and serve them.” Accordingly Lakshmana and Satrughna were always in the company of Rama and Bharata respectively. They served them and spent their time blissfully. King Dasaratha and the three queens were very happy to see such unity and harmony among their children.

It is but natural that both happiness and difficulties follow each other. As King Dasaratha was spending his time blissfully, one day Sage Viswamitra came with a request which caused great anxiety to the king. Viswamitra said, “Oh king! I want you to do me a favour.” Without a second thought, Dasaratha promised to do the needful. Then the sage said, “I have decided to perform a Yajna. I request you to send your son, Rama to protect the Yajna from the demons.” Dasaratha was in a dilemma. He thought, “Rama is very young and tender. He knows no hardship. How can I send Him to the forest with the sage? How can He fight the cruel demons?” When he expressed his feelings to the sage, Viswamitra became furious and said, “Oh King! It is a great folly to go back on your word, for no one in the noble lineage of Ikshvaku has, until now, ever broken his word. You are tainting their glory by breaking the promise given to me.”

Dasaratha became frightened on hearing the words of Viswamitra. He consulted Sage Vasistha in this regard and ultimately decided to send Rama with the sage. He left everything to God’s Will. He called Rama to his presence. Rama came there with all valour and courage. It was natural for Lakshmana to follow Rama wherever He went. Hence, Lakshmana also came to Dasaratha in fact, with Rama. Nobody had called Lakshmana. He came of his own accord and sat next to Rama. The king did not want to dissuade Lakshmana from following Rama. The Ritwiks chanted Mantras and blessed Rama and Lakshmana before the two brothers set out with Sage Viswamitra.

When they reached the banks of the Sarayu river, Sage Viswamitra said, “My dear ones! This is a very sacred place. Hence, you may perform Sandhya Vandana here.” Rama and Lakshmana offered their prayers as instructed by the sage. They closed their eyes and sat in meditation for sometime. Then Viswamitra thought that it would be very difficult for the royal princes, who are used to palatial comforts and luxuries, to keep awake day and night to guard the Yajna. They cannot even think of food as they have to be on high alert all the time to fight the demons. It was then that the sage taught them the sacred Mantras of Bala and Atibala which would help them overcome sleep and hunger.

Viswamitra, accompanied by Rama and Lakshmana reached Siddhasrama and started the performance of the Yajna. Rama and Lakshmana guarded the Yajna night and day chanting the Mantras taught by the sage. They never felt the pangs of hunger nor did they feel sleepy. They were on high alert all the time in all enthusiasm and exuberance. All of a sudden the demons appeared in their frightening forms and tried to disrupt the Yajna. They were making deafening sounds. But, the princes were least perturbed. They fought the demons with courage and valour and ultimately vanquished them. Viswamitra was very happy that he could complete the performance of the Yajna without any interruption. He showered his love and blessings on Rama and Lakshmana.

In the meantime, a letter arrived from Janaka, the king of Mithila, inviting the sage to take part in a Yajna. Viswamitra told the princes, “My dear ones! We have received an invitation from the noble King Janaka. I am proceeding to Mithila and I wish that you two should accompany me.” At first, Rama was not inclined to go to Mithila and said to Lakshmana, “Dear younger brother, our father instructed us to follow Sage Viswamitra and protect his Yajna. We don’t have his permission to go to Mithila and take part in the Yajna performed by King Janaka.” When the same was conveyed to Viswamitra, he convinced them saying, “My dear ones, your father commanded you to follow me and it is your duty to follow me wherever I go.” The princes had no option but to obey the command of Viswamitra.

The arrival of Rama and Lakshmana in Mithila created a sensation. People admired them and began talking about them. As they were moving in the streets, they attracted everybody’s attention. “Who are these handsome princes? They look strong and valorous. Have they come to marry the daughters of King Janaka?”, people started talking to themselves in this manner. They reached the royal palace allotted to them and rested. The Yajna was to commence on the next day. A meeting was also being arranged for which the gallant heroes of Bharat were invited. It was to see if anyone could break the bow of Siva. The victor could win the hand of Janaka’s daughter, Sita. One after the other, the princes tried to lift the bow of Siva, but had to return to their seats humiliated. At the instance of Viswamitra, Rama gently walked towards the bow, and raised it with His left hand. There was a thunderous applause. When He bent the bow to tie the string, it broke with a thunderous sound. Sita was brought there ready with a garland. Then Viswamitra asked Rama whether He was ready to marry Sita. He was ready to undertake any task entrusted to Him by Viswamitra, but was certainly not prepared for the marriage. Rama offered His salutations to Viswamitra and politely said, “Swami! You have brought us with you to safeguard your Yajna and not for performing our marriage. I would not think of marriage unless I get the consent of My father.” The sage was in a fix. There was absolute silence in the assembly. Everyone was surprised at Rama’s reply. Rama was firm in His stand. Thereupon King Janaka sent his messengers along with a few disciples of Viswamitra with an invitation to King Dasaratha. Viswamitra’s disciples narrated to Dasaratha all that had happened. The king, the queens and the people of Ayodhya were filled with joy and jubilation at the prospect of the marriage between Rama and Sita. Dasaratha accompanied by his queens, Bharata and Satrughna and a host of others, arrived at Mithila.

The womenfolk proceeded to the venue of the wedding in all enthusiasm, singing joyously, exhorting each other to witness the celestial wedding of Sita and Rama.

Welcome to all for Rama’s wedding;

together we shall witness the joyous scene.

Many have gathered already,

decked up in all their finery.

With necklaces the ladies are adorned

of jewels pure and gleaming.

Rama shall tie the knot today

to beauteous Sita, oh what a fine match they make.

Father Dasaratha has made ready bounteous feasts.

All learned sages are assembled with Vasishtha presiding.

Oh, what a multitude has assembled

to rejoice, hearts with joy overflowing.

Wedding of the holy pair

Rama and Sita, such a sight is indeed rare.

The sight shall confer great merit.

Rama looks the cool full moon,

and Sita is a matching double.

The compassionate Rama who loves all

will confer his grace on us all.

Come quickly to witness the holy wedding of Rama and Sita. (Telugu Song)

The men folk were also ecstatic and joined the festivity by singing thus:

Come let us go and see the marriage of Rama and Sita,

The sight shall confer great merit.

The lives of those who see this marriage will be sanctified.

Oh come one and all to see the sacred marriage,

Rama, who is riding on an elephant, is shining effulgently.

Mother Sita is by His side,

The brothers are at their service.

Sita and Rama will smilingly enquire about our well-being;

What else can we aspire for!

Come let us go anon to see the holy wedding of Rama and Sita. (Telugu Song)

Sita was Janaka’s foster daughter. He had another daughter by name Urmila. His brother Kushadwaja also had two daughters by name Mandavi and Srutakeerthi. With the consent of King Dasaratha, it was decided that the four brides would be given in marriage to the four brothers. Dasaratha was happy that all his four sons who were born on the same day were getting married on the same day and same time. The marriage function was celebrated in all grandeur.

Sweet notes of auspicious music reverberated in the air. The Vedic priests chanted the sacred Mantras full-throated and blessed the couples. King Dasaratha shed tears of joy. Everyone was filled with divine bliss watching the marriage proceedings. It is customary during the occasion that the bride and the bridegroom exchange garlands. Sita had to garland Rama first, before the other brides could garland their respective bridegrooms. Sita, being short in stature, could not garland Rama who was Ajanubahu (tall personality).Unless Rama bent His head before Sita, she could not garland Him. But He did not want to bend His head lest people should blame Him for not maintaining the honour of His lineage. Unable to garland Rama, Sita was holding the garland in her hand for a long time. There is another secret in this act of Rama. Lakshmana was the incarnation of Adisesha who carried the mother earth on his hood. Rama looked at Lakshmana as if to say, “Look, why don’t you raise that part of the earth where Sita is standing to enable her to garland Me.” Then Lakshmana indicated to Rama that it was not possible to raise any particular area. If he tried to raise that part of the earth where Sita was standing, simultaneously Rama would be raised and so also others. Lakshmana, being endowed with intelligence, thought of a plan to solve the problem. All of a sudden, he fell at the feet of Rama and did not get up for a long time. Then Rama had to bend to lift Lakshmana up. Sita seized the opportunity and lost no time in garlanding Rama. Then the other three brides garlanded their respective grooms. The four brothers and their brides shone like brilliant gemstones. The onlookers shed tears of joy watching the grand spectacle.

As they were returning to Ayodhya, they heard a loud and frightening sound. Rama instructed Lakshmana to be ready for the battle. Parasurama appeared on the scene and challenged Rama saying, “Oh Rama! I have heard that you have broken the bow of Siva. It is of no consequence and is not at all difficult to lift. If you really have strength, you should break this weapon of mine. So saying, Parasurama hurled his weapon at the feet of Rama. Rama calmly picked it up and broke the weapon. Parasurama at once fell at the feet of Rama. The people of Ayodhya welcomed the newly-wed couples. At the main entrance, Kausalya, Sumitra and Kaikeyi gave the brides and grooms Mangalarati and took them inside. The entire city of Ayodhya bore a festive look and everyone rejoiced.

Today, everyone is celebrating the marriage of Sita and Rama. But after the marriage Rama had to face many ordeals; He overcame them all with fortitude. He decimated the demonic forces. Lakshmana was His main weapon. With his help, Rama emerged victorious in the battle with demons. Many a time He lavished praises on His brothers saying, “My brothers are greater than Me. I owe My victory to them. I could win over the enemies because of the strength of unity among us.” The lives of Rama, Lakshmana, Bharata and Satrughna demonstrated the ideal of brotherhood to the entire world. Such ideal brotherhood is not noticed today. Many wonderful events took place in the life of Lord Rama.

The stories of Lord Vishnu are amazing,

They purify the lives of the people in all the three worlds,

They are like the sickles that cut the creepers of worldly bondage,

They are like good friends who help you in times of need,

They are like shelters for the sages and seers doing penance in the forest. (Telugu Poem)

It is not enough to merely celebrate the Rama Navami as the birthday of Sri Rama. You should understand the purpose of His birth and practise the ideals He demonstrated. Rama Kalyana does not mean the marriage of Rama and Sita at physical level. Rama Kalyana is Atma Kalyana; it signifies the merging of Atma (individual soul) with Paramatma (universal soul). The Ramayana is not the story of an individual. Rama symbolises the cosmic and universal spirit.

87. Divine Discourse on 13-04-2005 (VISHU)

LOVE IS GOD, GOD IS LOVE, LIVE IN LOVE

God is love and love is God. When you hold on to this principle of love and develop love to love relationship, you will attain the state of non-dualism. (Telugu poem)

Embodiments of Love!

You have come here with a lot of expectation to take part in the conference. Though your stay at Prasanthi Nilayam is short, your experiences are profound and you have described them at length in your speeches. However, you deserve much more.

The day on which all the devotees gather and sing the glory of God melodiously; the day on which the sufferings of the poor are lovingly removed and all people live like brothers and sisters; the day on which groups of Dasas (servants of God) who constantly contemplate on God are served a sumptuous feast; the day on which noble souls visit us and narrate the stories of God lovingly; enjoy that day as the real day. All other days are mere death anniversaries. Do I need to say more, oh noble souls! (Telugu poem)

Embodiments of Love!

In this conference, you have dealt at length on various aspects such as the duties and responsibilities of youth and how they should mould their character. Let all your activities be suffused with love. Modern youth fail to understand the true meaning of love. Love cannot exist if there is a feeling of duality. Ekatma Prema (non-dual love) is true love. Give and take relationship does not reflect the true spirit of love. One should keep giving and giving, without expecting anything in return. That is true love. To retreat in times of difficulty is the sign of selfish love. Yathartha Prema (true love) will reign supreme only when you give up Swartha (selfishness) and strive for Parartha (welfare of others). You should know the difference between Padartha (matter) and Yathartha (reality). Reality transcends matter. Sarvam Khalvidam Brahma (verily all this is Brahman). Consider everything as divine and treat the dualities of life such as pain and pleasure, loss and gain with equanimity. Sukhadukhe Samekruthwa Labhalabhau Jayajayau (one should remain unaffected by happiness and sorrow, gain and loss, victory and defeat). Never be carried away by the vagaries of the mind. When you follow the mind, you see only matter, but not the reality. Mind is related to matter. You should not have anything to do with matter. When you associate yourself with the mind, you can never visualise unity. You cannot develop true love and devotion unless you give up duality.

Embodiments of Love!

Understand that the same principle of love exists in you and others. A true devotee is one who understands the principle of unity and acts accordingly. Non-dualism is true devotion. Share your love with others without any expectation. Love everybody only for the sake of love. When you extend your love to others’, you can attain the state of non-dualism. The love that you experience at physical and worldly plane day in and day out is not true love at all! True love is that which is focused on one form, one path and one goal. It is a great mistake to divide love and divert it in different directions. Love is God. God is love. Live in love. Only then can you realise the principle of oneness and attain fulfilment in life. Prema Muditha Manase Kaho Rama Rama Ram… (Sing the sweet name of Rama with your heart filled with love). You may choose any name you like, but you should call Him with all love. Love is most sacred, sweet and non-dual. It is a great mistake to divide such love and associate it with multiplicity. Your love should remain steady in pleasure and pain. Love and devotion do not give any scope for differences. All differences are the making of your mind. Develop the feeling of oneness that you and I are one. Never think that you and I are different. That is the sign of true devotion.

The letter ‘I’ stands for oneness. ‘You’ (individual identity) will not exist when you develop purity and experience oneness with divinity. Hence, give up dualistic feeling. The principle of oneness has to be experienced through love. It cannot be explained in words. But you have not understood the true meaning of love. You are interpreting it in the physical and worldly sense. Consequently, your love is never steady. It keeps changing every now and then. Love should not be tainted with body attachment. Body is made up of matter. All that is related to matter will never give you peace and happiness. Hence, transcend the matter and see the reality. Develop Ekatma Bhava (feeling of oneness). All are one, be alike to everyone. It is a big mistake to attribute worldly feelings to love. There is no scope for dualism in love.

Embodiments of Love!

Your names and forms are different but the principle of love is the same in all of you. That is why I address you as the “embodiments of love”. Love is always one, it should not be divided. Consider God as one and love Him wholeheartedly. Such one-pointed love towards God can be termed as true devotion. Devotees like Jayadeva, Gauranga and Eknath developed such divine love and sanctified their lives. Likewise, Mira and Sakhubai had unwavering love and devotion towards God. They did not worship various names and forms. They followed one path. They installed one name and one form in their heart and contemplated on their chosen deity incessantly. Those who are dual-minded and change their path every now and then are bound to ruin their lives. Hence, never be dual-minded. Experience divinity with Ekatma Bhava. You may choose any name you like Rama, Krishna, Easwara, etc., and contemplate on the form. You will certainly reach the goal of life. Lead your life with your mind always focused on the goal.

Once Radha could not find Krishna anywhere. As she was deeply attached to Krishna’s physical form, she went in search of Him everywhere. She always yearned and pined for His physical proximity. The name and the form are one and the same. However, people are unable to enquire deeply and experience such oneness.

The power of love is unparalleled. It is beyond the ken of human understanding. Love can be understood only through love. Mira’s husband Rana had built a Mandir for Krishna. Being a great devotee of the Lord, Mira was always found in the Mandir singing His glory ecstatically. Consequently, she earned the wrath of Rana. He commanded her to leave the Mandir. This came as a great shock to Mira. She thought to herself, “When Krishna is all-pervasive and not confined to this Mandir alone, how can Rana take me away from Him?” She left her home and hearth and set out to Mathura. Where is Mathura? It is not some geographical location. The heart suffused with nectarine love is Mathura. She sang, Chalo Re Man Ganga Yamuna Teer (Oh mind! Go to the confluence of Ganga and Yamuna). Here Ganga and Yamuna symbolically mean Ida and Pingala (left and right nostrils). The central part of the eyebrows where Ida and Pingala meet stands for Mathura. This is the esoteric meaning of the song. She proceeded towards Mathura chanting the Name of Krishna incessantly crossing rivers, hills, dales and forests. When she ultimately reached Brindavan, she found the temple doors closed. In spite of her repeated prayers, the doors did not open. Then she said, “Oh Krishna, my heart is Your temple. I have installed You in the altar of my heart.” She banged her head against the temple door, calling out to Krishna. She had the vision of Krishna and merged in Him. King Rana repented for having driven away Mira from the temple. He prayed to Krishna for forgiveness.

People these days do not enquire into the inner meaning of certain words they use. They are carried away by the worldly meanings and interpretations. You should take into consideration the feelings that emerge from your heart which is true and eternal. This is how Mira experienced oneness with Krishna. If one wishes to tread the path of devotion, one should hold on to the principle of love firmly. Ordinary mortals do not have such firm determination, but a true devotee will never deviate from the path of love under any circumstances. No other path except love can take us to God. Develop love more and more. Wherever you are, love is your sole refuge.

Embodiments of Love!

Fill your hearts with love and let love be the guiding principle in all your activities when you return home. When you have love in your heart, you do not need to worry about anything. God will always be with you, in you, around you and will look after you in all respects. When you say, “Krishna, I will follow You.” It means that Krishna is separate from you. It is possible that you will lose your way. Hence, you should pray, “Krishna, please be with me always.” In fact, He is always in you. When you enquire deeply, you will experience this truth. It is impossible to be away from Him. Many devotees proclaim, “Oh God, I am in you, I am with you and I am for you.” They repeat these words like parrots, but do not say from the depths of their heart. Actually, God is never separate from you. Pray to Him wholeheartedly with the conviction that He is always in you, with you, above you, below you and around you. When you offer such a prayer to God, He will certainly redeem your life.

We have one more day left. I will explain all these in detail so that you will understand them better. Do not feel satisfied with what you have experienced so far. There is much more to be experienced which will fill your heart with bliss. How can you say that your hunger is satisfied by eating a little? There is a lot of scope for you to experience divinity in full measure in the days to come.

88. Divine Discourse on 11-04-2005 (VISHU)

UNDERSTAND THE SPIRIT OF SERVICE

Of Karma born, in Karma grown, in Karma does man die. So rules Karma, all stages of human life as though it is the very deity of human existence. Of joy and sorrow, the master is Karma. (Telugu poem)

Of the denizens of creation human beings are the highest. It is said Jantunam Nara Janma Durlabham(of all living beings, birth as human is the rarest). It is the human creation that has caused major changes in the world. Joy does not exist alone and is entwined with sorrow and vice versa and the human being is the root cause for both happiness and sorrow.

Embodiments of Love!

Nowadays man is unable to realise his true nature because he is giving importance to only the physical form. He has lost his reasoning faculty. As he calls himself a human being, it is his duty to realise the uniqueness of humanness. A person cannot name himself a human being merely on the basis of his birth and educational qualifications. Actually, real humanness cannot be found in academic degrees. Even birds and beasts can be taught certain skills to perform wonderful feats imitating human beings. It is no credit to a human being deriving satisfaction simply by empty rhetoric, quoting Scriptures and relating to others. Real humanness consists in practising ideals in one’s life and setting an example to others. Man has no authority to teach ideals to others without putting them into practice himself first. There is immense divine power in human beings. He is not simply aDehadhari (one who has assumed a human body). He is endowed with Vijnana (higher wisdom),Prajnana (constant integrated awareness) and Sujnana (discriminatory knowledge). He is, therefore, expected to channelise these higher forms of knowledge in the right path. First and foremost, one has to understand the true meaning of Jnana. Some people think that knowledge acquired by reading numerous books is Jnana. No, this is not correct. Real Jnana is the knowledge that emerges from one’s own self and which is experienced and taught to others. Finally, this would enable the person concerned to be greatly benefited and enlightened.

One has to realise the importance of the term, “human quality” first. Human quality emerges from one’s own self. It cannot be acquired by reading textbooks or listening to others.

Embodiments of Love!

You have come all the way from Kerala and assembled here to acquire Jnana and to know the real meaning of the terms Prajnana, Vijnana, Sujnana. Mere textual knowledge without practical knowledge becomes ‘allergy’. On the other hand, when bookish knowledge is transformed into practical knowledge, it becomes “energy”. If you wish to know what is real knowledge. That which has been acquired by practice is the real knowledge. That alone would entitle you to the epithetManavatwa (humanness).

Embodiments of Love!

All that we teach to others must be supported by practice. Everything is reaction, reflection and resound of one’s own inner being. Every word we utter is the resound of the inner being. Reflection is that which is contemplated upon, experienced and put into practice. The third aspect, reaction is however, very important. Reaction comes out of action. Hence our actions must always be pure and sacred. The three aspects “reaction”, “reflection” and “resound” occupy a place of prominence in the life of a human being. Whatever man learns today comes under the category of resound, meaning, they are taught by the teacher from textbooks. This is bookish knowledge. Resound comes out of reaction and reaction transforms itself into reflection. The unity of all these three aspects constitute humanness. Hence, a human being should not waste his time by empty rhetoric. Every word he utters must be backed by deep contemplation and knowledge of its inner meaning. It is only after that he should try to teach others. Unfortunately, these days mere bookish knowledge is considered as true knowledge and a lot of time is spent in acquiring it. Real knowledge should emerge from the Mastaka (head and heart). One should, therefore, cleanse his head and heart and remove the impurities therein. Then only, is it possible to understand things in the right perspective and acquire wisdom.

Exult not on your erudition oh man, without humble prayer and devotion to your indwelling god, all your learning is just a load in your head. (Telugu poem)

Embodiments of Love!

It may be necessary for you to adapt yourself to new techniques and practices from time to time. At present the world is undergoing phenomenal changes. All those changes may not be relevant to you. Nevertheless, you are required to acquire several branches of knowledge in the modern times to cope with the rapid changes in science and technology taking place all over the world. However, they do not constitute real Vidya (knowledge). Real education is that by which one is able to realise one’s own nature. Avidya breeds Avidya. Hence, one cannot become great by pursuing secular education. One has to make efforts to distinguish between Vidya and Avidya. Vidya is that by which one can develop the power of reasoning and discrimination and realise the truth. On the other hand, Avidya constitutes indiscriminate usage of words and vain argumentation. One has to acquire practical knowledge as well by which one can gain experience. This experience can be shared with others. Such practical knowledge and experience confer strength on a person. However, this strength is not to be construed as mere physical strength. It is like the electrical energy latent in a wire. Just as there is electrical energy in a live wire, similarly, there is latent energy in the human body which manifests in different ways. It can be harnessed for different purposes like reading, writing, walking, talking, etc. It has, however, no form. Nevertheless, it travels throughout the body of a human being from head to toe. By tapping this energy, an Ajnani (ignorant person) can become Jnani (one of wisdom).

Embodiments of Love!

You are all students and you continue to be so throughout your life. It is a mistake to think that you have finished your education and are now engaged in service activities. You are not servants working under somebody. In fact, you are leaders. It is a mistake to confer doership on yourselves for any service activity undertaken by you. This should never happen. In fact, whatever service activities you are undertaking are for your own upliftment. These service activities must be undertaken with self-confidence, self-satisfaction, self-sacrifice and ultimately for the purpose of self-realisation. Thus, the spirit of service develops from the self. Service is not any way construed to be helping others. You may think that you are helping others by joining the Sathya Sai Seva Organisation and undertaking service activities. This is not correct. Also, you need not seek the help of others in these service activities. You can depend upon your own innate strength and energy. The power of your own self will help you in all your endeavours. In fact, you are the beneficiary of all your service activities and not others. Your own self will protect you in your endeavours.

Members of the Seva Dal!

You may think that you have come here for undertaking service. This service is not for others. You are coming here for serving your own self, just as you eat food for filling your own stomach. Man undertakes every activity for his self-fulfilment.

There are several things which you have to learn in these two days. We will discuss these matters later. Since this is the first day, I spoke to you in detail so that you may understand the spirit of service. There are several other things which you have to learn. What is Seva Dal? Each member of the Seva Dal is like a Dal (petal) in a beautiful flower. There are several skills to be learnt by the members of the Seva Dal. If you plant a sapling, it will grow into a plant in due course and yield beautiful flowers. However, the sapling by itself is not attractive. When the plant grows and yields flowers, the beauty of the flowers and fragrance therein will provide joy to one and all. There are several petals in a flower. The flower appears beautiful as long as there are petals in it. Once the petals fade and fall down, the flower ceases to exist. Hence, you should be like the petals of a beautiful flower. Let everyone experience the beauty and enjoy the fragrance of the flower in which you are like the petals. There are several things still to be told to you which Mukundan will tell you. Later on, I will provide any clarifications you may require.

89. UGADI DIVINE DISCOURSE 2005

LOVE AND UNITY – YOUR TRUE AND ETERNAL PROPERTY

The creation emerges from truth and merges into truth,

Is there a place in the cosmos where truth does not exist?

Ponder this pure and unsullied truth with wonder and joy. (Telugu poem)

The body is made up of five elements and is bound to perish sooner or later but the indweller has neither birth nor death. The indweller has no attachment whatsoever and is the eternal witness. The indweller in the form of the Atma is verily God Himself. (Telugu poem)

The melodious songs and Bhajans of the devotees from Hyderabad this morning was a joy for the ears and feast for the heart.

Divine love is the most precious thing in this world. No amount of extolling its virtues will exhaust its greatness as no living thing of this world can be devoid of the influence of love. Saint Thyagaraja sang:

From an ant to the Brahman, in Siva or in Kesava, You do indwell in pure unsullied form of love, oh Rama, please be my protector too. (Telugu Poem)

What is the form of an ant and what is the form of Brahman? Brahman is infinite. On the other hand, ant is a tiny creature. From the physical point of view, there can be no comparison between the form of an ant and the form of Brahman. But from the spiritual point of view, Divinity is immanent in both.

A hungry bear once went to an anthill and pleaded with an ant saying, “I am unable to bear the pangs of hunger. Please give me some food.” The ant could not control its laughter. It said, “How can a tiny creature like me alone provide food for you? I don’t have sufficient food to satisfy your hunger, wait, let me see what can be done.” It is natural for ants to store food for six months in their anthills. It went inside and with the help of its fellows brought out some of the food that had been stored. The bear wondered, “How could a tiny creature like an ant store so much food?” If one has the desire and puts in the necessary effort, one can amass anything; it does not matter whether one is big or small. It is said,Jantunam Nara Janma Durlabham (out of all living beings, human birth is the rarest). Ants, though tiny in form, are able to acquire food, share it with friends and also store for future. But, modern man, in spite of being endowed with intelligence, is frequently unable to earn his food even for a single day. Is it not a matter of shame? In this world, there is no being superior to the human intelligence. But they are unable to make proper use of their intelligence. They conduct themselves in an unworthy manner because of their selfishness and self-interest. Humans do not lack for anything in their life. There is everything at their disposal. They lack the discrimination to make proper use of the resources available. They are not able to give up their petty qualities and rise to a higher level. There is a lesson to be learnt even from ants. When an ant bites ones leg, one feels the irritation and immediately tries to kill it. But they are not making efforts to kill the evil qualities within themselves which are making their lives miserable.

Embodiments of Love!

In this vast world, no matter where you look, you cannot find any motive power more powerful and more valuable than love. Deep-rooted selfishness and self-interest are making man’s intelligence perverted and leading him astray. When you give up selfishness, humanness will blossom in you and your latent powers will manifest. Your power of intelligence will become manifold.

Embodiments of Love!

Nowadays students are reading a wide variety of books. But there is little use in studying a Pustaka (book), if the Mastaka (head) is filled with rubbish. Students are filling their heads with useless information and in the process are misusing their energy. There is no point in going through a number of textbooks over and over again. They cannot save you from the cycle of birth and death. You should acquire such knowledge, which will make you immortal. Present day students have become proficient in bookish knowledge. They have the intelligence to answer any question from the textbook. But they are not making efforts to translate their bookish knowledge into practical knowledge.

One may acquire a high academic qualification such as M.A. and B.A. and attain exalted position,

One may amass wealth, perform acts of charity and attain name and fame,

One may have physical strength and enjoy a long and healthy life,

One may be a great scholar studying and preaching the Vedas,

But none can equal a true devotee of the Lord. (Telugu Poem)

The knowledge one acquires should be utilised for the benefit of society. We should utilise our wealth and knowledge not for selfish purposes, but for the welfare of others. God has given you the human body not merely to eat, sleep and enjoy worldly pleasures. Paropakarartham Idam Sariram (human body is meant to do good to others). The body is given to you so that you make proper use of your intelligence and power of discrimination and manifest your innate human values. Of what use is your education and intelligence if society is not benefited by them? Presently man is making new discoveries and inventions but till this day he has not really understood the purpose of human birth. What is the meaning of the word Manava (human being)? ‘Ma’ means Ajnana (ignorance), ‘Na’ means without, ‘Va’ means Varthinchuta (vrittih yasya sah) (to conduct oneself). Hence, Manava is one who conducts himself without ignorance. But, these days we hardly find anyone leading a life of wisdom in consonance with the name Manava. In spite of being endowed with high degree of intelligence, man is frittering away his life in vain pursuits. Before undertaking any task, he should enquire whether it would befit the title of a human being. He should accept everything as the Will of God. God has blessed man with intelligence, knowledge and wealth so that he will work for the welfare of others. But, man is acting contrary to God’s wish and thereby ruining himself. Animals like bulls and buffaloes render service to man in a number of ways. But, man lacks the spirit of service that even animals possess. Without understanding the purpose of human birth, man is developing demonic qualities and leading a miserable life. Vyashti (individual) signifies humanness and Samashti (society) symbolises divinity. Hence, one can attain divinity only by serving society.

Embodiments of Love!

You may be highly educated and intelligent, yet there is so much you can learn from ants, birds and animals. These lessons of life cannot be taught in the classroom. Even teachers are not making efforts to understand the principle of divinity within. Education is not meant to merely eke out a livelihood. You have to share your knowledge with others, give joy to one and all and thereby rise to the level of the Divine. Samatwa (equal-mindedness) is the hallmark of a true human being. Manavatwa withoutSamatwa cannot attain Divyatwa (divinity). Hence, develop Samatwa in the first instance. Divine power is latent in every human being. But man is becoming weak as he is unable to realise his latent divine power. In order to manifest the divine power, one should cultivate sacred feelings. Manavatwa has not come into existence in the recent past, it has been there since ages. Human being is born from the womb of the mother, but humanness has originated from divinity and is present at all times. There is divinity in every human being. As he is unable to recognise his innate divinity, man is forgetting his very human nature itself. What is the use of being human only in form but not in practice? Human birth will find fulfilment only when we practise human qualities. All the sacred texts such as Upanishads and Sastras are meant to show mankind the path of redemption. Man should manifest his latent divinity by following their teachings. The sacred texts will bring out the hidden treasures of divinity from within. That is why Bhagawan has introduced Educare programme in the educational institutions. Education is related to worldly knowledge. It can be acquired by going through books, whereas educare is meant to externalise the latent divinity in man. Education has temporary benefits, whereas educare bestows everlasting happiness. One cannot become great by mere acquisition of education. One should practise educare and manifest the latent values.

Embodiments of Love!

Educare is the need of the hour. Only through educare can you realise divinity which is present in every atom and every cell of your body. In fact, you are seeing divinity every moment but are unable to recognise this truth. You can call yourself educated only when you recognise divinity which is all-pervasive. Secular knowledge is related to education which can be acquired from outside. It is mere bookish knowledge, whereas educare cannot be acquired from books. No benefit accrues by gathering information from books. What is required is transformation and it is possible only through educare. Acquisition of information which cannot lead to transformation is a mere waste of time. But man has developed a taste for such information which is but a waste. Man’s intelligence, knowledge and power are all the gifts of God. They have to be nourished and made proper use of, through educare. Truly, God has endowed man with immense potential. That is love. It is beyond all description and measure. There is no greater power than this. But man is giving up such power without realising its value. He is under the mistaken notion that love means physical and worldly relationship. True love lies in unification of two hearts. People utter this word repeatedly without actually knowing its meaning. Love does not hurt anybody. It always helps. Hence, consider love as your true wealth. There is no property greater than love in this world. You are misusing the God-given gift of love by diverting it on worldly matters and sensual pleasures. Your foremost duty is to make proper use of love by following the dictum, Help ever, Hurt never. There is no greater Dharma than this.

Embodiments of Love!

Love is your only true and eternal property. But, you are diverting it on mean and worldly pursuits. It should be treasured in your heart and utilised for sacred purposes. You may share it with any number of people, it will never diminish. You are unable to understand and experience love in its true spirit. Love is the life-breath of every being. In order to understand love, you have to dive deep into the ocean of love. Love cannot be understood from a superficial level, you have to immerse yourself completely in love. Worldly love is such that you can just taste it and give it up, but once you taste divine love, you will never give it up. Love is God, God is love. Hence, you cannot separate love from God. Live in love. That is the only way you can understand love and experience God.

Embodiments of Love!

It may be easy to give lectures on love, but it is difficult to understand it. Make every effort to experience love. If you understand the nature of your love, you will understand the love of others. Love is in you, with you and around you. Once you understand love, you will become the very embodiment of love.

Students!

The more you understand the principle of love, the nobler you will become. Once you understand the principle of love and put it into practice, others will also try to emulate you.

In the epic Ramayana, not only the four brothers, Rama, Lakshmana, Bharata, Satrughna, but also their wives played important roles. They demonstrated great ideals to the world. People extol only Rama and ignore the model conduct of the others. In fact, each of them was as great as Rama Himself. You might have heard of Sumitra, the mother of Lakshmana and Satrughna. People do not attach much importance to her role in the Ramayana. In fact, her name does not figure prominently in the epic. She was a paragon of virtues. Her name Su-mitra itself signifies that she was a good friend to one and all. She shared her happiness with everyone. Kausalya and Kaikeyi had one son each, whereas Sumitra had two sons.

When we enquire into the reason, we can understand the mystery behind it. When Dasaratha performed the Putrakameshti Yaga, the Yajna Purusha appeared and handed over the vessel of sacred pudding to Vasishtha. Vasishtha gave the sacred pudding to Dasaratha who in turn distributed it equally between his three wives. Kausalya and Kaikeyi took their share of the pudding to their respective Puja rooms. Each of them was happy thinking that her son would be the heir apparent to Ayodhya throne. But Sumitra had no such thoughts. She carried her bowl of pudding to the terrace and placed it on the parapet wall while drying her hair in the sun. Suddenly, an eagle swooped down and carried away the bowl of sacred pudding. She immediately ran down and informed Kausalya and Kaikeyi about what had happened. Kausalya and Kaikeyi came to the rescue of Sumitra and shared their sacred pudding with her.

Kaikeyi gave half of her share to Sumitra. Kausalya did the same. In due course, Kausalya gave birth to Rama, Kaikeyi to Bharata, and Sumitra to Lakshmana and Satrughna. The sons of Kausalya and Kaikeyi were happily playing in their cradles whereas Sumitra’s sons were crying all the time, day and night, without even taking food. Sumitra went to sage Vasishtha and told him about her predicament. Sage Vasishtha closed his eyes. His Yogic vision enabled him to know the truth. He said to Sumitra,”As you partook of the sacred pudding given by Kausalya, you gave birth to Lakshmana who is an Amsa (part) of Rama. Similarly, Satrughna is born out of the share of pudding given to you by Kaikeyi. So, he is a part of Bharata. Put Lakshmana by the side of Rama and Satrughna by the side of Bharata. Then they will rest peacefully.” Sumitra did as instructed by Vasishtha. The children became peaceful and stopped crying. Sumitra felt very happy at this and said to Kausalya and Kaikeyi, “Lakshmana and Satrughna are your gifts. My children will serve your children. Lakshmana will serve Rama and Satrughna will serve Bharata. It is my good fortune that my sons will serve their brothers.” This was the basis of the intimate relationship between Rama and Lakshmana, Bharata and Satrughna.

Sumitra used to experience ineffable bliss, since her two sons Lakshmana and Satrughna were always in the company of Rama and Bharata. She was never depressed by the separation of her children. No one knows why certain things happen and for what purpose. As the four sons of King Dasaratha were growing, Lakshmana always used to accompany Rama and Satrughna would accompany Bharata. Both Lakshmana and Satrughna were mighty warriors. Without them, there can be no Ramayana at all! Lakshmana was born to serve Rama and Satrughna was born to serve Bharata. Lakshmana was the Embodiment of Love. Similarly, Satrughna used to serve Bharata with all the power at his command. Thus, the four brothers Rama, Lakshmana, Bharata and Satrughna were inseparable. Hence, it is not correct to say that Rama was born to Kausalya, Bharata to Kaikeyi and Lakshmana and Satrughna to Sumitra. Though their mothers were different, they always used to move about in the company of one another. The four brothers Rama, Lakshmana, Bharata and Satrughna are parts of the same substance and facets of the same Divinity. Similarly, their mothers Kausalya, Sumitra and Kaikeyi used to move always in the company of one another. There was no discord between them. The unity between the four brothers was in fact the sum and substance of the story of Ramayana. None can describe in full the glory of Ramayana. Each one attempted to describe the glory of Ramayana in his own unique style. With the result, a number of literary works on Ramayana have become available today. The human nature is not limited to the mere form. It consists of the body, mind, intellect, senses and above all, the heart the seat of love. The Ramayana is a great story of intense interaction between these five aspects of human nature. It is not possible for anyone to fully describe the interplay of these factors in Ramayana, however much one may strive.

Once, Kausalya was engaged in some work. Meanwhile, Bharata came running and sat on the lap of Kausalya and started crying. Kausalya was a bit surprised about the reason for Bharata’s agony. She tried to console him and enquired as to what made him cry. Bharata replied that they were playing a ball game and each time Rama was purposely getting defeated in order to ensure the victory of other brothers. Thus, the unity, love and affection between the brothers were such that they always tried to please others. They used to experience supreme bliss in the company of one another. It was only Lakshmana who could understand fully the nature of Rama and it is only Satrughna who could understand fully the nature of Bharata.

The women in Ramayana were also exemplary in nature. When Rama was going to the forest to fulfil the wishes and command of his father, King Dasaratha, Sumitra asked Lakshmana to accompany Rama. Immediately, Lakshmana followed him. He experienced great joy in accompanying his elder brother Rama to the forest. Similarly, Satrughna also experienced great joy in the company of Bharata and accompanied him wherever he went. What does the name of ‘Satrughna imply? It means the one who destroys the enemies. Rama, Lakshmana, Bharata and Satrughna were ideal brothers. It is not enough to merely extol their ideals, but we must also try to experience that great bond of love in our day-to-day lives and share it with others. The great epic Ramayana is not a mere story. It also explains and expounds the Atma Tattwa. One has to experience that Atma Tattwa with reaction, reflection and resound. The Ramayana Tattwa has to be understood properly and translated into our day-to-day lives.

Embodiments of Love!

The Ramayana cannot be compared with other Puranic texts. It is not merely a great poetic work, but a great treatise on human relationships between parents and children, between brothers, husband and wife and the king and his subjects. it is only when we are able to understand the significance of Ramayana in this larger context, that the country will prosper with love and affection between the citizens. In a few years time, nay, very shortly, the whole world will realise the greatness of Ramayana and try to emulate the ideals set in Ramayana. Today, we find a wide variety of nations, religions and castes in the world. No. No. The situation will certainly change. Within a short span of time, the world will realise the truth:

There is only one religion, the Religion of Love.

There is only one caste, the Caste of Humanity.

There is only one God, He is Omnipresent.

The greatest truth propounded by Ramayana is the oneness among humanity. When there is such unity, there will be mutual love between people. When that mutual love between different people develops, the whole world can experience great joy and happiness. Thus, it is only Ramayana that can provide great joy to the entire humanity. Hence, let every individual chant the Divine Name “Rama! Rama! Rama!”

Urmila, the wife of Lakshmana was a good painter. She was painting a picture to be presented to Sri Rama on the occasion of His coronation. Exactly at that moment, Lakshmana entered her room. She wanted to get up and look who was the visitor. In the confusion, the paint got spilled over the unfinished painting. She felt very bad. “How come this painting got spoiled when actually I wanted to portray the beauty and majesty of Sri Rama on the occasion of His coronation and show it to the world”, she thought.

Urmila had a very compassionate heart. She always entertained noble thoughts. She did not feel sad even for a moment when her husband Lakshmana accompanied Rama to the forest. She was always contemplating on Sri Rama during His exile to the forest. Not only she, the wives of Bharata and Satrughna, Mandavi and Srutakeerthi were also engaged in constant contemplation of Sri Rama and praying for His return to Ayodhya. Thus, when they were in constant contemplation of Rama, their strength increased day by day. If you analyse the underlying meaning of every incident in the Ramayana, all of them point to only one principle – the principle of unity; unity between the brothers, unity between their wives, etc. Even in times of calamity like when Lakshmana fell unconscious during the war with the Rakshasas (demons) in Lanka, Rama did not lose heart, neither Sumitra, the mother of Lakshmana. She was always confident that no danger would ever befall Lakshmana, since he was in the service of Lord Rama. Thus, during the entire period of 14 years of Rama’s exile to the forest, all the brothers and their wives were always thinking and wishing the well-being of Rama only; so, were their mothers. Such was the nobility of their hearts.

Embodiments of Love!

Any amount of narration of the greatness and nobility of the characters in the Ramayana will not suffice and do justice to the cause. The story of Ramayana cannot be fully described since it is “His Story”.

The stories of Lord Vishnu are amazing,

They purify the lives of the people in all the three worlds,

They are like the sickles that cut the creepers of worldly bondage,

They are like good friends who help you in times of need,

They are like shelters for the sages and seers doing penance in the forest.

It is therefore, very essential for every human being to emulate the ideals set by Lord Sri Rama in their day-to-day lives.

(Bhagawan concluded His Discourse with the Bhajan, “Rama Rama Rama Sita …”

90. Divine Discourse on 16-03-2005

HUMILITY AND CHARACTER ARE THE HALLMARK OF EDUCATION

The creation emerges from truth and merges into truth,

Is there a place in the cosmos where truth is not?

Visualise this pure and unsullied truth. (Telugu poem)

Embodiments of Love! Students!

You have joined this institution to pursue your education. Firstly, make efforts to understand the true meaning of education. Humility and character are the hallmark of education. But, today students do not develop humility. They are interested only in acquiring degrees. However, our educational institution is an exception in this regard. Few students come here with the sole objective of acquiring degrees. Most of them come here with the single aim of pleasing Swami by striving to follow Swami’s ideals and attain exalted position in life. They give happiness to their parents by their good conduct.

Students!

Education does not mean mere acquisition of degrees.

Oh man! Examine and enquire for yourself what great happiness you have achieved by spending all the time from dawn to dusk in acquiring knowledge and earning wealth unmindful of God.

(Telugu poem)

One may acquire a high academic qualification such as M.A. and B.A. and attain exalted position,

One may amass wealth, perform acts of charity and attain name and fame,

One may have physical strength and enjoy a long and healthy life,

One may be a great scholar studying and preaching the Vedas,

But none can equal a true devotee of the Lord. (Telugu poem)

Having entered the portals of this educational institution, you should try to understand the value and true meaning of education. Only when you understand these aspects, can you be called truly educated. There is a lot of knowledge in pustakas (books), but what is the use if the mastaka (head) is filled with ‘mud’? Once you fill your mastaka with knowledge, you need not refer to pustakas any more.

Elders should evince interest in the education of their children. They should enquire as to what the children are learning in the educational institution and constantly monitor their progress. Modern students react to the queries of elders in a discourteous manner. They indulge in mere verbosity and confuse the elders.

Students should earn a good name in society and uphold the reputation and prestige of the institution in which they study. An educational institution is like a gigantic tree. Different subjects are like its branches and sub-branches. Virtues are like the fragrant flowers that you find on the tree. Faith is like the roots. When you water the roots of faith, you get the fruit of Ananda.

At present, all educational institutions have begun to feel that character is very important for a student. The end of education is character. Character does not mean good conduct alone. One should consider the fellow human beings as one’s own brothers and sisters. One should develop Bhava Shuddhi(purity in feelings), which will ultimately lead to Jnana Siddhi (attainment of wisdom).

Our students are highly virtuous. I repeatedly say that they are My property. When I have such a property with Me, why should I worry about anything? I asked the boys who appeared for the GATE examination, “My dear ones! How did you write the exam?” They said, “Swami, with Your grace and blessings we have done well. You say that students are Your property. Having been blessed with the opportunity of being Your students, our only aim is to live up to Your ideals and bring a good name to the Institute.” I was very pleased and deeply touched by their answer. It is heartening to note that there are such ideal students in our Institute. It is because of such noble students that the country has progressed and prospered. If there are no men and women of virtues, how can the world shine with all its brilliance?

Our students do not indulge in empty rhetoric, they are men of action. Their sincerity makes Me happy. I have come to impart such ideal education to the students and inculcate virtues in them.

In spite of his education and intelligence, a foolish man will not know his true Self and a mean-minded person will not give up his evil qualities. (Telugu poem)

Modern education leads only to argumentation, not to total wisdom. What is the use of acquiring education which cannot lead you to immortality? Acquire the knowledge that will make you immortal. (Telugu poem)

Once you acquire the knowledge of the Self, you would have acquired everything else. These words of wisdom are imprinted in the hearts of our students.

Embodiments of Love! Students!

You have proved your worth among lakhs of students and secured high ranks in the GATE examination (loud applause). The examiners were highly impressed with the intelligence and behaviour of our students. They wanted to know whether our students came from East or West, North or South. Our students replied, “Sir, we are neither from East nor from West, neither from South nor from North, we are the students of Sri Sathya Sai Institute of Higher Learning.”

They are not satisfied with what they have achieved. They are striving hard to bring more and more laurels to our Institute. Wherever you go, you find our students leading exemplary lives propagating the ideals of our educational institutions.

Once someone asked our students what type of food they like to take, vegetarian or non-vegetarian. They replied in one voice, “Non-vegetarian food gives rise to evil thoughts and feelings; hence we would never touch non-vegetarian food.” They are 100% vegetarians. Even the students who used to eat non-vegetarian food earlier become vegetarians once they join our Institute. Once someone tried to persuade one of our students to take non-vegetarian food, saying it contained a lot of good nutrients. But, he not budge from his stand. He said, “I don’t want such vitamins and proteins. Even vegetarian food has all the vitamins and proteins that I need. I want to tread the path of truth and non-vegetarian food is not at all conducive for spiritual progress. Along with secular education, I want to acquire spiritual education and propagate it to the world.” There are many such students who are firm in their resolve to spread the Sai ideals. It is because of such noble students that our institution has attained worldwide fame.

Students should develop good habits right from their childhood to enjoy good health and happiness. In this context, there is a poem which reads as follows:

Get up early in the morning at the crowing of the cock,

Have a bath after your morning ablutions,

Wear a proper dress.

Eat properly and moderately.

Go to school and study diligently.

Earn a good name.

Don’t move out when it is raining,

And never go near the murky pools.

Take part in games,

Run and play.

If you abide by all these rules,

You will have both health and wealth. (Telugu poem)

Students should exercise restraint over their food habits. Even birds, beasts and animals observe certain regulations in this regard. Born as human beings and having acquired education, is it not expected of you to follow proper discipline with regard to food? Students who eat non-vegetarian food right from their childhood give up that habit when they join our institution. Even their parents are surprised at their transformation. When one of our students went home during vacation, his mother tried to serve him non-vegetarian food. He refused to touch it and requested his mother not to prepare non-vegetarian items in future. He explained to his parents the ill effects of consuming non-vegetarian food.

Non-vegetarian food is the cause of several diseases like cancer. You might have read in journals and newspapers that most of the people in Singapore eat fish. Consequently, they are infected by several harmful micro-organisms. Similar instances were reported from various parts of Bharat. It is because of unhealthy food that people suffer from diseases. Many are under the mistaken notion that non-vegetarian food gives them strength, but in reality it makes them weak. Once you spoil your health by partaking of non-vegetarian food, you will never be able to regain your health even if you spend the rest of your life in forests eating fruits and tubers.

These were the answers given by our students when they were asked questions about their food habits. The explanation given by our students made such an impact on the audience that many of them became total vegetarians. As is the food so is the mind. As is the mind so is the man. Hence, one must necessarily partake of sacred and sattwic food to lead a happy and healthy life. Of late, there is a growing awareness among the Bharatiyas about the influence of food on one’s mind. Consequently, people are changing their food habits for the better. Our body is made up of flesh. Why should you feed it again with flesh? Such unsacred food gives rise to unsacred thoughts.

Students!

It is not enough if you observe regulations with regard to food alone; you should cultivate good habits also. You should participate in sports and games regularly. Take part in such games which will help in the blossoming of your physical and mental faculties. Healthy food and good habits will take you to exalted position in life.

Dear Bangaru Students!

Truly, you are like gold. It is not possible to describe your sacred feelings. You speak from the depths of your hearts. The language you speak is not ordinary. It is Atma Bhasha (language of the spirit). You are leading your lives with sacred feelings. However, keep away from bad company. It is said, “Tell me your company, I shall tell you what you are.” “As is your company, so you become.” Hence, always keep good company. Be in the company of those who speak good words. Never utter harsh and unsacred words. If you use unkind words, people will treat you like an enemy. If you speak softly and sweetly, people would enjoy your company and talk to you for any length of time. When you are in the company of others, make sure that your body is clean and your mouth does not emit bad smell. You should take proper care of your health in every possible way. When your body is clean and healthy and when your thoughts, words and deeds are pure, you will be loved by one and all.

Students!

Wherever you may go, ensure that you are presentable and acceptable in every way. Only then will you earn the respect of others. Always keep your mouth clean. Bad breath leads to various diseases. Not merely that, it will cause inconvenience to others. If your mouth emits foul smell, people try to avoid you. Hence, the moment you get up from bed in the morning, you should brush your teeth and clean your tongue thoroughly. When you keep your mouth fresh and clean, you will enjoy good health. Though I don’t sleep in the night, I brush My teeth before going to bed. I brush My teeth at regular intervals so as to keep My mouth fresh and clean. That is why I don’t have any health problem. I don’t have any pain whatsoever.

You should take care that no food particle sticks between your teeth. Some people use a hard brush to clean their teeth. As a result, their gums start bleeding. But I use a very soft brush. Even now My teeth are so strong that I can crack a betel nut. My students are struck with awe and wonder when they witness My physical power.

Students!

It will be a matter of shame that you spoil your health and submit yourself to the hands of a doctor. Hence, each one has to take care of one’s own health. One should never be dependent on others. This is what I teach to My students quite often. Get up early in the morning, do some jogging and exercise so as to keep your body fit. During examination time, students try to keep themselves awake in the night for late hours to study. They keep dozing with books in front of them. Such studies will take you nowhere. Do not force yourself to study when you feel sleepy. Keep the books aside and go to bed peacefully. You should study only when your mind is fresh and attentive.

Oh man! Do not feel proud of your education and scholarship. If you do not offer your salutations to God and not contemplate on Him with devotion, of what use is all your education? (Telugu poem)

Students!

First and foremost, take care of your health. Your education will prove as mere waste if you do not maintain proper health. Do not rest content with secular education. You should also acquire Educare. Education is related to gathering outside information, whereas Educare relates to inward transformation. Educare is that which makes the human values blossom from within. Whether you have acquired educare or mere education will become evident in your speech. A word of caution in this regard – you should not talk loosely. Especially when you speak to elders, you should carefully frame your sentences and speak with all humility and respect. True education is not limited to textual knowledge. You should manifest the human values of truth, righteousness, love, peace and non-violence. Truth should not be confined to mere words. It should be translated into deeds.

Students!

Having come here and acquired education of the highest standard, lead a life of virtues. Share your knowledge with others.

Let us all move together, let us all grow together,

Let us all stay united and share our knowledge,

Let us live together with friendship and harmony. (Telugu poem)

This is what you have to learn today. Always have a smiling countenance and be a good friend to others. A good friend is one who always has good thoughts, speaks good words and performs good deeds. When you lead your life in such a manner, you will be an ideal person and a source of inspiration to others.

Bhagawan concluded His Discourse with the Bhajan, “Hari Bhajan Bina Sukha Santhi Nahin …”

91. Divine Discourse on Shivarathri – 9th Morning

ALL ARE BOUND BY THE LAW OF KARMA

Everyone has to face the consequences of one’s own karma. Who has made the bats to hang from the branches of a tree with their heads downwards? It is their fate. Likewise, nobody can escape from the consequences of karma. (Telugu poem)

Every human being, insect, bird, beast or animal, nay, every living being in this world is bound by destiny. None can escape from the result of karmas, good or bad. It is natural for every living being to obey the laws of nature and the law of karma. For example, the bat hangs from the branches of a tree heads downwards. That is their nature. That is how they are born to live. Every human being in this world thinks that he is undergoing suffering, even though he had not done anything bad. He feels, “I have not done anything wrong! Why then am I undergoing this suffering?” But, the fact is otherwise. Whatever pleasure or pain undergone by a living being is certainly the outcome of the karmas (action) performed by it. Every human being performs karma and enjoys its fruit as a consequence. Nevertheless, it is not clear to him till today whether it is a natural consequence of his actions or by any unknown reason. Not only the human being, even bacteria, birds, insects, beasts and animals are experiencing the consequences of their karma.

In support of this inevitable law of karma, I would like to narrate certain incidents that happened long ago. These incidents explain how certain births took place, just to demonstrate this truth. There used to be a great devotee by name Subbamma in Puttaparthi. She was very rich. She had no children. Whatever she had, she used to give in charity to one and all with a feeling, “I am only sharing my god-given wealth with my fellow human beings.” She was leading a pious and noble life with a sense of equanimity. She had, however, one desire. She used to pray, “Swami! At the time of my departure from this earthly sojourn, You should quench my thirst by pouring a few drops of water into my mouth with Your Divine hands.” I promised her that I would do so. Six years after I gave that promise to her, I had to go to Chennai once to fulfil My engagement in a devotee’s house. That was the time of Second World War. Once in every hour, there used to be an air raid precaution siren and the streets would become empty in no time. I stayed there for three days and started My return journey straight to Bukkapatnam from Chennai in a car. Meanwhile, Subbamma fell seriously ill and was taken to Bukkapatnam from Puttaparthi. That was her parental home. There she died. Her relatives started making certain sarcastic remarks, “Sai Baba gave word to her that He would pour water into her mouth at the time of her last moments. Did He come? Where has He gone?” Subbamma’s brothers and relatives made all arrangements for taking her body for cremation. In those days, it was not easy to procure firewood to cremate a dead body, especially in the villages. However, they procured some firewood and kept everything ready. While passing by the house of Subbamma, I noticed several people gathered there. I enquired, “Who is going to be cremated?” Washerman Subbanna was there. He replied, “Swami! Subbamma is dead.” I enquired again, “Is it? When did she die?” “Three days ago, Swami”, he replied. I went into her house where her body was kept. Her relatives were about to take her body out for cremation. Her sister saw Me and started wailing. She told Me, “Baba! She longed for Your arrival. She yearned that You should pour water into her mouth before she breathed her last. At last, she died without her wish fulfilled.” I told her that there was no possibility of such an eventuality and asked her to fetch some water in a tumbler. I put a basil leaf in the water. I removed the cloth that covered her face. Ants were crawling all over her body. I gently called her name, “Subbamma!” She opened her eyes and saw Me. She held My hands and wept. She enquired, “When did You come Swami?” I replied, “I came just now.” I wiped her tears gently with a towel. I told her, “Subbamma! Look here.” I then poured a few drops of the sacred water into her mouth and said, “Now, close your eyes peacefully. Subbamma drank that water from My hands and breathed her last. Thus, I kept My promise to Subbamma. While this strange phenomenon was going on, all her relatives and the doctors who attended on her were watching the happenings with awe. They could not believe their eyes. They were wondering, “How come! Subbamma died three days ago. There was no breath in her body. How is it that she opened her eyes now and spoke to Swami? Perhaps it is a divine miracle of Sai Baba.” Subbamma was constantly worried during her lifetime that Swami was always on the move visiting several places and perhaps her last wish might not be fulfilled. But, I kept My promise made to her long ago. At last, the dead body of Subbamma was cremated by her relatives as per their family custom. She was a Brahmin lady. I started returning to Puttaparthi. A bullock cart was kept ready for My return. Myself and the brother of Griham Ammayi (Easwaramma) sat in the bullock cart and were returning to Puttaparthi. His name was Chandramouli (Swami’s physical body’s maternal uncle). We saw smoke emanating from the cremation ground where Subbamma’s mortal remains were being consigned to flames. Chandramouli enquired, “Swami! You were with Subbamma’s dead body till now. Why did You not wait till the cremation was over?” I told him, “Chandramouli! I am not a person who goes back on his word. I gave a word to Subbamma that I would be present by her side during her last moments and pour water into her mouth. That I fulfilled. I advised her to depart from this world peacefully. I kept My promise and I am now returning to My abode.” Chandramouli felt very happy. In fact, Subbamma was held in high esteem by the entire village. She was the head of the village, being the wife of the Karanam. The entire property of the village was in her name. However, since she came into the fold of Swami, she had no other interest in life, except Swami. Right from early morning till she went to bed, she was constantly engaged in Swami’s work only. On certain occasions I used to retire into the caves of the nearby hills without informing her. Poor lady! she used to go round the hills in search of Me. She used to packupma, dosa, vada, idli, etc., in a tiffin carrier and come in search of Me. At last, when she could find Me, I used to enquire teasingly, “Subbamma! What did you bring for Me?” She used to reply, “Swami! I brought the items of Your taste.” Then I used to tell her, “Give Me dosa.” She then served dosa in a plate and handed it over to Me. I used to tease her further saying, “Subbamma! I don’t like this dosa. Give Me idli, upma, vada, etc.” Poor lady! She used to serve Me all those items. From morning till evening, she used to prepare a number of items and wait for Me. Yet, she was anxious to know what more did I need. Once I told her “Subbamma! You need not fear. I don’t need anything. I have put so many questions to you asking for this and that to make your devotion and surrender known to the world.” Subbamma then requested Me, “Swami! I am happy that I have been able to serve You food. I am also happy that You ate these items with love and affection towards me. I will be happy if You can kindly put a small quantity of this stuff in my mouth with Your Divine hands.” Then, I took a small piece of idli from the plate and put it in her mouth with a little chutney. She felt extremely happy. Thus, Subbamma experienced great bliss in the divine proximity of Swami till her last breath. Chandramouli, who was a witness to My showering love and grace on Subbamma on a number of occasions, observed, “Swami! How compassionate You are towards the devotees! We don’t have words to express Your love and compassion towards devotees, especially Subbamma.” True! Words fail to describe Swami’s love and compassion towards Subbamma. The devotion of Subbamma towards Swami surpassed even that of Prahlada.

People had by now realised that Swami had fulfilled the promise given by Him to Subbamma. They felt that Subbamma’s life was sanctified. Taking cue from her example, several elderly people used to visit Me with the request, “Swami! Please give a word that You will pour sanctified water into my mouth with Your Divine hands at the time of my departure from this world.” I used to tell them, “My dear ones! All people cannot get this great boon. If you are destined to get it, you will certainly get it. I will come at the appropriate time and pour sanctified water in your mouth.” Kondama Raju used to observe these people coming to Swami with such requests. He also developed a yearning for this Prapti (deservedness). One day, he approached Me and requested Me, “Swami! You are born in our family, in our lineage. You have upheld the honour and glory of our lineage. But, I also have a request to make to you. I wish and pray that my birth in our family should be sanctified. I therefore request you to please pour some holy water into my mouth with Your Divine hands during my last moments of life.” I assured him that I would certainly fulfil his request. He felt very happy, for, he knew that once Swami had given His word, He would certainly stick to it. He lived for 112 years. Every morning, he would walk from the village to the New Mandir to have My Darshan. One day I asked him, “Why do you walk all the way from the village to the Mandir and back. There may be cattle on the way and if they attack you, you will fall down and get injured. Won’t you?” He used to tell Me very boldly, “Swami! When You are protecting me and constantly standing by my side, which animal could attack me?” One day, early in the morning he came to the Mandir and had My Darshan. He returned home and lay down. After a while, he told Easwaramma to go near Sathyabhama Temple and see whether Swami was coming that side. She went there, returned and told him, “Yes, Swami is coming in His car.” Swami had a small car then. Kondama Raju said, “Easwaramma! Get a tumbler of water and put a Tulasi leaf in it.” She did accordingly. He held the tumbler in his hand and was waiting for Me. He knew that his end was near and that I had come there to keep My promise. None else knew this. Holding the tumbler, he said, “Swami! I am ready.” I replied, “I am also ready.” As I poured the water into his mouth, he passed away peacefully. Before passing away, he said, “What a great fortune it is to drink water from Your Divine hands before departing from this world! Even King Dasaratha who performed great penance and sacrifice, did not have such a fortune. My life is redeemed.” Saying thus, he closed his eyes. With this incident of Kondama Raju, it was once again revealed to the whole world that Swami would certainly keep His word, come what may! The lives of Subbamama and Kondama Raju were thus redeemed. I manifest My Divine Leelas in many ways to fulfil My word. I go to any extent to fulfil My promise. However, some devotees act contrary to their words.

I was taken to Kamalapuram for higher education. The elder brother of this body, Seshama Raju was very intent on My pursuing higher education. Therefore, he took Me along with him to Kamalapuram and admitted Me in the school. In those days, I was struggling very much to prosecute the education due to paucity of funds. Often times I had to manage with empty pockets. Hence, I used to make use of My poetic skills to earn a few coins to meet My personal needs. In the same village, there used to be a businessman by name Kotte Subbanna. He used to run a provision shop in which some Ayurvedic medicines were also sold. Once a new Ayurvedic medicine by name “Bala Bhaskara” was introduced for sale in his shop. It was a new and very efficacious medicine. It could fetch him a good profit if popularised. He therefore, requested Me to shoulder the responsibility of making propaganda for his new medicine. I agreed to his request, but asked for some more information about the medicine. Then, I composed a song about the efficacy of the medicine and gathered a few children of My age to go round the nearby villages with placards in their hands and sing the song composed by Me. The song ran thus:

There it is! There it is! Oh, children! come, come!

There is the medicine Bala Bhaskara;

Be it an upset stomach or a swollen leg;

Be it a joint pain or flatulence;

Be it any ailment, known or unknown;

Take this Bala Bhaskara for an instant cure!

If you wish to know where it is available:

There is the shop of Kotte Subbanna;

It is in that shop that you can pick it up.

Come here boys! come here!

It is an excellent tonic

Prepared by the famous physician Gopalacharya himself,

Come here boys! come here! (Telugu song)

By the time we completed our propaganda tour of the nearby villages, all the stock of medicines in Subbanna’s shop were sold out. He felt very happy. Then he called Me and offered a pair of knickers and a shirt stitched for Me. But, I flatly refused them saying, “Subbanna! I did not compose that song for the sake of new clothes. I don’t need them. I won’t touch them. Please take them back. If you thus offer some money or articles in return for My services, I will not even step into your shop.” He realised My sincerity and strong feelings. From then onwards, he used to say, “Raju! I don’t want anything in this world, except Your love.”

Another incident had happened while I was studying in Kamalapuram. I attended a scout camp in a nearby village called Pushpagiri where a big fair was being held. I was away from the house for a few days and there was nobody to fetch water from a distant well for household purposes. Hence, the wife of Seshama Raju had to shoulder that responsibility. By the time I returned from the scout camp, Seshama Raju was angry that there was nobody in the house to help his wife. He was then drawing lines in a notebook with the help of a wooden ruler. As soon as he saw Me, he shouted at Me, “Hey! Come here. There is no one in the house to fetch water for the last few days. Your sister-in-law had to attend to that job also, besides her normal domestic chores.” So saying, he took the ruler and beat Me angrily. The ruler broke into three pieces. My hand was swollen and it was giving Me a lot of pain. I did not give a reply nor revealed the incident to anybody. I tied a bandage Myself to My hand with a wet cloth. The next day, Seshama Raju’s son died. He gave a telegram to Pedda Venkama Raju (Swami’s father). Venkama Raju immediately rushed to see Seshama Raju. He started from Puttaparthi and reached Bukkapatnam and from there to Kamalapuram. The Griham Abbayi (Swami’s father) enquired from Me, why I was having a bandage on My forearm. I tried to explain away very casually as if nothing had happened. I told him there was a slight pain due to a blister on the forearm and therefore I put a bandage on it. There was a lady belonging to the Vysya community in the neighbouring house, who used to make her living by preparing dosas and selling them. She tried to reason with Griham Abbayi saying, “What! Venkama Raju! I know you are sufficiently well-off so as to get Raju educated at your place. Why should you put Him to so much trouble by keeping Him under the care of His elder brother at such a distant place? You do not know how much suffering the poor boy is undergoing here. He has to fetch drinking water from a distant place carrying two big pitchers with the help of a Kavadi on his young shoulders daily.” Thus, she narrated several incidents where I had to undergo physical strain and suffering. Griham Abbayi was deeply moved on hearing My plight and immediately called Me and said, “My dear son! You start immediately and come along with me. Let us go back to Puttaparthi.” All the family members loved Me. He therefore lamented, “I have come to know that the injury to your forearm was due to your elder brother’s beating. I myself never beat You till date. You are undergoing so much suffering here. Come! Let us go back to Puttaparthi.” At the time when this incident happened, Griham Abbayi made a comment which still rings in My ears even today: “Sathyam! If one is alive, one can make a living even by selling salt. I can no longer put You to such an ordeal. Can I not provide for Your living even with my meagre income?” So saying he shed tears. From then onwards, He did not send Me with anyone. My formal education stopped with the high school. I did not attend any college. Nevertheless, I have been continuing My Mission as a Sathya Bodhaka (Teacher of Truth), making Puttaparthi My headquarters.

I composed a beautiful poem depicting the glorious history of Puttaparthi, which reads as follows:

Encircling which town the sacred river

Chitravathi flows in all its pristine beauty;

Around which town there are beautiful

Mango groves symbolising auspiciousness;

Standing guard on the four sides of which town

are the deities of Parvati and Parameswara constantly protecting;

Firmly installed in the midst of which town is the

effulgent Lord Vishnu in all His splendour;

That world famous town is Puttapuram or Puttaparthi

with its fresh water tank built by Chikkavadiyar

standing as an everlasting monument

to the glory of Bukkaraya. (Telugu poem)

I built a residential colony in commemoration of the great love and devotion Subbamma had towards Me and named it as Karanam Subbamma Nagar, which is next to Gokulam. I also purchased some cows and engaged some people to look after them. Some of these people were accommodated in a few of those houses in Karanam Subbamma Nagar. Thus, I made efforts to see that the name of Subbamma is remembered for ever by devotees.

A few years ago, I started a project by name “Deenajanoddharana Pathakam” to adopt some orphan children to provide food, clothing and education to them so that when they grow up they will be able to lead a life with honour and dignity. I am looking after these boys with all love and care. You must have seen these boys when they come for Darshan every Thursday and Sunday. I also built living accommodation for these boys so that they may stay comfortably in those houses. Besides their normal education, they are now acquiring proficiency in extra curricular activities also. Thus, there are so many service activities that I have undertaken right from My childhood. If they are all to be narrated now, it can go for hours together.

Dear Students!

I have great love for you. I wish that all of you should come up well and earn a good name. I love such boys who earn good name. In fact, I give Myself to such boys. I will give you whatever you want.

92. Divine Discourse on Shivarathri – Evening

YOU ARE ALL AMRUTAPUTRAS – SONS OF IMMORTALITY

In this supremely holy land of Bharat

Tolerance is the towering quality of our character;

Of all the religious vows, the foremost is

Adherence to Truth, which is difficult to practise;

The sweetest and most respectable feeling in this land of Bharat

is the feeling towards mother;

Consigning to flames the moral fabric of our country

which ordains self-respect as greater than one’s own life,

The dagger of unrestrained freedom has been given to people

Imitating the Western way of life;

Alas! What can I say about the rulers of this land of Bharat?

Just as an elephant cannot realise its own strength

So are the Bharatiyas today. (Telugu poem)

Embodiments of Love!

No one has been able to realise the uniqueness, greatness and sanctity of this holy land of Bharat so far. The culture of Bharat is nobler and holier than all other cultures in the world. This unique culture is pervading from the microcosm to the macrocosm equally. Unfortunately, nowadays, the Bharatiyas have forgotten this great culture and are practising the alien culture. The great human values of Sathya (Truth) and Dharma (Righteousness) have declined in this holy land of Bharat. However, fortunately, none has been able to root out these great human values so far. There is nothing more sacred than Truth and Righteousness. They are like the two eyes to a human being. Unfortunately, today, people are losing the vision in these two eyes and thereby becoming blind. Though the students of the present times are pursuing higher education and acquiring degrees, they are losing sight of these great human values. Instead of fostering such a sacred and noble culture and leading their lives in accordance with the principles laid down in this great culture, people are wasting their time in vain pursuits. It is only the practice of these great human values of Sathya (Truth), Dharma (Righteousness), Santhi (Peace) and Prema (Love) that had made the country of Bharat the great spiritual leader of the entire world. It is only when we foster these great human values, we are entitled to be called Bharatiyas in the real sense. Losing sight of even one of these values will not entitle us to the great name of Bharatiyas. The real thyaga (sacrifice) is leading a life of constant practice of these human values in our day-to-day lives. Our life must be a continuous journey from Sathya (Truth) to Prema (Love) in the order of Sathya, Dharma, Santhi and Prema. These values must enter the core of our heart and flow in every cell of our body.

The whole creation is from Truth,

In Truth all creation merges.

Is there a place in this universe where the grandeur of Truth is not felt?

The entire universe is a manifestation of

Pure consciousness; know this reality. (Telugu poem)

From the time a human being is born from his mother’s womb, it is Truth and Righteousness that are sustaining and fostering him. The women of Bharat have undergone many ordeals in sustaining these great values amidst their household duties and domestic chores. Yet, they have continuously taught these values to their children. Swami knows too well how much suffering the parents of these children undergo in bringing them up. What the students of the present times are expected to acquire is not education and high degrees, but the essence of Truth and Righteousness. One has to understand the real meaning of Sathya and Dharma. The word “Sathya” consists of three letters “Sa”, “Tha” and “Ya”. The letter “Sa” signifies the Sattwic quality, “Tha”, the quality of Thyaga (sacrifice) and “Ya” the qualities of Yama and Niyama (inner and outer sense control). Hence, the word “Sathya” means fostering the Sattwic quality with a spirit of sacrifice and by observing sense control. Unfortunately, today, we are losing sight of such great human values which formed the core of Bharatiya culture. Man today does not know what Sathya and Dharma are. Dharma is taken to be duty. This interpretation is not correct. This is only an English translation, rather inadequately expressed! The real interpretation of Dharma is Dharayati iti Dharma (that which sustains is Dharma). It sustains the human life. Sathya (Truth) emerges from the Hridaya Nabhi (Heart region) of a human being. Thus, when a man led a life of Sathya and Dharma, he will become sacred. The Pandavas and Droupadi led such a noble life by following Sathya and Dharma. All your present difficulties and humiliations are due to non adherence to Dharma.

One should obey the divine command with total faith and without any disputation for or against. Markandeya was born out of a boon granted by Easwara to his parents. Easwara asked his parents whether they wanted a virtuous son with a short life-span or a son not so virtuous but who would live long. The parents opted for a virtuous son. Accordingly, Markandeya was born. He was one of good thought, good behaviour and good conduct. Easwara informed his parents that he would live only for sixteen years. Nevertheless, the parents were joyous as they had been blessed with a virtuous son. Years rolled by and Markandeya entered his sixteenth year. Remembering the words of Easwara, his parents became grief-stricken. His mother would often shed tears thinking of the impending death of her son. Markandeya could not understand the cause of her grief and wondered why she was shedding tears. One day, he found his parents steeped in sorrow. On enquiry, they revealed that his death was very near as willed by the divine and that was the cause of their sorrow. Markandeya felt sorry that Easwara’s will was not revealed to him till then because of which he had wasted the precious time allotted to him. He did not want to waste any more time. He had an early bath, went to the temple of Easwara and started chanting the sacred Shiva Panchakshari mantra, Namah Shivaya, with all sincerity and devotion. He lost himself in the contemplation of Easwara. He did not expect any reward for his prayers. He considered it as his primary duty to contemplate on God. The following day was supposed to be the last day of his earthly sojourn. Hence he remained in the temple. As he had not returned home, His parents went to the temple and sat at the entrance. They were shedding tears thinking of the impending end of Markandeya’s life. As ordained by the Lord, Markandeya left his mortal coil the moment he completed his sixteenth year. His parents were in deep sorrow. As Markandeya left his mortal body in the external world, his jiva (soul) reached Lord Shiva in the divine world. The Lord was immensely pleased with the sincere devotion of Markandeya. He said, “Markandeya! Today marks the completion of your sixteenth year. You have come to Me in a happy frame of mind. You have bowed down to My Will with implicit faith and obedience. I am pleased with your devotion.” As Easwara was speaking to Markandeya in this manner, Mother Parvati intervened and said, “Oh Lord! Why don’t You send him back to his parents as he has obeyed Your command implicitly.” Easwara wanted Parvati also to accompany Him. Together they restored life into the body of Markandeya. The parents’ joy knew no bounds when they noticed some movement in Markandeya’s body. He got up and said, “My dear mother and father, Lord Easwara and Mother Parvati have brought me back to life.”

It is only God, who can save the life of a human being. Some doctors claim that they can give good medicines or perform surgery to save the life of a person. They make several promises thus, but they fail. Except God, none else can save or prolong the life of a person. He only can interfere in the law of Karma. With God’s grace, one can achieve anything in this world. Dear students! You must strive to earn the grace of God right from your childhood. When you pray for His grace and strive for the same, you will be protected by God.

Embodiments of Love!

Today is the holy day of Shivarathri. Shiva means auspiciousness. Where there is Shiva (auspiciousness) there cannot be Shava (inauspiciousness). This holy day of Shivarathri must be spent in the constant contemplation of God chanting the holy name of Shiva right from early in the morning till you go to bed. The Lord’s name must dance on your tongue. Divinity is eternal. It cannot be achieved so easily. Nobody has been able to explain Divinity so far, though some vague definitions like eternal, changeless, etc., have been given. The proper definition of Divinity would be Ekam, Nityam, Vimalam, Achalam, Sarvadhee Sakshibhutam Bhavateetam Trigunarahitam (One without a second, eternal, pure, unchanging, witness to all functions of the intellect, beyond one’s imagination, beyond the three Gunas (Sattwa, Rajas and Thamas).

One of the names attributed to Lord Shiva is Mrityunjaya, which means one who has transcended death. This is from the worldly point of view. But if one wants to understand the true and eternal nature of Divinity, one has to understand the relationship between Lord Shiva and Mother Parvati. Once there was a slight difference of opinion between them about giving an appropriate name to their child. Parvati wanted to name the child by a particular name from among the several names Lord Shiva has. Lord Shiva however, chose to name the child as “Amrutaputra” (son of immortality). In fact, every human being is an Amrutaputra. Even the Upanishads declare him so. The Upanishads reveal the true identity of a human being by addressing as Srunvantu Viswe Amrutasya Putrah (Oh the children of immortality! Listen).

Dear Devotees and Students!

You are also Amrutaputras, not Anrutaputras (sons of immortality, not falsehood). One who is an Amrutaputra is not affected by change and death. You verily are the embodiments of the changeless, eternal principle. Once Mother Parvati was putting child Ganapati to sleep by rocking the cradle and singing a lullaby, “Oh Amrutaputra! Sleep my dear! Sleep. If you are awake, the whole world will be awake.” Lakshmidevi, the consort of Lord Vishnu came there and witnessed the scene. She felt that it was rather a strange lullaby. She enquired about the name of the child and Parvati told her that His name was Amrutaputra. Lakshmidevi further enquired from where did she get that name. Parvati replied that it was Lord Shiva who gave that name to the child. One who had descended from Easwarattwa is Easwara Himself.

Embodiments of Love!

You are not reading the sacred texts of yore. Unless you read those texts also, you will not be able to understand what is being related to you. Dear Students! You are all Amrutaputras. People would naturally expect that you should live up to that great appellation. In fact, the names given to children by elders in our country have a lot of significance and meaning. They are not given just casually or for fun. In order to understand the underlying meaning and sanctity of these names, we must read the sacred texts like Puranas. Unable to realise the eternal reality of the values of Sathya and Dharma, we are taking to wrong ways. We are simply repeating the words Sathya, Dharma, Santhi and Prema like a parrot. But, we are not making any effort to understand the true import and significance of these great human values. All of you are Amrutaputras, not Anrutaputras.

Dear students!

Try to understand the true nature and significance of the names. It is a fact that nobody has ever seen Lord Easwara in person. People call Him “Kailasavasi” (the Lord who resides in Kailasa). Where is Kailasa? It is only when you contemplate on Him in the depth of silence that you can visualise Lord Easwara in Kailasa. Therefore, one has to practise “Mouna” (silence). And that silence implies total stillness of thought and word.

Embodiments of Love!

You are all Amrutaputras. Hence, constantly remain under that awareness. Proclaim yourself to beAmrutaputras. Whatever name has been already given to you, prefix that name with “Amrutaputra”. If you consider yourself as Anrutaputra, it is a great mistake and a misnomer. Hence, realise your true nature and call yourself Amrutaputra.

(Bhagawan concluded His Discourse with the Bhajan, “Prema Mudita Manase Kaho…”)

93. Divine Discourse on Shivarathri – Morning

EXPERIENCE THE ALL-PERVADING DIVINE CONSCIOUSNESS

The Lord of Kailasa has manifested his Divine form with the crescent moon adorning his head, the cool water of the Ganga flowing between the matted locks, with his radiant eye in the middle of the forehead and the purple neck gleaming like the sheen of a blackberry. He wears serpent bracelets and a snake belt, his entire body is smeared with Vibhuti, his forehead is adorned with a Kumkum dot, his ruddy lips glow with the juice of the betel, diamond-studded gold earrings dangle from his ears and his whole swarthy body glows with divine effulgence. (Telugu poem)

No one seems to have made an effort to recognise the meaning and significance of Shivarathri. In fact, the very word Shivarathri reveals its meaning. “Shiva” means auspicious and “rathri” means night. Thus, Shivarathri means auspicious night. Then the question arises, “Who is Shiva?” The divine consciousness pervading all the living beings is none other than Shiva. This Shivattwa (divine consciousness) permeates not only human beings, but the birds, beasts and animals as well. In fact, every moment in our life can be taken to be Shivarathri. We need not wait for Shivarathri on a particular day in a year.

Embodiments of Love!

The Shiva-consciousness is all-pervading. How can we limit it to a particular time and place? Sarvatah Panipadam Tat Sarvathokshi Siromukham, Sarvatah Sruthimalloke Sarvamavruthya Tishthati (with hands, feet, eyes, head, mouth and ears pervading everything, He permeates the entire universe).

If we carefully analyse this aspect once, it will be obvious that all that we witness around is Shiva consciousness; nothing else. Shiva does not mean a particular form with matted hair and tiger skin. Wherever we look and whichever form we come across – whether a child or an elderly person, whether an woman or a man, in every form the Shiva consciousness is resplendent. How can you describe that all-pervading Shiva-consciousness or limit it to a particular time and place? People display a particular dance form to portray the Shiva Tandava (the Cosmic dance of Lord Shiva and Parvati). But, this is only symbolic and does not portray the real Shiva Tandava. How can one describe the transcendental Shiva consciousness which words cannot describe or the mind cannot comprehend? Lord Shiva is described by some as Mukkanti (the Lord with three eyes). All of us have only two eyes. But, the Lord has a third eye as well. We are aware of only the past and the present. We cannot visualise the future. Only God can. Lord Shiva, who can visualise the future with His third eye, i.e., Jnana Netra, is therefore referred to as Mukkanti. God is described by different people in several ways. He is described to be donning several forms. Nevertheless, all those descriptions fail to describe Him in full. Each one describes God and ascribes Him a particular name and form, depending on his imagination. The nameless, formless God is omnipresent and all-pervading. He isAvanmanasagochara (neither words can describe nor the mind can comprehend Him) and Aprameya(immeasurable). Who can describe such Divinity? There is only one sign for Divinity, that is, Consciousness. In whichever form this Divine Consciousness permeates, it will assume that form – it may be the form of a dog, a crow, a crane or a human being. Easwarattwa, therefore, can be described as Divine Consciousness. This Divine Consciousness is permeating all the human beings, nay, even the insects, birds and beasts and animals. One of the names given to this divine Consciousness isShivattwa (Shiva Consciousness). It is not therefore correct to describe Shivattwa by such appellations like Mukkanti, Trinetra, etc. Shivattwa means the all-pervading Divine Consciousness. In fact, all the devotees sitting in this Hall are embodiments of Lord Shiva. Sarvam Shivamayam (all that you witness in this objective world is a manifestation of Shiva). It is pervading all the three worlds, the earth, the space and the nether world. It exists in all the three periods of time, the past, present and future. It is indescribable. Any length of time is insufficient to describe the Shivattwa. Several people are worshipping such an omnipresent and all-pervading Divine Consciousness by describing it through different names and forms. Just as the all-embracing divine love does not make a distinction between living beings, so also the Divine Consciousness does not differentiate. It is only we who make distinction between people as my father, my mother, my brother, my sister, etc., based on our earthly relationships with them. In fact, every living being is an Embodiment of Divinity. God assumes all names and forms. You are God. Once Parvati, the consort of Lord Shiva enquired of Him, “How can people recognise the divine consciousness which is said to be all-pervasive?” Easwara replied that the same consciousness that is immanent in Him is permeating all the living beings. He also explained that it was permeating every cell even of her body. One cannot explain; one has only to experience it. Once Parvati could not find her own son Vinayaka though he was very much near Lord Easwara. She was searching for Vinayaka everywhere, except in the divine proximity of Lord Easwara. How strange! Similarly, man today is searching for God everywhere, not knowing that he himself is an Embodiment of Divine Atma.

Lord Easwara never tended His hair. He left them in their natural position as matted locks. His matted locks, His third eye, His ash-smeared body – all were left in their natural position and colour. But, they appeared differently to different people. Who can describe the colour and effulgence of Lord Shiva’s body? Once, there arose a controversy between Lakshmi and Parvati about the physical appearance of Lord Easwara and Lord Vishnu. Lakshmi, in the course of arguments enquired, “Parvati! How did you court this strange person who does not keep His body neat and who smears the ash from the cremation ground all over his body?” Parvati was offended. She retorted, “Amma! Your husband Vishnu reclines on the serpent, Sesha. He is blue in colour. Why don’t you mend His ways and try to change the colour of His body?” When they were arguing thus, Saraswati entered the scene. She tried to counsel them saying, “There may be some differences in their physical appearance. So far as I am concerned, I do not find any difference between them. The same divine consciousness permeates both these forms. I am able to realise it. Since you are not able to realise it, you are entering into argumentation. Hence, forget all the outward differences.” This type of transcendental nature is immanent only in Saraswati. All such differences in physical appearance are only in the minds of human beings, but God is attributeless. It is the devotees who ascribe different names and forms and attributes to God. Based on their imagination, they picturise God in different forms like the great artist Ravi Varma. As you think, so shall be the form of God. People describe the form of God as Rudra and Santhiswarupa. But, God is always Santhiswarupa (Embodiment of Peace) only. He is always pleasant and smiling. To imagine such an Embodiment of Peace in a different form is only the making of the devotee. If at all there are any such illusions, one has to get rid of them. One has to realise Divinity by cultivating love for God. It is only love that can bind God. Through such divine love, the oneness of God has to be realised. If the attributeless God has to be described, the description would be Ekam, Nityam, Vimalam, Achalam, Sarvadhee Sakshibhutam Bhavateetam Trigunarahitam (One without a second, eternal, pure, unchanging, witness to all functions of the intellect, beyond one’s imagination, beyond the three Gunas (Sattwa, Rajas and Thamas). We are attributing differences to such an attributeless God and feel very happy. This is not correct. The oneness of God has to be realised. There shall be no confusion in this regard, though poets and artists like Ravi Varma portrayed God in different forms, giving expression to their imaginative skills. Whatever be the different forms of portrayal by poets and artists, God is only one. For example, Lord Vinayaka appears as only one, wherever you see. He has no attributes, whatsoever. One who has no Gunas (attributes) is Ganapati. He has no leader above Him. That is why He is called Vinayaka. If you thus analyse, each name ascribed to God would reveal one meaning. Since He has no leader above Him, even Brahma, Vishnu and Maheswara worship Him.

Embodiments of Love!

People today are promoting differences among human beings by attributing different names and forms to the nameless, formless and attributeless God. This is a serious mistake. Divinity is being divided by devotees. The oneness of God is not realised, with the result, futile arguments and counter arguments ensue. Whether it is Rama, Krishna, Easwara or Vishnu, all these are only different names ascribed by devotees to God. But, God is only one. These names are ascribed to God only for our own satisfaction. Divinity, however has no difference at all! The best sadhana would be to realise unity in Divinity and worship God as such. You may, however, worship God in the form you like. There can be no objection to it. But, the underlying unity between the different names and forms should never be forgotten. It is a misconception to think that Lord Rama may be angry if you worship Lord Krishna and vice versa. Such differences may be felt by the devotees, but they are not in Lord Rama and Lord Krishna.

God does not entertain such negative feelings. It is only the human beings who have differences and negative feelings. In fact, there is no possibility at all for negative feelings to enter divinity. He is all positive only.

Dear Students!

Do not ascribe any difference or negative feelings to God. You may worship God with whatever name and form you like. If by any chance you find any difference in divinity, it is the mistake of your negative feelings, not that of God. Hence, worship God with single-minded devotion.

94. DIVINE DISCOURSE on 24th February 2005

PRASANTHI NEWS

24th February 2005

Divine Discourse delivered at the Auditorium of Sri Sathya Sai

Institute of Higher Learning (Prasanthi Nilayam Campus) on 24-02-2005

Simply by learning alphabet and letters can one become literate? Can one become educated merely by acquiring degrees? Can one be called educated bereft of the discrimination between spirituality and knowledge? Birds and beast too eke out a living without any such education.

Students and teachers, it is truly your good luck and fortune! If you reflect on the Vice Chancellors and the teachers you have had, you will realise that it is verily your good fortune. The first Vice Chancellor of this university was Sri Vinayak Gokak. The seeds sown by him have sprouted today and have acquired great reputation and esteem. Today, his son is taking charge of this university as its Vice Chancellor. Sri Vinayak Gokak was a great scholar. His son too is a great scholar and a great intellectual.

In future, this Institute will attain great heights and will become the leader for the whole country. There may be some ignorant people who will have doubts as to how such a university in a rural village can become a leader. But note that it is bound to become one! You all think that this is a university that will excel only in academics. This is not merely an educational Institution. In the future the concept of ‘Educare’ will gain great repute and acceptance. ‘Atma Tattwa’ will be shared by this Institute with all the people.

Secular education is merely the gross or the superficial manifestation. The undercurrent is Educare. This will gain emphasis and will come to the forefront very soon! The initiative has already been taken in Delhi. Great scholars have associated themselves in this process. It is not that it depends on the individuals but their capacity also counts.

There must be no place for pride in education. Educated individuals must be humble with discrimination and wisdom. Why should we feel proud at being educated? Never be egoistic. That which helps to render service to society is true education. It has become a human habit and behaviour to define things as good and bad. But remember, both good and bad are created by the Will of only One God. Therefore, knowledge cannot be differentiated as good and bad. Your knowledge is but a fraction of the infinite!

The essence of education is humility. Within each one there is the spirit. The Japanese, the Americans and the Britishers think that their achievements are due to individual qualifications. But all these accomplishments are truly due to the noble youth. What was the accomplishment of Winston Churchill? Being the chief of the Army, he encouraged everybody. This quality made him noble.

Lincoln grew under such poor and trying conditions. His mother consoled him saying that though poverty may be cheap in the eyes of the public, it will bring him great respect in the future. She advised him “Tell the truth. Say, I am poor; I cannot afford to wear rich and good dresses. Do not feel shy.” Finally, he turned out to become the President of the United States of America. It is such great sacred mothers who have brought forth great leaders in the world. In recent times, we are having more such sacred mothers and therefore many sacred Institutions are coming up.

Lincoln would pay his obeisance to his parents before leaving the house every day. You too must respect your parents and make them happy. That is why since ancient times, it has been said, Matru Devo Bhava, Pitru Devo Bhava…. Sathyam Vada, Dharmam Chara….

Students!

Your parents are spending so much money for your education. They even fast in order to pay your fees. However, in our University education is totally free. Get a good name like Abraham Lincoln. Emulate his example. That is true education. First respect your parents. Keep up the honour of your family.

Do not do all this merely to win praise. Humility is a must. Those who behave like this alone, can be called students. They will reach great heights. Such students are needed today. We have a good lot of them. Swami is willing that He should give them more and more opportunities to manifest the noble qualities within them. You think that you have secured high ranks. Do not limit yourself to those ranks. Be true to yourself.

Many spend a lot of money and go abroad. There is nothing great in that. Stay here and be prestigious. I will never be happy if you humiliate your own country and acquire a good name abroad. Students, I am so happy to see all of you. You too are deriving so much happiness looking at Bhagawan. I am ready to give up even My life to foster you all. Keep up your good conduct. That is very important.

Sri Vinayak Gokak was a great scholar. His son too rejected great and attractive offers and chose to work in the villages in India. He may look very simple from outside. But you cannot comprehend his honour and dignity. Modern students wear all sorts of coats. However, he wears simple clothes. He has sacred qualities which are so dear to Swami. This University has been gifted with such people right from the beginning.

In this world there are many educated people. But they sell their education for money. Spirituality is not a commodity for sale. Spiritual education is very necessary today. Sri S.V. Giri too was occupying a very high position, that of the Chief Vigilance Commissioner, before coming here. He resigned and came straight to Swami. It is these sacrifices that brought him such good name and repute. Na Karmana Na Prajaya Dhanena Tyage Naike Amrutatva Manasuhu (Not by action, not by progeny, not by wealth; but by sacrifice alone can man attain immortality).

Today Sri Anil Gokak too sacrificed everything and came to Swami. The other day, we had sent some members from the Central Trust to invite him to take up this position. Hearing them, he just forgot himself. He and his wife immediately consented to come over here and accept the responsibility. Such men of sacrifice will surely win great repute.

Students, you too must be prepared to sacrifice. Sacrifice does not mean leaving everything. But you need to stay in the society and earn a good name. Position may bring a good name today and it will disappear tomorrow. But a good name in the spiritual field will remain for eternity.

Students, your Love is most valuable to Me. I am unmindful of any other wealth. See that this Love does not diminish. Humility is the breath of God. It is Vidya (education) that should be shared with everybody. From tomorrow, Sri Anil Gokak will make all efforts to share the richness of his past experience with you all. Sri S.V. Giri will continue to stay here. Just because another Vice Chancellor has come, he will not leave Swami and go. Our former Vice-Chancellors, Prof. Venkataraman and Sri S.V.Giri have decided to settle down here and share their knowledge with all.

Above all, focus your attention on the indweller. The indweller is indeed Divinity itself. There is no doubt that the human body is required to discharge its regular duties. But do not give too much attention to the body as this will lead to body attachment.

Bhagawan concluded His Discourse with the Bhajan, “Prema Mudita Manase Kaho Rama Rama Ram …”

Music attracts God. That is why the Music College was started here. It has to progress a lot in the future and reach great heights. The knowledge of Music should help you to share the feeling of Divinity through music with everyone.

95. Divine Discourse on Bheema Ratha Shanthi 2005 – 10-02-2005

ELDERS ARE A SOURCE OF WISDOM AND STRENGTH

REVERE AND RESPECT THEM

Embodiments of Love!

The elderly couples who participated in the “Bheema Ratha Shanthi” celebrations held today have experienced inexplicable joy and bliss. In this context, you must understand the underlying meaning in naming this ceremony as “Bheema Ratha Shanthi”. It does not mean that all these couples must be physically strong and courageous like Bheema, the Mahabharata hero. Bheema was the son of Vayu (air), which is all-pervasive. The wind by nature is a very strong and powerful element, which can uproot even a mighty tree.

There are certain traditional rules for the performance of this Bheema Ratha Shanthi. But there is no age restriction as such for this ceremony. By God’s grace, everyone has Sath Sankalpa (good thoughts). Normally, married couples celebrate the Shastyabdha Poorthi ceremony when the husband attains the age of sixty years, hoping to lead a peaceful and happy married life. They also celebrate when the husband attains the age of 70 years. Generally, people believe 70 years of age as the deadline in the life-span of an individual. But, there are other milestones like 80, 90 and 100 years also to be crossed in life. When an individual crosses these important milestones in his married life these blissful occasions are named and celebrated as “Bheema Ratha Shanthi”. Unable to understand and appreciate the importance of these holy occasions, the children in this Kali Age are sending their parents away when they cross 60 years in life, under the mistaken notion that they should not lead a married life and they are fit only to be Sanyasis (renunciants). This is a serious mistake. On the other hand, children should take greater care of their parents when they attain sixty years of age and beyond. Generally, children are under the impression that people beyond the age of 70 years are useless and a burden to the family as well as to the society. But, the truth is otherwise. In fact, the enthusiasm, encouragement and mental strength increase after a person crosses 70 years. It is only after 70 years that the mental faculties and Atmic strength express themselves in full measure. Prior to that, they also behave like other human beings. They will not specially strive to set an example to others. The mental faculties, divine force and the will power in a person will manifest fully after 70 years and prompt him to set a new goal in life. As a result, such elderly persons will be contemplating upon and exploring the secrets of life. The divine force latent in these elderly persons is beyond the reach of the youth. It manifests in ever-so-many ways in their actions. Today, we find several youngsters talking ill of their parents and making fun of them. This is a grave mistake. Instead, if one can analyse carefully their actions, every action of theirs will prove to be purposeful and divine in nature. If the youth of today wish to receive proper training to face the challenges in life, they must live with their parents and constantly observe the noble qualities that manifest in the actions of their parents. In fact, no one can match their systematic life and strict discipline. The blossoming of their intellect and the divine qualities in them will herald a new and meaningful life for humanity. You just observe their life closely and you will be thrilled at the changes it can bring about in your own life.

Embodiments of Love!

These days, we are ignoring these elders, considering them to be not useful to society. This is not correct. In fact, the strength and energy latent in these elders are not to be found in the youth. When you wish to undertake any new activity, it will become fruitful only when you take the guidance of the elders and walk in their footsteps.

Nowadays, a human being is unable to recognise the qualities of a fellow human being. The term “Manava” (human being) means a person who can make the quality of humanness blossom. People generally tend to describe the physical strength of body, whenever a mention is made of Bheema, the younger brother of Dharmaraja, the Pandava King. But, that is not the real strength.

The real strength of elders lies in their wisdom and noble thoughts. The ideals set by these elders for the younger generation are most valuable. Unable to understand their value, people ignore them as useless folk. Today, a lot of value is attached to the retired scientists. None can match their intelligence and passion for new inventions. But, their services are not made use of properly for the benefit of society and they are being wasted. The world can benefit a lot from these elderly people. There is immense power in these elders that can be harnessed for the good of society. Today, we are making an effort to reveal the strength and great spiritual power latent in the ancient Rishis. These elderly people reflect those great ideals. Hence, we should not neglect them. Every thought that emanates from these elders is noble and most valuable. The youth cannot produce even a minute fraction of thoughts and ideas in comparison. Hence, we must nourish and nurture these valuable assets and take good care of them.

Unfortunately, nowadays the younger generation grudges even to provide one square meal a day to their elders. They think it is an avoidable expenditure. Do not by any means let this happen. Even if you put them on a sustenance diet, they will maintain the dignity and reputation of your family as if they are well fed. The concern and enthusiasm displayed by these elders in bringing up the children in a proper way is not found in others unrelated. In the ancient times, kings and nobles made use of the great wisdom of the Rishis by seeking their advice regularly. Even to this day, the great treatises on spiritual and temporal matters compiled by the great Rishis of yore are an authority to the younger generation. Unfortunately, they are not able to understand the great truths expounded in those treatises. It is Swami’s advise that from now on we must popularise this great ancient tradition of Bheema Ratha Shanthi. It has great significance and value for the coming generations. The ritual of Bheema Ratha Shanthi signifies nourishing and nurturing the quality of humanness by undertaking spiritually powerful and noble activities.

During the Mahabharata war, after the gruesome massacre of the young Pandava children, Arjuna tracked down Aswatthama, the perpetrator of the atrocity and dragged him before Droupadi. Instead of cursing the evil doer and pronouncing the punishment for him, she fell at the feet of Aswatthama, the son of her husbands’ most revered Guru and said:

“It is at the feet of your father Dronacharya that my husbands have learnt all that they know. Being the son of Dronacharya, was it proper on your part to kill my children? How could you have the heart to kill them, who were unarmed, young, quietly asleep, were not having any grudge against you and were not contemplating any harm to you?” (Telugu poem)

When Droupadi was praying like this, Bheema could not bear to see this. Exploding in anger, he roared:

This Droupadi is a stupid woman, for she pleads for this wretch’s freedom. She feels no anger against this murderer of her sons. (Telugu poem)

Meanwhile, Arjuna was seething with anger and was about to kill Aswatthama. Droupadi fell at his feet and reasoned with him thus:

Arjuna! Will my sons be revived by killing Aswathama? His mother too would experience the same kind of sorrow that I am undergoing now at the loss of my sons. Having studied the Vedas and Sastras, how is it that you are not able to maintain your tranquillity? (Telugu poem)

Droupadi further pleaded with Arjuna to forgive Aswatthama for his heinous act. Arjuna replied, “You are preventing me from keeping up my vow.” To this, Droupadi said, “Tonsuring his head and removing the crown jewel from his head is equivalent to killing him.” As per Droupadi’s advice and as a token of punishment, Arjuna took the crown jewel from the head of Aswatthama and shaved off the hair with his sword.

In ancient times, the Rishis were not shaving off their hair, since the hair was considered very sacred and powerful, spiritually. This body (pointing to Himself) is nearly 80 years old. Still, the hair on My head remains very strong and powerful to this day. I will tell you more about the power of the hair on My head, later. Once, Droupadi was alone as her husbands had gone out. She took out one strand of hair from her head and dropped it in the water, chanting some Mantras. That single hair with the potency of Mantras could bind all the hills around. Later on, a number of yogis assembled together and enquired as to how a single hair could bind all the hills around. They concluded that it was the strength of the hair of Droupadi, and her will power that could perform this stupendous task. It is difficult to comprehend such latent divine phenomenon. Unfortunately, today man is unable to realise his innate divinity. Man, who is heir to the humanness is forgetting the very quality of his humanness. He is cultivating demonic qualities.

Dear students!

You have to avoid acquiring such demonic nature and allow your natural humanness to blossom. Develop humanness and from there rise to the level of divinity. Always remember three things – unity, purity and divinity. Unity implies the oneness of human race. When there is such unity in humanity, divinity manifests.

Once, I went on a countrywide tour. During that tour I went to the river Sindhu along with a saintly person. Linguists know that some people pronounce Sindhu as Hindu. I stayed in Goa in the Raj Bhavan when Nakul Sen was the Lt. Governor of that State. His wife’s name was Indu. I slept in the front hall of the Raj Bhavan. Nakul Sen and his wife slept in their bedroom. There was a window in their bedroom from where they could see what was happening in the front hall. After I slept, Nakul Sen’s wife saw through the window a brilliant light emerging from My body. Unable to bear the effulgence of that brilliant light, she tried to wake up her husband. Nakul Sen would not like to be disturbed at that hour. He admonished her not to disturb him and to sleep peacefully. But, she insisted that her husband should wake up and witness that brilliant light emanating from Swami. At last, Nakul Sen woke up and had the divine darshan of that effulgence.

In the early years of the advent of this Avatar, a great devotee by name Karnam Subbamma used to serve Swami. Her devotion to Swami was unparalleled. In those days, caste differences were widely prevalent and observed strictly in Puttaparthi. Especially, the Brahmins used to keep distance from the Harijans. Since, Subbamma was an orthodox Brahmin, she used to meticulously observe these practices. One day, I informed Subbamma that I would be visiting the Harijanwada. Subbamma felt very unhappy and tried to dissuade Me from going to that place saying, “Oh! Swami! Why should You visit that place?” I asked her, “Why should I not go? Why should I not eat the food offered by the Harijans? I will certainly go there.” So saying, I started for the Harijanwada. However, as she was a great devotee of Swami and was very much attached to Him, she followed. The people living in theHarijanwada were very poor. They had no chairs or mattresses to make Me seated comfortably. They spread an old dhoti on the floor and requested Me to sit on that. In the meantime, I felt drowsy and fell asleep. Thereafter, a big sound emanated from My navel, as though the roof over the building was being blown off. The people in the house trembled in fear, on hearing that big sound. All of them ran helter-skelter. Thus, the Divine power manifests from the bodies of the Avatars, saints and yogis in many different ways.

Long ago, when I went to some African countries on tour, the devotees there presented Me with a comb made of iron. However, I had no necessity for it. I do not use a comb. If ever I put the brush on My hair, it will get stuck. My hair is so thick and strong. Even if one wants to pull out one hair, it is not possible. This is the nature of the hair of divine personalities. Not only Myself, every individual has certain divine powers, which he should try to nurture. Today, the youth are not making any effort to protect the God-given power. They are frittering away the divine power in ever so many ways. They waste a lot of power daily with the result they lose their energy and become prematurely old. Especially, the head is the seat of all power. Hence, one has to carefully protect the head.

Embodiments of Divine Atma!

You are all men and women of noble qualities and strong in body and mind. But, unfortunately, you are frittering away your energies in vain pursuits. You become weak by wasting your energy. When I clench My fist not even ten persons can prise it open. Even at the physical level the Divine power is immeasurable and beyond description. All of you should try to realise this innate Divinity in you, not for the sake of the physical strength, but to enjoy the divine bliss.

Embodiments of Love!

The divine power latent in a human being has no limits. Whether it is fine arts like music or any other human endeavour, when it is suffused with divine power, it reaches great heights. Hence, sanctify that divine power by dedicating all your efforts to God.

96. Divine Discourse On Makara Sankranthi 2005 At Prasanthi Nilayam

Your True Nature is Bliss – Realise It

The sun appears serene and peaceful. The days have become shorter. The sweet festival of Sankranti has come filling our homes with the newly harvested grain. (Bhagawan concluded His divine discourse with the Bhajan, “Hari Bhajana Bina Sukha Santhi Nahin…”) (Telugu poem)

Sankranti is the most important of all festivals. Practically, every day is a festival day for humanity. But, people out of their ignorance have earmarked a few days as festival days and the rest as ordinary days. Many celebrate this festival without actually knowing its significance. On this day in this part of the world, people pay their respects to cows and bulls. Bulls are decorated daintily with a variety of ornaments and clothes and taken round the streets. They are called Gangireddhulu (sacred bulls). Not merely this, a symbolic marriage is performed between the cows and the bulls. The person who takes round the decorated bull is called Gangireddudasu. He wears a special dress on this occasion. The very sight of Gangireddudasu fascinates children. The elder brother lovingly calls the younger brother to go along with him to see the sacred bull and its master.

“Oh my dear brother, here comes the Gangireddudasu. Come, let us go and see him. He wears a silver medallion and a waist belt. He carries a decorated staff and wears special marks on his forehead. He brings with him the richly caparisoned sacred cow and bull and performs their marriage. Let us see the marriage ceremony and offer our gifts” (Telugu poem)

He brings with him a cow and a bull and calls them Sita and Rama respectively. They are trained in such a way that they respond to his questions according to the movement of the stick in his hand. He asks the cow, “Oh Sita! Do you like Rama?” As per the training given, the cow shakes its head in disapproval. Then he asks the bull, “Oh Rama! Do you like Sita?” The bull also answers in the negative. In this manner, both of them disapprove initially and later on agree for the marriage. Then theGangireddudasu performs the symbolic marriage of Sita and Rama.

The festival of Sankranti bestows immense joy on even animals and birds. It is a very important festival for farmers. This is the day he brings home the newly harvested crop and enjoys the fruits of his hard labour. Thus, right from a farmer to the king, everyone celebrates this festival joyfully. Names may vary, but this festival is celebrated by one and all irrespective of religion and nationality. It marks the beginning of the sacred time of Uttarayana (sun’s movement towards North). It confers bliss on one and all.

Everyone aspires to attain bliss. In fact, that is the very purpose of human life. Life has no meaning if one cannot experience bliss. Bliss is your goal.

Nityanandam, Parama Sukhadam, Kevalam Jnanamurtim, Dwandwateetam, Gagana Sadrisham, Tattwamasyadi Lakshyam, Ekam, Nityam, Vimalam, Achalam, Sarvadhee Sakshibhutam, Bhavateetam, Trigunarahitam (God is the embodiment of eternal bliss, He is wisdom absolute, the One without a second, beyond the pair of opposites, expansive and pervasive like the sky, the goal indicated by the mahavakya Tattwamasi, the eternal, pure, unchanging, the witness of all functions of the intellect, beyond all mental conditions and the three Gunas of Sattwa, Rajas and Thamas).

In accordance with the tradition, the newly married sons-in-law visit their in-laws’ house to celebrate this festival.

As Sankranti is the festival of festivals,

Oh newly married bridegroom, visit your in-laws’ house,

Come, spend your time in fun and frolic with your brothers-in-law and sisters-in-law,

The entire household and the neighbourhood will welcome you with love and affection. (Telugu song)

Even those who have not visited their in-laws’ house for a number of years will be eager to go for Sankranti festival. The in-laws extend all hospitality to the son-in-law and make efforts to please him. They even go to the extent of borrowing money in order to give him new clothes and serve him delicious food. The entire household spends their time blissfully. But, today that spirit of Sankranti celebrations is not noticed anywhere. The son-in-law instead of giving joy to his in-laws, quarrels over petty matters with them.

Sankranti confers joy on human beings, birds and animals alike. Not only Bharatiyas, even the people of other countries celebrate this festival, but with different names. This is the season when cool winds blow and the farmer brings home the harvested crop. He spends his time in a relaxed manner free from all worries and anxieties. There is a saying in Telugu: “One who is free from ‘Chintha’ (worry) will be able to sleep peacefully even in a ‘Santha’ (market place).

Everyone should make efforts to overcome worries and enjoy everlasting happiness. This is the message of Sankranti. People may interpret it in their own way, but few understand its true significance. Amongst the variety of festivals, the womenfolk accord a special place to this festival. The happiness that one enjoys during this season is unique.

Man makes varied efforts to experience happiness. You can find few in this world who do not want to be happy. But one must understand that happiness cannot be acquired from outside. It originates from the heart. Heart is the source of bliss. The happiness we enjoy in the external world is only a reaction, reflection and resound of the happiness within. Very few are to understand this truth. The apparent joy that one experiences today is artificial and temporary. Only the happiness that springs from the heart is permanent.

Students!

Behave so as not to cause hindrance to anyone. Festivals are meant to experience happiness and share it with others. Happiness cannot be purchased in a market nor can it be acquired by worldly means. It should manifest from within. It is not the nature of Bharatiyas to hurt the feelings of others for their own pleasure. One should respect others’ feelings and act appropriately. One should share his happiness with his fellowmen. You should welcome the arrival of the bounteous month of Pushya and celebrate Sankranti in the true spirit by manifesting your inner joy and sharing it with others. The word ‘Kranti’ means change. It signifies a change from misery to happiness, from restlessness to peace and from pain to pleasure. Sankranti bestows joy on everyone equally. That is why everyone eagerly awaits the arrival of Sankranti with enthusiasm. Even birds and animals are happy with the arrival of Sankranti. When the farmer brings home the harvested grain, birds partake of them and express their joy by chirping merrily. The neighbours congratulate the farmer for the rich harvest he reaped as a result of his hard labour.

Students!

It is most essential that you understand the significance of every festival and celebrate them in the true spirit. As we do not go deep into their significance, we are unable to enjoy true happiness. One should be prepared to sacrifice his body to have the experience of eternal bliss. Body is a combination of five elements and the mind is merely a bundle of thoughts. One should neither be attached to the body nor follow the vagaries of the mind. Drive away the evil qualities of Kama, Krodha, Lobha, Moha, Mada andMatsarya (desire, anger, greed, infatuation, pride and jealousy) and manifest your inner peace and bliss. Instead of developing peace and bliss, man is destroying them. He is giving scope to unrest even in trivial matters. Neither Asanthi (unrest) nor Prasanthi (supreme peace) are acquired from outside. People say, “I want peace.” Where is peace? Is it present outside? If peace were to be found outside, people would have bought it by spending any amount of money. But outside, we find only pieces! The real peace is within.

Whether you boil it hard or dilute it with water, milk remains white. White symbolises purity. In the constant manner of milk, your heart should always remain pure, bright and peaceful in spite of trials and tribulations. We should subdue sorrow, keep the evil qualities of anger, hatred and jealousy under check and manifest our innate bliss. When your desires are not fulfilled, you become angry. Hence, desires are the root cause of anger and they should be controlled in the first instance.

Embodiments of Love!

Everlasting bliss is the goal of everyone. You should derive happiness even from what seem to be troubles. One need not search for happiness elsewhere. It is always with you and in you. You are unable to experience it as you have not understood the true meaning of happiness. You are under the illusion that happiness lies in money, wealth and material comforts. Once you have the taste of true happiness, you will not crave for worldly possessions. True happiness springs forth from the depths of one’s heart. When milk is boiled in a vessel, its level starts rising gradually. The milk level subsides when you sprinkle a few drops of water over it. It is because of its association with water that milk loses its value. Likewise, man loses his value when he associates himself with bad company. One will always be blissful if one is in good company. Before making friendship with an individual, one should enquire into his character.

You may or may not be aware; I am always in a state of bliss. I have no worries or difficulties whatsoever. Some people ask, “Swami, do you have any worries?” I do not know what worry is. I have never experienced it. I am always blissful. You should always think of bliss. Then you will see bliss everywhere. The experience of bliss is sweeter than sugar, tastier than curd, sweeter indeed than honey. People feel sad when they are faced with difficulties and at the bereavement of their near and dear ones. But at no point of time do I feel sorry about such happenings. They come and go like passing clouds. Happiness and sorrow follow one another. When you contemplate on bliss, there will be no scope for sorrow.

Embodiments of Love!

There is love in each one of you, but you are directing it on worldly relationships. You have not tasted true love. Love God wholeheartedly. That is true love. People may come and people may go, but God neither comes nor goes. He is always present. When you are engulfed in sorrow, think of happiness. You will certainly experience happiness.

Bliss is very much immanent in the human being. Wherever we are, whatever be the position we occupy, our essential nature is bliss. People ask Me sometimes “Swami! did You ever experience sorrow?” I am amused at this question. In fact, why should I experience sorrow? Should I feel sorry about the body? Not necessary. This body is always healthy and active. The nature of the human mind is fickle. The body is like a water bubble; mind is like a mad monkey. Don’t follow the mind; don’t rely on the body since it is like a water bubble. After all, why should one feel sorry about the body and mind which are transient? In fact, bliss is our essential nature which is permanent.

Embodiments of Love!

Cutivate love that will help you to experience bliss. “Start the day with Love; fill the day with Love; end the day with Love – that is the way to God.” If you can achieve this, you will not be disturbed by sorrows and difficulties. The heart is the seat of bliss. True bliss flows from a pure and loving heart. Try to experience such bliss. All other forms of happiness are momentary.

Embodiments of Love!

Children are always happy and cheerful. They do not have any inhibitions. When somebody smiles at them, they will also smile innocently. They experience bliss that is the inherent nature of all human beings. There is a difference between happiness and bliss. In common parlance, “happiness” is momentary. It comes and goes. Bliss is something that wells up from within. It emerges from the heart, as a result of one’s union with God. If one feels separate from God, one cannot experience bliss.

Embodiments of Love!

You have to experience such bliss in abundance in the days to come. Let me remind you once again that neither age nor position nor for that matter anything in this physical environment can bring about such bliss. It is only a pure and loving heart that is the source of bliss. The holy festival of Sankranti signifies change or transformation of the heart. It is experiencing bliss arising out of the realisation of the changeless, Eternal Principle. Divinity is the only principle that is changeless. God is ever blissful. In fact, He is the Embodiment of bliss. For example, this is a white cloth. It is only when this cloth is dipped in or painted with colour, it acquires some colour. Similarly, your essential nature is bliss. If you are experiencing sorrow, it is because you have immersed yourself in sorrow. Wherever you are, you must always be happy and blissful. For example, people wish me “Swami! Happy Birthday!” I would like to ask one question in this context. Is there real happiness in celebrating a birthday? I am always happy. Then, where is the question of celebrating a particular day in a year as “Happy Birthday”. This is only an expression in borrowed words. In fact, bliss is our true nature. We camouflage our true nature with artificial expressions and feel satisfied as though it is real bliss. This is not the correct approach.

Embodiments of Love!

You are full of Love. In fact, your hearts are overflowing with Love. But, you are preventing your love from flowing and expressing it outwardly. Otherwise, love has no barriers and hurdles at all! Constantly contemplate on God. Then you will always be happy – physically, mentally and spiritually. Unfortunately, nowadays you are losing such a divine quality of bliss due to various desires. If you can keep these desires away from you, you will always be blissful. For example, this is a white cloth. Whiteness is its nature. But it acquires dirt because of constant usage. Similarly, your heart is always pure, bright and blissful. But it gets polluted because of desires. Therefore, cultivate Love and keep your heart always pure. Then you will be blissful every moment of your life. But, you have forgotten your innate nature of bliss and are always immersed in sorrow and unhappiness. When someone enquires, “How are you?” you reply “so, so”. This is not the correct way. We must reply, “I am happy”. It is possible that we may encounter some ups and downs in life. But, they should not affect our essential nature, which is bliss. Did you observe Me carefully? How blissful I am! Not only now, I am always blissful and overflowing with bliss. In fact, you can also experience such bliss in My presence. However, if you approach Me with an evil mind, evil thoughts and desires, you cannot experience this bliss. These are human weaknesses. You must, therefore, try to correct them.

Dear Students!

You should never feel dejected. Supposing you fail in an examination sometime, you should not feel dejected. Reconcile yourself that perhaps you did not write the examination well and therefore you have failed. But never get depressed and dejected that you have failed in the examination. Similarly, you enquire into yourself the reason for your sorrow. You will yourself realise that your own thoughts are responsible for the present situation. Hence, correct them. You will be happy once again. Sorrows and difficulties are like passing clouds. You should never attach importance to them. You must always be happy and cheerful. Peace and happiness are your qualities. In fact, your true nature is bliss.

Embodiments of Love!

Today is the holy festival of Sankranti. In fact, this year is particularly important than the previous year. Last month several people suffered untold misery and suffering on account of a Tsunami. It is only man’s evil deeds that are responsible for such a calamity. I, therefore, advise you not to indulge in wrong actions and evil deeds. It is possible that more troubles may occur during this year, compared to last year. However, we must move forward unmindful of those troubles. These are all passing clouds and you need not be perturbed by these occurrences. Be bold and courageous to face them. The calamity of Tsunami that occurred last month was in fact, man-made. It was not Divine Will at all! But, man feels that all such calamities are thrust upon man by God. Never! God always provides happiness to man. He has no anger or hatred. His nature is love. The question arises why these sorrows and difficulties in the world? Strictly speaking, happiness will not have any value without sorrow. Man cannot experience happiness without undergoing some difficulty or the other. Both happiness and sorrow are intertwined. One cannot exist without the other.

Pleasure and pain, good and bad co-exist, none can separate them. You cannot find pleasure or pain, good or bad to the exclusion of the other. Pleasure results when difficulties fructify. (Telugu poem)

God does not cause pain to any living being in His creation. All sorrows and difficulties are man-made only. God is the protector of all living beings. He provides peace and happiness to one and all. Lokah Samastah Sukhino Bhavantu (May all the people of the world be happy). This is the Will of God. How then can God cause sorrow to a human being? Unable to understand His Divine Will, you accuse God of causing sorrow. If you can fathom the Divine Will, you will realise that everything is for your good only. We are all Embodiments of Bliss. Day-in and day-out you experience that bliss and share it with others. Then only it will increase.

Embodiments of Love!

This Sankranti is Prema Sankranti and Ananda Sankranti. Hence, welcome this Sankranti festival. Welcome God who is the embodiment of Bliss. God is not satisfied with the appellations like “Karunanidhi” (the treasure house of Compassion) and “Premaswarupa” (Embodiment of Love). God is always blissful. You should not pray to God to fulfil your umpteen number of desires. Just pray “Oh! God! Share Your bliss with me. Make me blissful!” Never deride God as “Nirdaya” (one without compassion). Whatever God does is for our own good. Even the sorrows and difficulties we experience are for our own good. They are preludes to happiness and bliss. If you cultivate such positive outlook, you will always be blissful. Share your happiness with all. Contrary to this, man today is keeping happiness to himself and distributing sorrow to others. This is not what we should do. “Suppress your sorrow and manifest inner joy” – this is the spiritual sadhana one has to undertake. When you encounter any difficulty or sorrow or restlessness – do not mind them at all. Ignore them. You are always Embodiments of Bliss. If you constantly contemplate on this reality, nothing will bother you.

Embodiments of Love!

May this festival of Sankranti, which is a symbol of change, bring about a transformation in your heart and provide bliss to one and all, so that you may always lead a happy, prosperous and cheerful life. In fact, the very name of a human being is Anandamaya (full of bliss). Manavatva (humanness) is meant for rising to the level of Daivatva (Divinity).

Students!

All your dramas and playlets that you have enacted here are good. If you analyse properly, where does the bad lie? It lies in your mind. Do not think bad and share your bad thoughts with others. Bliss is the real food for a human being. One should always be hungry to partake of that food of bliss. Let your faith in God be firm and unshakable. It is only God’s Love that is eternal. If you can secure that Love, all other forms of happiness will automatically come to you.

(Bhagawan concluded His divine discourse with the Bhajan, “Hari Bhajana Bina Sukha Santhi Nahin…”)

97. Christmas 2004 Discourse

LOVE AND SINCERE PRAYERS BRING SUCCESS IN YOUR LIFE

How is it that the sun rises in the morning and sets in the evening with utmost regularity every day? How is it that the stars twinkle beautifully in the sky at night and hide themselves during the day? How is it that the wind blows incessantly and sustains the living beings without taking rest even for a moment? How is it that the rivers flow perennially making gurgling sounds? (Telugu poem)

The word Jagat (world) means that which is born, sustained and ultimately dissolved. God, who is responsible for the creation, sustenance and dissolution of the world, has no specific form. He pervades the entire world in the form of the five elements, namely, ether, wind, fire, water and earth. There is no place or person where these five elements are not present. The same truth is proclaimed by the Bhagavad Gita: Sarvatah Panipadam Tat Sarvathokshi Siromukham, Sarvatah Sruthimalloke Sarvamavruthya Tishthati (with hands, feet, eyes, head, mouth and ears pervading everything, He permeates the entire universe). There is no place where God does not exist. How can anyone comprehend or explain the principle of such an all-pervasive divinity? People attribute various names and forms to God. They celebrate the birthdays of their chosen divine forms, worship them and derive joy thereby. But, it is not possible for anyone to fathom fully the nature of divinity. However, no one can afford to ignore this fact. When the child is separated from the womb of the mother, it starts crying. What is the reason for this? The moment you put a drop of honey or milk on its tongue, the child stops crying. From this we can say that everyone is born with hunger and thirst. What type of hunger is that? Is it worldly or spiritual? It is difficult to judge who is born with what type of hunger. However, hunger is common for all. Food is essential to satisfy one’s hunger. It is the duty of every individual to strive for sustenance for himself and also share it with others.

God has neither birth nor death. He is beyond all names, forms and attributes.

God is eternal without birth or death. He has no beginning, middle or end. He is omnipresent and is the eternal witness. (Telugu Poem)

How can anyone give a specific name to God who is all powerful and all-pervasive? The earth absorbs rainwater and supplies it to the crop. As a result, we reap the harvest. Thus, mother earth sustains our life by providing our sustenance. Water is very essential for our survival. One may live without food for a few days, but no one can live without water. Water is the gift of God. It can be acquired only through prayer and not by any other means. People in many places perform worship and offer special prayers to invoke divine grace for water. Pauper or millionaire, everyone must pray to God, for He is the one who gives us food and water. Man cannot create food and water by himself. He does not even know what type of food is essential to lead a healthy life. He should make efforts to understand this.

Whatever God does is for the welfare of the world. You must understand that world is the very form of God. The creator and the creation are not different from each other. One should not worship God for the fulfilment of worldly desires. We should pray to God to attain Him. He showers His grace on the devotee and gives you everything you require. He alone knows what is good for the creation. Everything that you need is provided by him when the time is ripe. Without any overt effort from you, He gives you what you deserve. It is not the quality of a true devotee to feel disappointed and blame God if his desires are not fulfilled. It is the duty of devotees to find ways and means to earn divine grace and make efforts to attain Him.

No one can comprehend the ways of God. In this context, Saint Thyagaraja sang a verse:

Not even a blade of grass will move without divine Will,

Right from an ant to Brahman, God pervades everything,

But some people do not understand this and take pride in their intelligence,

But no one however mighty knows what is going to happen in the next moment. (Telugu poem)

Nobody can understand or explain divine plans. God alone knows His plans and He only can reveal them. No one can predict when God will shower His grace on an individual. Only God knows the answers to the questions like who, when, where, why and how. If one forgets God and gets carried away by ego and a sense of doership, one will not meet with success in one’s endeavours. Anything can be achieved through prayer. There is nothing greater than prayer. Hence, everyone must necessarily offer his prayers to God. However, one should not pray for worldly gains. “Oh God! I want your love and nothing else.” This should be your constant prayer. Once you become the recipient of God’s love, you can conquer the entire world.

You may undertake any task, but do not pray to God for the fulfilment of the task undertaken. Instead, leave everything to His Will. Have full faith that He will do what is good for you. Pray to Him, “Oh God, please take care of our needs every moment of our life.” When you discharge your duties surrendering everything to God’s Will, you will certainly achieve success in your tasks. But Swami’s Will takes shape without any prompting or planning at the appropriate time. Whatever Swami requires arrives unasked. However, Swami would like to make one more thing clear. As things come to us unasked, we utilise them for the benefit of others, too. Swami does not want anything at all! Swami’s only purpose is that, having come here, you should make best use of this opportunity and lead your lives in a happy and sacred manner. You need not give anything for Myself. Swami is always ready to fulfil your desires. But before you express your desire, you should enquire yourself whether you really deserve it.

Any mighty task can be accomplished by prayer. Hence, pray to God silently. Do not pray for the fulfilment of your petty desires. Give up all desires and pray to God wholeheartedly with love. You will certainly find fulfilment in life. You can understand and experience divinity only through love. Some people complain, “Swami, God is not coming to our rescue in spite of our incessant prayers. I tell them, “The mistake lies in your prayer and not in God.” If your prayers are sincere, they will certainly be answered. There is nothing that God cannot accomplish.

The stories of the Lord are most wonderful and sacred in all the three worlds. They are like sickles that cut the creepers of worldly bondage. They are most ennobling and elevating. They confer bliss on the sages and seers doing penance in forests. (Telugu poem)

Today, we are celebrating the sacred festival of Christmas. We should celebrate it in the true spirit without entertaining petty desires. Jesus was the son of God. While he was being crucified, he said, “Oh father, let thy Will be done.” When you surrender yourself to God’s Will, he will take care of you. Do not develop superiority complex. Give up ego and pomp. Pray silently and sincerely. If your prayers are not answered, you can certainly question Me. God is not confined to a place somewhere in a distant corner. He always resides in your heart. He can accomplish anything. He is ever ready to perform any task, be it big or small for the sake of His devotees. All are His children. Hence, He will certainly answer our prayers. Jesus taught, “All are children of God.” When you have such firm conviction, we can accomplish any task. You need not go through voluminous books. Fill your heart with love and leave everything to His Will. You will certainly achieve success in your endeavours.

Embodiments of Love!

Love is the quintessence of Swami’s Discourses. His love is power. There is nothing greater than love. When you develop love, you can face the challenges of life with ease and emerge victorious. God will always be with you, in you and around you and will take care of you. Any mighty task can be accomplished through prayer. However, your prayers should be sincere. There should be unity of thought, word and deed. Develop firm faith that Swami is in you and He always listens to your prayers. If you think that Swami is outside, how will your prayers reach Him?

Embodiments of Love!

It is only love that will help you to achieve success in your life. Hence, develop love. That is the true prayer that God expects from you.

Bhagawan concluded His Discourse with the Bhajan, “Prema Mudita Manase Kaho …”

98. 79th Birthday Divine Message

DEDICATE YOUR LIFE TO SERVE SOCIETY

All your education, all your positions of authority, all your acts of charity and service have little value without the four virtues of Sathya, Dharma, Prema and Santhi (truth, righteousness, love and peace). (Telugu poem)

Embodiments of Love!

You are all forgetting the purpose for which you have come into this world. Wherever you are, you must remember three things, namely, Where did we come from? Where are we at present? and what is the purpose of your coming here? Supposing you are dropping an envelope or letter in a post box, it should have the “From” address and “To” address written thereon. If these two addresses are not written, where will the envelope or letter go? It will go to the “dead letter office”. Similarly, you are in the world now without these two addresses. You can very well imagine what will happen to such an individual. You must therefore find out yourself an answer at least for one of the three questions. Otherwise, your life itself will become a waste.

Here is a small story. The business people in the delta areas of East and West Godavari districts in Andhra Pradesh cross the river on boats. Once, a businessman was travelling in a boat. There was no one else in the boat except himself and the boatman. Usually, people would like to engage themselves in conversation with somebody during travel in order to forget the tedium of the journey. Therefore, he started a conversation with the boatman to while away the time. He asked the boatman, “Do you have a newspaper?” The boatman replied, “Sir! I don’t have a newspaper. I cannot read and write.” To this, the businessman commented, “Alas! If you cannot read and write, one quarter of your life is consigned to the waters of Ganga.” The boatman felt sorry for his pitiable condition and kept quiet. After a few minutes, the businessman enquired again, “My dear! Do you know the present prices of gold and silver in the Bombay market?” The boatman replied, “Sir! I do not have any experience in gold business. Hence, I do not know the prices of gold and silver in the Bombay market.” Then the businessman commented, “If you do not know about gold business, half of your life is consigned to the waters of Ganga*.” The conversation continued. Observing the wrist watch worn by the boatman, the businessman again enquired, “My dear! What is the time now?” Though the poor boatman had a watch on his wrist, he did not know how to read a watch. The businessman again asked, “Why then did you wear a wrist watch?” The boatman replied, “Though one does not know how to read a watch, it is a fashion nowadays to wear a wrist watch. That is why I am wearing one.” Then, the businessman commented, “If you do not know even to tell the time from a wrist watch, then three-fourths of your life is consigned to the Ganga.” Meanwhile, a gale started with great force raising high waves in the river. The boat started tossing up and down and became unsteady. The boatman then asked the businessman, “Sir! By the way do you know swimming?” The businessman replied, “Alas! I do not know swimming.” Now it was the turn of the boatman to comment, “Then, your entire life is about to be consigned to the waters of Ganga.”

Today, we are all in the same situation and are tossed in the river of this world. But, unfortunately we are not making any effort to know why we are here, what have we to learn in this world, where do we have to go and by knowing what we could reach there, etc. Thus, by being ignorant of these aspects, our entire life is being consigned to the Ganga. Therefore, we have to first try to find out answers to the queries of: Why have we come here? What are we supposed to know? and Where do we go from here? If we are not able to know the answer to at least one of these queries, our life’s journey will be without a purpose. It is only when we are aware of the “From” address, “To” address and the “present resident” address, our life will be meaningful and sanctified.

Dr. Michael Goldstein (Chairman, Prasanthi Council and a devotee of Swami) and his wife visit Puttaparthi often. When I was going to the college one day, he approached Me and requested, “Swami, if You kindly permit me, I will accompany You to the college.” I told him to come. While we were travelling in the car, I asked Mr. Goldstein, “What is your programme?” He replied, “Swami, I have to start my journey back home today.” Then I advised him not to leave on that day. He again told Me, “Swami, I shall go today, but I shall take the next day’s flight from Bombay. “Thereupon I told him firmly, “You do not talk to Me about all those things. If I say don’t go, it is final.” Goldstein could not realise that his life itself would be in great danger if he decided to start on the same day. At last I told him, “Okay, you can go, if you so wish.” Then he returned to his room, packed up his luggage for the Bombay flight. Thereafter, he boarded the plane for USA. Soon after the plane took off, it was realised that there were some hijackers in the plane. The entire atmosphere in the aircraft was extremely tense. Two hijackers stood guard at the entrance. Another two were roaming about in the aircraft with fully loaded guns pointed at the passengers. It is then that Goldstein realised why Swami wanted him not to board the aircraft on that particular day. He could not do anything in the situation and was praying to Swami as his sole refuge. His wife is a great devotee of Swami. She started chanting Swami’s Name, “Sai Ram, Sai Ram, Sai Ram”. When the aircraft gained some altitude, the hijackers started shooting the passengers. The passengers were struck with terror not knowing what to do. As the hijackers opened fire, the aircraft was strewn with dead bodies. He and his wife were seated on the front portion of the aircraft. The hijackers started shooting the passengers around them. They thought it would be their turn next. Goldstein then told his wife, “Swami advised me not to start on this day, but I did not follow Swami’s instruction completely and that is why we are in this situation.” Meanwhile, one hijacker set his eyes on the couple. Goldstein’s wife, however, had been chanting the Name of Swami incessantly forgetting everything. The chanting of Swami’s Name worked wonders and Goldstein’s wife was spared. Goldstein then got up and stood at the entrance of the aircraft. The hijackers, however, could not notice him even though he was such a hefty person. Thus, the life of Goldstein was saved by Swami’grace. They remained on the plane as hostages for a long time without food, water and sleep. They were very much depressed. Goldstein’s wife has intense devotion for Swami. Normally women are more devoted than men. It is not that men do not have devotion, but they do not show it outwardly. Goldstein’s wife advised him, “You do not worry, contemplate on Swami.” At this point the hijackers began to shoot men, women and children mercilessly. Goldstein and his wife, however, continued to pray to Swami, “Sai Ram, Sai Ram, Sai Ram”. They silently prayed to Swami closing their eyes. In the meantime, all the ammunition in the guns of the hijackers was exhausted. The police caught the hijackers. Goldstein and his wife were released and put on board on another aircraft bound for America. However, the ordeal that they underwent continued to haunt them. After a few days, the police came to enquire about the incident. Goldstein was offered some compensation, but he did not accept it. After two or three months, Goldstein again came to Puttaparthi and had Swami’s Darshan. Now he realised through his own experience that he need not fear anything under any circumstances if he did Namasmarana (chanting of God’s Name). After he had Swami’s Darshan, calmness was restored in him. From then on, when Swami would enquire about his return journey he would leave it to the Lord’s Will. He realised that it would be better to leave the matter in Swami’s hands. From then on Goldstein developed unshakeable faith in the words of Swami and stood firmly by them.

People today are unable to realise from where they came and where they would go. It is only after people have undergone such experiences that they realise the strength of faith. They have come into this world and somehow spend their time. When someone questions them how they spend their time, they reply that they have come into this world for enjoying food and comfortable sleep. However, it should be understood that man has taken birth in this world not merely for enjoying food and drink. The same truth has been explained by Adi Sankara in his famous Bhaja Govindam song thus:

Bhaja Govindam, Bhaja Govindam

Govindam Bhaja Moodha Mathe

Samprapthe Sannihithe Kale

Nahi Nahi Rakshati Dukrun Karane

(Oh foolish man, chant the name of Govinda; the rules of grammar will not come to your rescue when the end approaches.)

When people are questioned why the human birth was given to them, most of them would reply that it was for Khana (food), Peena (drink), Sona (sleep) and Marna (death). This assumption is totally incorrect. There are several things in life that one has to achieve. The purpose of a human birth is not for enjoying food and comforts. It is not even for pursuing education. The purpose of human birth is totally different and the people have forgotten it. You have to fulfil your life and sanctify your birth. The body comes, grows and dies, and finally undergoes decay. Before the body dies, one has to fulfil the purpose for which he has come into this world.

Embodiments of Love!

There will be several trials and tribulations in the journey of life. One has to acquire the power by which he can courageously encounter them. That is the power of spirituality. One should not become diffident and withdraw from his effort in the middle. In this Bhavasagara (ocean of life), there will of course be, turbulent waves which will toss your boat up and down.

Punarapi Jananam Punarapi Maranam

Punarapi Janani Jathare Sayanam

Iha Samsare Bahu Dustare

Kripayapare Pahi Murare.

(Oh Lord! I am caught up in this cycle of birth and death; time and again, I am experiencing the agony of staying in the mother’s womb. It is very difficult to cross this ocean of worldly life. Please take me across this ocean and grant me liberation.)

The purpose of human birth is not to be born again and again from the womb of the mother, spend the life aimlessly and finally depart from this world. There is a specific purpose why one is born in this world. Therefore, one has to realise the purpose and sanctify his life. Our education, our work and the money we earn, all these must be spent in a purposeful way. The students of the present-day are pursuing education to make a living. They are acquiring degrees with the sole purpose of earning money. What is so great about struggling for filling one’s own belly? Even dogs and foxes fill their bellies. You might have observed in the circus that even the monkeys learn several types of feats and display them. You, who are born as human beings should not behave like dogs, foxes and monkeys. If you do so, of what use is your education? The education you acquire must be put to proper use. Only then will it become meaningful and will give strength to your personality. The purpose of your life is not merely pursuing education and acquiring degrees. Of course, you may study, but it is not enough if you simply study for acquiring degrees.

Can you call all those who know how to read and write educated?

Can one be called educated merely by acquiring degrees?

Can you call it education which does not confer virtues? (Telugu poem)

It is only when you keep education for both life and for living as your goal, your education will be meaningful. Therefore, every human being must keep the purpose of life in view. Of what use is it, if you exult in your success thinking, “I have passed MBA; I have acquired several degrees.” Those degrees must be put to proper use. Only a human being has the power to realise the purpose of his life. If one is satisfied thinking, “I am born, I am educated, I earned money, I have sufficient bank balance, I have got my children educated and sent them for higher education to foreign countries”, that is not the sole purpose of life. You should never forget the purpose why you were born in this world. Unfortunately, today, you have forgotten the purpose of your life and are indulging in futile activities. As long as you live you must experience peace until your last breath. You should attain true and eternal bliss.

Mahatma Gandhi went to London and was conferred with the degree of Bar-at-Law. He wished to fulfil his life by utilising his education in the service of society. Therefore, after his return to his motherland, he joined the Indian National Congress. He sacrificed his entire life for achieving Independence for the country. He started wearing a simple dhoti and a piece of cloth to cover the upper portion of his body. He underwent several difficulties in the north Indian States during the freedom struggle. He was beaten by the police with lathis (baton) in Lucknow. However, in spite of undergoing several difficulties and physical torture at the hands of the police, he did not give up his resolve to attain Independence for the country. He started practising Law. Even then, his life did not go smoothly. He joined the Independence movement on behalf of the Indian National Congress and underwent great torture at the hands of the British. Nevertheless, he did not lose heart. His wife Kasturba was a noble lady. She always served her husband with great devotion, even when Gandhi was in jail. Simultaneously, she was also engaged in service to the country. It is only her spirit of service that protected her throughout. During the days of their involvement in the Independence movement, there were occasions when the husband and wife got separated. But Kasturba was reconciled to the situation that whatever happened was for her good only. Thus, people who serve others with a noble heart will always see good only. At last, the country attained Independence and Jawaharlal Nehru became the first Prime Minister.

Subhash Chandra Bose was another great leader of the freedom movement who was good at heart and was a great patriot. It is only because of the efforts of such men of sacrifice, the country could attain Independence. However, it is not merely Swatantrya (Independence) that we have to wish for. We must attain Swarajya. That is great. Swatantrya is a temporary phenomenon of freedom from foreign rule while Swarajya is concerned with and attained by the heart.

Dear Students!

You must be prepared to sacrifice even your life for the country. You are not the body. The body is only an instrument and a means for achieving something higher and noble. The body has to be put to use for achieving these higher and noble aims. The body is like the dress we wear. One day or the other the dress is bound to decay. Till then the body has to be maintained properly. It is only by sacrifice one can attain Yoga. That is what the Veda has proclaimed, Na Karmana Na Prajaya DhanenaThyagenaike Amrutatthwamanasu (immortality is not attained through action, progeny or wealth; it is attained only by sacrifice). Having been born as human beings we must dedicate our lives in the service of God and in the constant contemplation of God. If you do so, none of the physical ailments will trouble you.

A small example which I would like to narrate to you. When I was in Bangalore sometime back, this body fell in the bathroom. There were two students by name Satyajit and Achintya who used to attend to My needs. They did great service to Me. I told them “I have no body attachment. You may conduct an operation on this body, but I have nothing to do with this body. I am not this body. As long as the body is there, I have to do My work.” The doctors wanted to put Me in bandage, but I did not agree. They advised Me to undergo an operation so that the fracture would be healed quickly. I placed this body in the hands of the doctors and let them do whatever they wished to do with it. I continued to walk which I am still doing. I have no pains or suffering. Several devotees are anxious that Swami is walking with great difficulty and perhaps is undergoing great pain. I would like to reiterate that I do not undergo any pain or suffering. Till today, I did not undergo any body pain whatsoever. If you thus sacrifice your Dehabhimana, you can achieve anything in life. Whatever I do, I tell the same thing. One has to do what he says and say what he does. That is what is meant by

ManasyekamVachasyekam Karmanyekam Mahatmanam

ManasyanyathVachasyanyath Karmanyanyath Duratmanam

(Those whose thoughts, words and deeds are in perfect harmony are noble ones; those who lack harmony of these are wicked.)

That is the real Manavatva (human nature). I can stand for any length of time though the doctors advised Me against it. Even now I have been standing for a long time. I have no suffering at all. I don’t take even a single tablet. I don’t put on any bandage. Mine is Atmabhava and Atmabhava alone. I set an example by My own actions.

Dear Students!

The body may undergo any amount of suffering. It is like a water bubble. The mind is like a mad monkey. Therefore, we should not follow either the body or the mind. We must follow our Antharatma (conscience). We must develop Atmabhimana. If Atmabhimana is developed, no pain can trouble us. It is only for teaching you about this Atmabhimana, I am undergoing all this trouble. I don’t feel any pain at all. I am telling you the truth. I am not suppressing the facts. In fact, I don’t know or feel what pain is. We must face the difficulties courageously. It is only to teach you this steadfastness and courage, I have taken upon Myself this pain. You must follow My ideal. Do not ever give importance to the suffering of the body. Give up Dehabhimana. However, engage the body in proper activities. Engage the body in the service of God. Our body is a gift of God. For what purpose has God given us this body? It is only for dedicating it in the service of the Lord.

Embodiments of Love!

The body has been given to you for performing sacred Karmas (actions). Several people wonder why Swami does not feel tired in spite of undergoing so much physical suffering. Especially, the ladies can observe the signs of weakness quickly. I want to assure you that I am maintaining a constant body weight and good health throughout. Neither I have put up weight nor become weak. I can walk swiftly, but I am desisting from doing so only to satisfy the doctors. The doctors are particularly pressurising Me not to walk swiftly. They advised Me, “Swami, please do not walk fast. You always keep two students with You to help You.” It is only to please them and satisfy them that I am keeping these two students with Me. I am not causing any inconvenience to these boys. Both these boys, Arun and Prusty go to their offices and work there besides attending to My needs. The moment I call Prusty, he immediately rushes in. I ask him to get Me a glass of water and I drink the water given by him. Similarly, both these boys constantly attend to My needs. They are serving Me with great devotion and love. I do not cause any inconvenience to anybody.

Embodiments of Love!

Today you are celebrating Swami’s birthday. In fact, it is the body that has a date of birth. This body has already passed 78 years and has entered the 79th year. But do I look like a 79 year old man? No. No. Not only now, even after 80 or 90 years of age, I will be like this only. I will never depend on anybody. My eyes and teeth are in perfect condition. Normally, by the time a person attains 79 years of age, all his teeth will be lost. His eyesight will be affected by cataract. His skin will have wrinkles, but I have no wrinkles at all. I will not have old age. In fact, I have no old age. Similarly, you also develop such courage and confidence. You will certainly feel good. Not only Myself, all of you should be in sound health. But you are spoiling your own health. You are misusing your physical strength in so many ways. If you put your body to proper use, you can come up well by Swami’s grace. You can serve any number of people with a healthy body and a sound mind. Therefore, you have to maintain your body in healthy condition in order to serve others, not to show off your beauty. Even for Me, this body is required for serving others. In the service to humanity, I am prepared for anything, even to sacrifice My life. Similarly, you must also be ever ready to serve others. Do not ever consider that the body is very important. Neither, you fritter away the physical strength. You must make proper use of the physical body. You must also gain enough mental strength. You must come up well in your educational career and make your life sanctified in the service to humanity. You must always be ready to face any situation in life boldly. That is the real nature of humanity. Whenever your services are required, you must respond immediately, saying, “I am ready, I am ready, I am ready.” Develop such a courage and confidence and set an ideal to the world.

This body is a den of dirt and prone to diseases; it is subject to change from time to time; it cannot cross the ocean of Samsara. It is nothing but a structure of bones. Oh mind! Do not be under the delusion that body is permanent. Instead take refuge at the Divine Lotus Feet. (Telugu poem)

You seek refuge in the lotus feet of the Lord. Do not mind any amount of suffering of the physical body. You serve the country to the extent you can. Utilise every small opportunity to serve the country and society. Even a small help done to an old woman that you come across on the way is service. Do not ever think, “What do I gain by helping this woman?” There is great merit even in such a small service. Therefore, continue to serve. There is no greater Sadhana than service to the fellow human beings.Seva Bina Nirvan Nahi (there is no redemption without service). You should not mind any inconvenience that you may undergo while serving others.

I have no intention of celebrating My birthday on a grand scale. My only intention is that the body should be maintained in a proper condition and through the body service should be rendered to others. You must always be prepared to dedicate your life to serve society. That is the real service.

(Bhagawan concluded His Discourse with the Bhajan, “Hari Bhajan Bina Sukha Santhi Nahin…”)

99. Divine Discourse on 25-10-2004

Your Reality is in Your Own Self, not Elsewhere

By which power of love the earth does rotate without axle or bearing,

By which power of love do the stars remain in the sky without falling on the earth,

By which power of love do the oceans confine themselves to the limits without inundating the earth,

By which power of love does the wind-god blow cool breeze in all the worlds,

That mighty power of love is verily the Atmic power.

That power of love is most wonderful, unique and all-pervasive.

The entire creation is permeated with love. (Telugu poem)

Embodiments of Love!

Man need not undertake any special sadhanas to visualise the all-pervading truth. We call God by different names like Brahma, Vishnu and Maheswara. These are the names given by man to God based on some imaginary forms. But, who has actually perceived these forms? None so far. There is only one power in the world, which is all-pervasive.

That is the power of love. It is only by love, are human societies formed. There can be no humanity without divinity. It is only when man establishes contact with divinity to some extent, he can acquire a little of that divine power which is omnipotent.

Embodiments of Love!

In fact, all modes of powers are immanent in Manavatwa (humanness) itself. It needs no special agent to vest it with any extra powers. The divine power fully manifests itself in a human being. Human power cannot function without the help of Divine power. There are four Mahavakyas in the Vedas, namely,Tattwamasi (That Thou Art), Prajnanam Brahma (constant integrated awareness is Brahman), Ayam Atma Brahma (This Atma itself is Brahman) and Aham Brahmasmi (I am Brahman verily). The essence of these Mahavakyas is further explained in the Upanishads and Bhagavad Gita. But, man is getting deluded as he is unable to understand the import of these Mahavakyas. He is not able to realise Divine power which, in fact, is in his own self. The divinity in humanity expresses itself as Sakthitattwa(energy). Today, man is striving to acquire several powers and make use of them for getting relieved of his sorrows and sufferings. In fact, these sorrows and worries are the stepping stones to Divinity. Man should not give too much importance to these worries. If one analyses carefully, what is there in human existence, which does not cause worry? Man’s life from birth to death is full of worries. I often quote a poem to describe this fact:

To be born is a worry, to be on this earth is a worry,

The world is a cause for worry and death too;

The whole of childhood is a worry and so is the old age;

Life is a worry, failure is a worry;

All actions and difficulties cause worry;

Happiness too is a mysterious worry. (Telugu poem)

Embodiments of Love!

Some people say they had the vision of the Divine in their dream. Some others say they had it in their meditation. Yet others declare they had seen God through their Jnana Nethra (eye of wisdom). Most of these claims are the result of man’s delusion. They are not real. Some people claim to have seen God in their dream. Where is dream? Where is God? In fact, dream experience itself is not real. It is only an illusion. They are deluded to think that way. The day man gets rid of this delusion, he will acquire Divine power. Hence, everyone should come out of such illusion. Some sit in meditation and think they are contemplating on somebody. Some others claim to have seen some effulgence in their meditation. What is meditation? It means ekagratha (concentration on the inner vision of the omniself). It is visualising a Drisya (scene) in a state of absolute stillness of the body and mind free from illusion. But wherever a man is, there is his mind as well. There is no place in this world without the mind being present. The mind is all-pervasive. It is said, Manayeva Manushyanaam Karanam Bandha Mokshayoh(the mind alone is the cause for bondage as well as liberation). We say we are happy. Where does this happiness come from? Certainly, it is not from outside. It wells up from one’s own heart. The nature of the mind is chanchala (fickleness). This fickleness is in our own nature. It has not come from outside. All relationships we maintain in the objective world are only illusory. Supposing you marry a girl. From then on, you maintain a man and wife relationship with her. Even prior to the marriage both of you were existing in the world, but this relationship was not there. From the moment you both are married you think she is related to you. Thus, it is a mental relationship.

Embodiments of Love!

Even Maya (delusion) is associated with love. You do not find anything in this world, devoid of love. Love is in everything in this world. All relationships between people in this world are established and cultivated on account of love. Again, love becomes the cause for separation of two individuals. There are several types of Sadhana in this world; Bhrama Sadhana (coming out of delusion) is one such. In fact, Brahma, Vishnu and Maheswara cannot be visualised in your Sadhana (meditation, etc.). What all you see in your meditation are only reflections of your feelings. Brahma, Vishnu and Maheswara are not really existing in this world. They are only your imaginary forms. What really exists in the world is Manavattwa (humanness). Unable to believe the humanness that is present right in front of your eyes, if you contemplate on Divine nature, how can you find it? The name and form that you attribute to Divinity, namely, Brahma, Vishnu and Maheswara are not real. They are only a mirage born out of your delusion. Everything is contained in the human being. You are Brahma, Vishnu and Maheswara and every conceivable name and form attributed to Divinity. When you begin to believe that you are everything, there can be no cause for any kind of worry. When you are able to realise Aham Brahma, Aham Vishnu, Aham Easwara (I am Brahma, Vishnu and Maheswara verily), there is no scope for any doubt. All these names and forms are products of your own imagination. There is no power greater than humanness in this world.

Embodiments of Love!

You say that Swami appeared in your dream last night. This is not correct. I do not appear in anybody’s dream. When you intensely desire that Swami must appear in your dream and constantly think of the same, that intense desire will assume a form in your dream. God does not assume a form or change into another form. Some people think that God is angry with them. This presumption is also not correct. God has neither love towards somebody nor anger towards another. All these presumptions are of your own making. You attribute anger or other feelings to God. Instead, if you live in love constantly, you will not find anger in others. In fact, love is your true form. Man is born out of and brought up with love. Not only a human being, but every living creature experiences love right from its birth. There is no force more powerful than love in this world. No power on earth can change love. Do not get deluded by the thought that you have acquired this power and that power. All these are only illusions (bhrama). Bhrama is not Brahman. Nor can Brahman be equated with Bhrama.

Embodiments of Love!

What is meant by Divyatma? It means Divine Atma. Atma is nothing but consciousness. And, that consciousness is all pervading. You do not find a place where there is no consciousness. Consciousness is omnipotent. There is one aspect to be borne in mind in this context. Consciousness is movable. But we are deluded to think that it is static. In fact, the real power is within you only. That isAtma Sakthi (atmic power). We have already known that Atma is consciousness. Therefore, Atma Sakthi is chaithanya sakthi (power of consciousness). This is all-pervading. This enables you to witness different forms. The immense power in humanness is Divine in nature. It confers peace and happiness. You may think that Divine power is some special power. It is not true. Your own power of contemplation assumes the form of Divine power. Therefore, first and foremost you realise your own innate Divine nature. All that is written in the books or read by you are not in fact true. There are some kinds of power which are temporary. They are not eternal. Such transient powers should not delude one. You are learning the Vedas. Every sound that emanates from the Vedas emerges from the navel only. We are experiencing the sound emanating from our own navel. Supposing you go to a hill and shout “Oh!” the sound comes back to you as resound. Similarly, good and bad emanates from you only. They do not come from somewhere and get into you.

Embodiments of Love!

For example, you go on repeating loudly a particular sentence taken from a book. After sometime, you will get it by heart. But, the sentence memorised by you is not yours. It is only a resound. In God’s creation, everything is reaction, reflection and resound. All that we experience in the outside world is only a reaction, reflection and resound of the inner being. We are, however, deluded to think that this reaction, reflection and resound are real ones. Whatever feeling comes out of your heart and takes a shape outside is the real form. It means that, that form has already been conceived by you. Supposing you imagine a particular form for Lord Rama. Then, contemplate on that form, closing your eyes. You can visualise the same form, as a reflection of your inner thoughts. All that is manifested in the outside world is only a reaction, reflection and resound of your inner being.

Embodiments of Love!

You yourself are Rama, Krishna, Easwara, etc. You think that you are Easwara and contemplate on that form. You will become Easwara, verily. Yad Bhavam Tad Bhavathi (as you think so you become). Similarly, you think that you are Rama, Krishna, etc., and you will become Rama and Krishna. Today, people sit in meditation. It is only for developing concentration, not with a view to contemplate on God. People mistake concentration for meditation. This is not a correct method. All these exercises are reaction, reflection and resound. Only you are real, you are the truth. You are able to visualise God only in human form. Man cannot conceive or visualise anything greater than him. You are everything and everything in creation is immanent in you. Unfortunately, man today is forgetting his real nature and is imagining something which does not exist. This is the result of delusion, which, in fact, is of his own making. It is only when man comes out of this illusion that he will be able to realise Brahman.

Embodiments of Love!

Love is the most important factor. If you pray to God with intense love and devotion, your prayers will certainly be answered. Such is the power of love. Devoid of love, nothing can be achieved even in this mundane world. Love is God, live in love! The whole world becomes a vacuum, without love. That love alone assumes a form. Realise this truth. You sit in your so-called meditation, and try to forget yourself through imaginary experiences. If you forget yourself, how can you visualise the truth? Constantly live in the awareness “I am God, I am everything and I am the reality. All forms are subject to change”. For example, an infant at the time of birth will be small in size. Then it will grow into a child, a boy, youth and an old person. In all these different stages of life, man alone is the reality. “All are one, be alike to every one”. This is the lesson one must try to learn.

Embodiments of Love!

Let the flame of your love be steady, not flickering. There is no greater Sadhana than love. That is the spiritual practice you have to adopt. That is the Divine practice. Divinity is omnipresent. You have to realise that omnipresent divinity within your own self. It is present in all the three states of consciousness, namely, dream, wakeful and deep sleep state. One has to strive to experience that divinity constantly. That is Prajnanam Brahma (constant integrated awareness is Brahman). That isSakshatkara (vision of divinity), an experience which transcends all the three states of consciousness.

Embodiments of Love!

You are worshipping several forms of divinity. However, you cannot afford to forget your own innate divinity. In fact, you yourself are ascribing umpteen number of names and forms to divinity. But, divinity is only one, which is changeless. That changeless eternal divinity is immanent in you. All external forms and names are like fleeting dreams. And those dreams are not real. Hence, strive to come out of that bhrama (delusion). It is only when you come out of that bhrama, you will be able to realiseBrahman. You have witnessed something in your dream. What is it? It is your own self, nothing other than that. You are visualising your own self in the dream state. Your real nature is love. Hence, you manifest your real nature. There are several aspects which you have to learn in future. What is future?Future is uncertain; past is past; only present is what matters. Both past and future are contained in the present. You alone are present in all the three – past, present and future.

Embodiments of Love!

Divine powers and Divine manifestations are immanent in the human being; they are not to be sought from elsewhere. By constant Sadhana, man can realise this truth. Your reality is in your own self, not elsewhere. In order to visualise that reality, one has to turn his vision inward.Reaction, reflection and resound – all the three are existing in your own self; they are not external. Supposing you have a brother who earned a good name and fame. Who is he? He is your brother. He represents a particular form. From where did this form come? It came from reality. And that reality is his true nature. Thus, a form that manifested from reality deludes us from visualising the reality itself.

Dear students!

If you wish to understand certain aspects more clearly, I will explain in greater detail after sometime. The kind of meditation you are doing is not correct. You are keeping one form in your mind and contemplating on that. Where did this form come from? It is of your own making. You are deluded to think that God is confined to only this form. Thus, right from the beginning you are with a deluded belief. If only you come out of this delusion, can you visualise the truth. Do not ever be under the illusion that God is somewhere in a distant place. You are, in fact, God verily. Your own form is Divine. Your bliss is Divine. Your reaction, reflection and resound are Divine in nature. Never deviate from the firm faith that you are God. Always contemplate on one aspect: Aham Brahmasmi (I am Brahman).What is the meaning of the Mahavakya Tattwamasi (That Thou Art)? Tat is that. Twam is this. Together they become Asi. They become one. Thus, all these four Mahavakyas Tattwamasi, Prajnanam Brahma, Ayam Atma Brahma and Aham Brahmasmi lead you to the same truth, that, you are God verily. Adi Sankara had expounded and explained this great Advaita philosophy in ever so many ways and ultimately merged himself in that great truth. Thus, reality is not somewhere in a distant place. It is within you. Your very nature is reality. How can you realise this truth? Only by cultivating pure, selfless and Divine love. Without love, nothing can be achieved in this world. Love is the source and sustenance for the entire universe. Love is God and God is love.

Embodiments of Love!

All of you are Embodiments of Divinity. Your forms are Divine. You and God are one. You are not different from God. Experience this unity. Ekam sath (truth is one). Unity is truth. Unity is divinity. God is not separate from you. God is manifest in you.

Unfortunately, you are forgetting this truth. If you forget your own nature, it amounts to forgetting everything else. Never forget your reality. Without forgetting that reality, meditate on it. Always remember one fact: wherever I am, I am always Divine.Hold on to this firm belief, steadfastly. That is the truth contained in the Mahavakya Tattwamasi, the inseparable and non-dual nature of Divinity. Do not be under the illusion “Rama has appeared in my dream, Krishna has appeared in my dream, Swami has appeared in my dream”. This is a sign of ignorance. All these are dreams only. How can a dream be called a reality? The very word “dream” explains its nature. As long as you are in sleep, this experience may be true. The moment you wake up, the experience vanishes.

Embodiments of Love!

Keep your love securely. Never give up love under any circumstances. There is no God other than love. Love is God, verily. Love is your path, and goal. Never deviate from this path of love. If you find any difficulty in treading this path or if you have some doubts to get clarified, I am always there to help you. Try to reduce your doubts. These doubts will lead you to delusion. Always get yourself firmly established in the truth Tattwamasi (That Thou Art). It is a mistaken idea to think that this form has visualised that form of Divinity, for you and God are not separate.

Brahman is very much immanent in this body.

Brahman and Aham are one and the same.

Undertake Sadhana to realise the oneness of these two.

That is the ‘Pathway to God’.

If you wish to meditate on God, never allow your thoughts to be disturbed by worldly objects. You meditate on your own real nature, which is Divinity. In that divinity, everything else is contained. If you thus meditate on your own innate Divinity, you will realise your unity with divinity. In fact, that unity is Divinity.

The four Mahavakyas Tattwamasi, Prajnanam Brahma, Aham Brahmasmi and Ayam Atma Brahma are Vedic declarations which emphasise the oneness of the individualised soul and the Supreme Soul. They exhort the individualised soul to realise this truth. Therefore, one has to strive to attain that state of unity. As you gradually progress in that Sadhana, you will ultimately reach that goal. Supposing you want to learn the spelling of a word; just think how many times you will be repeating that spelling. In the same way, you must set out on this path of Sadhana. This is a scared Sadhana. If you are able to know the true meaning of these Mahavakyas, you will be able to realise the truth.

(Bhagawan concluded His discourse with the bhajan “Prema Muditha Manase Kaho…)

100. Divine Discourse on Vijaya Dasami

UPHOLD THE DIGNITY AND HONOUR OF BHARAT MATHA (MOTHER INDIA)

The Lord of Kailasa has manifested His Divine form in front of your eyes with the crescent moon adorning His head, the cool water of the Ganga flowing between the matted locks, with His radiant eye in the middle of the forehead and the purple neck gleaming like the sheen of a blackberry. He wears serpent bracelets and a snake belt, His entire body is smeared with Vibhuti, His forehead is adorned with a Kumkum dot, his ruddy lips glow with the juice of the betel, diamond-studded gold earrings dangle from His ears and His whole swarthy body glows with divine effulgence. (Telugu poem)

Embodiments of Love!

Everyday you have been listening to various speakers dwelling on the principle of Easwara (Divinity). Many people imagine that Easwara has a form with matted locks of hair and snakes adorning Him as ornaments. But, this is not the true form of Easwara. Though He is all-pervasive, devotees, out of their imagination, attribute a form to Him with various types of ornaments.

There is a temperamental weakness among Bharatiyas to bring down the various forms of God they adore and the idols they worship to the level of beggars. Truly speaking, there are no beggars and there cannot be a beggar in this sacred land of Bharat. To consider somebody inferior to you and imagine that they expect money from you is a sign of weakness. It is because of such narrow-minded feeling that people from other countries consider India to be a poor country and that it is full of beggars. This is totally a misconception. Bharat has never been a poor country. Just because people are economically backward, they cannot be considered beggars. There are no beggars in this world. If someone seeks financial help or asks for food, they are treated as beggars. In fact, we are responsible for making somebody a beggar. We consider them to be inferior to us and ill-treat them. Bharat is a land of plenty and prosperity. You must realise that there are no beggars in this country and must conduct yourself accordingly. Some people bring down even God to the level of a beggar. When their desires are fulfilled they eulogise God. They pray, “Oh God, I will offer You cash or in kind if You fulfil my desires.”

God is not poor and hence, people created by Him cannot also be poor. It is man who makes beggars out of his fellowmen and ill-treats them. Such low and mean practices should be given up. Some people think that Lord Venkateswara is in need of money. They think He would do their work and fulfil their desires for the sake of money. In this manner, they bring Him down to the level of a beggar. It is a grave mistake. God is not a beggar. You should consider Him as your father and mother. Cultivate love for God and your fellowmen. Never consider someone a beggar and ill-treat him. Extend help to those who are in distress. Develop love for God and fear of sin. Just because someone approaches you for help, do not consider him to be weak and inferior. Do not humiliate him. Your innate divinity will manifest before you when you develop love and respect towards all. Treat everybody as your brothers and sisters. Never consider anybody a beggar. It is a great mistake to think that you are the giver and someone else is the beneficiary.

There are some businessmen who try to get their work done by offering bribe to those in power. Offering or accepting bribe is also a great sin. Asking for bribe is the same as begging for alms. We should not give room to such mean practices. Since ancient times, Bharat has upheld moral and ethical values and has set an ideal to the rest of the world. Unfortunately, such values are forgotten today. Feed the hungry with love but do not look down upon them as beggars. Begging should not be entertained or encouraged in this country. People may come to you and ask for food. It does not mean that they are beggars. You do not become superior to them just because you serve them food. Speak to them lovingly and satiate their hunger. But, never insult them. Bharatiyas are putting their own country to disrepute by making their fellowmen beggars. Bharat is not a poor country. Otherwise, how do we explain the invasion of so many foreign rulers in the past? Many foreign kings invaded this land and plundered the wealth of our country. The question of being rich or poor arises because one compares himself with another. If someone comes to your doorstep saying, Bhavati Bhiksham Dehi(mother, give alms), do not treat him like a beggar. Treat him like another human being and empathise with him. His coming to you and asking for food does not make him inferior to you. Just because he has no money to feed himself, he does not become a pauper and you a millionaire. If you want to uphold the reputation of the country, respect your fellowmen. First and foremost, develop love for your motherland. Feel proud that you are a Bharatiya. Realise that you are born in a sacred land which is the birthplace of many noble souls. Yesterday you heard the ladies extolling Bharat as the land of the Vedas, the Upanishads and the Bhagavad Gita. You should always keep in mind the glory and grandeur of Bharat and conduct yourself accordingly. Only then are you eligible to be called a Bharatiya. Your actions should match your words. Merely extolling the glory of Bharat and conducting yourself in a mean manner is futile.

Forbearance is the real quality in this sacred land of Bharat. The nectarous feeling in this country is the feeling towards one’s mother. (Telugu poem)

Consider Bharat as your own mother. Develop love and reverence towards her and uphold her dignity and honour. If you think your mother is poor, how can you consider yourself to be rich? Since ancient times, Bharat has conferred the wealth of knowledge to all through the sacred scriptures and epics. How can such a country be considered poor? Your physical mother may be poor but not your motherland. This sacred land has attained the reputation of being the greatest among all nations. You should not show disrespect to such a great country by considering it poor and weak. The morality and integrity that we find in Bharat cannot be found in any other country. Bharat is like a treasure chest of gold. Having been born in such a land, where is the need to go in search of gold and silver? But, unfortunately, people show disrespect and disregard to such a land of gold. The educated should take a vow to revive the ancient glory of Bharat. But, sadly, even the educated are not able to realise the greatness of Bharat.

Today if we find beggars in the streets, it is because we have encouraged them by giving money. You should never give money to beggars. If they are in need of food or clothes, you can certainly give them. But do not encourage the practice of begging.

Bharat has earned great name and fame among all nations. But people in position and power are bringing disrepute to the country by their corrupt practices. Nobody should indulge in the bad practice of giving or receiving bribe. Even the Government should be cautioned in this regard. They should find ways and means to stop this practice of bribing and begging. Beggars should not be given money. They should be provided with opportunities to become self- reliant. Extend all your help and cooperation to the less fortunate ones and help them to come up in life. It is not possible for all to be equal in this world. There is bound to be inequality.

Today, people out of their selfishness and self-interest have brought down even God to the level of a beggar. When you to go to a temple, the priest brings a plate before you expecting a few coins as Dakshina. People keep Dakshina (offering) in the plate and receive Prasadam from the priest. This practice of asking for Dakshina also amounts to asking for alms. Let us not resort to such begging. Let us become rich in our thought, word and deed. You may die for want of money, but never beg for money. The educated should teach a lesson to those who spend their time begging in the streets. When you come across a beggar, you should tell him, “My dear, you are the son of Bharat Matha. Your mother is not poor, she is rich in all respects. Since ancient times, she has been taking care of all nations. Being her son, it is not proper on your part to resort to begging.”

Do not keep coins in your pocket for giving to beggars. You may derive some satisfaction by doling out a few coins to beggars, but, in the process you are also bringing disrepute to your motherland. You should uphold the prestige and honour of your motherland. You should become an ideal and worthy son of Bharat. Be convinced that you are born to uphold the honour of your motherland. Otherwise, what is the use of your birth as her son?

You must have heard our students sing Ramakatha in which there is an incident wherein Lava and Kusha find their mother Sita in a sorrowful mood and then trying to console her. They ask her, “Mother, please let us know the cause of your sorrow. Of what use is our life if we are unable to wipe your tears? Do not underestimate us just because we are children. In fact, we are more powerful than Lord Rama. Hence, Oh mother! Do not shed tears. If you shed tears, the whole country will be ruined. Being your worthy sons, is it not our duty to remove your suffering and sorrow? We are ready to meet your interests and give you happiness even at the cost of our lives.” Unfortunately, today we do not find such ideal sons as Lava and Kusha. Today, people have become weak-minded. They lack the spirit of sacrifice. Even the so-called great and rich people have not given up mean-mindedness. I feel it is they who are making beggars of their fellow human beings. One should never say ‘no’ when it comes to helping others.

Once, a rich person went to a Guru and requested him to grant him wisdom. His pockets were stuffed with bundles of currency notes. As he was seated there, the Guru sent one of his disciples to a businessman’s shop to get a five rupee note. After some time, the disciple returned saying that the shop was closed. The Guru sent him to another shop and again the disciple returned empty-handed. This went on for some time. But, the rich man who was a witness to these happenings did not offer a five rupee note from his pocket. Then, the Guru chided him, saying “Your pockets are full of currency notes, yet you did not have the heart to part with a five rupee note when I needed it most. How do you expect to attain wisdom without cultivating the spirit of sacrifice?” Immediately the businessman took out a five rupee note and offered it to the Guru. The Guru did not accept the note, saying one should perform acts of charity out of love and not out of compulsion.

When someone comes to your doorstep begging for food, you should invite him wholeheartedly into your verandah, give a sumptuous meal and satisfy him. Everyone has an equal share in all that is available in this world. Today, people lack the spirit of sacrifice. They are experts in giving lectures on sacrifice but are not prepared to part with even a paisa from their pockets when it comes to practising what they preach. What is the use of preaching when you cannot translate it into action? Manasyekam Vachasyekam Karmanyekam Mahatmanam (Those whose thoughts, words and deeds are in perfect harmony are noble ones). You need not borrow money in order to serve others. Share with your fellowmen whatever you have. This is how you should uphold the honour and dignity of Bharatiyas. Today, the reputation of the country has come down on account of people who have stooped to the level of beggars. It is because of the educated people that beggars are on the increase. What is the purpose of education? Is it to produce beggars? I am not in favour of such education.

One may acquire a high academic qualification such as M.A. and B.A. and attain exalted position,

One may amass wealth, perform acts of charity and attain name and fame,

One may have physical strength and enjoy a long and healthy life,

One may be a great scholar studying and preaching the Vedas,

But none can equal a true devotee of the Lord. (Telugu poem)

People lack strength and have become weak-minded because they lack devotion for God. They do not have love for their motherland. Consequently, they are bringing bad name to the country. You will be called a true and worthy son of Bharat only when you uphold the dignity and honour of Bharat Matha (Mother India). You may be a great scholar, but your scholarship is of no value if it is not used for protecting the honour of your country. If you go through the biographies of noble men like RamakrishnaParamahamsa, Vivekananda and Rabindranath Tagore, all of them exhorted people to give up mean-mindedness. You should proclaim with pride, “I am the son of Bharat.” The boy who spoke earlier made a mention of this. If you want to be called a true son of Bharat, you should lead a life of sacrifice. If need arises you should be prepared even to forego your meal in order to feed the hungry.

The spirit of sacrifice demonstrated by Bharata in the Ramayana is unparalleled. When Rama went to the forest, Bharata was to be crowned as king. But he went to the forest to entreat Rama to come back to Ayodhya and ascend the throne. Lakshmana who was with Rama in the forest, observed the arrival of Bharata and his entourage from a distance. He became furious with the misconceived notion that Bharata was coming to wage a battle with Rama. In an angry tone, he said, “Mother Kaikeyi has sent us to the forest. Now, her son does not want us to live in peace even in the forest. That is why he is coming here with his army. If You permit me, I will teach him a fitting lesson.” Reacting to Lakshmana’s outburst, Rama said, “Lakshmana, I think you have developed a desire for the throne of Ayodhya. Better, you go to Ayodhya and rule the kingdom. I will keep Bharata with Me in the forest. Bharata is one of sacrifice and character. His spirit of sacrifice is matchless. You have misunderstood his noble intention.”

Meanwhile Bharata came there and fell at the feet of Rama. “My dear, how are the parents?” This was the first question that Rama asked Bharata. He did not enquire about His own mother Kausalya, but He asked about the well-being of Kaikeyi. On hearing the name of Kaikeyi, Bharata became furious. “It is because of that wicked woman you are forced to live in forest. The very mention of her name fills me with disgust. Please don’t mention her name.” Rama put His hand on his shoulders and pacified him, saying, “Bharata, Mother Kaikeyi is a noble woman. It is because of her that My Name is glorified and spread far and wide. Do not go by the outward behaviour and talk ill of her. Her heart is filled with noble intentions.” After speaking to Bharata in this manner, Rama went straight to Mother Kaikeyi, fell at her feet and said, “Mother, by your blessings, I am fine here. Do not worry about Me. Let Bharata be crowned as the king of Ayodhya. Teach him the codes of governance. After the completion of 14 years, I will come back to Ayodhya and see all of you. It is My duty to uphold the promise made by My father. It is not enough if one listens to the command of one’s parents. One should strictly adhere to the rules and regulations laid down by the government and strive for the welfare and happiness of fellowmen. Only then can one be called an ideal citizen.”

As denizens of the land of Rama’s reign, we should lead our lives in accordance with His model. Rama’s words made an indelible impression on the mind of Lakshmana. He fell at the feet of Rama and repented for his outburst. He said, “Brother, when I saw Bharata and his army from a distance, I was seething with anger. Now my mind rests in peace having known the truth and listening to Your soothing words.” Rama advised him not to be carried away by the outward scenario but to turn inward and strive for experiencing bliss. When Bharata started pleading with Rama to return to Ayodhya, Rama affectionately drew him close and said, “Bharata, no doubt your intentions are noble, but you should bear in mind the command of our father. You must follow your mother’s advice. That is the only way you can please Me. Share your love with not only your friends and relatives but with one and all. Remember that Thyaga (sacrifice) alone can bestow on you true Bhoga (pleasure).”

Sage Vasishta shed tears of joy listening to the words of Lord Rama. He said, “Rama, You are forced to live in the forest for no fault of Yours. But, You have forgotten the injustice done to You. You are seeing only the good in others. We are really moved by Your magnanimity. However, we request You to establish Ramarajya (kingdom of Rama) in Ayodhya and give joy to all.” Rama smilingly replied, “Now it is Bharatarajya, not Ramarajya. Henceforth, it shall be called Bharatadesa (the land of Bharata).”

It is because of such noble men of sacrifice that Bharat has progressed and attained exalted position. No other country can match Bharat in terms of dignity, honour and reputation. People of ancient Bharat led a life of sacrifice for the welfare of the country. There is no greater sacrifice than sacrificing for one’s own nation. Greatness does not lie in performing acts of charity by spending crores of rupees. Your thoughts, words and deeds should be suffused with love. You should make efforts to alleviate the suffering of your fellowmen. Love all as you love yourself. This is your Dharma. Dharma does not mean performing acts of charity alone. You should fill your heart with righteous feelings and give up selfishness and greed. Always keep the welfare of society in mind. Do not consider your fellowmen as ‘others’. Share your love with all. Live in amity and develop unity. Only through love can you win the hearts of others and transform them. Hence, the need of the hour is to cultivate love and share it with others. Develop love for God and compassion towards those less fortunate than you. This is the essence of education. Serve your parents and make them happy. What is the use of sharing your love with others when you are not concerned about the suffering of your mother at home? Your foremost duty is to love your parents and serve them. Then you can share your love with others. This was the teaching of Lord Rama to Bharata. He told him, “Bharata, there is no point in filling the treasury with money. You will earn a good name and win the heart of your subjects only when you utilise the money for the welfare of people.”

Lakshmana and Satrughna were the sons of mother Sumitra. Lakshmana followed Rama while Satrughna was always with Bharata. They served their elder brothers with utmost love and devotion. During times of difficulties, they stood by their elder brothers, gave them good counsel and supported them in all respects. That was the purpose for which they were born to Sumitra. All this was a part of God’s master-plan. Rama exhorted Bharata to give up hatred towards his mother and love her wholeheartedly. He told him that it was all destined to happen and she was not to be blamed. Since Rama did not relent and after His resolve not to return to Ayodhya, Bharata prayed to Him to give at least His Padukas (sandals) to be enthroned as His proxy.

The name of Sumitra does not find a place of prominence that it deserves in the Ramayana. She was a paragon of virtues and, true to her name, she was a good friend of all. The sacrifice made by Sumitra was greater compared to the sacrifice made by Kausalya. Some of the virtues of Sumitra were not to be found even in Kausalya and Kaikeyi. Before leaving for the forest, Rama sought the blessings of Kausalya. Then He went to the residence of Sumitra. Rama prostrated before her and said, “Mother, I am very happy to obey father’s command and go to the forest, but I feel sad to leave you and go. I pray to you to shower your love and blessings on Me. I do not require anything else.” So saying, He offered His salutations to her again and again, took leave of her and left for the forest. Among the three queens, Sumitra was the noblest. Even Sage Vasishta and Sage Visvamitra extolled her noble qualities. We should accept others’ greatness and not indulge in self glorification. In order to glorify others’ greatness, sometimes we need to be modest and self effacing.

Students!

Never belittle others. Develop broad-mindedness and treat everybody with respect. Consider others as your own brothers. If a hungry person comes to you, welcome him with open arms and give him a sumptuous meal. Never consider someone a beggar or a poor person. Having been born in this sacred land of Bharat, one cannot be a beggar or a poor person. All are rich. When you consider someone a beggar, it is only the defect in your feeling that is reflected outside.

When Lord Rama lifted Siva’s bow, Sita’s joy knew no bounds. Her prayers were answered. Rama, being the embodiment of love and righteousness, had the power to lift, not just one bow of Lord Siva, but ten such bows. The four brothers, Rama, Lakshmana, Bharata Satrughna and their consorts had perfect unity and harmony among themselves. They were like different parts of the orange fruit. One day Sumitra peeled out the skin of an orange fruit. As she took out each part, she was saying, “This is Rama, this is Lakshmana …” She considered each part of the fruit to represent the four brothers and their wives. She was very happy to have such virtuous daughters-in-law like Sita, Urmila, Mandavi and Srutakeerthi. The daughters-in-law also served their mothers-in-law with utmost love and care.

The four brothers and their wives always had a common mind. That is why the fame of Ramarajya spread far and wide. Having been born in this sacred land of Bharat, you should live like a true Bharatiya. Your heart should be filled with sweetness. Do not avoid those who need your help, on the contrary you should always wait for an opportunity to serve. This Thyaga Bhava (spirit of sacrifice) can alone confer on you true Bhoga (happiness).

Today we are celebrating the sacred festival of Vijayadasami. People perform various rituals during the nine days of Navaratri festival. We should hope and pray that every day of our life should be as sacred as these nine days.

Let us all move together, let us all grow together,

Let us all stay united and share our knowledge,

Let us live together with friendship and without disharmony. (Telugu poem)

Live in unity, make proper use of your intelligence and give happiness to your parents. When you lead your lives in this manner, every day will be a day of festivity and celebration. The whole world will rejoice. I wish that you put into practice all that you have learnt during these nine days. Be always cheerful. Never put on a face as if in deep misery. I am happy that our boys never put on a long face; they are always cheerful. From now onwards, forget all differences and share your love with one and all. Serve all.

Bhagavan concluded His Discourse with the Bhajan, “Rama Rama Rama Sita …”

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